Pulmonary Hemorrhage

Pulmonary haemorrhage, also known as Massive hemoptysis, is a potentially fatal illness that involves bleeding from the pulmonary or bronchial vasculature and is typically brought on by increased pressure in the bronchial system.

Children rarely have pulmonary haemorrhage (PH). As children tend to swallow the blood, hemoptysis—a defining symptom of PH—occurs infrequently. However, gastrointestinal and upper respiratory tract bleeding (hematemesis) can mimic hemoptysis.

Symptoms of Pulmonary Hemorrhage

  • Chest discomfort is a piercing sensation that could worsen as you breathe more air or if your pulse is erratic.
  • Trouble breathing, which may appear abruptly or gradually; fast breathing; a cough that is typically dry but may contain blood or blood and mucus;
  • Serious symptoms necessitate rapid access to emergency medical care.
  • In more extreme circumstances, shock, unconsciousness, cardiac arrest, and death may occur.

Causes of Pulmonary Hemorrhage

Numerous factors can cause blood clots to develop. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a disorder in which blood clots develop in the body's deepest veins, is the most frequent cause of PEs. Pulmonary Hemorrhage is most frequently brought on by blood clots originating in the pelvis or legs. There are a variety of reasons why blood clots develop in the body's deep veins, including:


Blood vessels can be harmed by trauma such as bone fractures or muscle rips, which can result in clots.


Gravity causes blood to pool in the lowest parts of your body while you stay inactive for a long time, which might result in a blood clot. This could happen if you're taking a long trip while seated or if you're in bed recovering from an illness.

Medical conditions

Blood clotting issues brought on by certain medical problems might result in PE. Surgery-related treatments sometimes need a brief period of bed rest or restricted activity, which increases the risk of clotting. Additionally, certain medicinal treatments for cancer may have adverse effects, including blood clots. You are now at risk for PE and DVT.

When to Visit the Doctor?

Hemoptysis, or coughing or spitting up blood, is another name for it. There are several potential causes for this, some of them dangerous. Call your doctor immediately if you vomit a lot of blood or experience other symptoms like chest discomfort, blood in your urine or stools, or fever.

Risk Factors of Pulmonary Hemorrhage

  • Persistent bleeding remains after bronchial artery embolization.
  • Before the surgery, blood was transfused.
  • Aspergilloma.
  • Blood clotting diseases or hypercoagulable states are genetic.

Prevention for Pulmonary Hemorrhage

If there is a known root cause of the pulmonary haemorrhage, you will be instructed to address it after receiving the necessary care for a pulmonary embolism at the hospital.

To stop blood clots from recurring, you probably need to take anticoagulant drugs like heparin, warfarin, or more recent substances known as direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs).

The key to preventing and treating a pulmonary haemorrhage is regularly exercising your legs and engaging in healthy activities. You will receive detailed advice from a doctor on how to take care of yourself to avoid blood clots in the future.

Treatment for Pulmonary Hemorrhage

Aims of embolism treatments include:

  • Stop the clot's growth,
  • Stop any new clots from developing,
  • Eliminate any existing clots, or remove them.

Depending on the size and placement of the blood clot, your therapy for severe hemoptysis will vary. A doctor could suggest medication as a course of treatment if the issue is minimal and discovered quickly. Some medicines can disintegrate tiny clots.

Treating shock and administering oxygen treatment are the primary steps in treating the majority of embolisms. Heparin, enoxaparin, or warfarin are common anticoagulant drugs used to thin the blood and stop additional clotting from occurring.

Additionally, thrombolytics, which dissolve blood clots, may be given. But there is a significant chance of severe bleeding with them. Activase, Retavase, and Eminase are thrombolytics. Dopamine may be administered to a patient with low blood pressure to raise it. Typically, the patient will need to take their meds consistently for an extended period, generally at least three months.


Whenever a blood clot enters the lungs, a pulmonary haemorrhage happens. These blood clots frequently develop from deep vein thrombosis, which can be brought on by skeletal and muscular injury as well as prolonged periods of inactivity. It's crucial to get in touch with a doctor if you have symptoms like chest discomfort, spitting up blood, or fainting since it may be quite hazardous.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Amritsar - Abadi Court Road. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What is the remedy for severe hemoptysis?

Several recognized treatment options for large hemoptysis include endobronchial control methods, surgical therapy, and bronchial artery embolization.

2. Can pulmonary bleeding lead to death?

Usually brought on by increased bronchial system pressure, pulmonary haemorrhage is a potentially fatal disorder that involves blood from the pulmonary or bronchial vasculature.

3. Can cold air cause pulmonary bleeding?

Sometimes pulmonary bleeding will develop as a side effect of airway inflammation, or it may be brought on by a cold-related reflex blood pressure rise.

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