Miscarriage/Recurrent Miscarriage

Miscarriage and recurrent miscarriage are difficult topics to discuss, yet one may experience them or know someone who will at some point in their lives. An estimated 15-20% of all pregnancies end in miscarriage, with the risk increasing for those over 35. Recurrent miscarriage is defined as three or more consecutive miscarriages occurring before 20 weeks of pregnancy. It affects approximately 1% of couples who are trying to conceive. All types of miscarriage can have physical and emotional impacts on those affected, so understanding the causes and treatment options is essential.

What are miscarriages and recurrent miscarriages?

Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion, is the loss of a pregnancy before 20 weeks. Recurrent miscarriage is defined as the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies. A wide range of possible causes can contribute to miscarriage, including chromosomal abnormalities and hormonal imbalances in the mother, infection, and uterine abnormalities. These factors may be either treatable or untreatable, depending on their cause. Treatment options may include lifestyle changes, medications, and surgery when appropriate.

What are the different types of miscarriages and recurrent miscarriages?

There are three main types of miscarriage, including recurrent miscarriage. The first is a threatened miscarriage, which occurs when there is bleeding but the cervix remains closed and the foetus is still viable. The second type is an inevitable miscarriage, in which the cervix has dilated and both bleeding and cramping occur. Finally, a complete miscarriage occurs when the uterus has expelled all of the pregnancy tissue.

What causes miscarriage and recurrent miscarriage?

Miscarriage can be caused by a variety of factors, including chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus, uterine or cervical abnormalities, hormonal imbalances, infections, and maternal health issues. Recurrent miscarriages are often caused by genetic abnormalities or endocrine-related issues. In some cases, a specific cause for recurrent miscarriage may not be identified.

What are the symptoms of miscarriage and recurrent miscarriage?

Miscarriage and recurrent miscarriage symptoms may include cramping or abdominal pain, back pain, spotting or bleeding from the vagina, the passing of tissue from the vagina, and an increase or decrease in pregnancy symptoms. Other possible symptoms of recurrent miscarriage include mild to severe headaches, fatigue, dizziness, and weight gain.

When should one see a doctor for miscarriage and recurrent miscarriage?

If a woman has miscarried or is experiencing recurrent miscarriages, she should speak to her doctor as soon as possible. Seeing a doctor will allow her to receive a diagnosis and determine the best treatment plan for her situation. Depending on the cause of the miscarriage, treatment options can include medications, lifestyle changes, or surgery. A doctor can also provide resources to help cope with the emotional toll of a miscarriage.

What are the risk factors for miscarriage and recurrent miscarriage?

Miscarriage and recurrent miscarriage risk factors include maternal age, with increased risk over the age of 35; health conditions such as diabetes and thyroid problems; lifestyle risks such as smoking and drinking alcohol; infections like rubella, listeria, and toxoplasmosis; hormonal abnormalities; chromosomal abnormalities in the foetus; and structural problems in the uterus. Previous miscarriages also increase a woman's risk for recurrent miscarriages.

How can one prevent miscarriage and recurrent miscarriage?

Miscarriage and recurrent miscarriage risk factors include maternal age, especially over the age of 35; certain medical conditions such as diabetes, lupus, and thyroid disease; lifestyle factors such as smoking, drinking alcohol, and using illicit drugs; a history of recurrent miscarriages; chromosomal abnormalities in the baby; structural problems with the uterus or cervix; and hormonal imbalances.


Miscarriage and recurrent miscarriage can be traumatic events for couples trying to conceive. Couples must seek medical attention to identify the cause of their miscarriage and then develop an appropriate treatment plan. Treatments may include lifestyle changes, medications, or surgery. With the right care and support, many couples find success in achieving a healthy pregnancy and childbirth. A fertility expert can guide the available tests and treatments, as well as provide support throughout the process. By seeking help from a professional, couples can have hope for a successful pregnancy outcome.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Amritsar - Abadi Court Road. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What causes recurrent miscarriages?q

Recurrent miscarriages can be caused by chromosomal abnormalities, hormonal imbalances, immune system responses, and uterine or cervical problems.

2. How do doctors diagnose recurrent miscarriages?

The diagnosis typically involves blood tests and ultrasounds to evaluate hormone levels and check for abnormalities in the uterus or cervix.

3. Are there treatments available for recurrent miscarriages?

Treatment options vary depending on the cause but can include lifestyle changes, medications, supplements, surgery, genetic testing, and counselling.

4. Is it possible to have successful pregnancies after recurrent miscarriages?

Yes, many women who have experienced recurrent miscarriages go on to have healthy pregnancies afterwards with proper medical care.

5. Is it possible to reduce my risk of recurrent miscarriage?

Yes, by addressing any underlying medical conditions and making lifestyle adjustments such as quitting smoking and avoiding alcohol during pregnancy.

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