Uterine Issues

The uterus is one of the essential parts of the female reproductive system. Disease conditions affecting the uterus or any part of the reproductive system can be referred to as uterine issues. The majority of these issues are due to hormonal imbalances.

What Are the Different Types of Uterine Issues?

The uterus is situated in the pelvis region behind the bladder and front of the rectum. On each side, there are fallopian tubes and ovaries.

The proximity of all these organs causes one part to affect the other and gives an array of symptoms such as:

  • Dysmenorrhea: Menstrual pain during or before the period starts
  • Menorrhagia: Prolonged heavy bleeding usually caused by hormonal imbalance or fibroids
  • Polyps: Small soft growth on the uterus causing heavy menstrual bleeding and spotting.
  • Fibroids: Growth on walls of the uterus. Size ranges from a tiny seed to the size of an orange. Causing pelvic pain
  • Endometrial hyperplasia: Cells growing on the lining of the uterus, making the uterus very thick and causing bleeding
  • Endometriosis: The tissue lining of the uterus grows on other parts, causing scar tissue to build up.
  • Asherman’s syndrome: Uterine scars or adhesions formed after surgery, injury or radiation, causing no periods or very light bleeding.
  • Cancer: Endometrial cancer or uterine cancer causing abnormal vaginal bleeding.

What Are the Major Symptoms of Uterine Diseases?

Some general symptoms reported over a few decades for uterine problems include:

  • Abnormal menstrual bleeding
  • Pain in the uterine region
  • Irregular periods
  • Abnormal swelling
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Increased menstrual cramps
  • Increased urination
  • Bleeding after intercourse

What Causes Uterine Issues in Females?

The female reproductive system is one of the most critical systems in the female body, which decides the ultimate health of the female.

The most general causes for these issues are:

  • Genetic changes which cause the individual to have typical uterine cells
  • Hormone imbalances of estrogen and progesterone, which stimulate the development of the uterine lining with each menstrual cycle, cause the majority of issues
  • Growth factors like insulin
  • Extracellular matrix

When to See a Doctor?

The uterus is affected by many cases, some of which show similar symptoms. You should seek immediate medical care if you have:

  • Severe vaginal bleeding or sharp pelvic pain
  • Heavy prolonged bleeding
  • Spotting between periods
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Fluid retention and difficulty in emptying your bladder
  • Low red blood cell count

Depending upon your medical history, the doctor will ask you about your last menses and might conduct different tests like a pelvic exam for prolapse or retrograde uterus, Pap smear test, Urinalysis, Hormone tests, and Imaging tests such as ultrasound or computer tomography to determine any abnormality with the uterus.

What Risk Factors and Complications Are Associated with Uterine Issues?

There are certain risk factors related to women of reproductive age, such as:

  • Race: Women belonging to certain black races are more prone to the development of fibroids or cellular growth on their uterus lining
  • Heredity: Uterine conditions running in the family can be passed from your mother or sister to you.
  • Obesity
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Higher red meat consumption
  • Low fibrous diet
  • Higher alcohol consumption

Uterine issues in women of reproductive age lead to certain complications, including anaemia, fatigue, infertility, miscarriages, pregnancy complications, placental abruption, restricted fetal growth, preterm delivery etc.

How to Prevent Uterine Issues?

To have a healthy reproductive system, women should make conscious lifestyle choices such as:

  • Maintaining healthy weight
  • Healthy diet
  • Lower consumption of caffeine and alcohol
  • Avoiding hormonal contraceptives
  • Regular health check-up

How Are Uterine Issues Treated?

Different treatment options exist depending on the cause of the uterine problems, including

  • Antibiotics in cases of infection
  • Hormonal treatment or hormone therapy for balancing hormones in the body
  • Embolization is a noninvasive surgery for removing polyps or fibroids
  • Invasive surgeries in severe cases


You must regularly visit your doctor and get a health check-up, especially if you are planning a family soon. Generally, in cases where the issues with the uterus are mild, doctors watchfully wait for the symptoms to disappear on their own.

In severe cases, doctors will advise a treatment plan and combine different approaches to regulate your menstrual cycle and maintain hormone levels.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Amritsar - Abadi Court Road. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. How can I know if I have uterine issues?

Uterine issues can develop specific symptoms such as spotting between two menstrual cycles, regularity of periods, pelvic pain or abnormal discharge. If you have any of these, please consult your doctor soon.

2. What steps should I take to make my uterus healthy and increase fertility?

Particular life choices such as avoiding smoking, having a balanced meal, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and lowering meat and alcohol consumption can increase your chances of fertility and prevent complications.

3. Can stress cause uterine issues in women?

Persistent stress with a poor lifestyle can affect your uterus by lowering the blood flow. It causes uterine problems to develop over some time. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with moderate exercise will help to reduce stress and keep any uterine issues at bay.

Our Doctors

Book an Appointment




Pregnancy Calculator