Blog

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            [blog_title] => Breast Self-Exam for Breast Awareness
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A breast self-exam that you do for breast awareness helps you understand the normal look and feel of your breasts. If you notice a change in your breasts that seems abnormal or if you notice one breast is different when compared with the other, you can report it to your doctor.

There are many conditions that can cause changes in your breasts, including breast cancer.

Although the breast self-exam technique isn’t always a reliable way to detect breast cancer, a significant number of women report that the first sign of their breast cancer was a new breast lump they discovered on their own. For this reason, doctors recommend being familiar with the normal consistency of your breasts.

Risks

A breast self-exam for breast awareness is a safe way to become familiar with the normal look and feel of your breasts.

However, there are some limitations and risks, including:

  • Anxiety caused by finding a lump. Most of the changes or lumps women find in their breasts aren’t cancerous. Still, finding something suspicious in your breast can make you anxious about what it may mean. You may endure several days of worry until you can see your doctor.
  • Additional tests and procedures may be necessary to check out lumps or changes. If you discover a suspicious lump, you may end up having imaging test such as a diagnostic mammogram or a breast ultrasound, or a procedure to remove breast tissue for examination (biopsy). If it turns out the lump was noncancerous (benign), you might feel that you’ve undergone an invasive procedure unnecessarily.
  • Overestimating the benefits of self-exams. A breast self-exam isn’t a substitute for a breast exam by your doctor (clinical breast exam) or a screening mammogram. Becoming familiar with the normal look and feel of your breasts can supplement breast cancer screening, but can’t replace it.

Discuss the benefits and limitations of being familiar with the consistency of your breasts with your doctor.

How you prepare

To prepare for your breast self-exam for breast awareness:

  • Ask your doctor for a demonstration. Before you begin breast self-exams for breast awareness, you may find it helpful to discuss the instructions and technique with your doctor.
  • If you menstruate, choose a time in your cycle when your breasts are least tender. Your hormone levels fluctuate each month during your menstrual cycle, which causes changes in breast tissue. Swelling begins to decrease when your period starts. The best time to perform a self-exam for breast awareness is usually the week after your period ends.

What you can expect

Begin with a visual examination of your breasts

Sit or stand shirtless and braless in front of a mirror with your arms at your sides. To inspect your breasts visually, do the following:

  • Face forward and look for puckering, dimpling, or changes in size, shape or symmetry.
  • Check to see if your nipples are turned in (inverted).
  • Inspect your breasts with your hands pressed down on your hips.
  • Inspect your breasts with your arms raised overhead and the palms of your hands pressed together.
  • Lift your breasts to see if ridges along the bottom are symmetrical.

If you have a vision impairment that makes it difficult for you to visually inspect your breasts, ask a trusted friend or a family member to help you.

Next, use your hands to examine your breasts

Common ways to perform the manual part of the breast exam include:

  • Lying down: Choose a bed or other flat surface to lie down on your back. When lying down, breast tissue spreads out, making it thinner and easier to feel.
  • In the shower: Lather your fingers and breasts with soap to help your fingers glide more smoothly over your skin.

When examining your breasts, some general tips to keep in mind include:

  • Use the pads of your fingers: Use the pads, not the very tips, of your three middle fingers for the exam. If you have difficulty feeling with your finger pads, use another part of your hand that is more sensitive, such as your palm or the backs of your fingers.
  • Use different pressure levels: Your goal is to feel different depths of the breast by using different levels of pressure to feel all the breast tissue. Use light pressure to feel the tissue closest to the skin, medium pressure to feel a little deeper, and firm pressure to feel the tissue closest to the chest and ribs. Be sure to use each pressure level before moving on to the next spot. If you’re not sure how hard to press, talk with your doctor or nurse.
  • Take your time: Don’t rush. It may take several minutes to carefully examine your breasts.
  • Follow a pattern: Use a methodical technique to ensure you examine your entire breast. For instance, imagine the face of a clock over your breast or the slices of a pie. Begin near your collarbone and examine that section, moving your fingers toward your nipple. Then move your fingers to the next section.

If you have a disability that makes it difficult to examine your breasts using this technique, you likely can still conduct a breast self-exam. Ask your doctor to show you ways you can examine your breasts.

Results

What’s normal

Many women find lumps or changes in their breasts, since some of these are normal changes that occur at various points in the menstrual cycles. Finding a change or lump in your breast is not a reason to panic. Breasts often feel different in different places. A firm ridge along the bottom of each breast is normal, for instance. The look and feel of your breasts will change as you age.

When to contact your doctor

Make an appointment with your doctor if you notice:

  • A hard lump or knot near your underarm
  • Changes in the way your breasts look or feel, including thickening or prominent fullness that is different from the surrounding tissue
  • Dimples, puckers, bulges or ridges on the skin of your breast
  • A recent change in a nipple to become pushed in (inverted) instead of sticking out
  • Redness, warmth, swelling or pain
  • Itching, scales, sores or rashes
  • Bloody nipple discharge

Your doctor may recommend additional tests and procedures to investigate breast changes, including a clinical breast exam, mammogram and ultrasound.

Breast Cancer Screening Recommendations

The following are the recommended guidelines for breast cancer screening by age and risk factor:

Beginning at 16 to 18:

  • Breast self-exam

Breast cancer is one of the few cancers that can sometimes be felt. It is important to become accustomed to how your breasts naturally feel so that you can recognize any abnormalities. Breast tissue can be lumpy, but if you think you feel something abnormal, you should contact your doctor.

20 onward:

  • Annual clinical breast exam

This is typically conducted at your yearly gynaecological or physical exam.

40 onward:

  • Annual clinical breast exam
  • Annual mammogram

There is no recommended age at which you should stop receiving annual mammograms, unless you have less than five years of life expectancy due to old age or other illness.

40 onward, with high-risk factors

  • Annual clinical breast exam
  • Annual mammogram
  • Breast MRI (or breast ultrasound for those who cannot have an MRI)
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A breast self-exam that you do for breast awareness helps you understand the normal look and feel of your breasts. If you notice a change in your breasts that seems abnormal or if you notice one breast is different when compared with the other, you can report it to your doctor.

There are many conditions that can cause changes in your breasts, including breast cancer.

Although the breast self-exam technique isn’t always a reliable way to detect breast cancer, a significant number of women report that the first sign of their breast cancer was a new breast lump they discovered on their own. For this reason, doctors recommend being familiar with the normal consistency of your breasts.

Risks

A breast self-exam for breast awareness is a safe way to become familiar with the normal look and feel of your breasts.

However, there are some limitations and risks, including:

  • Anxiety caused by finding a lump. Most of the changes or lumps women find in their breasts aren’t cancerous. Still, finding something suspicious in your breast can make you anxious about what it may mean. You may endure several days of worry until you can see your doctor.
  • Additional tests and procedures may be necessary to check out lumps or changes. If you discover a suspicious lump, you may end up having imaging test such as a diagnostic mammogram or a breast ultrasound, or a procedure to remove breast tissue for examination (biopsy). If it turns out the lump was noncancerous (benign), you might feel that you’ve undergone an invasive procedure unnecessarily.
  • Overestimating the benefits of self-exams. A breast self-exam isn’t a substitute for a breast exam by your doctor (clinical breast exam) or a screening mammogram. Becoming familiar with the normal look and feel of your breasts can supplement breast cancer screening, but can’t replace it.

Discuss the benefits and limitations of being familiar with the consistency of your breasts with your doctor.

How you prepare

To prepare for your breast self-exam for breast awareness:

  • Ask your doctor for a demonstration. Before you begin breast self-exams for breast awareness, you may find it helpful to discuss the instructions and technique with your doctor.
  • If you menstruate, choose a time in your cycle when your breasts are least tender. Your hormone levels fluctuate each month during your menstrual cycle, which causes changes in breast tissue. Swelling begins to decrease when your period starts. The best time to perform a self-exam for breast awareness is usually the week after your period ends.

What you can expect

Begin with a visual examination of your breasts

Sit or stand shirtless and braless in front of a mirror with your arms at your sides. To inspect your breasts visually, do the following:

  • Face forward and look for puckering, dimpling, or changes in size, shape or symmetry.
  • Check to see if your nipples are turned in (inverted).
  • Inspect your breasts with your hands pressed down on your hips.
  • Inspect your breasts with your arms raised overhead and the palms of your hands pressed together.
  • Lift your breasts to see if ridges along the bottom are symmetrical.

If you have a vision impairment that makes it difficult for you to visually inspect your breasts, ask a trusted friend or a family member to help you.

Next, use your hands to examine your breasts

Common ways to perform the manual part of the breast exam include:

  • Lying down: Choose a bed or other flat surface to lie down on your back. When lying down, breast tissue spreads out, making it thinner and easier to feel.
  • In the shower: Lather your fingers and breasts with soap to help your fingers glide more smoothly over your skin.

When examining your breasts, some general tips to keep in mind include:

  • Use the pads of your fingers: Use the pads, not the very tips, of your three middle fingers for the exam. If you have difficulty feeling with your finger pads, use another part of your hand that is more sensitive, such as your palm or the backs of your fingers.
  • Use different pressure levels: Your goal is to feel different depths of the breast by using different levels of pressure to feel all the breast tissue. Use light pressure to feel the tissue closest to the skin, medium pressure to feel a little deeper, and firm pressure to feel the tissue closest to the chest and ribs. Be sure to use each pressure level before moving on to the next spot. If you’re not sure how hard to press, talk with your doctor or nurse.
  • Take your time: Don’t rush. It may take several minutes to carefully examine your breasts.
  • Follow a pattern: Use a methodical technique to ensure you examine your entire breast. For instance, imagine the face of a clock over your breast or the slices of a pie. Begin near your collarbone and examine that section, moving your fingers toward your nipple. Then move your fingers to the next section.

If you have a disability that makes it difficult to examine your breasts using this technique, you likely can still conduct a breast self-exam. Ask your doctor to show you ways you can examine your breasts.

Results

What’s normal

Many women find lumps or changes in their breasts, since some of these are normal changes that occur at various points in the menstrual cycles. Finding a change or lump in your breast is not a reason to panic. Breasts often feel different in different places. A firm ridge along the bottom of each breast is normal, for instance. The look and feel of your breasts will change as you age.

When to contact your doctor

Make an appointment with your doctor if you notice:

  • A hard lump or knot near your underarm
  • Changes in the way your breasts look or feel, including thickening or prominent fullness that is different from the surrounding tissue
  • Dimples, puckers, bulges or ridges on the skin of your breast
  • A recent change in a nipple to become pushed in (inverted) instead of sticking out
  • Redness, warmth, swelling or pain
  • Itching, scales, sores or rashes
  • Bloody nipple discharge

Your doctor may recommend additional tests and procedures to investigate breast changes, including a clinical breast exam, mammogram and ultrasound.

Breast Cancer Screening Recommendations

The following are the recommended guidelines for breast cancer screening by age and risk factor:

Beginning at 16 to 18:

  • Breast self-exam

Breast cancer is one of the few cancers that can sometimes be felt. It is important to become accustomed to how your breasts naturally feel so that you can recognize any abnormalities. Breast tissue can be lumpy, but if you think you feel something abnormal, you should contact your doctor.

20 onward:

  • Annual clinical breast exam

This is typically conducted at your yearly gynaecological or physical exam.

40 onward:

  • Annual clinical breast exam
  • Annual mammogram

There is no recommended age at which you should stop receiving annual mammograms, unless you have less than five years of life expectancy due to old age or other illness.

40 onward, with high-risk factors

  • Annual clinical breast exam
  • Annual mammogram
  • Breast MRI (or breast ultrasound for those who cannot have an MRI)
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Breast Self-Exam for Breast Awareness

Breast Self-Exam for Breast Awareness

September 29, 2023

A breast self-exam that you do for breast ...

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            [blog_title] => Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which the ovaries produce an abnormal amount of androgens, male sex hormones that are usually present in women in small amounts. The name polycystic ovary syndrome describes the numerous small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) that form in the ovaries. However, some women with this disorder do not have cysts, while some women without the disorder do develop cysts.

Ovulation occurs when a mature egg is released from an ovary. This happens so it can be fertilized by a male sperm. If the egg is not fertilized, it is sent out of the body during your period.

In some cases, a woman doesn’t make enough of the hormones needed to ovulate. When ovulation doesn’t happen, the ovaries can develop many small cysts. These cysts make hormones called androgens. Women with PCOS often have high levels of androgens. This can cause more problems with a woman’s menstrual cycle. And it can cause many of the symptoms of PCOS.

Treatment for PCOS is often done with medication. This can’t cure PCOS, but it helps reduce symptoms and prevent some health problems.

What causes PCOS?

The exact cause of PCOS is not clear. Many women with PCOS have insulin resistance. This means the body can’t use insulin well. Insulin levels build up in the body and may cause higher androgen levels. Obesity can also increase insulin levels and make PCOS symptoms worse.

PCOS may also run in families. It’s common for sisters or a mother and daughter to have PCOS.

What are the risks for PCOS?

You may be more likely to have PCOS if your mother or sister has it. You may also be more likely to have it if you have insulin resistance or obese.

What are the symptoms of PCOS?

The symptoms of PCOS may include:

  • Excess body hair, including the chest, stomach, and back (hirsutism)
  • Missed periods, irregular periods, or very light periods.
  • Acne or oily skin
  • Ovaries that are large or have many cysts.
  • Weight gain, especially around the belly (abdomen)
  • Male-pattern baldness or thinning hair
  • Infertility 
  • Small pieces of excess skin on the neck or armpits (skin tags)
  • Dark or thick skin patches on the back of the neck, in the armpits, and under the breasts

Can I have PCOS but not have any symptoms?

Yes, it’s possible to have PCOS and not have any symptoms. Many people don’t even realize they have the condition until they have trouble getting pregnant or are gaining weight for unknown reasons. It’s also possible to have mild PCOS, where the symptoms aren’t severe enough for you to notice.

How is PCOS diagnosed?

Your doctor will ask about your medical history and your symptoms. You will also have a physical examination which include a pelvic examination. This examination checks the health of your reproductive organs, both inside and outside your body.

Some of the symptoms of PCOS are like those caused by other health problems. Because of this, you may also have tests such as:

  • Ultrasound. This test uses sound waves and a computer to create images of blood vessels, tissues, and organs. This test is used to look at the size of the ovaries and see if they have cysts. The test can also look at the thickness of the lining of the uterus (endometrium).
  • Blood tests. These look for high levels of androgens and other hormones. Your doctor may also check your blood glucose levels. And you may have your cholesterol and triglyceride levels checked.

Treatment:

Treatment for PCOS depends on a number of factors. These may include your age, how severe your symptoms are, and your overall health. The type of treatment may also depend on whether you want to become pregnant in the future.

If you do plan to become pregnant, your treatment may include:

  • A change in diet and activity – A healthy diet and more physical activity can help you lose weight and reduce your symptoms. They can also help your body use insulin more efficiently, lower blood glucose levels, and may help you ovulate.
  • Medications to cause ovulation – Medications can help the ovaries to release eggs normally. These medications also have certain risks. They can increase the chance for a multiple birth (twins or more). And they can cause ovarian hyper stimulation. This is when the ovaries release too many hormones. It can cause symptoms such as abdominal bloating and pelvic pain.

If you do not plan to become pregnant, your treatment may include:

  • Birth control pills – These help to control menstrual cycles, lower androgen levels and reduce acne.
  • Diabetes medication – This is often used to lower insulin resistance in PCOS. It may also help reduce androgen levels, slow hair growth, and help you ovulate more regularly.
  • A change in diet and activity. A healthy diet and more physical activity can help you lose weight and reduce your symptoms. They can also help your body use insulin more efficiently, lower blood glucose levels, and may help you ovulate.
  • Medications to treat other symptoms. Some medications can help reduce hair growth or acne.

What are the complications of PCOS?

Women with PCOS are more likely to develop certain serious health problems. These include type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, problems with the heart and blood vessels, and uterine cancer. Women with PCOS often have problems with their ability to get pregnant (fertility).

Living with PCOS – Some women struggle with the physical symptoms of PCOS, such as weight gain, hair growth, and acne. Cosmetic treatments, such as electrolysis and laser hair removal, may help you feel better about your appearance. Talk with your doctor about the best ways to treat the symptoms that bother you.

When should I seek medical care?

If you have missed or irregular periods, excess hair growth, acne, and weight gain, call your doctor for an evaluation.

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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which the ovaries produce an abnormal amount of androgens, male sex hormones that are usually present in women in small amounts. The name polycystic ovary syndrome describes the numerous small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) that form in the ovaries. However, some women with this disorder do not have cysts, while some women without the disorder do develop cysts.

Ovulation occurs when a mature egg is released from an ovary. This happens so it can be fertilized by a male sperm. If the egg is not fertilized, it is sent out of the body during your period.

In some cases, a woman doesn’t make enough of the hormones needed to ovulate. When ovulation doesn’t happen, the ovaries can develop many small cysts. These cysts make hormones called androgens. Women with PCOS often have high levels of androgens. This can cause more problems with a woman’s menstrual cycle. And it can cause many of the symptoms of PCOS.

Treatment for PCOS is often done with medication. This can’t cure PCOS, but it helps reduce symptoms and prevent some health problems.

What causes PCOS?

The exact cause of PCOS is not clear. Many women with PCOS have insulin resistance. This means the body can’t use insulin well. Insulin levels build up in the body and may cause higher androgen levels. Obesity can also increase insulin levels and make PCOS symptoms worse.

PCOS may also run in families. It’s common for sisters or a mother and daughter to have PCOS.

What are the risks for PCOS?

You may be more likely to have PCOS if your mother or sister has it. You may also be more likely to have it if you have insulin resistance or obese.

What are the symptoms of PCOS?

The symptoms of PCOS may include:

  • Excess body hair, including the chest, stomach, and back (hirsutism)
  • Missed periods, irregular periods, or very light periods.
  • Acne or oily skin
  • Ovaries that are large or have many cysts.
  • Weight gain, especially around the belly (abdomen)
  • Male-pattern baldness or thinning hair
  • Infertility 
  • Small pieces of excess skin on the neck or armpits (skin tags)
  • Dark or thick skin patches on the back of the neck, in the armpits, and under the breasts

Can I have PCOS but not have any symptoms?

Yes, it’s possible to have PCOS and not have any symptoms. Many people don’t even realize they have the condition until they have trouble getting pregnant or are gaining weight for unknown reasons. It’s also possible to have mild PCOS, where the symptoms aren’t severe enough for you to notice.

How is PCOS diagnosed?

Your doctor will ask about your medical history and your symptoms. You will also have a physical examination which include a pelvic examination. This examination checks the health of your reproductive organs, both inside and outside your body.

Some of the symptoms of PCOS are like those caused by other health problems. Because of this, you may also have tests such as:

  • Ultrasound. This test uses sound waves and a computer to create images of blood vessels, tissues, and organs. This test is used to look at the size of the ovaries and see if they have cysts. The test can also look at the thickness of the lining of the uterus (endometrium).
  • Blood tests. These look for high levels of androgens and other hormones. Your doctor may also check your blood glucose levels. And you may have your cholesterol and triglyceride levels checked.

Treatment:

Treatment for PCOS depends on a number of factors. These may include your age, how severe your symptoms are, and your overall health. The type of treatment may also depend on whether you want to become pregnant in the future.

If you do plan to become pregnant, your treatment may include:

  • A change in diet and activity – A healthy diet and more physical activity can help you lose weight and reduce your symptoms. They can also help your body use insulin more efficiently, lower blood glucose levels, and may help you ovulate.
  • Medications to cause ovulation – Medications can help the ovaries to release eggs normally. These medications also have certain risks. They can increase the chance for a multiple birth (twins or more). And they can cause ovarian hyper stimulation. This is when the ovaries release too many hormones. It can cause symptoms such as abdominal bloating and pelvic pain.

If you do not plan to become pregnant, your treatment may include:

  • Birth control pills – These help to control menstrual cycles, lower androgen levels and reduce acne.
  • Diabetes medication – This is often used to lower insulin resistance in PCOS. It may also help reduce androgen levels, slow hair growth, and help you ovulate more regularly.
  • A change in diet and activity. A healthy diet and more physical activity can help you lose weight and reduce your symptoms. They can also help your body use insulin more efficiently, lower blood glucose levels, and may help you ovulate.
  • Medications to treat other symptoms. Some medications can help reduce hair growth or acne.

What are the complications of PCOS?

Women with PCOS are more likely to develop certain serious health problems. These include type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, problems with the heart and blood vessels, and uterine cancer. Women with PCOS often have problems with their ability to get pregnant (fertility).

Living with PCOS – Some women struggle with the physical symptoms of PCOS, such as weight gain, hair growth, and acne. Cosmetic treatments, such as electrolysis and laser hair removal, may help you feel better about your appearance. Talk with your doctor about the best ways to treat the symptoms that bother you.

When should I seek medical care?

If you have missed or irregular periods, excess hair growth, acne, and weight gain, call your doctor for an evaluation.

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

August 30, 2023

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a con...

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            [blog_title] => Nutrition During Pregnancy
            [metaTitle] => Nutrition During Pregnancy
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Your body goes through lots of physical and hormonal changes during pregnancy. To fuel yourself and your growing baby, you’ll need to make great food choices from a variety of sources.

Eating a healthy, balanced diet will help you feel good and provide everything you and your baby need. The food you eat is your baby’s main source of nourishment, so it’s critical to get all of the nutrients you need.

Dietary and Caloric Recommendations

To maintain a healthy pregnancy, approximately 300 extra calories are needed each day. These calories should come from a balanced diet of protein, fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Sweets and fats should be kept to a minimum. A healthy, well-balanced diet can also help to reduce some pregnancy symptoms, such as nausea and constipation.

Fluid Intake During Pregnancy

Fluid intake is also an important part of pregnancy nutrition. Follow these recommendations for fluid intake during pregnancy:

  • You can take in enough fluids by drinking 8 to 10 big glasses of water each day, in addition to the fluids in juices and soups. Talk to your doctor about restricting your intake of caffeine and artificial sweeteners.
  • Avoid all forms of alcohol.

Ideal Foods to Eat During Pregnancy

The following foods are beneficial to your health and fetal development during pregnancy:

  • Vegetables: Carrots, spinach, cooked greens, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, tomatoes and red sweet peppers (for vitamin A and potassium)
  • Fruits: Prunes, bananas, apricots, oranges, and red or pink grapefruit (for potassium)
  • Dairy: Fat-free or low-fat yogurt, skim or 1% milk, soymilk (for calcium, potassium, vitamins A and D)
  • Grains: Ready-to-eat cereals/cooked cereals (for iron and folic acid)
  • Proteins: Beans and peas; nuts and seeds; salmon

Foods to Avoid During Pregnancy

Avoid eating the following foods during pregnancy:

  • Unpasteurized milk and foods made with unpasteurized milk.
  • Raw and undercooked seafood, eggs and meat.
  • Refrigerated meat spreads.
  • Refrigerated smoked seafood.

Guidelines for Safe Food Handling

Follow these general food safety guidelines when handling and cooking food:

  • Wash: Rinse all raw produce thoroughly under running tap water before eating, cutting or cooking.
  • Clean: Wash your hands, knives, countertops and cutting boards after handling and preparing uncooked foods.
  • Cook: Cook poultry to a safe internal temperature verified by a food thermometer.
  • Chill: Promptly refrigerate all perishable food.

Prenatal Vitamin and Mineral Supplements

Most doctors will prescribe a prenatal supplement before conception or shortly afterward to make sure that all of your nutritional needs are met. However, a prenatal supplement does not replace a healthy diet.

The Importance of Folic Acid

Experts recommend that all women of childbearing age to consume 400 micrograms (0.4 mg) of folic acid each day. Folic acid is a nutrient found in:

  • Some green leafy vegetables
  • Most berries, nuts, beans, citrus fruits and fortified breakfast cereals
  • Some vitamin supplements.

Folic acid can help reduce the risk of neural tube defects, which are birth defects of the brain and spinal cord. Neural tube defects can lead to varying degrees of paralysis, incontinence and sometimes intellectual disability.

Folic acid is most helpful during the first 28 days after conception, when most neural tube defects occur. Unfortunately, you may not realize that you are pregnant before 28 days. Therefore, your intake of folic acid should begin before conception and continue throughout your pregnancy. Your health care provider or midwife will recommend the appropriate amount of folic acid to meet your individual needs.

For example, women who take anti-epileptic drugs may need to take higher doses of folic acid to prevent neural tube defects. They should consult with doctor when considering trying to conceive.

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Your body goes through lots of physical and hormonal changes during pregnancy. To fuel yourself and your growing baby, you’ll need to make great food choices from a variety of sources.

Eating a healthy, balanced diet will help you feel good and provide everything you and your baby need. The food you eat is your baby’s main source of nourishment, so it’s critical to get all of the nutrients you need.

Dietary and Caloric Recommendations

To maintain a healthy pregnancy, approximately 300 extra calories are needed each day. These calories should come from a balanced diet of protein, fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Sweets and fats should be kept to a minimum. A healthy, well-balanced diet can also help to reduce some pregnancy symptoms, such as nausea and constipation.

Fluid Intake During Pregnancy

Fluid intake is also an important part of pregnancy nutrition. Follow these recommendations for fluid intake during pregnancy:

  • You can take in enough fluids by drinking 8 to 10 big glasses of water each day, in addition to the fluids in juices and soups. Talk to your doctor about restricting your intake of caffeine and artificial sweeteners.
  • Avoid all forms of alcohol.

Ideal Foods to Eat During Pregnancy

The following foods are beneficial to your health and fetal development during pregnancy:

  • Vegetables: Carrots, spinach, cooked greens, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, tomatoes and red sweet peppers (for vitamin A and potassium)
  • Fruits: Prunes, bananas, apricots, oranges, and red or pink grapefruit (for potassium)
  • Dairy: Fat-free or low-fat yogurt, skim or 1% milk, soymilk (for calcium, potassium, vitamins A and D)
  • Grains: Ready-to-eat cereals/cooked cereals (for iron and folic acid)
  • Proteins: Beans and peas; nuts and seeds; salmon

Foods to Avoid During Pregnancy

Avoid eating the following foods during pregnancy:

  • Unpasteurized milk and foods made with unpasteurized milk.
  • Raw and undercooked seafood, eggs and meat.
  • Refrigerated meat spreads.
  • Refrigerated smoked seafood.

Guidelines for Safe Food Handling

Follow these general food safety guidelines when handling and cooking food:

  • Wash: Rinse all raw produce thoroughly under running tap water before eating, cutting or cooking.
  • Clean: Wash your hands, knives, countertops and cutting boards after handling and preparing uncooked foods.
  • Cook: Cook poultry to a safe internal temperature verified by a food thermometer.
  • Chill: Promptly refrigerate all perishable food.

Prenatal Vitamin and Mineral Supplements

Most doctors will prescribe a prenatal supplement before conception or shortly afterward to make sure that all of your nutritional needs are met. However, a prenatal supplement does not replace a healthy diet.

The Importance of Folic Acid

Experts recommend that all women of childbearing age to consume 400 micrograms (0.4 mg) of folic acid each day. Folic acid is a nutrient found in:

  • Some green leafy vegetables
  • Most berries, nuts, beans, citrus fruits and fortified breakfast cereals
  • Some vitamin supplements.

Folic acid can help reduce the risk of neural tube defects, which are birth defects of the brain and spinal cord. Neural tube defects can lead to varying degrees of paralysis, incontinence and sometimes intellectual disability.

Folic acid is most helpful during the first 28 days after conception, when most neural tube defects occur. Unfortunately, you may not realize that you are pregnant before 28 days. Therefore, your intake of folic acid should begin before conception and continue throughout your pregnancy. Your health care provider or midwife will recommend the appropriate amount of folic acid to meet your individual needs.

For example, women who take anti-epileptic drugs may need to take higher doses of folic acid to prevent neural tube defects. They should consult with doctor when considering trying to conceive.

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Nutrition During Pregnancy

Nutrition During Pregnancy

August 26, 2023

Your body goes through lots...

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            [blog_title] => Common Discomforts: Morning sickness or Nausea during Pregnancy
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You may have seen it in the movies or on television shows – the moment a woman’s pregnancy has to be announced, she is seen feeling nauseous and throwing up. And the cat is out of the bag! 

Though each pregnancy is unique, the first trimester of pregnancy is usually marked by discomfort due to nausea and frequent throwing up. Also known as ‘morning sickness’, this may be more pronounced in some women as compared to others. 

Why does it happen?

A woman carrying a fetus is going through hormonal changes along with physiological and emotional ones, and this is usually associated with the body’s hormones trying to adjust.

A deficiency of dietary magnesium and potassium, low blood sugar as well as low levels of vitamin B6 are also linked to nausea.

To manage this: Include whole foods in your meals and have the prescribed multivitamins every single day. 

When does it occur?

Though it is called morning sickness, it happens any time during the day or even night. It is usually experienced between the first 6 to 14 weeks of pregnancy, and eventually reduces and more or less stops.

If it happens for the first time only after 10 or 11 weeks, speak to your doctor.

Is it harmful for the baby?

Although uncomfortable and stressful, morning sickness is not likely to be harmful for your baby. However, it may make you feel averse to certain foods or crave for some types of food all the time.

As a mother-to-be, ensure that you are having nutritious food and supplements, so that you and your baby are receiving sufficient nourishment. 

To manage it: Stay hydrated at all times. If you cannot retain fluids after drinking, consult your doctor.

Why is the nausea severe?

In case the nausea is severe (hyperemesis gravidarum), and persists for several days, the doctor may ask you to get admitted for monitoring. An intravenous drip (IV) may be given, to replace the fluids and salts that have been depleted.

Other signs you need to see a doctor include:

  • Dramatic weight loss
  • Very dark urine
  • Traces of blood in vomit
  • Extreme exhaustion
  • Dehydration due to inability to keep fluids down.

How to manage Morning Sickness?

Each day of the initial pregnancy comes with its own unique experiences, joys and challenges. Simply trust yourself and remind yourself that you are capable and strong. Keep your doctor updated at all times and remember to smile through this journey.

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You may have seen it in the movies or on television shows – the moment a woman’s pregnancy has to be announced, she is seen feeling nauseous and throwing up. And the cat is out of the bag! 

Though each pregnancy is unique, the first trimester of pregnancy is usually marked by discomfort due to nausea and frequent throwing up. Also known as ‘morning sickness’, this may be more pronounced in some women as compared to others. 

Why does it happen?

A woman carrying a fetus is going through hormonal changes along with physiological and emotional ones, and this is usually associated with the body’s hormones trying to adjust.

A deficiency of dietary magnesium and potassium, low blood sugar as well as low levels of vitamin B6 are also linked to nausea.

To manage this: Include whole foods in your meals and have the prescribed multivitamins every single day. 

When does it occur?

Though it is called morning sickness, it happens any time during the day or even night. It is usually experienced between the first 6 to 14 weeks of pregnancy, and eventually reduces and more or less stops.

If it happens for the first time only after 10 or 11 weeks, speak to your doctor.

Is it harmful for the baby?

Although uncomfortable and stressful, morning sickness is not likely to be harmful for your baby. However, it may make you feel averse to certain foods or crave for some types of food all the time.

As a mother-to-be, ensure that you are having nutritious food and supplements, so that you and your baby are receiving sufficient nourishment. 

To manage it: Stay hydrated at all times. If you cannot retain fluids after drinking, consult your doctor.

Why is the nausea severe?

In case the nausea is severe (hyperemesis gravidarum), and persists for several days, the doctor may ask you to get admitted for monitoring. An intravenous drip (IV) may be given, to replace the fluids and salts that have been depleted.

Other signs you need to see a doctor include:

  • Dramatic weight loss
  • Very dark urine
  • Traces of blood in vomit
  • Extreme exhaustion
  • Dehydration due to inability to keep fluids down.

How to manage Morning Sickness?

Each day of the initial pregnancy comes with its own unique experiences, joys and challenges. Simply trust yourself and remind yourself that you are capable and strong. Keep your doctor updated at all times and remember to smile through this journey.

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Common Discomforts: Morning sickness or Nausea during Pregnancy

Common Discomforts: Morning sickness or Nausea during Pregnancy

August 26, 2023

You may have seen it in the movies or on ...

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            [blog_title] => Pink Eye (conjunctivitis): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors and Prevention
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‘Pink eye’ is primarily an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the transparent membrane that lines the eyeball and eyelid. Due to swelling and irritation, the thin blood vessels become reddish and visible, giving the appearance of a pinkish colour in the eyes. It is also known as ‘conjunctivitis’.

It is contagious and is usually caused by a viral, or in some cases by a bacterial infection. If observed in children, it may be due to an ‘incompletely opened tear duct’. 

Though it spreads quickly from person to person, this infection subsides after getting treated correctly, and is not going to impair the vision, so do not feel overly anxious or stressed.

Symptoms to watch out for: 

  • Redness in one or both eyes
  • Itchiness or irritation in one or both eyes
  • Sensitivity to light i.e. photophobia
  • Discharge from the eye/s which dries during the night into a crusty layer. This makes opening one’s eyes uncomfortable in the morning.
  • Stiffness in the eyes
  • Teary eyes 

When to see the doctor?

As soon as you observe the above symptoms, speak to your doctor and get a consultation.

If there is pain, blurriness of vision or excessive discomfort that does not settle within 24 hours, ensure that you meet your doctor in person for correct diagnosis, as it may also be caused by other eye-related issues.

Risk factors for pink eye include:

  • Exposure to someone infected with the viral or bacterial form of conjunctivitis
  • Exposure to something you’re allergic to, for allergic conjunctivitis
  • Using contact lenses, especially extended-wear lenses

Preventing the spread of pink eye:

  • Drink only boiled water and consume home cooked meals
  • Avoid touching your eyes in case you have been in close proximity or have shaken hands with one or more people
  • Wash and sanitise your hands at regular intervals through the day
  • Do not share your napkins, handkerchiefs or towels
  • Take medicines or eye drops only on prescription. Self-medication may be harmful, and unnecessarily delay or hamper your healing
  • In Newborns: Newborns’ eyes are susceptible to bacteria present in the mother’s birth canal. These bacteria often cause no symptoms in the mother. In some cases, these bacteria can cause infants to develop a serious form of conjunctivitis known as ophthalmia neonatorum, which needs immediate treatment to preserve sight. 
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‘Pink eye’ is primarily an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the transparent membrane that lines the eyeball and eyelid. Due to swelling and irritation, the thin blood vessels become reddish and visible, giving the appearance of a pinkish colour in the eyes. It is also known as ‘conjunctivitis’.

It is contagious and is usually caused by a viral, or in some cases by a bacterial infection. If observed in children, it may be due to an ‘incompletely opened tear duct’. 

Though it spreads quickly from person to person, this infection subsides after getting treated correctly, and is not going to impair the vision, so do not feel overly anxious or stressed.

Symptoms to watch out for: 

  • Redness in one or both eyes
  • Itchiness or irritation in one or both eyes
  • Sensitivity to light i.e. photophobia
  • Discharge from the eye/s which dries during the night into a crusty layer. This makes opening one’s eyes uncomfortable in the morning.
  • Stiffness in the eyes
  • Teary eyes 

When to see the doctor?

As soon as you observe the above symptoms, speak to your doctor and get a consultation.

If there is pain, blurriness of vision or excessive discomfort that does not settle within 24 hours, ensure that you meet your doctor in person for correct diagnosis, as it may also be caused by other eye-related issues.

Risk factors for pink eye include:

  • Exposure to someone infected with the viral or bacterial form of conjunctivitis
  • Exposure to something you’re allergic to, for allergic conjunctivitis
  • Using contact lenses, especially extended-wear lenses

Preventing the spread of pink eye:

  • Drink only boiled water and consume home cooked meals
  • Avoid touching your eyes in case you have been in close proximity or have shaken hands with one or more people
  • Wash and sanitise your hands at regular intervals through the day
  • Do not share your napkins, handkerchiefs or towels
  • Take medicines or eye drops only on prescription. Self-medication may be harmful, and unnecessarily delay or hamper your healing
  • In Newborns: Newborns’ eyes are susceptible to bacteria present in the mother’s birth canal. These bacteria often cause no symptoms in the mother. In some cases, these bacteria can cause infants to develop a serious form of conjunctivitis known as ophthalmia neonatorum, which needs immediate treatment to preserve sight. 
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Pink Eye (conjunctivitis): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors and Prevention

Pink Eye (conjunctivitis): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors and Prevention

July 27, 2023

‘Pink eye’ is primarily an inflammation of the conjuncti...

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            [blog_title] => Menopause: What it is, Age, Signs, Causes & Complications
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Menopause is the time that marks the end of your menstrual cycles. It’s diagnosed after you’ve gone 12 months without a menstrual period. Menopause can happen in your 40s or 50s.

Menopause is a natural biological process. But the physical symptoms, such as hot flashes, and emotional symptoms of menopause may disrupt your sleep, lower your energy or affect emotional health.

Symptoms

In the months or years leading up to menopause (perimenopause), you might experience these signs and symptoms:

  • Irregular periods
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Hot flashes
  • Chills
  • Night sweats
  • Sleep problems
  • Mood changes
  • Weight gain and slowed metabolism
  • Thinning hair and dry skin
  • Loss of breast fullness

Signs and symptoms, including changes in menstruation can vary among women. Most likely, you’ll experience some irregularity in your periods before they end.

Skipping periods during perimenopause is common and expected. Often, menstrual periods will skip a month and return, or skip several months and then start monthly cycles again for a few months. Periods also tend to happen on shorter cycles, so they are closer together. Despite irregular periods, pregnancy is possible. If you’ve skipped a period but aren’t sure you’ve started the menopausal transition, consider a pregnancy test.

Causes:

  • Naturally declining reproductive hormones. As you approach your late 30s, your ovaries start making less estrogen and progesterone (the hormones that regulate menstruation and your fertility declines).

In your 40s, your menstrual periods may become longer or shorter, heavier or lighter, and more or less frequent, until eventually. On average, by age 51, your ovaries stop releasing eggs, and you have no more periods.

  • Surgery that removes the ovaries (oophorectomy). Your ovaries produce hormones, including estrogen and progesterone, that regulate the menstrual cycle. Surgery to remove your ovaries causes immediate menopause. Your periods stop, and you’re likely to have hot flashes and experience other menopausal signs and symptoms. Signs and symptoms can be severe, as hormonal changes occur abruptly rather than gradually over several years.

Surgery that removes your uterus but not your ovaries (hysterectomy) usually doesn’t cause immediate menopause. Although you no longer have periods, your ovaries still release eggs and produce estrogen and progesterone.

  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy. These cancer therapies can induce menopause, causing symptoms such as hot flashes during or shortly after the course of treatment. The halt to menstruation (and fertility) is not always permanent following chemotherapy, so birth control measures may still be desired. Radiation therapy only affects ovarian function if radiation is directed at the ovaries. Radiation therapy to other parts of the body, such as breast tissue or the head and neck, won’t affect menopause.
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency. About 1% of women experience menopause before age 40 (premature menopause). Premature menopause may result from the failure of your ovaries to produce normal levels of reproductive hormones (primary ovarian insufficiency), which can stem from genetic factors or autoimmune disease. But often no cause of premature menopause can be found. For these women, hormone therapy is typically recommended at least until the natural age of menopause in order to protect the brain, heart and bones.

Complications

After menopause, your risk of certain medical conditions increases. Examples include:

  • Heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease. When your estrogen levels decline, your risk of cardiovascular disease increases. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in women as well as in men. So it’s important to get regular exercise, eat a healthy diet and maintain a normal weight. Ask your doctor for advice on how to protect your heart, such as how to reduce your cholesterol or blood pressure if it’s too high.
  • Osteoporosis. This condition causes bones to become brittle and weak, leading to an increased risk of fractures. During the first few years after menopause, you may lose bone density at a rapid rate, increasing your risk of osteoporosis. Postmenopausal women with osteoporosis are especially susceptible to fractures of their spine, hips and wrists.
  • Urinary incontinence. As the tissues of your vagina and urethra lose elasticity, you may experience frequent, sudden, strong urges to urinate, followed by an involuntary loss of urine (urge incontinence), or the loss of urine with coughing, laughing or lifting (stress incontinence). You may have urinary tract infections more often.

Strengthening pelvic floor muscles with Kegel exercises and using a topical vaginal estrogen may help relieve symptoms of incontinence. Hormone therapy may also be an effective treatment option for menopausal urinary tract and vaginal changes that can result in urinary incontinence.

  • Sexual function. Vaginal dryness from decreased moisture production and loss of elasticity can cause discomfort and slight bleeding during sexual intercourse. Also, decreased sensation may reduce your desire for sexual activity (libido).

Water-based vaginal moisturizers and lubricants may help. If a vaginal lubricant isn’t enough, many women benefit from the use of local vaginal estrogen treatment, available as a vaginal cream, tablet or ring.

  • Weight gain. Many women gain weight during the menopausal transition and after menopause because metabolism slows. You may need to eat less and exercise more, just to maintain your current weight.
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Menopause is the time that marks the end of your menstrual cycles. It’s diagnosed after you’ve gone 12 months without a menstrual period. Menopause can happen in your 40s or 50s.

Menopause is a natural biological process. But the physical symptoms, such as hot flashes, and emotional symptoms of menopause may disrupt your sleep, lower your energy or affect emotional health.

Symptoms

In the months or years leading up to menopause (perimenopause), you might experience these signs and symptoms:

  • Irregular periods
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Hot flashes
  • Chills
  • Night sweats
  • Sleep problems
  • Mood changes
  • Weight gain and slowed metabolism
  • Thinning hair and dry skin
  • Loss of breast fullness

Signs and symptoms, including changes in menstruation can vary among women. Most likely, you’ll experience some irregularity in your periods before they end.

Skipping periods during perimenopause is common and expected. Often, menstrual periods will skip a month and return, or skip several months and then start monthly cycles again for a few months. Periods also tend to happen on shorter cycles, so they are closer together. Despite irregular periods, pregnancy is possible. If you’ve skipped a period but aren’t sure you’ve started the menopausal transition, consider a pregnancy test.

Causes:

  • Naturally declining reproductive hormones. As you approach your late 30s, your ovaries start making less estrogen and progesterone (the hormones that regulate menstruation and your fertility declines).

In your 40s, your menstrual periods may become longer or shorter, heavier or lighter, and more or less frequent, until eventually. On average, by age 51, your ovaries stop releasing eggs, and you have no more periods.

  • Surgery that removes the ovaries (oophorectomy). Your ovaries produce hormones, including estrogen and progesterone, that regulate the menstrual cycle. Surgery to remove your ovaries causes immediate menopause. Your periods stop, and you’re likely to have hot flashes and experience other menopausal signs and symptoms. Signs and symptoms can be severe, as hormonal changes occur abruptly rather than gradually over several years.

Surgery that removes your uterus but not your ovaries (hysterectomy) usually doesn’t cause immediate menopause. Although you no longer have periods, your ovaries still release eggs and produce estrogen and progesterone.

  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy. These cancer therapies can induce menopause, causing symptoms such as hot flashes during or shortly after the course of treatment. The halt to menstruation (and fertility) is not always permanent following chemotherapy, so birth control measures may still be desired. Radiation therapy only affects ovarian function if radiation is directed at the ovaries. Radiation therapy to other parts of the body, such as breast tissue or the head and neck, won’t affect menopause.
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency. About 1% of women experience menopause before age 40 (premature menopause). Premature menopause may result from the failure of your ovaries to produce normal levels of reproductive hormones (primary ovarian insufficiency), which can stem from genetic factors or autoimmune disease. But often no cause of premature menopause can be found. For these women, hormone therapy is typically recommended at least until the natural age of menopause in order to protect the brain, heart and bones.

Complications

After menopause, your risk of certain medical conditions increases. Examples include:

  • Heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease. When your estrogen levels decline, your risk of cardiovascular disease increases. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in women as well as in men. So it’s important to get regular exercise, eat a healthy diet and maintain a normal weight. Ask your doctor for advice on how to protect your heart, such as how to reduce your cholesterol or blood pressure if it’s too high.
  • Osteoporosis. This condition causes bones to become brittle and weak, leading to an increased risk of fractures. During the first few years after menopause, you may lose bone density at a rapid rate, increasing your risk of osteoporosis. Postmenopausal women with osteoporosis are especially susceptible to fractures of their spine, hips and wrists.
  • Urinary incontinence. As the tissues of your vagina and urethra lose elasticity, you may experience frequent, sudden, strong urges to urinate, followed by an involuntary loss of urine (urge incontinence), or the loss of urine with coughing, laughing or lifting (stress incontinence). You may have urinary tract infections more often.

Strengthening pelvic floor muscles with Kegel exercises and using a topical vaginal estrogen may help relieve symptoms of incontinence. Hormone therapy may also be an effective treatment option for menopausal urinary tract and vaginal changes that can result in urinary incontinence.

  • Sexual function. Vaginal dryness from decreased moisture production and loss of elasticity can cause discomfort and slight bleeding during sexual intercourse. Also, decreased sensation may reduce your desire for sexual activity (libido).

Water-based vaginal moisturizers and lubricants may help. If a vaginal lubricant isn’t enough, many women benefit from the use of local vaginal estrogen treatment, available as a vaginal cream, tablet or ring.

  • Weight gain. Many women gain weight during the menopausal transition and after menopause because metabolism slows. You may need to eat less and exercise more, just to maintain your current weight.
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Menopause: What it is, Age, Signs, Causes & Complications

Menopause: What it is, Age, Signs, Causes & Complications

July 25, 2023

Menopause is the time that marks the end ...

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“Oh wow! You’re pregnant! You should put up your feet and rest!”

Or

“How amazing! Just keep working as long as you can, even while you’re pregnant!”  

Between these two contrasting, contradictory yet well-meaning suggestions is often a confused ‘you’, wondering where your career will go now? What about being a good mother? Is it possible to pursue your professional goals while coping with the duties of momhood? Are you doing the right thing?

Once the initial euphoria subsides, you have to start taking practical decisions that will impact you and the little one growing inside your womb. After all, pregnancy is a 24/7 job in itself, that will transform into a lifetime commitment. 

Should you work till you’re about to deliver or take a sabbatical from work? 

Let’s share our thoughts on how you can go through these incredible 9 months, while keeping yourself healthy, cheerful and fairly stress-free.

One day at a time:

The initial days are often beset with morning sickness, fatigue and insomnia. After speaking to your gynaec, give yourself the liberty to take each day as it comes. It’s okay to not be okay. 

Thankfully, most organisations now function in hybrid mode, and if your workplace has the option, work from home on days when you just don’t have the stamina to step out.

Confide in your senior:

Traditionally, Indian families prefer to announce a pregnancy only after the first trimester. However, since it is the most sensitive phase as well, it is sensible to confide in your boss so that s/he can help you tide through this by adjusting your work hours, schedules, leaves and accommodate your physical limitations. 

Feeling nauseous?

It is definitely a struggle to manage pregnancy symptoms at the workplace. Trying to rush to the washroom to throw up or pee every now and then, is quite embarrassing. Many pregnant mothers try to skip meals to avoid such scenarios, but feel worse due to acidity or nauseousness. 

Your nutritionist will usually suggest that you eat small meals every hour or two, and recommend suitable multivitamins. 

Indian elders suggest carrying sweet dried ginger candy, and keeping it in the mouth to reduce the discomfort. The same goes for cardamom i.e. ‘elachi’, which is safe for pregnant women to consume, and also suitable for anaemic women. 

Always sleepy!:

It’s very normal to feel more drowsy during pregnancy. However, to be constantly sleepy at work can affect your productivity as well as invite sarcastic comments from colleagues who may not yet be aware of your situation. 

To tackle this, ensure that you get a full 8 hours of sleep at night. Even if you don’t fall asleep right away or wake up after 6 hours or so, stay in bed and just rest. Avoid looking at devices during that time. If you can manage one or two short naps during the day, it will keep you feeling fresh throughout. 

(Here’s a little request to all organisations and institutions: Please create a ‘rest & recovery room’ at your workplace, which can accommodate at least a single bed. This will provide a comfortable option for women employees whenever they need to take it easy healthwise) 

“Everyone’s asking questions. What do I say?”:

Any pregnant woman will tell how annoying it is to answer endless questions from inquisitive people. Some may politely ask you the due date or inquire about your well-being, others may ask probing or personal questions that are quite frustrating. As a pregnant mother-to-be, you have every right to draw boundaries and politely decline, by saying that you’re not comfortable answering.  

Another easy way out is to ask them about how they’re doing, and then diplomatically change the topic. 

“I’m not good enough!”:

As a working professional, it can be very unsettling when you are not feeling your best or accomplishing as much. This can make you question your self-worth every single day. 

The simplest way is to breathe through this, with calming deep inhales and exhales. Remind yourself that you’re going through the most transformational chapter of your life, and pat yourself on the back for doing as much as possible.

There may be errors and you may have to revise or redo things that you have otherwise done effortlessly before, but that’s fine too. You will pull it off. 

“Too many trips to the washroom. It’s so embarrassing!”

The urge to use the washroom every few minutes is a very awkward part of pregnancy, especially if you’re at work. Simultaneously, it is important to stay hydrated. To manage this, start multitasking by doing something else. It could be as simple as going to the water cooler on the way to the washroom, or getting something small done on your way back. 

Taking short walks in and around the office or try stepping out for a bit, to clock in a few hundred steps. This will keep you active, and also prevent swollen feet that most pregnant women complain of, while sitting too long in a place. 

Backaches and stiffness:

As you go through physiological and hormonal changes, you may experience pain in the lower back region as well as stiffness in the muscles.

By consciously maintaining a proper posture, doing light stretches (as advised by your doc) during the day and stepping out for short walks, you can ensure that the discomfort is minimal. 

Every pregnancy is unique, and you don’t have to compare yourself to others at any point of time. Simply listen to your own body, your intuition and your doctor’s advice. 

YOUR RIGHTS AS A PREGNANT EMPLOYEE:

An organisation cannot discriminate against you on any count, if you’re pregnant. You are supposed to be accorded the same convenience and concessions that an employee with any other health risk is entitled to receive. You can however refuse to perform any tasks that may be hazardous to your health and safety.

– A pregnant employee cannot be denied a promotion or forced to quit the job, if her work is up to mark and she is efficiently completing given tasks.

–  A pregnant woman, who is a single mother, has the same rights, benefits and privileges as a married woman. 

Being a pregnant mommy-to-be as well as a working professional is a phenomenal accomplishment in itself. If you’re managing to do this, you deserve to be appreciated and admired. It is one of the most crucial phases of your life, and is a time when you need to focus on your physical, mental and emotional well-being. So, don’t doubt your worth or feel guilty about your choices. 

Don’t forget to …

– Take small steps to fill your day with laughter and contentment. 

– Keep a gratitude journal to write down what you are most grateful for, and re-read it whenever you’re feeling low.

– Make your well-being your priority this time around, and find some time to include meditation in your schedule. 

– Pamper yourself with things that bring you joy

– Sit in a peaceful place and listen to uplifting music

– Spend time with family and friends, and share meaningful conversations

 

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“Oh wow! You’re pregnant! You should put up your feet and rest!”

Or

“How amazing! Just keep working as long as you can, even while you’re pregnant!”  

Between these two contrasting, contradictory yet well-meaning suggestions is often a confused ‘you’, wondering where your career will go now? What about being a good mother? Is it possible to pursue your professional goals while coping with the duties of momhood? Are you doing the right thing?

Once the initial euphoria subsides, you have to start taking practical decisions that will impact you and the little one growing inside your womb. After all, pregnancy is a 24/7 job in itself, that will transform into a lifetime commitment. 

Should you work till you’re about to deliver or take a sabbatical from work? 

Let’s share our thoughts on how you can go through these incredible 9 months, while keeping yourself healthy, cheerful and fairly stress-free.

One day at a time:

The initial days are often beset with morning sickness, fatigue and insomnia. After speaking to your gynaec, give yourself the liberty to take each day as it comes. It’s okay to not be okay. 

Thankfully, most organisations now function in hybrid mode, and if your workplace has the option, work from home on days when you just don’t have the stamina to step out.

Confide in your senior:

Traditionally, Indian families prefer to announce a pregnancy only after the first trimester. However, since it is the most sensitive phase as well, it is sensible to confide in your boss so that s/he can help you tide through this by adjusting your work hours, schedules, leaves and accommodate your physical limitations. 

Feeling nauseous?

It is definitely a struggle to manage pregnancy symptoms at the workplace. Trying to rush to the washroom to throw up or pee every now and then, is quite embarrassing. Many pregnant mothers try to skip meals to avoid such scenarios, but feel worse due to acidity or nauseousness. 

Your nutritionist will usually suggest that you eat small meals every hour or two, and recommend suitable multivitamins. 

Indian elders suggest carrying sweet dried ginger candy, and keeping it in the mouth to reduce the discomfort. The same goes for cardamom i.e. ‘elachi’, which is safe for pregnant women to consume, and also suitable for anaemic women. 

Always sleepy!:

It’s very normal to feel more drowsy during pregnancy. However, to be constantly sleepy at work can affect your productivity as well as invite sarcastic comments from colleagues who may not yet be aware of your situation. 

To tackle this, ensure that you get a full 8 hours of sleep at night. Even if you don’t fall asleep right away or wake up after 6 hours or so, stay in bed and just rest. Avoid looking at devices during that time. If you can manage one or two short naps during the day, it will keep you feeling fresh throughout. 

(Here’s a little request to all organisations and institutions: Please create a ‘rest & recovery room’ at your workplace, which can accommodate at least a single bed. This will provide a comfortable option for women employees whenever they need to take it easy healthwise) 

“Everyone’s asking questions. What do I say?”:

Any pregnant woman will tell how annoying it is to answer endless questions from inquisitive people. Some may politely ask you the due date or inquire about your well-being, others may ask probing or personal questions that are quite frustrating. As a pregnant mother-to-be, you have every right to draw boundaries and politely decline, by saying that you’re not comfortable answering.  

Another easy way out is to ask them about how they’re doing, and then diplomatically change the topic. 

“I’m not good enough!”:

As a working professional, it can be very unsettling when you are not feeling your best or accomplishing as much. This can make you question your self-worth every single day. 

The simplest way is to breathe through this, with calming deep inhales and exhales. Remind yourself that you’re going through the most transformational chapter of your life, and pat yourself on the back for doing as much as possible.

There may be errors and you may have to revise or redo things that you have otherwise done effortlessly before, but that’s fine too. You will pull it off. 

“Too many trips to the washroom. It’s so embarrassing!”

The urge to use the washroom every few minutes is a very awkward part of pregnancy, especially if you’re at work. Simultaneously, it is important to stay hydrated. To manage this, start multitasking by doing something else. It could be as simple as going to the water cooler on the way to the washroom, or getting something small done on your way back. 

Taking short walks in and around the office or try stepping out for a bit, to clock in a few hundred steps. This will keep you active, and also prevent swollen feet that most pregnant women complain of, while sitting too long in a place. 

Backaches and stiffness:

As you go through physiological and hormonal changes, you may experience pain in the lower back region as well as stiffness in the muscles.

By consciously maintaining a proper posture, doing light stretches (as advised by your doc) during the day and stepping out for short walks, you can ensure that the discomfort is minimal. 

Every pregnancy is unique, and you don’t have to compare yourself to others at any point of time. Simply listen to your own body, your intuition and your doctor’s advice. 

YOUR RIGHTS AS A PREGNANT EMPLOYEE:

An organisation cannot discriminate against you on any count, if you’re pregnant. You are supposed to be accorded the same convenience and concessions that an employee with any other health risk is entitled to receive. You can however refuse to perform any tasks that may be hazardous to your health and safety.

– A pregnant employee cannot be denied a promotion or forced to quit the job, if her work is up to mark and she is efficiently completing given tasks.

–  A pregnant woman, who is a single mother, has the same rights, benefits and privileges as a married woman. 

Being a pregnant mommy-to-be as well as a working professional is a phenomenal accomplishment in itself. If you’re managing to do this, you deserve to be appreciated and admired. It is one of the most crucial phases of your life, and is a time when you need to focus on your physical, mental and emotional well-being. So, don’t doubt your worth or feel guilty about your choices. 

Don’t forget to …

– Take small steps to fill your day with laughter and contentment. 

– Keep a gratitude journal to write down what you are most grateful for, and re-read it whenever you’re feeling low.

– Make your well-being your priority this time around, and find some time to include meditation in your schedule. 

– Pamper yourself with things that bring you joy

– Sit in a peaceful place and listen to uplifting music

– Spend time with family and friends, and share meaningful conversations

 

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Working while Pregnant? What’s the best way through?

Working while Pregnant? What’s the best way through?

July 17, 2023

“Oh wow! You’re pregnant! You should put up your fee...

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Bringing a newborn home is an exciting time, but it can also come with some challenges, especially regarding digestion. Newborns may experience gastric problems that can cause discomfort for the baby and their parents.

Here, we will discuss the symptoms of newborn gastric problems, tips to help relieve them, and how long these issues typically last.

How do I know my newborn is having a gastric problem?

Here are some signs and symptoms that may indicate your newborn is having a gastric problem:

1. Spitting up or vomiting

Babies often spit milk with burps or after feedings due to their weak and immature sphincter muscles (a ring-shaped muscle in the body that relaxes or tightens to open or close a passage). However, forceful vomiting or spitting up considerable amounts of milk following most feedings may suggest stomach problems in newborns.

If your baby is frequently vomiting (especially green-tinged or discoloured) or shows other signs of discomfort, seek immediate medical attention from your baby’s paediatrician. 

2. Diarrhoea

Formula-fed newborns’ bowel motions are often yellow and shaped. They can happen once or twice a day, sometimes more. Breastfed babies have soft, seedy, yellow-green bowel motions several times a day, sometimes as often as every few hours with feedings.

Diarrhoea in babies causes frequent, watery bowel movements, which can quickly lead to severe dehydration and should be addressed immediately. Some other signs of diarrhoea include:

  • The stool contains mucus or has a bad odour
  • Lethargic (or less active than normal)
  • Poor eating
  • Acting sick or fever

If your baby experiences a change in bowel motions or shows these signs, seek advice from your baby’s physician.

3. Hiccups

Hiccups in babies are common and usually harmless. However, when babies experience digestive issues, they may develop persistent hiccups that can be bothersome and uncomfortable.

This frequently comes with stomach pain, which can make them cry. So, if you notice your newborn is experiencing frequent hiccups and seems fussy or in discomfort, they may have digestive problems that need attention.

4. Colic

Colitis is a condition that affects some healthy newborns between 3-4 months of age, causing continuous and uncontrollable crying for several hours each day, which can be very stressful for parents. It usually begins about three weeks of age, peaks at six weeks, and improves gradually by three months.

Babies may have colic due to the following reasons:

  • Adjusting to parents and the new world
  • Temperament
  • Gas hypersensitivity
  • Milk Allergy or intolerance to cow’s milk-based formulas

5. Reflux

Some babies may experience reflux, a condition in which stomach contents flow back into the oesophagus (the tube connecting the mouth and the stomach), causing irritation and discomfort. This can cause them to spit excessively and choke during feedings.

In severe cases, when the stomach contents back up into the oesophagus, the baby may vomit and breathe the contents into the lungs. This can cause rattling or wheezing sounds in your baby’s chest and back and may require medical attention.

6. Abdominal distension

Abdominal distension is common in newborns, where their bellies may appear larger after eating. However, their stomach should feel soft in between feedings. If it feels hard or the baby has not had a bowel movement in 1-2 days, it could be due to gas constipation, or possibly a more serious digestive problem.

What helps an infant’s digestion problem?

Here are some tips to follow that may help ease a newborn’s digestive problem:

1. Change the feeding position

When feeding babies, it’s important to keep their heads slightly elevated above their bellies to prevent discomfort or complications. Changing the babies’ positions while eating can help keep their heads elevated. This can be done by holding the babies upright or at slightly inclined angles, using breastfeeding pillows or reclined baby seats. Keeping the babies’ heads slightly elevated can help prevent milk or formula from flowing back into their throats and causing choking or discomfort. Additionally, it can help babies digest their food easily and lessen the likelihood of gas or reflux.

2. Improve latch

A latch refers to how a baby attaches to the breast while breastfeeding.

Breastfeeding mothers need to ensure that their babies are latching onto the breast correctly by taking in the areola and creating a good suction. If the latch is improper, babies may have difficulty attaching to the breast, leading to frequent detachment and swallowing more air, which can cause discomfort and fussiness.

Here are some tips to promote a good latch while breastfeeding:

  • Try to create a peaceful and relaxed atmosphere.
  • Hold your baby close to your bare chest to encourage skin-to-skin contact.
  • Let your baby take the lead. However, you can guide your baby towards your breast.
  • Support your baby’s head and neck. Avoid forcing your baby’s mouth onto your breast.
  • Let your breasts naturally hang.

Additionally, you can consult a lactation consultant if you have issues with the latch or other breastfeeding problems.

3. Check the flow

Mothers should pay attention to the flow speed of the milk when feeding their newborns, whether from the breast or a bottle. A high flow speed can cause newborns to gulp plenty of air with their meals, leading to discomfort and even colic.

If breastfeeding, you can avoid this by pumping or hand expressing for a few minutes before nursing, as flow tends to be fastest at let-down. If bottle-feeding, you can switch to a slower-flow nipple to reduce the flow speed. This helps the babies to drink at a more comfortable pace, which should reduce the amount of air they swallow.

It’s important to note that not all newborns have the same flow preferences, so you may need to experiment with different nipples until you find the one that works best for your baby.

4. Adjust bottle technique

When feeding babies with bottles, it’s important to prevent excess air intake as it can cause discomfort and gas. To avoid this, tilt the bottles at an angle that fills the entire nipple with milk, allowing the babies to feed without sucking in the air.

When using powdered formula, it’s best to let the bottle sit and settle before feeding your newborn. Shaking and mixing the formula can create bubbles, which newborns can ingest and cause discomfort and gas. To prevent this, consider using ready-made formula or specially designed vented bottles to help reduce the bubbles your newborn ingests and thus prevent gastric problems.

Experimenting with different bottles and techniques can help you find what works best for your babies.

5. Burp the baby twice

Swallowing air during feedings can cause a lot of discomfort in newborns. While feeding, babies often cry, gulp, and suckle, which can lead to swallowing air that can cause burps or gas. Burping your baby during and after a feeding is essential for preventing gas buildup. It will help release trapped air and ease your baby’s discomfort.

Consider burping your baby midway through the feeding by gently patting your baby’s back. You can also try burping your baby after every 2-3 ounces of bottle feeding or every 5-10 minutes of breastfeeding.

6. Encourage tummy time

Tummy time is not only vital for babies’ physical development, but it can also help relieve stubborn gas. The exercise can help the gas pass through their bodies, like a tummy massage. Being active can also encourage movement and ease discomfort.

However, wait 20-30 minutes after feeding before placing your baby on the tummy to avoid spitting up. You should also supervise your baby during tummy time to ensure safety.

How long do gastrointestinal problems in infants last?

Gastrointestinal problems are common in babies, especially when they are infants. Its duration can vary depending on the illness and condition. Some common gastrointestinal problems in infants include reflux, colic, diarrhoea, and constipation.

Reflux and colic usually resolve on their own by the time the infant is 3-4 months old. Diarrhoea caused by a viral infection normally clears up within a week, while diarrhoea caused by a bacterial infection may take longer. Constipation can last longer, but it is often manageable with changes in diet or medication.

However, if your infant has prolonged or severe gastrointestinal symptoms, it’s important to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and treatment.

Take Away

Newborn gastric problems can be challenging for both the baby and the parents. However, with proper care, the symptoms can be relieved. It’s essential to pay attention to your baby’s cues and look for signs of discomfort.

Consult with a paediatrician at Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital if you suspect your baby is experiencing gastrointestinal problems, as they can provide valuable guidance and advice.

Remember that every baby is different, and some may experience digestive issues for longer than others. You can help your baby feel more comfortable and thrive with patience and care.

Apollo Cradle Has A Team Of The Best Pediatricians In Amritsar

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar

 

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Bringing a newborn home is an exciting time, but it can also come with some challenges, especially regarding digestion. Newborns may experience gastric problems that can cause discomfort for the baby and their parents.

Here, we will discuss the symptoms of newborn gastric problems, tips to help relieve them, and how long these issues typically last.

How do I know my newborn is having a gastric problem?

Here are some signs and symptoms that may indicate your newborn is having a gastric problem:

1. Spitting up or vomiting

Babies often spit milk with burps or after feedings due to their weak and immature sphincter muscles (a ring-shaped muscle in the body that relaxes or tightens to open or close a passage). However, forceful vomiting or spitting up considerable amounts of milk following most feedings may suggest stomach problems in newborns.

If your baby is frequently vomiting (especially green-tinged or discoloured) or shows other signs of discomfort, seek immediate medical attention from your baby’s paediatrician. 

2. Diarrhoea

Formula-fed newborns’ bowel motions are often yellow and shaped. They can happen once or twice a day, sometimes more. Breastfed babies have soft, seedy, yellow-green bowel motions several times a day, sometimes as often as every few hours with feedings.

Diarrhoea in babies causes frequent, watery bowel movements, which can quickly lead to severe dehydration and should be addressed immediately. Some other signs of diarrhoea include:

  • The stool contains mucus or has a bad odour
  • Lethargic (or less active than normal)
  • Poor eating
  • Acting sick or fever

If your baby experiences a change in bowel motions or shows these signs, seek advice from your baby’s physician.

3. Hiccups

Hiccups in babies are common and usually harmless. However, when babies experience digestive issues, they may develop persistent hiccups that can be bothersome and uncomfortable.

This frequently comes with stomach pain, which can make them cry. So, if you notice your newborn is experiencing frequent hiccups and seems fussy or in discomfort, they may have digestive problems that need attention.

4. Colic

Colitis is a condition that affects some healthy newborns between 3-4 months of age, causing continuous and uncontrollable crying for several hours each day, which can be very stressful for parents. It usually begins about three weeks of age, peaks at six weeks, and improves gradually by three months.

Babies may have colic due to the following reasons:

  • Adjusting to parents and the new world
  • Temperament
  • Gas hypersensitivity
  • Milk Allergy or intolerance to cow’s milk-based formulas

5. Reflux

Some babies may experience reflux, a condition in which stomach contents flow back into the oesophagus (the tube connecting the mouth and the stomach), causing irritation and discomfort. This can cause them to spit excessively and choke during feedings.

In severe cases, when the stomach contents back up into the oesophagus, the baby may vomit and breathe the contents into the lungs. This can cause rattling or wheezing sounds in your baby’s chest and back and may require medical attention.

6. Abdominal distension

Abdominal distension is common in newborns, where their bellies may appear larger after eating. However, their stomach should feel soft in between feedings. If it feels hard or the baby has not had a bowel movement in 1-2 days, it could be due to gas constipation, or possibly a more serious digestive problem.

What helps an infant’s digestion problem?

Here are some tips to follow that may help ease a newborn’s digestive problem:

1. Change the feeding position

When feeding babies, it’s important to keep their heads slightly elevated above their bellies to prevent discomfort or complications. Changing the babies’ positions while eating can help keep their heads elevated. This can be done by holding the babies upright or at slightly inclined angles, using breastfeeding pillows or reclined baby seats. Keeping the babies’ heads slightly elevated can help prevent milk or formula from flowing back into their throats and causing choking or discomfort. Additionally, it can help babies digest their food easily and lessen the likelihood of gas or reflux.

2. Improve latch

A latch refers to how a baby attaches to the breast while breastfeeding.

Breastfeeding mothers need to ensure that their babies are latching onto the breast correctly by taking in the areola and creating a good suction. If the latch is improper, babies may have difficulty attaching to the breast, leading to frequent detachment and swallowing more air, which can cause discomfort and fussiness.

Here are some tips to promote a good latch while breastfeeding:

  • Try to create a peaceful and relaxed atmosphere.
  • Hold your baby close to your bare chest to encourage skin-to-skin contact.
  • Let your baby take the lead. However, you can guide your baby towards your breast.
  • Support your baby’s head and neck. Avoid forcing your baby’s mouth onto your breast.
  • Let your breasts naturally hang.

Additionally, you can consult a lactation consultant if you have issues with the latch or other breastfeeding problems.

3. Check the flow

Mothers should pay attention to the flow speed of the milk when feeding their newborns, whether from the breast or a bottle. A high flow speed can cause newborns to gulp plenty of air with their meals, leading to discomfort and even colic.

If breastfeeding, you can avoid this by pumping or hand expressing for a few minutes before nursing, as flow tends to be fastest at let-down. If bottle-feeding, you can switch to a slower-flow nipple to reduce the flow speed. This helps the babies to drink at a more comfortable pace, which should reduce the amount of air they swallow.

It’s important to note that not all newborns have the same flow preferences, so you may need to experiment with different nipples until you find the one that works best for your baby.

4. Adjust bottle technique

When feeding babies with bottles, it’s important to prevent excess air intake as it can cause discomfort and gas. To avoid this, tilt the bottles at an angle that fills the entire nipple with milk, allowing the babies to feed without sucking in the air.

When using powdered formula, it’s best to let the bottle sit and settle before feeding your newborn. Shaking and mixing the formula can create bubbles, which newborns can ingest and cause discomfort and gas. To prevent this, consider using ready-made formula or specially designed vented bottles to help reduce the bubbles your newborn ingests and thus prevent gastric problems.

Experimenting with different bottles and techniques can help you find what works best for your babies.

5. Burp the baby twice

Swallowing air during feedings can cause a lot of discomfort in newborns. While feeding, babies often cry, gulp, and suckle, which can lead to swallowing air that can cause burps or gas. Burping your baby during and after a feeding is essential for preventing gas buildup. It will help release trapped air and ease your baby’s discomfort.

Consider burping your baby midway through the feeding by gently patting your baby’s back. You can also try burping your baby after every 2-3 ounces of bottle feeding or every 5-10 minutes of breastfeeding.

6. Encourage tummy time

Tummy time is not only vital for babies’ physical development, but it can also help relieve stubborn gas. The exercise can help the gas pass through their bodies, like a tummy massage. Being active can also encourage movement and ease discomfort.

However, wait 20-30 minutes after feeding before placing your baby on the tummy to avoid spitting up. You should also supervise your baby during tummy time to ensure safety.

How long do gastrointestinal problems in infants last?

Gastrointestinal problems are common in babies, especially when they are infants. Its duration can vary depending on the illness and condition. Some common gastrointestinal problems in infants include reflux, colic, diarrhoea, and constipation.

Reflux and colic usually resolve on their own by the time the infant is 3-4 months old. Diarrhoea caused by a viral infection normally clears up within a week, while diarrhoea caused by a bacterial infection may take longer. Constipation can last longer, but it is often manageable with changes in diet or medication.

However, if your infant has prolonged or severe gastrointestinal symptoms, it’s important to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and treatment.

Take Away

Newborn gastric problems can be challenging for both the baby and the parents. However, with proper care, the symptoms can be relieved. It’s essential to pay attention to your baby’s cues and look for signs of discomfort.

Consult with a paediatrician at Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital if you suspect your baby is experiencing gastrointestinal problems, as they can provide valuable guidance and advice.

Remember that every baby is different, and some may experience digestive issues for longer than others. You can help your baby feel more comfortable and thrive with patience and care.

Apollo Cradle Has A Team Of The Best Pediatricians In Amritsar

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar

 

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Newborn Gastric Problems: Symptoms and Tips to Relieve Them

Newborn Gastric Problems: Symptoms and Tips to Relieve Them

May 4, 2023

Bringing a newborn home is an exciting time, but it can also come wi...

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            [blog_title] => Why Are Pregnancy Ultrasounds Important?
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Pregnancy is an exciting time for expecting mothers. However, it can also be a time for uncertainty and worry. One of the most important aspects of pregnancy care is having regular ultrasounds to check the growing fetus’s health and development.

In this blog, we’ll answer some common questions about pregnancy ultrasounds, including when they are done, why they are important, if it is safe to have ultrasounds every two weeks, and the average cost of an anomaly scan in India.

What is a pregnancy ultrasound?

A pregnancy ultrasound, or sonogram, is a procedure that uses sound waves to create a picture of your developing baby in the uterus. It helps your doctor:

  • Monitor the baby’s growth and development
  • Check the health of the uterus and placenta
  • Detect any abnormalities or potential complications

Most women get an ultrasound in their second trimester, around 18 to 20 weeks of pregnancy. Some may also get an early ultrasound in their first trimester, before 14 weeks, to confirm the pregnancy, estimate the due date, and check the baby’s growth and development in the early stages. However, the exact number and timing of ultrasounds may vary depending on women’s health conditions, such as asthma or obesity.

What is the importance of ultrasound in pregnancy?

Ultrasound is a safe, convenient test that can give you and your doctor essential information about your pregnancy and unborn child. Your doctor may use a pregnancy ultrasound to:

  • Confirm if your pregnancy is viable. It means everything appears to be progressing well, and your baby’s heart is beating.
  • Check to find out if you’re expecting twins, triplets, or more (also known as multiples)
  • Check your baby’s age and estimate your due date.
  • Examine your baby’s organs, muscle tone, movement, and overall development.
  • Check for pregnancy complications, including ectopic pregnancy (growing outside the uterus), molar pregnancy (abnormal growth of pregnancy tissue), and miscarriage.
  • Check to see if your baby is in the head-first position before birth.
  • Examine the length of your cervix and the location of your placenta
  • Examine your baby’s health
  • Check your baby’s growth and size
  • Examine your pelvic organs like ovaries, uterus, and cervix

Your doctor may also use a pregnancy ultrasound for screening and other testing. Screening is a test that determines if your baby is more likely to have a specific health condition than others. This type of test allows doctors to monitor and manage any potential issues early on. Your doctor can also use ultrasound to help with other pregnancy tests, such as amniocentesis or CVS (chorionic villus sampling). These tests can help doctors check if your baby has a genetic or chromosomal condition, such as Down’s syndrome, Edwards’ syndrome, or Patau’s syndrome.

Moreover, an ultrasound is an integral part of a biophysical profile (BPP), a test that combines ultrasound with a nonstress test. This test evaluates whether a developing baby is receiving adequate oxygen, helping the doctor identify potential concerns and take necessary steps to ensure the baby’s well-being. Therefore, ultrasound plays a crucial role in ensuring the healthy development of a baby and helping doctors make informed decisions about ongoing pregnancy care.

How often do you receive ultrasounds during pregnancy?

Most pregnant women will undergo three or four ultrasound scans during pregnancy. The exact number and timing of these pregnancy scans may differ depending on factors such as your doctor and any underlying health conditions. In case of a high-risk pregnancy or if the doctor suspects any health complications for the mother or the baby, additional ultrasounds may recommend for closer monitoring.

Here is a breakdown of the scans performed during the various stages of pregnancy:

1. 6 to 14 Weeks (Dating Scan)

The ultrasound performed during the early stages of pregnancy (first trimester), usually between 6 and 14 weeks, is called the dating scan. Your doctor uses this pregnancy ultrasound to:

  • Confirm your pregnancy is viable
  • Estimate your baby’s due date
  • Confirm if you have multiple pregnancies (carrying one or more babies in the uterus)
  • Determine whether your baby is growing in your uterus and whether you have an ectopic pregnancy
  • Identify any potential complications that might affect your and your baby’s health

2. 12 to 13 Weeks (Nuchal Translucency Scan)

A Nuchal Translucency Scan (NTS), also known as a 12-week scan, is usually done at 12 weeks of pregnancy. However, you can do it between the 11th and 13th week of pregnancy. During the pregnancy scan, the thickness of a small area at the back of your baby’s neck, called the nuchal translucency, is measured to assess the risk of your baby having a genetic condition called chromosomal abnormality.

Like a dating scan, the nuchal translucency scan can also assess your baby’s growth and development, estimate your due date, the number of babies in the womb, and check for any structural issues that could affect your baby’s health.

3. 18 to 22 Weeks (Morphology Scan)

The ultrasound performed between the 18th and 22nd weeks of pregnancy is called the morphology scan or a “fetal anomaly scan.” This special ultrasound is done to:

  • Examine your baby’s internal organ development
  • Estimate your baby’s size and gestational age
  • Checks your baby’s heart rate and rhythm, as well as the position of your placenta relative to your cervix
  • Measures the length of your cervix and ensures that it is closed

4. 32 to 36 Weeks (Third-trimester Ultrasound)

The ultrasound performed during the last trimester of pregnancy, typically between weeks 32 and 36, is known as a third-trimester ultrasound. Your doctor uses this ultrasound to:

  • Check the growth and position of the fetus
  • Examine the amount of amniotic fluid
  • Confirm the location of the placenta
  • Detect any potential problems such as low fetal weight, congenital disabilities, or issues with the umbilical cord.

This ultrasound ensures a safe and healthy delivery for the mother and baby.

Is it ok to have a pregnancy scan every two weeks?

Pregnancy scans are considered safe and ensure the health and well-being of you and your baby. However, it is not recommended to have a pregnancy scan every two weeks since it can cause undue stress and anxiety.

Your doctor may recommend more frequent scans if you have a medical problem or a high-risk pregnancy. Otherwise, regular prenatal care visits are typically sufficient.

What is the average anomaly scan price in India?

An anomaly scan in India costs around INR 2000 – INR 3500. However, the cost of an anomaly scan in India depends on several factors, including:

  • The type of test you choose
  • The city in which you choose to take the test
  • The lab facility type you use to do the test

To get an accurate estimate of the cost of an anomaly scan in your location, consult your doctor or hospital.

Take Away

Pregnancy ultrasounds are important for expecting mothers. It monitors your baby’s health and development and detects abnormalities and potential complications, allowing prompt medical intervention.

If you want to learn more about pregnancy ultrasounds or have concerns about your baby’s development, consult a gynecologist at Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital. Our team of experts provides affordable and high-quality gynecology services to patients so that you and your baby receive the best possible care and support throughout your pregnancy and beyond.

Apollo Cradle has the Best Gynecologist In Bangalore

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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Pregnancy is an exciting time for expecting mothers. However, it can also be a time for uncertainty and worry. One of the most important aspects of pregnancy care is having regular ultrasounds to check the growing fetus’s health and development.

In this blog, we’ll answer some common questions about pregnancy ultrasounds, including when they are done, why they are important, if it is safe to have ultrasounds every two weeks, and the average cost of an anomaly scan in India.

What is a pregnancy ultrasound?

A pregnancy ultrasound, or sonogram, is a procedure that uses sound waves to create a picture of your developing baby in the uterus. It helps your doctor:

  • Monitor the baby’s growth and development
  • Check the health of the uterus and placenta
  • Detect any abnormalities or potential complications

Most women get an ultrasound in their second trimester, around 18 to 20 weeks of pregnancy. Some may also get an early ultrasound in their first trimester, before 14 weeks, to confirm the pregnancy, estimate the due date, and check the baby’s growth and development in the early stages. However, the exact number and timing of ultrasounds may vary depending on women’s health conditions, such as asthma or obesity.

What is the importance of ultrasound in pregnancy?

Ultrasound is a safe, convenient test that can give you and your doctor essential information about your pregnancy and unborn child. Your doctor may use a pregnancy ultrasound to:

  • Confirm if your pregnancy is viable. It means everything appears to be progressing well, and your baby’s heart is beating.
  • Check to find out if you’re expecting twins, triplets, or more (also known as multiples)
  • Check your baby’s age and estimate your due date.
  • Examine your baby’s organs, muscle tone, movement, and overall development.
  • Check for pregnancy complications, including ectopic pregnancy (growing outside the uterus), molar pregnancy (abnormal growth of pregnancy tissue), and miscarriage.
  • Check to see if your baby is in the head-first position before birth.
  • Examine the length of your cervix and the location of your placenta
  • Examine your baby’s health
  • Check your baby’s growth and size
  • Examine your pelvic organs like ovaries, uterus, and cervix

Your doctor may also use a pregnancy ultrasound for screening and other testing. Screening is a test that determines if your baby is more likely to have a specific health condition than others. This type of test allows doctors to monitor and manage any potential issues early on. Your doctor can also use ultrasound to help with other pregnancy tests, such as amniocentesis or CVS (chorionic villus sampling). These tests can help doctors check if your baby has a genetic or chromosomal condition, such as Down’s syndrome, Edwards’ syndrome, or Patau’s syndrome.

Moreover, an ultrasound is an integral part of a biophysical profile (BPP), a test that combines ultrasound with a nonstress test. This test evaluates whether a developing baby is receiving adequate oxygen, helping the doctor identify potential concerns and take necessary steps to ensure the baby’s well-being. Therefore, ultrasound plays a crucial role in ensuring the healthy development of a baby and helping doctors make informed decisions about ongoing pregnancy care.

How often do you receive ultrasounds during pregnancy?

Most pregnant women will undergo three or four ultrasound scans during pregnancy. The exact number and timing of these pregnancy scans may differ depending on factors such as your doctor and any underlying health conditions. In case of a high-risk pregnancy or if the doctor suspects any health complications for the mother or the baby, additional ultrasounds may recommend for closer monitoring.

Here is a breakdown of the scans performed during the various stages of pregnancy:

1. 6 to 14 Weeks (Dating Scan)

The ultrasound performed during the early stages of pregnancy (first trimester), usually between 6 and 14 weeks, is called the dating scan. Your doctor uses this pregnancy ultrasound to:

  • Confirm your pregnancy is viable
  • Estimate your baby’s due date
  • Confirm if you have multiple pregnancies (carrying one or more babies in the uterus)
  • Determine whether your baby is growing in your uterus and whether you have an ectopic pregnancy
  • Identify any potential complications that might affect your and your baby’s health

2. 12 to 13 Weeks (Nuchal Translucency Scan)

A Nuchal Translucency Scan (NTS), also known as a 12-week scan, is usually done at 12 weeks of pregnancy. However, you can do it between the 11th and 13th week of pregnancy. During the pregnancy scan, the thickness of a small area at the back of your baby’s neck, called the nuchal translucency, is measured to assess the risk of your baby having a genetic condition called chromosomal abnormality.

Like a dating scan, the nuchal translucency scan can also assess your baby’s growth and development, estimate your due date, the number of babies in the womb, and check for any structural issues that could affect your baby’s health.

3. 18 to 22 Weeks (Morphology Scan)

The ultrasound performed between the 18th and 22nd weeks of pregnancy is called the morphology scan or a “fetal anomaly scan.” This special ultrasound is done to:

  • Examine your baby’s internal organ development
  • Estimate your baby’s size and gestational age
  • Checks your baby’s heart rate and rhythm, as well as the position of your placenta relative to your cervix
  • Measures the length of your cervix and ensures that it is closed

4. 32 to 36 Weeks (Third-trimester Ultrasound)

The ultrasound performed during the last trimester of pregnancy, typically between weeks 32 and 36, is known as a third-trimester ultrasound. Your doctor uses this ultrasound to:

  • Check the growth and position of the fetus
  • Examine the amount of amniotic fluid
  • Confirm the location of the placenta
  • Detect any potential problems such as low fetal weight, congenital disabilities, or issues with the umbilical cord.

This ultrasound ensures a safe and healthy delivery for the mother and baby.

Is it ok to have a pregnancy scan every two weeks?

Pregnancy scans are considered safe and ensure the health and well-being of you and your baby. However, it is not recommended to have a pregnancy scan every two weeks since it can cause undue stress and anxiety.

Your doctor may recommend more frequent scans if you have a medical problem or a high-risk pregnancy. Otherwise, regular prenatal care visits are typically sufficient.

What is the average anomaly scan price in India?

An anomaly scan in India costs around INR 2000 – INR 3500. However, the cost of an anomaly scan in India depends on several factors, including:

  • The type of test you choose
  • The city in which you choose to take the test
  • The lab facility type you use to do the test

To get an accurate estimate of the cost of an anomaly scan in your location, consult your doctor or hospital.

Take Away

Pregnancy ultrasounds are important for expecting mothers. It monitors your baby’s health and development and detects abnormalities and potential complications, allowing prompt medical intervention.

If you want to learn more about pregnancy ultrasounds or have concerns about your baby’s development, consult a gynecologist at Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital. Our team of experts provides affordable and high-quality gynecology services to patients so that you and your baby receive the best possible care and support throughout your pregnancy and beyond.

Apollo Cradle has the Best Gynecologist In Bangalore

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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Why Are Pregnancy Ultrasounds Important?

Why Are Pregnancy Ultrasounds Important?

May 4, 2023

Pregnancy is an exciting time for expecting mothers. However, it can...

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            [blog_title] => Solid Foods for Babies: Safety, Nutrition, and Best First Foods
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Introducing your baby to solid foods is a huge milestone. However, knowing where to start, what nutrients your baby needs, and what foods are safe can be overwhelming.

In this article, we’ll explore when babies can start eating finger foods, what finger foods are safe and nutritious, the essential nutrients in baby food, and concerns surrounding baby cereal and cow milk.

When Can Babies Eat Finger Foods?

Parents usually start introducing baby finger foods to their babies at around six months of age. However, it’s important to keep in mind that each baby develops at their own pace, and there is no fixed age at which they are ready for finger foods.

It’s essential to observe specific developmental cues, which typically appear when the baby is between 7 to 10 months old, to ensure they are ready for this next step in their feeding journey.

  • Have strong head and trunk control
  • Can sit upright completely with minimal assistance (babies who slump are far more likely to choke).
  • Display the pincer grasp (babies cannot take up small pieces of food until this grasp develops).
  • Bring their hands to their mouth on purpose
  • Can mash soft food between the gums
  • Being curious about food and reaching toward your plate

What Baby Foods Can Babies Eat?

Now that you know when to start finger foods, you may be curious about what to give your baby. The best baby finger foods are small, soft, nutritious, and easy to chew.

There are numerous baby finger foods that can help them learn to feed themselves while fulfilling their nutritional needs. Some of them include the following:

1. Vegetables

  • Roasted sweet potato
  • Steamed peas
  • Zucchini
  • Butternut Squash
  • Steamed broccoli or cauliflower
  • Roasted red bell peppers

Before feeding vegetables to your infant, make sure they are soft (either by roasting or boiling) and cut them into little pieces. Giving your baby raw veggies might cause choking.

2. Fruits

  • Raspberries
  • Blueberries
  • Strawberries
  • Banana
  • Avocado
  • Peach
  • Mango
  • Watermelon

Make sure to choose ripened fruits and cut them into little pieces.

3. Proteins

  • Eggs (scrambled and broken up into small pieces)
  • Tofu (steamed and diced)
  • Chicken or other meat (either broken up into small pieces or shredded)
  • Shredded cheese
  • Salmon (cooked and flaked)
  • Lightly mashed beans

4. Carbohydrates

  • Rice (well-cooked and formed in a ball shape)
  • Pasta (well-cooked and small pieces)
  • Bread (lightly roasted and sliced into little pieces or thin strips)
  • Muffins (diced)
  • Puffs and O-shaped dry cereal
  • Pancakes (cut into thin slices)

What Are The Most Important Nutrients In Baby Food?

 As a parent, you might wonder what essential nutrients your baby needs. Here are some nutrients that can help with your baby’s growth and development:

1. Iron

Iron is an essential nutrient. It helps transport oxygen throughout the body as an element of haemoglobin, a component found in red blood cells. Babies typically have enough iron stored in their bodies during their first few months of life, but this supply runs out after 5-6 months.

While breast milk and iron-fortified formulas provide some iron, you should introduce solid foods to ensure your baby gets the recommended 11 milligrams  of iron daily. Therefore, it’s essential to include iron-rich foods in a baby’s diet to avoid anaemia and support healthy development.

Iron-rich solid foods for newborns include the following:

  • Beans
  • Iron-fortified cereals
  • Whole grains
  • Spinach
  • Broccoli
  • Apricots
  • Meat
  • Chicken
  • Eggs

2. Omega 3 fatty acids

Consuming omega-3 fatty acids, specifically DHA and EPA, is essential for overall health and can help support the growth and development of your baby’s brain, eyes, and immune system. Since the body cannot produce these vital nutrients, you must ensure your baby consumes enough of them through solid foods.

You can introduce oily fish such as salmon, a great source of these unsaturated fats, to your baby’s diet around six months. Other sources of omega-3 fatty acids include:

  • Flaxseeds
  • Chia seeds
  • Walnuts
  • Soya beans
  • Tofu
  • Hemp seeds
  • Omega-3-rich eggs

3. Protein

Protein is essential for your baby’s growth and development since it plays a vital role in building, maintaining, and repairing body tissues. Every cell in a baby’s body contains protein, which is made up of amino acids – some of which are “essential” and cannot be produced by the body.

Breast milk and iron-fortified formula provide the right amount of protein for babies. However, after 5-6 months of age, it is crucial to ensure that your baby’s food contains enough protein to support healthy growth and development.

There are several protein-rich foods available when your baby starts solid foods. Some of them include the following:

  • Chicken
  • Meat
  • Fish
  • Eggs
  • Dairy
  • Nuts
  • Seeds
  • Whole grains
  • Legumes
  • Spinach
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Sweet corn
  • Avocado

Make sure your baby receives protein from a variety of sources.

4. Calcium

Calcium is vital for babies since it helps build strong bones and teeth. It also supports muscle function, nerve signalling, and blood clotting. Adequate calcium intake during infancy is essential for laying the foundation for optimal bone health in later life.

Calcium deficiency can lead to impaired bone and teeth development, muscle weakness, and increase the risk of developing rickets.

Infants under six months need 200 mg  of calcium daily, while those aged between 6 to 11 months need 260 mg daily. Calcium-rich foods include the following:

  • Eggs
  • Oranges
  • Fish
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Broccoli
  • Spinach
  • Green peas
  • Pulses
  • Lentils
  • Almonds

5. Vitamin D

Vitamin D is crucial for bone mineralization and immunity. Babies require 400 IU  daily starting soon after birth. Breastfed or partially breastfed babies need additional vitamin D supplements, while formula-fed babies receive adequate amounts of Vitamin D in their formula. It’s important to ensure that babies receive the necessary daily intake of Vitamin D to support their growth and development.

The following are some vitamin D-rich solid foods:

  • Salmon
  • Vitamin D-fortified products like yoghurt and baby cereal
  • Eggs
  • Almonds

It’s also important to note that although cow’s milk contains vitamin D, it is not recommended for infants during their first year.

6. Zinc

Babies need zinc for growth and development. It is a crucial mineral that helps synthesize proteins and DNA and supports the proper functioning of the immune system. A zinc deficiency can lead to impaired growth and increased susceptibility to infections.

Infants aged 0-6 months need 2 milligrams  of zinc daily, while those aged 7 months to 3 years require 3 milligrams daily. Although formula can provide zinc until age 1, breastfed infants should receive zinc-rich foods after 6 months to meet nutritional requirements.

The following are some zinc-rich solid foods for babies:

  • Chicken
  • Eggs
  • Fish
  • Yogurt
  • Cheese
  • Chickpeas
  • Lentils
  • Zinc-fortified baby cereal
  • Cashews
  • Almonds

Is Baby Cereal Safe For Infants?

Baby cereal is a safe and nutritious addition to an infant’s diet if it’s prepared properly and your baby is ready for solid foods. It is fortified with essential nutrients (especially iron) and can help meet a baby’s nutritional needs. However, following instructions and consulting with a paediatrician is important before introducing solid foods to a baby.

When introducing new foods to babies, it’s also important to wait a few days before adding another food to their diet. For example, if you start with oat-based cereal, wait a few days before introducing wheat-based cereal to your baby. This way, you can monitor your baby for potential allergic reactions and identify the culprit easily.

Is Cow Milk Safe For Infants?

No. Babies under 12 months should not consume cow’s milk since it may cause intestinal bleeding and contains too many proteins and minerals that can strain their kidneys. Moreover, it lacks the ideal balance of nutrients necessary for a baby’s growth and development. Therefore, it’s recommended to exclusively breastfeed or feed infants with infant formula until they are 12 months old.

 Take Away

Introducing your baby to solid foods is a significant milestone that requires careful consideration of safety and nutrition. You can make this transition successful by following best practices, such as starting with appropriate first foods and ensuring adequate nutrient intake.

Remember to consult with your paediatrician and enjoy exploring new foods with your little one.

https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/iron.html#:~:text=Infants%20ages%207%E2%80%9312%20months,girls%20should%20get%2015%20milligrams.

https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/calcium.html#:~:text=Babies%20get%20their%20calcium%20from,mg%20of%20calcium%20a%20day.

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/infant-and-toddler-health/expert-answers/vitamin-d-for-babies/faq-20058161#:~:text=Breastfed%20or%20partially%20breastfed%20babies,age%2012%20months%2C%20whole%20milk.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2740712/

Apollo has a team of Best Pediatric Gastroenterologist and Pediatric Surgeon

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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Introducing your baby to solid foods is a huge milestone. However, knowing where to start, what nutrients your baby needs, and what foods are safe can be overwhelming.

In this article, we’ll explore when babies can start eating finger foods, what finger foods are safe and nutritious, the essential nutrients in baby food, and concerns surrounding baby cereal and cow milk.

When Can Babies Eat Finger Foods?

Parents usually start introducing baby finger foods to their babies at around six months of age. However, it’s important to keep in mind that each baby develops at their own pace, and there is no fixed age at which they are ready for finger foods.

It’s essential to observe specific developmental cues, which typically appear when the baby is between 7 to 10 months old, to ensure they are ready for this next step in their feeding journey.

  • Have strong head and trunk control
  • Can sit upright completely with minimal assistance (babies who slump are far more likely to choke).
  • Display the pincer grasp (babies cannot take up small pieces of food until this grasp develops).
  • Bring their hands to their mouth on purpose
  • Can mash soft food between the gums
  • Being curious about food and reaching toward your plate

What Baby Foods Can Babies Eat?

Now that you know when to start finger foods, you may be curious about what to give your baby. The best baby finger foods are small, soft, nutritious, and easy to chew.

There are numerous baby finger foods that can help them learn to feed themselves while fulfilling their nutritional needs. Some of them include the following:

1. Vegetables

  • Roasted sweet potato
  • Steamed peas
  • Zucchini
  • Butternut Squash
  • Steamed broccoli or cauliflower
  • Roasted red bell peppers

Before feeding vegetables to your infant, make sure they are soft (either by roasting or boiling) and cut them into little pieces. Giving your baby raw veggies might cause choking.

2. Fruits

  • Raspberries
  • Blueberries
  • Strawberries
  • Banana
  • Avocado
  • Peach
  • Mango
  • Watermelon

Make sure to choose ripened fruits and cut them into little pieces.

3. Proteins

  • Eggs (scrambled and broken up into small pieces)
  • Tofu (steamed and diced)
  • Chicken or other meat (either broken up into small pieces or shredded)
  • Shredded cheese
  • Salmon (cooked and flaked)
  • Lightly mashed beans

4. Carbohydrates

  • Rice (well-cooked and formed in a ball shape)
  • Pasta (well-cooked and small pieces)
  • Bread (lightly roasted and sliced into little pieces or thin strips)
  • Muffins (diced)
  • Puffs and O-shaped dry cereal
  • Pancakes (cut into thin slices)

What Are The Most Important Nutrients In Baby Food?

 As a parent, you might wonder what essential nutrients your baby needs. Here are some nutrients that can help with your baby’s growth and development:

1. Iron

Iron is an essential nutrient. It helps transport oxygen throughout the body as an element of haemoglobin, a component found in red blood cells. Babies typically have enough iron stored in their bodies during their first few months of life, but this supply runs out after 5-6 months.

While breast milk and iron-fortified formulas provide some iron, you should introduce solid foods to ensure your baby gets the recommended 11 milligrams  of iron daily. Therefore, it’s essential to include iron-rich foods in a baby’s diet to avoid anaemia and support healthy development.

Iron-rich solid foods for newborns include the following:

  • Beans
  • Iron-fortified cereals
  • Whole grains
  • Spinach
  • Broccoli
  • Apricots
  • Meat
  • Chicken
  • Eggs

2. Omega 3 fatty acids

Consuming omega-3 fatty acids, specifically DHA and EPA, is essential for overall health and can help support the growth and development of your baby’s brain, eyes, and immune system. Since the body cannot produce these vital nutrients, you must ensure your baby consumes enough of them through solid foods.

You can introduce oily fish such as salmon, a great source of these unsaturated fats, to your baby’s diet around six months. Other sources of omega-3 fatty acids include:

  • Flaxseeds
  • Chia seeds
  • Walnuts
  • Soya beans
  • Tofu
  • Hemp seeds
  • Omega-3-rich eggs

3. Protein

Protein is essential for your baby’s growth and development since it plays a vital role in building, maintaining, and repairing body tissues. Every cell in a baby’s body contains protein, which is made up of amino acids – some of which are “essential” and cannot be produced by the body.

Breast milk and iron-fortified formula provide the right amount of protein for babies. However, after 5-6 months of age, it is crucial to ensure that your baby’s food contains enough protein to support healthy growth and development.

There are several protein-rich foods available when your baby starts solid foods. Some of them include the following:

  • Chicken
  • Meat
  • Fish
  • Eggs
  • Dairy
  • Nuts
  • Seeds
  • Whole grains
  • Legumes
  • Spinach
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Sweet corn
  • Avocado

Make sure your baby receives protein from a variety of sources.

4. Calcium

Calcium is vital for babies since it helps build strong bones and teeth. It also supports muscle function, nerve signalling, and blood clotting. Adequate calcium intake during infancy is essential for laying the foundation for optimal bone health in later life.

Calcium deficiency can lead to impaired bone and teeth development, muscle weakness, and increase the risk of developing rickets.

Infants under six months need 200 mg  of calcium daily, while those aged between 6 to 11 months need 260 mg daily. Calcium-rich foods include the following:

  • Eggs
  • Oranges
  • Fish
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Broccoli
  • Spinach
  • Green peas
  • Pulses
  • Lentils
  • Almonds

5. Vitamin D

Vitamin D is crucial for bone mineralization and immunity. Babies require 400 IU  daily starting soon after birth. Breastfed or partially breastfed babies need additional vitamin D supplements, while formula-fed babies receive adequate amounts of Vitamin D in their formula. It’s important to ensure that babies receive the necessary daily intake of Vitamin D to support their growth and development.

The following are some vitamin D-rich solid foods:

  • Salmon
  • Vitamin D-fortified products like yoghurt and baby cereal
  • Eggs
  • Almonds

It’s also important to note that although cow’s milk contains vitamin D, it is not recommended for infants during their first year.

6. Zinc

Babies need zinc for growth and development. It is a crucial mineral that helps synthesize proteins and DNA and supports the proper functioning of the immune system. A zinc deficiency can lead to impaired growth and increased susceptibility to infections.

Infants aged 0-6 months need 2 milligrams  of zinc daily, while those aged 7 months to 3 years require 3 milligrams daily. Although formula can provide zinc until age 1, breastfed infants should receive zinc-rich foods after 6 months to meet nutritional requirements.

The following are some zinc-rich solid foods for babies:

  • Chicken
  • Eggs
  • Fish
  • Yogurt
  • Cheese
  • Chickpeas
  • Lentils
  • Zinc-fortified baby cereal
  • Cashews
  • Almonds

Is Baby Cereal Safe For Infants?

Baby cereal is a safe and nutritious addition to an infant’s diet if it’s prepared properly and your baby is ready for solid foods. It is fortified with essential nutrients (especially iron) and can help meet a baby’s nutritional needs. However, following instructions and consulting with a paediatrician is important before introducing solid foods to a baby.

When introducing new foods to babies, it’s also important to wait a few days before adding another food to their diet. For example, if you start with oat-based cereal, wait a few days before introducing wheat-based cereal to your baby. This way, you can monitor your baby for potential allergic reactions and identify the culprit easily.

Is Cow Milk Safe For Infants?

No. Babies under 12 months should not consume cow’s milk since it may cause intestinal bleeding and contains too many proteins and minerals that can strain their kidneys. Moreover, it lacks the ideal balance of nutrients necessary for a baby’s growth and development. Therefore, it’s recommended to exclusively breastfeed or feed infants with infant formula until they are 12 months old.

 Take Away

Introducing your baby to solid foods is a significant milestone that requires careful consideration of safety and nutrition. You can make this transition successful by following best practices, such as starting with appropriate first foods and ensuring adequate nutrient intake.

Remember to consult with your paediatrician and enjoy exploring new foods with your little one.

https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/iron.html#:~:text=Infants%20ages%207%E2%80%9312%20months,girls%20should%20get%2015%20milligrams.

https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/calcium.html#:~:text=Babies%20get%20their%20calcium%20from,mg%20of%20calcium%20a%20day.

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/infant-and-toddler-health/expert-answers/vitamin-d-for-babies/faq-20058161#:~:text=Breastfed%20or%20partially%20breastfed%20babies,age%2012%20months%2C%20whole%20milk.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2740712/

Apollo has a team of Best Pediatric Gastroenterologist and Pediatric Surgeon

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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Solid Foods for Babies: Safety, Nutrition, and Best First Foods

Solid Foods for Babies: Safety, Nutrition, and Best First Foods

May 4, 2023

Introducing your baby to solid foods is a huge milestone. However, k...

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Teething is a natural and critical part of your baby’s growth. As a parent, you want to do everything possible to ease your baby’s discomfort and ensure their teeth grow healthy and strong.

This can lead to questions about the best teething remedies and ways to make your little one smile during teething.

Here’s a guide that answers infant teething questions related to teething rashes, teething syndrome and more.

What Is Teething, And When Does It Start?

Teething is a natural process where a baby’s teeth start to push through its gums. Most babies start teething at seven months. However, in some cases, teething can start before your little one turns four months old. Meanwhile, teething continues for 24 months or more.

Some babies experience teething earlier or later than others. Therefore, there’s no need to worry if your little one’s teething seems delayed or ahead of schedule. Just monitor their progress and consult your paediatrician if you have any concerns.

What are the Common Signs of Teething?

The most common sign of infant teething is swollen or sore gums. This can make your toddlers fussy and irritated. So, they may cry more often than normal or want to chew everything they can get their hands on. But don’t worry. You can manage these symptoms with easy baby teething remedies, which we’ll look into later in the article.

Besides swollen or sore gums, here are some other signs of infant teething.

  • Teething stimulates the salivary glands, causing your little one to drool more than usual.
  • During teething, your baby may want to chew on everything they can get their hands on, including their own hands, toys, and even furniture.
  • Teething makes it difficult for your baby to eat and sleep comfortably, leading to changes in their usual patterns of food and sleep.
  • Excessive drooling can cause a rash around your baby’s mouth and chin.

Parents must know that babies might have different symptoms during teething. Therefore, it’s recommended to consult your paediatrician to confirm if your infant is teething.

What is a Baby Teething Chart?

An infant teething chart demonstrates the teething stages of your little one. Simply put, it shows how your baby will get different types of teeth, such as incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. Here we describe the teething stages.

  • Teething at 6-10 months:

Most babies start teething when they are 6 to 10 months old. Your little one will have swollen gums and redness in the area where the teeth are coming. Most babies start teething with lower central incisors. They are the two bottom middle teeth in your little one’s mouth.

  • Teething at 8-12 months:

The teething symptoms from the previous stage are evident in this stage too. Most babies get their two upper middle teeth during this time.  

  • Teething at 9-16 months:

You can see your baby’s teeth when they smile. You might also notice an evident increase in drool, crankiness, and the need to chew solid objects in your babies. Most babies in this stage develop a pair of teeth on either side of the upper middle teeth. Consecutively, they also develop a pair of teeth on either side of the lower middle teeth.

  • Teething at 13-18 months:

Your baby might experience loss of appetite and mild temperature in this teething stage. Their sleep schedule may also become sporadic. It’s because of their first molar eruption. Your little one’s first molars- teeth at the back of the mouth- will erupt on the top, followed by the bottom.

  • Teething at 16-23 months:

The canine teeth will erupt during this phase. The first canine teeth will appear on either side of the upper lateral incisors and molar, followed by the bottom canine on either side of the lower lateral incisors and molar.

  • Teething at 22-31 months:

This stage is painful for some babies. It’s because during this time the largest molar emerged. These are the biggest teeth and parents might need to find new ways to soothe their little ones.

Always remember that the baby teething chart may not be the same for all babies. So, don’t panic if your baby doesn’t follow the conventional infant teething chart.

When do the Primary Teeth shed?

The primary teeth don’t start to shed until your little one grows up to the age of 6 to 7 years.

What is Teething Syndrome, and How Common is it?

Teething syndrome refers to the symptoms your little ones may experience as their teething process starts. It’s a natural process and incredibly common in infants.

It’s important to note that not all babies experience teething syndrome. However, it’s important to be prepared for teething syndrome and know how to comfort your little one.

How to Take Care of Babies During Teething?

Seeing your little ones go through teething can be tough, but there are plenty of natural remedies that you can use to reduce their pain and soothe their gums. Here are some baby teething remedies to try:

  • Teething toys:

These are soft, chewy toys that can help satisfy your baby’s chewing urges. They come in various forms, like rubber teething rings or toys, so you can pick the ones your baby is comfortable with. These teething toys can be a perfect distraction from pain and discomfort.

  • Chilled foods:

If your little one is already eating solids, give them frozen or cold fruits to soothe their sore gums.

  • Massage:

Teething babies often find it soothing to have their gums rubbed gently. So gently massaging your baby’s gums with a clean finger can ease their discomfort.

Never give pain relievers to treat teething pain without consulting your paediatrician. That’s because pain relief medicines contain local anaesthetics, which are not suitable for infants under the age of three months.

What are Common Myths Associated with Infant Teething?

While caring is one part, people also get influenced by the myths. So, it is necessary to know the right information so you can care for your little one better. Here are four common myths associated with teething.

  • Teething causes high fever:

Baby teething doesn’t cause a high fever. Although some babies may experience a slight increase in body temperature while teething.

  • Teething causes diarrhoea:

It’s a common myth that parents believe. However, there is no evidence to prove that teething causes diarrhoea. Some babies may experience loose stools or diarrhoea during teething because they put things in their mouths that cause gastrointestinal illness.

  • Teething causes ear infections:

Some babies may have rashes on their ears while teething. However, having ear infections during teething is rare. But, teething and ear infections can occur at the same time, as they are both common in infants.

  • Teething happens all at once:

Teething is a process that can take several months to complete, and not all teeth come in at the same time.

It’s important to consult a paediatrician if you have questions about teething myths.

Final Thoughts

Baby teething can be a challenging time for both parents and babies. However, knowing what to expect and how to provide relief can make the process comfortable for your little one.

Contact a local paediatrician for guidance and support if you’re worried about your baby’s teething process. You can enjoy this exciting milestone with your little one with love, patience, and care.

Apollo Cradle has the Best Pediatricians in Bangalore

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar

 

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Teething is a natural and critical part of your baby’s growth. As a parent, you want to do everything possible to ease your baby’s discomfort and ensure their teeth grow healthy and strong.

This can lead to questions about the best teething remedies and ways to make your little one smile during teething.

Here’s a guide that answers infant teething questions related to teething rashes, teething syndrome and more.

What Is Teething, And When Does It Start?

Teething is a natural process where a baby’s teeth start to push through its gums. Most babies start teething at seven months. However, in some cases, teething can start before your little one turns four months old. Meanwhile, teething continues for 24 months or more.

Some babies experience teething earlier or later than others. Therefore, there’s no need to worry if your little one’s teething seems delayed or ahead of schedule. Just monitor their progress and consult your paediatrician if you have any concerns.

What are the Common Signs of Teething?

The most common sign of infant teething is swollen or sore gums. This can make your toddlers fussy and irritated. So, they may cry more often than normal or want to chew everything they can get their hands on. But don’t worry. You can manage these symptoms with easy baby teething remedies, which we’ll look into later in the article.

Besides swollen or sore gums, here are some other signs of infant teething.

  • Teething stimulates the salivary glands, causing your little one to drool more than usual.
  • During teething, your baby may want to chew on everything they can get their hands on, including their own hands, toys, and even furniture.
  • Teething makes it difficult for your baby to eat and sleep comfortably, leading to changes in their usual patterns of food and sleep.
  • Excessive drooling can cause a rash around your baby’s mouth and chin.

Parents must know that babies might have different symptoms during teething. Therefore, it’s recommended to consult your paediatrician to confirm if your infant is teething.

What is a Baby Teething Chart?

An infant teething chart demonstrates the teething stages of your little one. Simply put, it shows how your baby will get different types of teeth, such as incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. Here we describe the teething stages.

  • Teething at 6-10 months:

Most babies start teething when they are 6 to 10 months old. Your little one will have swollen gums and redness in the area where the teeth are coming. Most babies start teething with lower central incisors. They are the two bottom middle teeth in your little one’s mouth.

  • Teething at 8-12 months:

The teething symptoms from the previous stage are evident in this stage too. Most babies get their two upper middle teeth during this time.  

  • Teething at 9-16 months:

You can see your baby’s teeth when they smile. You might also notice an evident increase in drool, crankiness, and the need to chew solid objects in your babies. Most babies in this stage develop a pair of teeth on either side of the upper middle teeth. Consecutively, they also develop a pair of teeth on either side of the lower middle teeth.

  • Teething at 13-18 months:

Your baby might experience loss of appetite and mild temperature in this teething stage. Their sleep schedule may also become sporadic. It’s because of their first molar eruption. Your little one’s first molars- teeth at the back of the mouth- will erupt on the top, followed by the bottom.

  • Teething at 16-23 months:

The canine teeth will erupt during this phase. The first canine teeth will appear on either side of the upper lateral incisors and molar, followed by the bottom canine on either side of the lower lateral incisors and molar.

  • Teething at 22-31 months:

This stage is painful for some babies. It’s because during this time the largest molar emerged. These are the biggest teeth and parents might need to find new ways to soothe their little ones.

Always remember that the baby teething chart may not be the same for all babies. So, don’t panic if your baby doesn’t follow the conventional infant teething chart.

When do the Primary Teeth shed?

The primary teeth don’t start to shed until your little one grows up to the age of 6 to 7 years.

What is Teething Syndrome, and How Common is it?

Teething syndrome refers to the symptoms your little ones may experience as their teething process starts. It’s a natural process and incredibly common in infants.

It’s important to note that not all babies experience teething syndrome. However, it’s important to be prepared for teething syndrome and know how to comfort your little one.

How to Take Care of Babies During Teething?

Seeing your little ones go through teething can be tough, but there are plenty of natural remedies that you can use to reduce their pain and soothe their gums. Here are some baby teething remedies to try:

  • Teething toys:

These are soft, chewy toys that can help satisfy your baby’s chewing urges. They come in various forms, like rubber teething rings or toys, so you can pick the ones your baby is comfortable with. These teething toys can be a perfect distraction from pain and discomfort.

  • Chilled foods:

If your little one is already eating solids, give them frozen or cold fruits to soothe their sore gums.

  • Massage:

Teething babies often find it soothing to have their gums rubbed gently. So gently massaging your baby’s gums with a clean finger can ease their discomfort.

Never give pain relievers to treat teething pain without consulting your paediatrician. That’s because pain relief medicines contain local anaesthetics, which are not suitable for infants under the age of three months.

What are Common Myths Associated with Infant Teething?

While caring is one part, people also get influenced by the myths. So, it is necessary to know the right information so you can care for your little one better. Here are four common myths associated with teething.

  • Teething causes high fever:

Baby teething doesn’t cause a high fever. Although some babies may experience a slight increase in body temperature while teething.

  • Teething causes diarrhoea:

It’s a common myth that parents believe. However, there is no evidence to prove that teething causes diarrhoea. Some babies may experience loose stools or diarrhoea during teething because they put things in their mouths that cause gastrointestinal illness.

  • Teething causes ear infections:

Some babies may have rashes on their ears while teething. However, having ear infections during teething is rare. But, teething and ear infections can occur at the same time, as they are both common in infants.

  • Teething happens all at once:

Teething is a process that can take several months to complete, and not all teeth come in at the same time.

It’s important to consult a paediatrician if you have questions about teething myths.

Final Thoughts

Baby teething can be a challenging time for both parents and babies. However, knowing what to expect and how to provide relief can make the process comfortable for your little one.

Contact a local paediatrician for guidance and support if you’re worried about your baby’s teething process. You can enjoy this exciting milestone with your little one with love, patience, and care.

Apollo Cradle has the Best Pediatricians in Bangalore

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar

 

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Complete Guide to Infant Teething: Signs, Remedies, Teething Chart, and More

Complete Guide to Infant Teething: Signs, Remedies, Teething Chart, and More

May 3, 2023

Teething is a natural and critical part of your baby’s growth....

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            [blog_title] => Women’s Day – Embrace Equity
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Seamless & affordable care,always there!

According to a study conducted by experts from India and Harvard University*, only 37% of Indian women have access to healthcare, as compared to 67% of men. Apollo, with a legacy of 40 years has always worked towards making quality healthcare accessible to women, across all phases of their lives.

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Seamless & affordable care,always there!

According to a study conducted by experts from India and Harvard University*, only 37% of Indian women have access to healthcare, as compared to 67% of men. Apollo, with a legacy of 40 years has always worked towards making quality healthcare accessible to women, across all phases of their lives.

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Women’s Day – Embrace Equity

Women’s Day – Embrace Equity

March 7, 2023

Seamless & affordable care,always there! According t...

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            [blog_title] => 12 Simple Ways to Help Encourage Your Baby to Crawl
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Babies will reach several milestones in life. They will eventually progress from rolling around on their play mat to crawling across the room.

Crawling is a significant developmental step from stationary to mobile, a huge milestone for your baby! It allows babies to explore their surroundings, which helps them learn and improve motor skills for walking.

12 Simple Ways to Reach Baby Milestone

  1. Give Your Baby Adequate Tummy Time

One of the best ways to prepare babies for crawling is lots of tummy time or floor time. 

Tummy time is a short period when babies lie on their stomachs. It helps babies develop the muscles needed to crawl by strengthening their neck, arms, shoulders, and torso.

Your baby can do 3-5 minute tummy-time sessions three or four times a day. For three-month-old babies, this increases to 15 to 20 minutes at a time, and for six-month-olds, it increases to 20 to 30 minutes.

Tummy time is only safe when your baby is awake and must always be closely supervised. Never leave babies alone during tummy time. If babies nod off, gently roll them onto their backs.

  1. Encourage Babies to Play With Their Hands Raised

Another way to help babies grow their muscles is to have them play with their hands raised. During tummy time, keep their arms on top of a pillow or stuffed animal.

Encourage them to rest their hands on elevated objects like furniture or toys while sitting. Keep an eye on babies, so they don’t fall.

Apollo Cradle Has the Best Team of Highly Qualified Gynaecologists

 
  1. Get Your Child off the Floor

The importance of preparing babies to crawl is to strengthen those tiny muscles. Lift babies off the ground a little to help them exercise their legs.

Pick up babies by the arms or armpits to support their body weight so that their feet touch the floor. This allows them to practice walking motions and strengthens their legs.

  1. Let Your Baby Play in Front of a Mirror

Another effective way to encourage crawling is to use a mirror during tummy time. Allow babies to spend time in front of it playing. 

Babies are naturally curious and may want to investigate their reflection, which may cause them to hold themselves up and reach for the mirror. These movements will help babies crawl quickly.

Make sure the mirror is carefully placed on the floor, and always supervise babies.

  1. Use Toys to Entice Them

A little reward is the best way to get babies moving. Put babies on the floor and place baby-safe toys slightly out of reach during tummy time to get them moving. 

Keep these toys far enough so that babies have to move around to get them, but not so far that they become frustrated!

Try a play tunnel to entice babies to crawl through it to you.

  1. Limit Positioners and Supportive Devices

While supporting devices are essential, they may inhibit babies’ natural movements.

Allowing babies to spend more time in strollers, high chairs, car seats, and walkers can keep them from relying on their muscles to support their weight. This can delay their development, so limit time in supportive devices.

  1. Allow Your Baby to Play on All Sides

Move babies into different positions and allow them to play on all sides during playtime.

An even mix of right and left sides, back, and tummy will help babies’ bodies develop strength.

  1. Place Your Baby in a Crawling Position

Allow babies to practise crawling! One effective way to do it is to lie next to babies and gently support their body weight while still allowing their hands and feet to touch the ground. This helps them get familiar with the feeling and movement of crawling.

  1. Crawl With Your Baby on the Floor

Mothers are their babies’ biggest supporters, and if they show them how to crawl, babies may learn to crawl quickly.

Get down on your hands and knees and show them how to crawl to help them. Encourage them with smiles and talk to lift their head and look at you.

If you have older children, this is an excellent way to involve them in their new sibling’s play.

  1. Don’t Make Your Baby Work Too Hard

Try to be patient and enjoy yourself with your loved one. It’s okay to call it off if babies grow frustrated or start crying during playtime. Simply lay them on their backs, hold and rock them, or allow them to sleep.

If babies aren’t enjoying their playtime, don’t make them do it, and always reward them with affection after crawling exercises are over.

  1. Give Your Baby a Massage

Massage babies every day to help their muscles grow strong. Introduce baby massage into their bedtime routine or give them a massage right after their bath. 

Regular massages can help babies crawl because they move their muscles, get their blood flowing, and increase their awareness of their bodies’ position and movement.

  1. Provide a Safe Space for Them to Explore

With babies rolling around and almost crawling, it’s a good idea to give them a safe place to explore. 

Begin by baby-proofing the home. Remove small items from the floor, keep cords out of reach, lock cabinets and drawers, cover electrical outlets, and more. Keep the floor clear and clean, and place things on the floor that are safe to explore. 

You can even dress them in long sleeves and pants to help them move more freely and avoid minor scratches or infections.

Take Away

Babies will have a whole new world to explore and learn once they start crawling, but they might need some help to achieve this developmental milestone. You can help them develop the strength and balance they need to become more mobile.

If you want to learn more about crawling or have concerns about your baby’s development, contact a pediatrician at Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital. Our team of specialists provide the highest quality pediatric services to patients so that your baby can experience many more developmental milestones healthily.

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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Babies will reach several milestones in life. They will eventually progress from rolling around on their play mat to crawling across the room.

Crawling is a significant developmental step from stationary to mobile, a huge milestone for your baby! It allows babies to explore their surroundings, which helps them learn and improve motor skills for walking.

12 Simple Ways to Reach Baby Milestone

  1. Give Your Baby Adequate Tummy Time

One of the best ways to prepare babies for crawling is lots of tummy time or floor time. 

Tummy time is a short period when babies lie on their stomachs. It helps babies develop the muscles needed to crawl by strengthening their neck, arms, shoulders, and torso.

Your baby can do 3-5 minute tummy-time sessions three or four times a day. For three-month-old babies, this increases to 15 to 20 minutes at a time, and for six-month-olds, it increases to 20 to 30 minutes.

Tummy time is only safe when your baby is awake and must always be closely supervised. Never leave babies alone during tummy time. If babies nod off, gently roll them onto their backs.

  1. Encourage Babies to Play With Their Hands Raised

Another way to help babies grow their muscles is to have them play with their hands raised. During tummy time, keep their arms on top of a pillow or stuffed animal.

Encourage them to rest their hands on elevated objects like furniture or toys while sitting. Keep an eye on babies, so they don’t fall.

Apollo Cradle Has the Best Team of Highly Qualified Gynaecologists

 
  1. Get Your Child off the Floor

The importance of preparing babies to crawl is to strengthen those tiny muscles. Lift babies off the ground a little to help them exercise their legs.

Pick up babies by the arms or armpits to support their body weight so that their feet touch the floor. This allows them to practice walking motions and strengthens their legs.

  1. Let Your Baby Play in Front of a Mirror

Another effective way to encourage crawling is to use a mirror during tummy time. Allow babies to spend time in front of it playing. 

Babies are naturally curious and may want to investigate their reflection, which may cause them to hold themselves up and reach for the mirror. These movements will help babies crawl quickly.

Make sure the mirror is carefully placed on the floor, and always supervise babies.

  1. Use Toys to Entice Them

A little reward is the best way to get babies moving. Put babies on the floor and place baby-safe toys slightly out of reach during tummy time to get them moving. 

Keep these toys far enough so that babies have to move around to get them, but not so far that they become frustrated!

Try a play tunnel to entice babies to crawl through it to you.

  1. Limit Positioners and Supportive Devices

While supporting devices are essential, they may inhibit babies’ natural movements.

Allowing babies to spend more time in strollers, high chairs, car seats, and walkers can keep them from relying on their muscles to support their weight. This can delay their development, so limit time in supportive devices.

  1. Allow Your Baby to Play on All Sides

Move babies into different positions and allow them to play on all sides during playtime.

An even mix of right and left sides, back, and tummy will help babies’ bodies develop strength.

  1. Place Your Baby in a Crawling Position

Allow babies to practise crawling! One effective way to do it is to lie next to babies and gently support their body weight while still allowing their hands and feet to touch the ground. This helps them get familiar with the feeling and movement of crawling.

  1. Crawl With Your Baby on the Floor

Mothers are their babies’ biggest supporters, and if they show them how to crawl, babies may learn to crawl quickly.

Get down on your hands and knees and show them how to crawl to help them. Encourage them with smiles and talk to lift their head and look at you.

If you have older children, this is an excellent way to involve them in their new sibling’s play.

  1. Don’t Make Your Baby Work Too Hard

Try to be patient and enjoy yourself with your loved one. It’s okay to call it off if babies grow frustrated or start crying during playtime. Simply lay them on their backs, hold and rock them, or allow them to sleep.

If babies aren’t enjoying their playtime, don’t make them do it, and always reward them with affection after crawling exercises are over.

  1. Give Your Baby a Massage

Massage babies every day to help their muscles grow strong. Introduce baby massage into their bedtime routine or give them a massage right after their bath. 

Regular massages can help babies crawl because they move their muscles, get their blood flowing, and increase their awareness of their bodies’ position and movement.

  1. Provide a Safe Space for Them to Explore

With babies rolling around and almost crawling, it’s a good idea to give them a safe place to explore. 

Begin by baby-proofing the home. Remove small items from the floor, keep cords out of reach, lock cabinets and drawers, cover electrical outlets, and more. Keep the floor clear and clean, and place things on the floor that are safe to explore. 

You can even dress them in long sleeves and pants to help them move more freely and avoid minor scratches or infections.

Take Away

Babies will have a whole new world to explore and learn once they start crawling, but they might need some help to achieve this developmental milestone. You can help them develop the strength and balance they need to become more mobile.

If you want to learn more about crawling or have concerns about your baby’s development, contact a pediatrician at Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital. Our team of specialists provide the highest quality pediatric services to patients so that your baby can experience many more developmental milestones healthily.

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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12 Simple Ways to Help Encourage Your Baby to Crawl

12 Simple Ways to Help Encourage Your Baby to Crawl

January 31, 2023

Babies will reach several milestones in life. They will eventually p...

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            [blog_title] => CAUSES AND PREVENTION OF BIRTH DEFECTS
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Birth defects are structural changes present at birth that can affect almost any part or parts of the body (e.g., heart, brain, foot). They may affect how the body looks, works, or both. Birth defects can vary from mild to severe. The well-being of each child affected with a birth defect depends mostly on which organ or body part is involved and how much it is affected.

How to Identify Birth Defects?

A birth defect can be found before birth, at birth, or any time after birth. Most birth defects are found within the first year of life. Some birth defects (such as cleft lip) are easy to see, but others (such as heart defects or hearing loss) are found using special tests, such as echocardiograms (an ultrasound picture of the heart), x-rays or hearing tests. Some birth defects are

Cleft lip and cleft palate: Cleft lip and cleft palate are birth defects in a baby’s lip and mouth. Usually, babies can have surgery to repair cleft lip or cleft palate. They may need more surgery, special dental care and speech therapy as they get older. Speech therapy is therapy to teach your child how to speak more clearly or communicate in other ways.

Clubfoot: Clubfoot is a birth defect of the foot. It’s when a baby’s foot turns inward so that the bottom of the foot faces sideways or even up. Clubfoot doesn’t improve without treatment. Treatment may include pointing, stretching, casting the foot and using braces. With early treatment, most children with clubfoot can walk, run and play without pain.

Congenital heart defects (CHDs): These are heart conditions that a baby is born with. They can affect the heart’s shape or how it works or both. CHDs are the most common types of birth defects. They can be mild or serious. Critical congenital heart defects (also called critical CHDs or critical congenital heart disease) are the most serious CHDs. Babies with critical CHDs need surgery or other treatment within the first year of life. Without treatment, critical CHDs can cause serious health problems and death.

Gastroschisis: This is a birth defect of the abdominal (belly) wall. A baby is born with his intestines, and sometimes other organs, outside of the body. Gastroschisis happens when the muscles that make up the abdominal wall don’t connect properly, forming a hole beside the belly button. A baby with gastroschisis needs surgery soon after birth to put his organs back in place and repair the hole.

Hearing loss: This is a common birth defect that can affect a baby’s ability to develop speech, language and social skills. Hearing loss can happen when any part of the ear isn’t working in the usual way. Treatment depends on the cause of the hearing loss and whether hearing loss is mild or severe. Some babies with hearing loss may need hearing aids, medicine, surgery or speech therapy.

Microcephaly: Microcephaly is when a baby’s head is smaller than expected, compared to babies of the same sex and age. Babies with mild microcephaly often don’t have problems other than small head size. A baby with severe microcephaly has a head that’s much smaller than expected and may have more serious health problems. Severe microcephaly can happen if a baby’s brain doesn’t develop properly during pregnancy or if the brain starts to develop correctly but is damaged during pregnancy. Babies with severe microcephaly may need special care and treatment, like surgery. Some need medicines to treat seizures or other health problems.

Neural tube defects (NTDs): NTDs are birth defects of the brain, spine (backbone) and spinal cord. The spinal cord carries signals back and forth between your body and your brain. The most common NTD is spina bifida. Spina bifida happens when the spinal cord or bones in the spine don’t form correctly, leaving a gap or opening. Spina bifida can cause serious health problems for babies, like fluid on the brain and being paralyzed. Babies with spina bifida may need surgery or other special treatments.

Causes:

Birth defects can occur during any stage of pregnancy. Most birth defects occur in the first 3 months of pregnancy, when the organs of the baby are forming. This is a very important stage of development. However, some birth defects occur later in pregnancy. During the last six months of pregnancy, the tissues and organs continue to grow and develop.

For some birth defects, like fetal alcohol syndrome, we know the cause. But for most birth defects, we don’t know what causes them. For most birth defects, we think they are caused by a complex mix of factors. These factors include our genes (information inherited from our parents), our behaviours, and things in the environment. But, we don’t fully understand how these factors might work together to cause birth defects.

While we still have more work to do, we have learned a lot about birth defects through past research. For example, some things might increase the chances of having a baby with a birth defect, such as:

  • Smoking, drinking alcohol, or taking certain drugs during pregnancy.
  • Having certain medical conditions, such as being obese or having uncontrolled diabetes before and during pregnancy.
  • Taking certain medications which are not prescribed by your health care provider.
  • Having someone in your family with a birth defect. To learn more about your risk of having a baby with a birth defect, you can talk to your health care provider. 
  • Having an elevated body temperature due to heat exposure.
  • Being an older mother, as the risk of chromosomal abnormalities increases with age.

Having one or more of these risks doesn’t mean you’ll have a pregnancy affected by a birth defect. Also, women can have a baby born with a birth defect even when they don’t have any of these risks. It is important to talk to your health care provider about what you can do to lower your risk.

Prevention:

Not all birth defects can be prevented. But, there are things that a woman can do before and during pregnancy to increase her chance of having a healthy baby:

  • Be sure to see your healthcare provider regularly and start prenatal care as soon as you think you might be pregnant.
  • Get 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid every day, starting at least one month before getting pregnant.
  • Don’t drink alcohol or smoke.
  • Talk to a healthcare provider about any medications you are taking or thinking about taking. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary or herbal supplements. Don’t stop or start taking any type of medication without first talking with a doctor.
  • Know how to prevent infections during pregnancy.
  • Be proactive in identifying and treating fever when ill or after getting a vaccine. Avoid hot tubs, saunas, or other environments that might cause overheating.
  • If possible, be sure any medical conditions are under control, before becoming pregnant. Some conditions, such as diabetes, can increase the risk for birth defects.

 

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Birth defects are structural changes present at birth that can affect almost any part or parts of the body (e.g., heart, brain, foot). They may affect how the body looks, works, or both. Birth defects can vary from mild to severe. The well-being of each child affected with a birth defect depends mostly on which organ or body part is involved and how much it is affected.

How to Identify Birth Defects?

A birth defect can be found before birth, at birth, or any time after birth. Most birth defects are found within the first year of life. Some birth defects (such as cleft lip) are easy to see, but others (such as heart defects or hearing loss) are found using special tests, such as echocardiograms (an ultrasound picture of the heart), x-rays or hearing tests. Some birth defects are

Cleft lip and cleft palate: Cleft lip and cleft palate are birth defects in a baby’s lip and mouth. Usually, babies can have surgery to repair cleft lip or cleft palate. They may need more surgery, special dental care and speech therapy as they get older. Speech therapy is therapy to teach your child how to speak more clearly or communicate in other ways.

Clubfoot: Clubfoot is a birth defect of the foot. It’s when a baby’s foot turns inward so that the bottom of the foot faces sideways or even up. Clubfoot doesn’t improve without treatment. Treatment may include pointing, stretching, casting the foot and using braces. With early treatment, most children with clubfoot can walk, run and play without pain.

Congenital heart defects (CHDs): These are heart conditions that a baby is born with. They can affect the heart’s shape or how it works or both. CHDs are the most common types of birth defects. They can be mild or serious. Critical congenital heart defects (also called critical CHDs or critical congenital heart disease) are the most serious CHDs. Babies with critical CHDs need surgery or other treatment within the first year of life. Without treatment, critical CHDs can cause serious health problems and death.

Gastroschisis: This is a birth defect of the abdominal (belly) wall. A baby is born with his intestines, and sometimes other organs, outside of the body. Gastroschisis happens when the muscles that make up the abdominal wall don’t connect properly, forming a hole beside the belly button. A baby with gastroschisis needs surgery soon after birth to put his organs back in place and repair the hole.

Hearing loss: This is a common birth defect that can affect a baby’s ability to develop speech, language and social skills. Hearing loss can happen when any part of the ear isn’t working in the usual way. Treatment depends on the cause of the hearing loss and whether hearing loss is mild or severe. Some babies with hearing loss may need hearing aids, medicine, surgery or speech therapy.

Microcephaly: Microcephaly is when a baby’s head is smaller than expected, compared to babies of the same sex and age. Babies with mild microcephaly often don’t have problems other than small head size. A baby with severe microcephaly has a head that’s much smaller than expected and may have more serious health problems. Severe microcephaly can happen if a baby’s brain doesn’t develop properly during pregnancy or if the brain starts to develop correctly but is damaged during pregnancy. Babies with severe microcephaly may need special care and treatment, like surgery. Some need medicines to treat seizures or other health problems.

Neural tube defects (NTDs): NTDs are birth defects of the brain, spine (backbone) and spinal cord. The spinal cord carries signals back and forth between your body and your brain. The most common NTD is spina bifida. Spina bifida happens when the spinal cord or bones in the spine don’t form correctly, leaving a gap or opening. Spina bifida can cause serious health problems for babies, like fluid on the brain and being paralyzed. Babies with spina bifida may need surgery or other special treatments.

Causes:

Birth defects can occur during any stage of pregnancy. Most birth defects occur in the first 3 months of pregnancy, when the organs of the baby are forming. This is a very important stage of development. However, some birth defects occur later in pregnancy. During the last six months of pregnancy, the tissues and organs continue to grow and develop.

For some birth defects, like fetal alcohol syndrome, we know the cause. But for most birth defects, we don’t know what causes them. For most birth defects, we think they are caused by a complex mix of factors. These factors include our genes (information inherited from our parents), our behaviours, and things in the environment. But, we don’t fully understand how these factors might work together to cause birth defects.

While we still have more work to do, we have learned a lot about birth defects through past research. For example, some things might increase the chances of having a baby with a birth defect, such as:

  • Smoking, drinking alcohol, or taking certain drugs during pregnancy.
  • Having certain medical conditions, such as being obese or having uncontrolled diabetes before and during pregnancy.
  • Taking certain medications which are not prescribed by your health care provider.
  • Having someone in your family with a birth defect. To learn more about your risk of having a baby with a birth defect, you can talk to your health care provider. 
  • Having an elevated body temperature due to heat exposure.
  • Being an older mother, as the risk of chromosomal abnormalities increases with age.

Having one or more of these risks doesn’t mean you’ll have a pregnancy affected by a birth defect. Also, women can have a baby born with a birth defect even when they don’t have any of these risks. It is important to talk to your health care provider about what you can do to lower your risk.

Prevention:

Not all birth defects can be prevented. But, there are things that a woman can do before and during pregnancy to increase her chance of having a healthy baby:

  • Be sure to see your healthcare provider regularly and start prenatal care as soon as you think you might be pregnant.
  • Get 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid every day, starting at least one month before getting pregnant.
  • Don’t drink alcohol or smoke.
  • Talk to a healthcare provider about any medications you are taking or thinking about taking. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary or herbal supplements. Don’t stop or start taking any type of medication without first talking with a doctor.
  • Know how to prevent infections during pregnancy.
  • Be proactive in identifying and treating fever when ill or after getting a vaccine. Avoid hot tubs, saunas, or other environments that might cause overheating.
  • If possible, be sure any medical conditions are under control, before becoming pregnant. Some conditions, such as diabetes, can increase the risk for birth defects.

 

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CAUSES AND PREVENTION OF BIRTH DEFECTS

CAUSES AND PREVENTION OF BIRTH DEFECTS

December 30, 2022

Birth defects are structural changes present at birth that can affec...

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            [blog_title] => Hypothyroidism in Children
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What is hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland, located in the front of the neck, does not produce enough thyroid hormones, which control overall metabolism and many bodily functions. Hypothyroidism can have several causes, including an autoimmune disorder, in which the body’s immune system mistakenly destructs its own thyroid gland. In teens, this is the most common cause of underactive thyroid, compared to other causes of the condition. Other causes could be due to certain medications or central hypothyroidism, in which the pituitary gland which controls the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormone. Congenital hypothyroidism occurs in new born babies. 

Undiagnosed hypothyroid children may experience slowed growth rate. Additional symptoms include sluggishness, pallor, dry and itchy scalp, increased sensitivity to cold and constipation. If untreated, the condition may have devastating effects, such as stunted physical growth and mental retardation.

Symptoms

  • Slowed growth rate
  • Puffy face
  • Swollen hands and feet
  • Poor muscle tone
  • Sluggishness, sleepiness
  • Constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Dry, itchy scalp
  • Dry, coarse skin
  • Heavy menstruation in girls
  • Mood swings
  • Weight gain
  • Hoarse cry or voice
  • Dry, coarse skin
  • Enlarged thyroid gland

Diagnosis

Your doctor will suspect underactive thyroid if several of the above symptoms are present; however, a definitive diagnosis can be easily made by testing the level of a pituitary hormone called thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). If the thyroid is producing normal levels of thyroid hormones, TSH will be within normal range. However if the thyroid is underactive, then the pituitary starts secreting more TSH to jump-start the sluggish thyroid. Thus, a higher-than-normal level of TSH indicates an underactive thyroid. Most newborns are tested for hypothyroidism within 72 hours of birth as part of a routine screen for other conditions.  T3 and T4 are the active thyroid hormones produced from the thyroid gland which act on various organs of the body.

When to Consult your doctor

If you see any of the above symptoms in your baby, infant or child — particularly slow growth — call your pediatrician.  

Treatment

Replacement therapy with synthetic thyroid hormones in the form of a single daily tablet is usually given. Thyroid hormones are critical for normal brain development in babies and children, therefore treatment with the correct dose of synthetic hormone is very important. The child should be retested periodically to make sure the right amount of hormone is given and the dose is adjusted as needed.

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What is hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland, located in the front of the neck, does not produce enough thyroid hormones, which control overall metabolism and many bodily functions. Hypothyroidism can have several causes, including an autoimmune disorder, in which the body’s immune system mistakenly destructs its own thyroid gland. In teens, this is the most common cause of underactive thyroid, compared to other causes of the condition. Other causes could be due to certain medications or central hypothyroidism, in which the pituitary gland which controls the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormone. Congenital hypothyroidism occurs in new born babies. 

Undiagnosed hypothyroid children may experience slowed growth rate. Additional symptoms include sluggishness, pallor, dry and itchy scalp, increased sensitivity to cold and constipation. If untreated, the condition may have devastating effects, such as stunted physical growth and mental retardation.

Symptoms

  • Slowed growth rate
  • Puffy face
  • Swollen hands and feet
  • Poor muscle tone
  • Sluggishness, sleepiness
  • Constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Dry, itchy scalp
  • Dry, coarse skin
  • Heavy menstruation in girls
  • Mood swings
  • Weight gain
  • Hoarse cry or voice
  • Dry, coarse skin
  • Enlarged thyroid gland

Diagnosis

Your doctor will suspect underactive thyroid if several of the above symptoms are present; however, a definitive diagnosis can be easily made by testing the level of a pituitary hormone called thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). If the thyroid is producing normal levels of thyroid hormones, TSH will be within normal range. However if the thyroid is underactive, then the pituitary starts secreting more TSH to jump-start the sluggish thyroid. Thus, a higher-than-normal level of TSH indicates an underactive thyroid. Most newborns are tested for hypothyroidism within 72 hours of birth as part of a routine screen for other conditions.  T3 and T4 are the active thyroid hormones produced from the thyroid gland which act on various organs of the body.

When to Consult your doctor

If you see any of the above symptoms in your baby, infant or child — particularly slow growth — call your pediatrician.  

Treatment

Replacement therapy with synthetic thyroid hormones in the form of a single daily tablet is usually given. Thyroid hormones are critical for normal brain development in babies and children, therefore treatment with the correct dose of synthetic hormone is very important. The child should be retested periodically to make sure the right amount of hormone is given and the dose is adjusted as needed.

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Hypothyroidism in Children

Hypothyroidism in Children

December 22, 2022

What is hypothyroidism?...

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            [blog_title] => All About Providing Emotional Support to Women During Pregnancy
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Pregnancy is the most beautiful yet difficult phase of every woman’s life as her body undergoes tremendous changes. During this phase, women need extra care and immense emotional and physical support to reach the destination and deliver the baby safely and healthily.

Many expectant and new mothers have a strong sense of responsibility during and after their pregnancies and they put in all the efforts to manage all the tasks, like taking care of themselves, the baby, and their home. As a result, they may feel anxious and overwhelmed. However, partner’s and family’s support can help her experience a smooth pregnancy. You can do things like:

Things to Do for Emotional Support to Women During Pregnancy

  • Help her make changes to her lifestyle
  • Show affection
  • Take walks together
  • Lend a helping hand when she needs
  • Encourage her to eat healthy
  • Encourage her to take breaks and naps

Women are more likely to enjoy this beautiful time when they have the support they require. They will also be better prepared to deal with the difficulties of being a new mother and develop a positive relationship with their baby.

Why Is Emotional Support Necessary?

Emotional Support During Pregnancy Is Crucial for Both Mother’s and Child’s Well-Being Because:

  • Pregnant women who receive emotional support experience fewer pregnancy difficulties and deliver healthier newborns.
  • Lack of emotional support during pregnancy increases the risk of stress, anxiety, and depression, all of which can affect the mother’s and the child’s health.
  • Pregnant women feel happier and more at ease by getting emotional support from family, friends, or a therapist, which benefits the unborn child.
  • Regular emotional support increases the pregnant woman’s likelihood of breastfeeding, which is healthy for both mother and child.

Apollo Cradle Has the Best Team of Highly Qualified Gynaecologists

 

How Can a Partner Be Supportive?

Usually, men want to help their pregnant partners but are unsure how to get involved and what their partner wants or needs. Here are some things you, as a supportive partner can do.

        1. Educate Yourself

Start educating yourself about pregnancy. The more you understand what all changes your partner’s body is undergoing and how it is affecting her mental and physical states, you’ll be able to provide the right kind of support at the right time. The same is true to get ready for childbirth and postpartum.

Here Are a Few Things You Can Do:

  • Get hold of some good pregnancy books. The paperbacks will give detailed information on pregnancy and the stages an expecting and new mother goes through.
  • Attend a childbirth class or make an appointment with a childbirth educator or your partner’s healthcare provider.
  • If you have a friend who has recently delivered a baby, speak with them and understand their journey. Inquire about what they did in a specific situation(s).

        2. Be With Her at All Important Times

Simply Showing Up Is One of the Most Effective Ways to Show Support. You Can Do the Following Things:

  • Attend all of your partner’s medical appointments.
  • Participate in decisions about which is the best healthcare provider and which prenatal and postnatal tests to undergo.
  • Attend childbirth or parenting classes.

       3. Talk to her

When It Comes to Partner Support, Open Communication Is the Key.

Pregnancy can induce a wide range of emotions from excitement and happiness to fear and anxiety. You will be able to provide the emotional support your partner requires if they can trust that you will listen to their feelings with an open mind and that nothing is off-limits.

       4. Ask the Right Questions

You can’t always be aware of what your partner requires. So, do not hesitate before asking your partner what you can do for her. There are many ways to help them and make them feel loved from making sure they have doctor appointments scheduled to giving them back rubs to preparing their favourite nutritious food.

However, do not put the burden on your partner and expect them to tell you exactly what to do at every step of the way. Taking proactive actions to support your partner is a crucial component of a supportive relationship.

Take Away

Pregnancy can be overwhelming at times, and pregnant women should have their partner and family to lean on for support throughout the journey.

Expectant and new mothers can also contact medical professionals and take advice(s) when they need someone to talk to apart from their partners. Many doctors willingly and happily provide such support.

Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital ensures that patients receive the best maternity care possible. We provide a comprehensive range of maternity services, from prenatal to postnatal care. Our team of experienced doctors and nurses will ensure that women receive the best possible care throughout and after their pregnancy.

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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Pregnancy is the most beautiful yet difficult phase of every woman’s life as her body undergoes tremendous changes. During this phase, women need extra care and immense emotional and physical support to reach the destination and deliver the baby safely and healthily.

Many expectant and new mothers have a strong sense of responsibility during and after their pregnancies and they put in all the efforts to manage all the tasks, like taking care of themselves, the baby, and their home. As a result, they may feel anxious and overwhelmed. However, partner’s and family’s support can help her experience a smooth pregnancy. You can do things like:

Things to Do for Emotional Support to Women During Pregnancy

  • Help her make changes to her lifestyle
  • Show affection
  • Take walks together
  • Lend a helping hand when she needs
  • Encourage her to eat healthy
  • Encourage her to take breaks and naps

Women are more likely to enjoy this beautiful time when they have the support they require. They will also be better prepared to deal with the difficulties of being a new mother and develop a positive relationship with their baby.

Why Is Emotional Support Necessary?

Emotional Support During Pregnancy Is Crucial for Both Mother’s and Child’s Well-Being Because:

  • Pregnant women who receive emotional support experience fewer pregnancy difficulties and deliver healthier newborns.
  • Lack of emotional support during pregnancy increases the risk of stress, anxiety, and depression, all of which can affect the mother’s and the child’s health.
  • Pregnant women feel happier and more at ease by getting emotional support from family, friends, or a therapist, which benefits the unborn child.
  • Regular emotional support increases the pregnant woman’s likelihood of breastfeeding, which is healthy for both mother and child.

Apollo Cradle Has the Best Team of Highly Qualified Gynaecologists

 

How Can a Partner Be Supportive?

Usually, men want to help their pregnant partners but are unsure how to get involved and what their partner wants or needs. Here are some things you, as a supportive partner can do.

        1. Educate Yourself

Start educating yourself about pregnancy. The more you understand what all changes your partner’s body is undergoing and how it is affecting her mental and physical states, you’ll be able to provide the right kind of support at the right time. The same is true to get ready for childbirth and postpartum.

Here Are a Few Things You Can Do:

  • Get hold of some good pregnancy books. The paperbacks will give detailed information on pregnancy and the stages an expecting and new mother goes through.
  • Attend a childbirth class or make an appointment with a childbirth educator or your partner’s healthcare provider.
  • If you have a friend who has recently delivered a baby, speak with them and understand their journey. Inquire about what they did in a specific situation(s).

        2. Be With Her at All Important Times

Simply Showing Up Is One of the Most Effective Ways to Show Support. You Can Do the Following Things:

  • Attend all of your partner’s medical appointments.
  • Participate in decisions about which is the best healthcare provider and which prenatal and postnatal tests to undergo.
  • Attend childbirth or parenting classes.

       3. Talk to her

When It Comes to Partner Support, Open Communication Is the Key.

Pregnancy can induce a wide range of emotions from excitement and happiness to fear and anxiety. You will be able to provide the emotional support your partner requires if they can trust that you will listen to their feelings with an open mind and that nothing is off-limits.

       4. Ask the Right Questions

You can’t always be aware of what your partner requires. So, do not hesitate before asking your partner what you can do for her. There are many ways to help them and make them feel loved from making sure they have doctor appointments scheduled to giving them back rubs to preparing their favourite nutritious food.

However, do not put the burden on your partner and expect them to tell you exactly what to do at every step of the way. Taking proactive actions to support your partner is a crucial component of a supportive relationship.

Take Away

Pregnancy can be overwhelming at times, and pregnant women should have their partner and family to lean on for support throughout the journey.

Expectant and new mothers can also contact medical professionals and take advice(s) when they need someone to talk to apart from their partners. Many doctors willingly and happily provide such support.

Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital ensures that patients receive the best maternity care possible. We provide a comprehensive range of maternity services, from prenatal to postnatal care. Our team of experienced doctors and nurses will ensure that women receive the best possible care throughout and after their pregnancy.

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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All About Providing Emotional Support to Women During Pregnancy

All About Providing Emotional Support to Women During Pregnancy

December 21, 2022

Pregnancy is the most beautiful yet difficult phase of every woman&r...

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Inquisitive and adventurous – that’s how most of the children are and should be. Their natural tendency to explore, play and experiment is Nature’s way to teach them about growing up in our world.  As adults, our responsibility is to nurture and encourage this spirit in children, while always looking out for their safety and wellbeing.  The objective of Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital Guide is to ensure that children remain safe from accidents & injuries; and, in case, they do get injured, to act as a referral for immediate, correct first aid procedures to be followed.

BLEEDING:

  • Furniture with sharp corners and edges is the primary reason for severe cuts and injuries at home. We recommend use of table edge guards and corner protectors, as a safety precaution
  • Rearrange furniture to provide a clear area for the child to crawl, walk and play. Remove obstructions such as coffee table, shoes, toys and other things, on which the child may trip
  • Keep sharp items like knives and scissors out of the reach of children

BURNS:

  • Most domestic injuries occur due to spilling of hot beverages like tea, coffee, milk and soup. DO NOT drink hot beverages with a child in your lap
  • While you take necessary precautions while ironing clothes, the real danger could be from the hot iron AFTER you finish. Ensure the iron is kept out of the reach of children.
  • We strongly advise parents NOT to allow children to play in the kitchen or to carry a baby while cooking

FALLS:

  • We recommend that babies be put to sleep in cribs or on low mattresses. AVOID making the baby sleep on a bed surrounded by pillows.
  • Change diapers with the baby lying on the floor. During changing, always keep one hand on the baby.
  • Place safety gates on staircases
  • Install grills on windows and balcony, with spacing of not more than 3 inches

POISONING:

Keep all cleaning agents, repellents, medicines, acid-based substances, away from the child’s reach

Store cleaning agents and other potentially dangerous liquids in their original bottles. DO NOT transfer these into water bottles or soft drink / juice containers.

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Inquisitive and adventurous – that’s how most of the children are and should be. Their natural tendency to explore, play and experiment is Nature’s way to teach them about growing up in our world.  As adults, our responsibility is to nurture and encourage this spirit in children, while always looking out for their safety and wellbeing.  The objective of Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital Guide is to ensure that children remain safe from accidents & injuries; and, in case, they do get injured, to act as a referral for immediate, correct first aid procedures to be followed.

BLEEDING:

  • Furniture with sharp corners and edges is the primary reason for severe cuts and injuries at home. We recommend use of table edge guards and corner protectors, as a safety precaution
  • Rearrange furniture to provide a clear area for the child to crawl, walk and play. Remove obstructions such as coffee table, shoes, toys and other things, on which the child may trip
  • Keep sharp items like knives and scissors out of the reach of children

BURNS:

  • Most domestic injuries occur due to spilling of hot beverages like tea, coffee, milk and soup. DO NOT drink hot beverages with a child in your lap
  • While you take necessary precautions while ironing clothes, the real danger could be from the hot iron AFTER you finish. Ensure the iron is kept out of the reach of children.
  • We strongly advise parents NOT to allow children to play in the kitchen or to carry a baby while cooking

FALLS:

  • We recommend that babies be put to sleep in cribs or on low mattresses. AVOID making the baby sleep on a bed surrounded by pillows.
  • Change diapers with the baby lying on the floor. During changing, always keep one hand on the baby.
  • Place safety gates on staircases
  • Install grills on windows and balcony, with spacing of not more than 3 inches

POISONING:

Keep all cleaning agents, repellents, medicines, acid-based substances, away from the child’s reach

Store cleaning agents and other potentially dangerous liquids in their original bottles. DO NOT transfer these into water bottles or soft drink / juice containers.

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Child Safety at Home

Child Safety at Home

December 19, 2022

Inquisitive and adventurous – that&...

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            [blog_title] => PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) and Diabetes
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Did you know that 50% of women with PCOS are likely to develop type 2 diabetes?

Were you aware that it may affect your chances of conceiving a child?

PCOS – what is it really?

It is a condition in women, wherein they tend to have higher levels of androgens (male hormones, that are also existing in women). This prevents ovulation, which is the cause for irregular periods, acne, excess facial and body hair, and thinning hair on the scalp. They are resistant to insulin, because though their system produces insulin, it cannot be used efficiently, which makes them more prone to type 2 diabetes.

As everything about health is interconnected, women with PCOS are likely to put on weight faster, and eventually deal with more severe health issues.   

FACTS YOU SHOULD KNOW:

  • Diabetes—More than 50% of women with PCOS are likely to have type 2 diabetes by the time they are in their early 40’s
  • Gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy)—It is common for pregnant women to develop diabetes temporarily, while they’re expecting their baby. This, however, raises the risk for both mother and child to get type 2 diabetes in the future.
  • Heart disease— A woman with PCOS should always monitor her heart health, as she is more vulnerable.
  • High blood pressure— The heart, brain, and kidneys are directly impacted by high blood pressure.
  • High LDL (“bad”) cholesteroland low HDL (“good”) cholesterol – are factors that increase the risk for heart disease
  • Sleep apnea external icon—This sleep disorder suddenly stops a person’s breathing for a few seconds, while they are asleep, putting the person at a risk for heart disease as well as type 2 diabetes
  • Stroke— When plaque (cholesterol and white blood cells) begins to clog blood vessels, it can cause clotting of the blood, which may lead to a stroke

PCOS has also been suggested to have a link to depression and anxiety, but clarity on this is pending.

What leads to PCOS?

These are the primary factors that can lead to PCOS, and eventually to insulin resistance:

  • Androgen levels that are higher than normal
  • Excess weight
  • Family history

Excess Weight

Is being overweight the cause PCOS? Can PCOS make you put on excess weight?

So far there is no direct correlation between being overweight and having PCOS, as it may depend on many other factors like genetics, family history and lifestyle habits.

Family History…

If a woman’s immediate female family member (mother/sister) has PCOS or type 2 diabetes, she may be more prone to developing PCOS and Insulin Resistance.

INSULIN RESISTANCE: What you should know:

  • Lifestyle and day to day habits can impact one’s insulin resistance
  • An unhealthy diet, lack of sleep or physical activity may be a factor
  • It can run in the family

What can you do about it?

Apart from realigning your eating habits and sleeping schedules, one should attempt to shed some kilos. This will have an overall benefit, as several parameters will come in the normal range, and symptoms may subside.

How Do You Know If You Have PCOS?

While some symptoms may be obvious, others may not be so.

If you notice acne, hair growth, or darkening of the skin in body creases and folds – such as the back of the neck (acanthosis nigricans), please consult a dermatologist.

You should see a trusted gynecologist (doctor who treats medical conditions that affect women and their reproductive organs) for irregular monthly periods, and your family doctor if you are suddenly putting on weight.

Some women may have just one or two symptoms, while others might develop nearly all of them. Women of every race and ethnicity are prone to developing PCOS.

Usually, PCOS can begin in girls soon after their first menstrual cycle, around the age of 11 or 12. In some cases it may occur in their 20’s or 30’s. However, it is only when a woman is trying to conceive and faces challenges, that she may discover that she has PCOS.

Your doctor will need to check whether you have at least 2 of these 3 major symptoms:

  1. Irregular or no periods, due to lack of ovulation
  2. Excess male hormones (more than normal range) which leads to overgrowth of facial or body hair or thinning scalp hair
  3. Multiple small cysts on the ovaries

An ovarian cyst is not an indicator for PCOS. Not all women with cysts would be diagnosed with PCOS, and vice versa.

What is the treatment for PCOS?

If you notice any of the above symptoms, or are unable to easily conceive, it is best to see your doctor and get a proper diagnosis. In case PCOS shows up, then immediately have your blood sugar levels checked. Timely intervention is the best medication.

Your doctor will guide you about managing your health conditions. This may include lifestyle changes, dietary changes and weight loss. These will help to keep your parameters close to normal, while offering you a better chance at becoming pregnant. Your doctor may also prescribe medicines that will help you ovulate, while reducing your acne and abnormal hair growth.

Take the time to understand your condition, by discussing it at length with your doctor, before considering treatment options available to you.

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Did you know that 50% of women with PCOS are likely to develop type 2 diabetes?

Were you aware that it may affect your chances of conceiving a child?

PCOS – what is it really?

It is a condition in women, wherein they tend to have higher levels of androgens (male hormones, that are also existing in women). This prevents ovulation, which is the cause for irregular periods, acne, excess facial and body hair, and thinning hair on the scalp. They are resistant to insulin, because though their system produces insulin, it cannot be used efficiently, which makes them more prone to type 2 diabetes.

As everything about health is interconnected, women with PCOS are likely to put on weight faster, and eventually deal with more severe health issues.   

FACTS YOU SHOULD KNOW:

  • Diabetes—More than 50% of women with PCOS are likely to have type 2 diabetes by the time they are in their early 40’s
  • Gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy)—It is common for pregnant women to develop diabetes temporarily, while they’re expecting their baby. This, however, raises the risk for both mother and child to get type 2 diabetes in the future.
  • Heart disease— A woman with PCOS should always monitor her heart health, as she is more vulnerable.
  • High blood pressure— The heart, brain, and kidneys are directly impacted by high blood pressure.
  • High LDL (“bad”) cholesteroland low HDL (“good”) cholesterol – are factors that increase the risk for heart disease
  • Sleep apnea external icon—This sleep disorder suddenly stops a person’s breathing for a few seconds, while they are asleep, putting the person at a risk for heart disease as well as type 2 diabetes
  • Stroke— When plaque (cholesterol and white blood cells) begins to clog blood vessels, it can cause clotting of the blood, which may lead to a stroke

PCOS has also been suggested to have a link to depression and anxiety, but clarity on this is pending.

What leads to PCOS?

These are the primary factors that can lead to PCOS, and eventually to insulin resistance:

  • Androgen levels that are higher than normal
  • Excess weight
  • Family history

Excess Weight

Is being overweight the cause PCOS? Can PCOS make you put on excess weight?

So far there is no direct correlation between being overweight and having PCOS, as it may depend on many other factors like genetics, family history and lifestyle habits.

Family History…

If a woman’s immediate female family member (mother/sister) has PCOS or type 2 diabetes, she may be more prone to developing PCOS and Insulin Resistance.

INSULIN RESISTANCE: What you should know:

  • Lifestyle and day to day habits can impact one’s insulin resistance
  • An unhealthy diet, lack of sleep or physical activity may be a factor
  • It can run in the family

What can you do about it?

Apart from realigning your eating habits and sleeping schedules, one should attempt to shed some kilos. This will have an overall benefit, as several parameters will come in the normal range, and symptoms may subside.

How Do You Know If You Have PCOS?

While some symptoms may be obvious, others may not be so.

If you notice acne, hair growth, or darkening of the skin in body creases and folds – such as the back of the neck (acanthosis nigricans), please consult a dermatologist.

You should see a trusted gynecologist (doctor who treats medical conditions that affect women and their reproductive organs) for irregular monthly periods, and your family doctor if you are suddenly putting on weight.

Some women may have just one or two symptoms, while others might develop nearly all of them. Women of every race and ethnicity are prone to developing PCOS.

Usually, PCOS can begin in girls soon after their first menstrual cycle, around the age of 11 or 12. In some cases it may occur in their 20’s or 30’s. However, it is only when a woman is trying to conceive and faces challenges, that she may discover that she has PCOS.

Your doctor will need to check whether you have at least 2 of these 3 major symptoms:

  1. Irregular or no periods, due to lack of ovulation
  2. Excess male hormones (more than normal range) which leads to overgrowth of facial or body hair or thinning scalp hair
  3. Multiple small cysts on the ovaries

An ovarian cyst is not an indicator for PCOS. Not all women with cysts would be diagnosed with PCOS, and vice versa.

What is the treatment for PCOS?

If you notice any of the above symptoms, or are unable to easily conceive, it is best to see your doctor and get a proper diagnosis. In case PCOS shows up, then immediately have your blood sugar levels checked. Timely intervention is the best medication.

Your doctor will guide you about managing your health conditions. This may include lifestyle changes, dietary changes and weight loss. These will help to keep your parameters close to normal, while offering you a better chance at becoming pregnant. Your doctor may also prescribe medicines that will help you ovulate, while reducing your acne and abnormal hair growth.

Take the time to understand your condition, by discussing it at length with your doctor, before considering treatment options available to you.

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PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) and Diabetes

PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) and Diabetes

November 4, 2022

Did you know that 50% of women wi...

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The festive season has begun in full swing, and it is an especially exciting time for families who are expecting a little one soon. After 2 years of restrictions, everyone is looking forward to meeting people, inviting guests and indulging in celebrations.

In the midst of this flurry of activities, pregnant women often neglect themselves while trying to do as much as they can. Here’s a gentle yet firm suggestion – Don’t!

This is a time when you are responsible for a little life within you, and this makes it imperative that you look after yourself first. 

Smoke, Pollution, Crackers – STAY AWAY:

Despite restrictions and constant reminders, people are burning crackers every day of this season, and continue even after that. The toxic fumes released by these, the pollution from vehicle smoke as well as the company of friends and family who smoke cigarettes, can cause damage to a pregnant woman and her fetus. While it is not always possible to get away from the city, one can always avoid stepping out during peak traffic hours, and refraining from gatherings where people are going to burst crackers and smoke cigarettes.  At home, shut the windows and doors in the evening itself.

Home decorations with caution:

It feels wonderful to give the home a makeover during Diwali. This time, just do this mindfully. That means, request others to help you clean, reach high places or bend.  Choose ornaments which are not sharp edged, and display it in a way that no one is likely to bump into them. Use organic colours for rangoli and opt for the minimalist, classy look. 

Allergies on the prowl:

This is a season when allergies flare up, either due to change in weather, rise in pollen or the increased pollution. At such times, any kind of wall painting or whitewashing is strictly advised against, as the number of chemical fumes released can trigger the allergy even more. If it is unavoidable, opt for wallpaper or else schedule it for a time, when you are staying out for a couple of days. 

Your baby prefers soft sounds:

A baby growing within your womb or even little children are not comfortable with loud sounds, sudden thumping music or eardrum shattering noises. It not only frightens them but can impact their hearing. 

If it is possible, politely request friends and neighbours to keep the volume moderate. Otherwise, shut the windows and curtains, to reduce the impact of noise and wear earplugs. Children can be made to wear earmuffs. 

Cotton clothing is safest:

Natural fabrics like cotton or khadi are not only breathable, but are more resistant to heat and fire, as compared to synthetics. 

Bring out your brightest ethnic cotton wear, and enjoy celebrations while keeping a safe distance from tealights, candles, deeyas, agarbattis and crackers. Ideally, choose loose clothing which is not too flowy or layered. 

Eat sensibly, and stay hydrated:

This is a time when a lot of mithaai, chocolates and savoury snacks are always within arm’s reach. While it is fun to indulge a little, too much can cause discomfort, bloating and indigestion. The smart way to enjoy these festive flavours is to eat small, healthy meals every two hours so that one does not feel too hungry and then go overboard. Also, it is essential to stay hydrated to avoid feeling uneasy or dizzy. 

Keep these handy:

  • Though all homes should have a first-aid kit handy, sometimes no one knows where to find it.  Keep yours in a place where everyone is aware. 
  • Make a list of numbers of doctors, chemists and family members, and stick it on the refrigerator or a prominent place, so that people can be called on urgent basis. 
  • Keep fruits and healthy snacks on hand, for the hunger pangs that set in. 
  • A change of clothes and comfortable footwear should be carried, if one is stepping out to meet family and friends, so that one is at ease at all times. 

Don’t fret over what you can’t pull off:

Though everyone wants their homes to sparkle and be spotlessly clean during Diwali, as a mommy-to-be you don’t have to insist on ‘perfect’. What is left undone is fine. If some drawers are disorganised, it’s okay. There are no medals for anyone, so don’t be hard on yourself or others if things are looking slightly messy.

The festival is about rejoicing at what we have and also what we are about to welcome into our lives. It is a time to bond with family, friends and cousins. Make this a season of memorable moments and not superficial appearances.  

Relax, sleep well and enjoy!

We wish you & your family a Happy & Safe Diwali….

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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The festive season has begun in full swing, and it is an especially exciting time for families who are expecting a little one soon. After 2 years of restrictions, everyone is looking forward to meeting people, inviting guests and indulging in celebrations.

In the midst of this flurry of activities, pregnant women often neglect themselves while trying to do as much as they can. Here’s a gentle yet firm suggestion – Don’t!

This is a time when you are responsible for a little life within you, and this makes it imperative that you look after yourself first. 

Smoke, Pollution, Crackers – STAY AWAY:

Despite restrictions and constant reminders, people are burning crackers every day of this season, and continue even after that. The toxic fumes released by these, the pollution from vehicle smoke as well as the company of friends and family who smoke cigarettes, can cause damage to a pregnant woman and her fetus. While it is not always possible to get away from the city, one can always avoid stepping out during peak traffic hours, and refraining from gatherings where people are going to burst crackers and smoke cigarettes.  At home, shut the windows and doors in the evening itself.

Home decorations with caution:

It feels wonderful to give the home a makeover during Diwali. This time, just do this mindfully. That means, request others to help you clean, reach high places or bend.  Choose ornaments which are not sharp edged, and display it in a way that no one is likely to bump into them. Use organic colours for rangoli and opt for the minimalist, classy look. 

Allergies on the prowl:

This is a season when allergies flare up, either due to change in weather, rise in pollen or the increased pollution. At such times, any kind of wall painting or whitewashing is strictly advised against, as the number of chemical fumes released can trigger the allergy even more. If it is unavoidable, opt for wallpaper or else schedule it for a time, when you are staying out for a couple of days. 

Your baby prefers soft sounds:

A baby growing within your womb or even little children are not comfortable with loud sounds, sudden thumping music or eardrum shattering noises. It not only frightens them but can impact their hearing. 

If it is possible, politely request friends and neighbours to keep the volume moderate. Otherwise, shut the windows and curtains, to reduce the impact of noise and wear earplugs. Children can be made to wear earmuffs. 

Cotton clothing is safest:

Natural fabrics like cotton or khadi are not only breathable, but are more resistant to heat and fire, as compared to synthetics. 

Bring out your brightest ethnic cotton wear, and enjoy celebrations while keeping a safe distance from tealights, candles, deeyas, agarbattis and crackers. Ideally, choose loose clothing which is not too flowy or layered. 

Eat sensibly, and stay hydrated:

This is a time when a lot of mithaai, chocolates and savoury snacks are always within arm’s reach. While it is fun to indulge a little, too much can cause discomfort, bloating and indigestion. The smart way to enjoy these festive flavours is to eat small, healthy meals every two hours so that one does not feel too hungry and then go overboard. Also, it is essential to stay hydrated to avoid feeling uneasy or dizzy. 

Keep these handy:

  • Though all homes should have a first-aid kit handy, sometimes no one knows where to find it.  Keep yours in a place where everyone is aware. 
  • Make a list of numbers of doctors, chemists and family members, and stick it on the refrigerator or a prominent place, so that people can be called on urgent basis. 
  • Keep fruits and healthy snacks on hand, for the hunger pangs that set in. 
  • A change of clothes and comfortable footwear should be carried, if one is stepping out to meet family and friends, so that one is at ease at all times. 

Don’t fret over what you can’t pull off:

Though everyone wants their homes to sparkle and be spotlessly clean during Diwali, as a mommy-to-be you don’t have to insist on ‘perfect’. What is left undone is fine. If some drawers are disorganised, it’s okay. There are no medals for anyone, so don’t be hard on yourself or others if things are looking slightly messy.

The festival is about rejoicing at what we have and also what we are about to welcome into our lives. It is a time to bond with family, friends and cousins. Make this a season of memorable moments and not superficial appearances.  

Relax, sleep well and enjoy!

We wish you & your family a Happy & Safe Diwali….

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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Diwali is Here! What a Mommy-to-be Should Know

Diwali is Here! What a Mommy-to-be Should Know

October 21, 2022

The festive season has begun in full swin...

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            [blog_title] => Early Warning Signs of Thyroid Women Often Miss
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Thyroid is a two-inch long butterfly-shaped endocrine gland located at the base of the neck. It regulates vital body functions such as essential role in numerous body functions such as breathing, heart rate, central and peripheral nervous systems, body weight, muscle strength, menstrual cycles, body temperature, cholesterol levels and much more. The thyroid gland can sometimes produce less than required hormones, a condition called hypothyroidism. Sometimes it produces more than required hormones, a condition called hyperthyroidism. 

Women are more vulnerable to thyroid disease than men, especially right after pregnancy and menopause. According to the stats – 1 out of 8 women suffers from thyroid disease worldwide yet 60% of women are clueless about its symptoms. It is usually so because the warning signs of thyroid can be confused with other health concerns.

Also, Read: 5 Most Common Gynaecological Problems

Some Warning Signs of Thyroid

Fatigue & Weakness

At a time when fatigue and lack of energy have become extremely common, it is easy to ignore them as an indication of something serious. Irregular fatigue and chronic exhaustion can be warning signs of a thyroid issue. Since the thyroid gland regulates metabolism, an overactive thyroid flares up the metabolism and causes energy loss and weakness. On the contrary, an underactive thyroid could decline metabolic function, causing you to feel lethargic and tired. Fatigue and weakness caused by the thyroid can also result in heart palpitations, muscle weakness and joint pains.

Unexplained Weight Gain or Loss

Since the thyroid gland plays a vital role in metabolism, any unexplained fluctuation in weight may indicate thyroid. Low levels of thyroid hormones in the body can cause weight gain, whereas a hyperactive thyroid could secrete excessive hormones causing abrupt weight loss. In the case of hypothyroidism, the body gains substantial weight and hyperthyroidism causes significant weight loss.

Sensitivity to Heat or Cold

Due to an overactive thyroid, the metabolism flares up and the body burns more calories than usual. Not only does this affect the weight but also causes heat sensitivity. Heat intolerance, abnormal sweating and even anxiety are tell-tale signs of hyperthyroidism. On the other hand, hypothyroidism causes the metabolism to slow down and impedes the body’s natural ability to create energy to keep it warm. As a result, people with hypothyroidism can become extremely sensitive to cold temperatures and often experience cold hands and feet.

Also, Read: Common Symptoms That Indicate Gynecological Disorders

Pigmentation Around the Neck

An extremely common early symptom of the thyroid is the darkening of skin folds around the neck. Often missed easily, this pigmentation is caused by hormonal flurry and is most common when the thyroid gland is malfunctioning. Since the thyroid is also responsible for maintaining skin and hair health, any disruption in the hormonal levels could also cause dry or oily skin, itchy scalp, thinning hair or brittle nails. If you notice one or more of these symptoms, it is advisable to get your thyroid levels checked. 

Sleeping Troubles

An underlying thyroid issue can cause people to find sleeping difficult or troublesome. If you have been tossing and turning in the bed, it could be an indication of thyroid dysfunction. An overactive thyroid can impact mood, nervous system and make you feel tired, thereby making it hard to sleep soundly. A few associated symptoms that may disrupt sleep could be night sweats and frequent urination. It has also been reported that an underactive thyroid could result in poor quality sleep, delayed or prolonged sleep onset and shorter sleep span.

Anxiety & Brain Fog

Ever since the pandemic, mental health issues such as anxiety, stress, burnout and brain fog have been brought to the fore. Such symptoms should not be ignored or taken lightly as they may indicate something serious. Women suffering from thyroid are more prone to experience anxiety, nervousness, tremors, mood swings as well as brain fog. Additionally, hypothyroidism can present symptoms such as memory loss, lack of concentration and loss of energy. If left ignored for a long time, these symptoms can turn into grave diseases.

Also, Read: 5 Common Gynecologic Problems and Treatments

Menstrual Irregularities

While menstrual irregularities are often treated as warning signs of PCOS or infertility, they may be an indication of thyroid too. Disruption in the thyroid levels can cause changes in the periodic cycle and impact the usual menstrual flow. Since, the thyroid gland is responsible for controlling the reproductive system, lower or higher thyroid hormones can make periods lighter, heavier or scantier. Women above the age of 35 may experience an absence of periods for long spells or early onset of menopause.

Wrapping Up

Thyroid disorder can impact the body in numerous ways and present a wide range of symptoms. These include changes in energy levels, weight, heart rate and sensitivity to cold or heat amongst others. While these symptoms are the most common early warning signs of thyroid but not an accurate diagnosis. It is advised that on noticing these symptoms you should visit a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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Thyroid is a two-inch long butterfly-shaped endocrine gland located at the base of the neck. It regulates vital body functions such as essential role in numerous body functions such as breathing, heart rate, central and peripheral nervous systems, body weight, muscle strength, menstrual cycles, body temperature, cholesterol levels and much more. The thyroid gland can sometimes produce less than required hormones, a condition called hypothyroidism. Sometimes it produces more than required hormones, a condition called hyperthyroidism. 

Women are more vulnerable to thyroid disease than men, especially right after pregnancy and menopause. According to the stats – 1 out of 8 women suffers from thyroid disease worldwide yet 60% of women are clueless about its symptoms. It is usually so because the warning signs of thyroid can be confused with other health concerns.

Also, Read: 5 Most Common Gynaecological Problems

Some Warning Signs of Thyroid

Fatigue & Weakness

At a time when fatigue and lack of energy have become extremely common, it is easy to ignore them as an indication of something serious. Irregular fatigue and chronic exhaustion can be warning signs of a thyroid issue. Since the thyroid gland regulates metabolism, an overactive thyroid flares up the metabolism and causes energy loss and weakness. On the contrary, an underactive thyroid could decline metabolic function, causing you to feel lethargic and tired. Fatigue and weakness caused by the thyroid can also result in heart palpitations, muscle weakness and joint pains.

Unexplained Weight Gain or Loss

Since the thyroid gland plays a vital role in metabolism, any unexplained fluctuation in weight may indicate thyroid. Low levels of thyroid hormones in the body can cause weight gain, whereas a hyperactive thyroid could secrete excessive hormones causing abrupt weight loss. In the case of hypothyroidism, the body gains substantial weight and hyperthyroidism causes significant weight loss.

Sensitivity to Heat or Cold

Due to an overactive thyroid, the metabolism flares up and the body burns more calories than usual. Not only does this affect the weight but also causes heat sensitivity. Heat intolerance, abnormal sweating and even anxiety are tell-tale signs of hyperthyroidism. On the other hand, hypothyroidism causes the metabolism to slow down and impedes the body’s natural ability to create energy to keep it warm. As a result, people with hypothyroidism can become extremely sensitive to cold temperatures and often experience cold hands and feet.

Also, Read: Common Symptoms That Indicate Gynecological Disorders

Pigmentation Around the Neck

An extremely common early symptom of the thyroid is the darkening of skin folds around the neck. Often missed easily, this pigmentation is caused by hormonal flurry and is most common when the thyroid gland is malfunctioning. Since the thyroid is also responsible for maintaining skin and hair health, any disruption in the hormonal levels could also cause dry or oily skin, itchy scalp, thinning hair or brittle nails. If you notice one or more of these symptoms, it is advisable to get your thyroid levels checked. 

Sleeping Troubles

An underlying thyroid issue can cause people to find sleeping difficult or troublesome. If you have been tossing and turning in the bed, it could be an indication of thyroid dysfunction. An overactive thyroid can impact mood, nervous system and make you feel tired, thereby making it hard to sleep soundly. A few associated symptoms that may disrupt sleep could be night sweats and frequent urination. It has also been reported that an underactive thyroid could result in poor quality sleep, delayed or prolonged sleep onset and shorter sleep span.

Anxiety & Brain Fog

Ever since the pandemic, mental health issues such as anxiety, stress, burnout and brain fog have been brought to the fore. Such symptoms should not be ignored or taken lightly as they may indicate something serious. Women suffering from thyroid are more prone to experience anxiety, nervousness, tremors, mood swings as well as brain fog. Additionally, hypothyroidism can present symptoms such as memory loss, lack of concentration and loss of energy. If left ignored for a long time, these symptoms can turn into grave diseases.

Also, Read: 5 Common Gynecologic Problems and Treatments

Menstrual Irregularities

While menstrual irregularities are often treated as warning signs of PCOS or infertility, they may be an indication of thyroid too. Disruption in the thyroid levels can cause changes in the periodic cycle and impact the usual menstrual flow. Since, the thyroid gland is responsible for controlling the reproductive system, lower or higher thyroid hormones can make periods lighter, heavier or scantier. Women above the age of 35 may experience an absence of periods for long spells or early onset of menopause.

Wrapping Up

Thyroid disorder can impact the body in numerous ways and present a wide range of symptoms. These include changes in energy levels, weight, heart rate and sensitivity to cold or heat amongst others. While these symptoms are the most common early warning signs of thyroid but not an accurate diagnosis. It is advised that on noticing these symptoms you should visit a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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Early Warning Signs of Thyroid Women Often Miss

Early Warning Signs of Thyroid Women Often Miss

October 10, 2022

Thyroid is a two-inch long butterfly-shaped endocrine gland located ...

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