General

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            [blog_title] => Pink Eye (conjunctivitis): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors and Prevention
            [metaTitle] => Pink Eye (conjunctivitis): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors and Prevention | Apollo Cradle
            [metaDescription] => Discover the causes, symptoms, and risk factors of pink eye (conjunctivitis). Learn how to safeguard your eye health and prevent the spread of this common eye infection.
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‘Pink eye’ is primarily an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the transparent membrane that lines the eyeball and eyelid. Due to swelling and irritation, the thin blood vessels become reddish and visible, giving the appearance of a pinkish colour in the eyes. It is also known as ‘conjunctivitis’.

It is contagious and is usually caused by a viral, or in some cases by a bacterial infection. If observed in children, it may be due to an ‘incompletely opened tear duct’. 

Though it spreads quickly from person to person, this infection subsides after getting treated correctly, and is not going to impair the vision, so do not feel overly anxious or stressed.

Symptoms to watch out for: 

  • Redness in one or both eyes
  • Itchiness or irritation in one or both eyes
  • Sensitivity to light i.e. photophobia
  • Discharge from the eye/s which dries during the night into a crusty layer. This makes opening one’s eyes uncomfortable in the morning.
  • Stiffness in the eyes
  • Teary eyes 

When to see the doctor?

As soon as you observe the above symptoms, speak to your doctor and get a consultation.

If there is pain, blurriness of vision or excessive discomfort that does not settle within 24 hours, ensure that you meet your doctor in person for correct diagnosis, as it may also be caused by other eye-related issues.

Risk factors for pink eye include:

  • Exposure to someone infected with the viral or bacterial form of conjunctivitis
  • Exposure to something you’re allergic to, for allergic conjunctivitis
  • Using contact lenses, especially extended-wear lenses

READ: Neonatal Conjunctivitis And Tips To Prevent It

Preventing the spread of pink eye:

  • Drink only boiled water and consume home cooked meals
  • Avoid touching your eyes in case you have been in close proximity or have shaken hands with one or more people
  • Wash and sanitise your hands at regular intervals through the day
  • Do not share your napkins, handkerchiefs or towels
  • Take medicines or eye drops only on prescription. Self-medication may be harmful, and unnecessarily delay or hamper your healing
  • In Newborns: Newborns’ eyes are susceptible to bacteria present in the mother’s birth canal. These bacteria often cause no symptoms in the mother. In some cases, these bacteria can cause infants to develop a serious form of conjunctivitis known as ophthalmia neonatorum, which needs immediate treatment to preserve sight. 
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‘Pink eye’ is primarily an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the transparent membrane that lines the eyeball and eyelid. Due to swelling and irritation, the thin blood vessels become reddish and visible, giving the appearance of a pinkish colour in the eyes. It is also known as ‘conjunctivitis’.

It is contagious and is usually caused by a viral, or in some cases by a bacterial infection. If observed in children, it may be due to an ‘incompletely opened tear duct’. 

Though it spreads quickly from person to person, this infection subsides after getting treated correctly, and is not going to impair the vision, so do not feel overly anxious or stressed.

Symptoms to watch out for: 

  • Redness in one or both eyes
  • Itchiness or irritation in one or both eyes
  • Sensitivity to light i.e. photophobia
  • Discharge from the eye/s which dries during the night into a crusty layer. This makes opening one’s eyes uncomfortable in the morning.
  • Stiffness in the eyes
  • Teary eyes 

When to see the doctor?

As soon as you observe the above symptoms, speak to your doctor and get a consultation.

If there is pain, blurriness of vision or excessive discomfort that does not settle within 24 hours, ensure that you meet your doctor in person for correct diagnosis, as it may also be caused by other eye-related issues.

Risk factors for pink eye include:

  • Exposure to someone infected with the viral or bacterial form of conjunctivitis
  • Exposure to something you’re allergic to, for allergic conjunctivitis
  • Using contact lenses, especially extended-wear lenses

READ: Neonatal Conjunctivitis And Tips To Prevent It

Preventing the spread of pink eye:

  • Drink only boiled water and consume home cooked meals
  • Avoid touching your eyes in case you have been in close proximity or have shaken hands with one or more people
  • Wash and sanitise your hands at regular intervals through the day
  • Do not share your napkins, handkerchiefs or towels
  • Take medicines or eye drops only on prescription. Self-medication may be harmful, and unnecessarily delay or hamper your healing
  • In Newborns: Newborns’ eyes are susceptible to bacteria present in the mother’s birth canal. These bacteria often cause no symptoms in the mother. In some cases, these bacteria can cause infants to develop a serious form of conjunctivitis known as ophthalmia neonatorum, which needs immediate treatment to preserve sight. 
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Pink Eye (conjunctivitis): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors and Prevention

Pink Eye (conjunctivitis): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors and Prevention

July 27, 2023

‘Pink eye’ is primarily an inflammation of the conjuncti...

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            [blog_title] => All you need to know about Cervical Cancer and HPV Vaccine
            [metaTitle] => All you need to know about Cervical Cancer and HPV Vaccine
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            [seo_url] => all-you-need-to-know-about-cervical-cancer-and-hpv-vaccine
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Globally, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women, with 6,04,000 new cases in 2020. Women living with HIV are 6 times more likely to develop cervical cancer, compared to the general population, and an estimated 5% of all cervical cancer cases are attributable to HIV. The contribution of HIV to cervical cancer disproportionately affects younger women, and as a result, 20% of children who lose their mother to cancer do so due to cervical cancer.

Causes

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection which can affect the skin, genital area and throat. Almost all sexually active people will be infected at some point in their lives, usually without symptoms. In most cases the immune system clears HPV from the body. Persistent infection with high-risk HPV can cause abnormal cells to develop, which go on to become cancer.

Persistent HPV infection of the cervix (the lower part of the uterus or womb, which opens into the vagina – also called the birth canal) if left untreated, causes 95% of cervical cancers. Typically, it takes 15–20 years for abnormal cells to become cancer, but in women with weakened immune systems, such as untreated HIV, this process can be faster and take 5–10 years. Risk factors for cancer progression include the grade of oncogenicity of the HPV type, immune status, the presence of other sexually transmitted infections, number of births, young age at first pregnancy, hormonal contraceptive use, and smoking. 

Prevention

  • Being vaccinated at age 9–14 years is a very effective way to prevent HPV infection, cervical cancer and other HPV-related cancers.
  • Screening from the age of 30 (25 years in women living with HIV) can detect cervical disease, which when treated, also prevents cervical cancer.
  • At any age with symptoms or concerns, early detection followed by prompt quality treatment can cure cervical cancer.

HPV vaccination

As of 2023, there are 6 HPV vaccines available globally. All protect against the high-risk HPV types 16 and 18, which cause most cervical cancers, and have been shown to be safe and effective in preventing HPV infection and cervical cancer.

HPV vaccines should be given to all girls aged 9–14 years, before they become sexually active. The vaccine may be given as 1 or 2 doses. People with reduced immune systems should ideally receive 2 or 3 doses. Some countries have also chosen to vaccinate boys to further reduce the prevalence of HPV in the community and to prevent cancers in men caused by HPV.

Early detection, diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer

Cervical cancer can be cured if diagnosed and treated at an early stage of disease. Recognizing symptoms and seeking medical advice to address any concerns is a critical step. Women should see a healthcare professional if they notice:

  • unusual bleeding between periods, after menopause, or after sexual intercourse
  • increased or foul-smelling vaginal discharge
  • symptoms like persistent pain in the back, legs, or pelvis
  • weight loss, fatigue and loss of appetite
  • vaginal discomfort
  • swelling in the legs.
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Globally, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women, with 6,04,000 new cases in 2020. Women living with HIV are 6 times more likely to develop cervical cancer, compared to the general population, and an estimated 5% of all cervical cancer cases are attributable to HIV. The contribution of HIV to cervical cancer disproportionately affects younger women, and as a result, 20% of children who lose their mother to cancer do so due to cervical cancer.

Causes

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection which can affect the skin, genital area and throat. Almost all sexually active people will be infected at some point in their lives, usually without symptoms. In most cases the immune system clears HPV from the body. Persistent infection with high-risk HPV can cause abnormal cells to develop, which go on to become cancer.

Persistent HPV infection of the cervix (the lower part of the uterus or womb, which opens into the vagina – also called the birth canal) if left untreated, causes 95% of cervical cancers. Typically, it takes 15–20 years for abnormal cells to become cancer, but in women with weakened immune systems, such as untreated HIV, this process can be faster and take 5–10 years. Risk factors for cancer progression include the grade of oncogenicity of the HPV type, immune status, the presence of other sexually transmitted infections, number of births, young age at first pregnancy, hormonal contraceptive use, and smoking. 

Prevention

  • Being vaccinated at age 9–14 years is a very effective way to prevent HPV infection, cervical cancer and other HPV-related cancers.
  • Screening from the age of 30 (25 years in women living with HIV) can detect cervical disease, which when treated, also prevents cervical cancer.
  • At any age with symptoms or concerns, early detection followed by prompt quality treatment can cure cervical cancer.

HPV vaccination

As of 2023, there are 6 HPV vaccines available globally. All protect against the high-risk HPV types 16 and 18, which cause most cervical cancers, and have been shown to be safe and effective in preventing HPV infection and cervical cancer.

HPV vaccines should be given to all girls aged 9–14 years, before they become sexually active. The vaccine may be given as 1 or 2 doses. People with reduced immune systems should ideally receive 2 or 3 doses. Some countries have also chosen to vaccinate boys to further reduce the prevalence of HPV in the community and to prevent cancers in men caused by HPV.

Early detection, diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer

Cervical cancer can be cured if diagnosed and treated at an early stage of disease. Recognizing symptoms and seeking medical advice to address any concerns is a critical step. Women should see a healthcare professional if they notice:

  • unusual bleeding between periods, after menopause, or after sexual intercourse
  • increased or foul-smelling vaginal discharge
  • symptoms like persistent pain in the back, legs, or pelvis
  • weight loss, fatigue and loss of appetite
  • vaginal discomfort
  • swelling in the legs.
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All you need to know about Cervical Cancer and HPV Vaccine

All you need to know about Cervical Cancer and HPV Vaccine

May 13, 2023

Globally, cervical cancer is the fourth m...

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            [blog_title] => Women’s Day – Embrace Equity
            [metaTitle] => Women’s Day – Embrace Equity
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Seamless & affordable care,always there!

According to a study conducted by experts from India and Harvard University*, only 37% of Indian women have access to healthcare, as compared to 67% of men. Apollo, with a legacy of 40 years has always worked towards making quality healthcare accessible to women, across all phases of their lives.

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Seamless & affordable care,always there!

According to a study conducted by experts from India and Harvard University*, only 37% of Indian women have access to healthcare, as compared to 67% of men. Apollo, with a legacy of 40 years has always worked towards making quality healthcare accessible to women, across all phases of their lives.

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Women’s Day – Embrace Equity

Women’s Day – Embrace Equity

March 7, 2023

Seamless & affordable care,always there! According t...

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            [blog_title] => Cervical Cancer
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Cervical cancer is a significant health issue in India. According to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among Indian women aged between 15 to 44 years. It is estimated that there are around 1,22,800 new cases and 67,500 deaths from cervical cancer in India each year, making it a leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women in the country.

The high burden of cervical cancer in India is attributed to factors such as lack of awareness, limited access to screening and vaccination programs, and inadequate healthcare infrastructure in many parts of the country. Efforts to improve prevention, early detection, and treatment services are crucial in reducing the burden of cervical cancer in India. The HPV (human papillomavirus) vaccine helps prevent cervical cancer by protecting against the types of HPV that are most commonly associated with cervical cancer development. HPV is a sexually transmitted infection, and certain high-risk types, notably HPV types 16 and 18, are responsible for the majority of cervical cancer cases.

By vaccinating individuals before they become sexually active, the HPV vaccine can effectively prevent HPV infection and subsequent development of cervical cancer. Vaccination stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies against HPV, providing long-term protection.

By reducing the prevalence of HPV infections in the population, the vaccine significantly lowers the risk of cervical cancer. It’s an essential tool in comprehensive cervical cancer prevention strategies, complementing other measures like regular screening with Pap smears or HPV testing. Overall, widespread HPV vaccination has the potential to greatly reduce the incidence of cervical cancer and related mortality.

The cervical cancer vaccine’s inclusion in the interim budget underscores its pivotal role in public health. By allocating resources, governments prioritize preventive measures, reducing the burden of cervical cancer, a leading cause of mortality among women worldwide. Investing in vaccination programs promotes early detection and eradication of human papillomavirus (HPV), the primary cause of cervical cancer, fostering long-term health benefits. Additionally, it reflects a commitment to gender equity and healthcare accessibility, ensuring women, especially in underserved communities, have access to life-saving interventions. Ultimately, integrating the vaccine into the budget demonstrates proactive measures to mitigate the socio-economic impact of cervical cancer.

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Cervical cancer is a significant health issue in India. According to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among Indian women aged between 15 to 44 years. It is estimated that there are around 1,22,800 new cases and 67,500 deaths from cervical cancer in India each year, making it a leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women in the country.

The high burden of cervical cancer in India is attributed to factors such as lack of awareness, limited access to screening and vaccination programs, and inadequate healthcare infrastructure in many parts of the country. Efforts to improve prevention, early detection, and treatment services are crucial in reducing the burden of cervical cancer in India. The HPV (human papillomavirus) vaccine helps prevent cervical cancer by protecting against the types of HPV that are most commonly associated with cervical cancer development. HPV is a sexually transmitted infection, and certain high-risk types, notably HPV types 16 and 18, are responsible for the majority of cervical cancer cases.

By vaccinating individuals before they become sexually active, the HPV vaccine can effectively prevent HPV infection and subsequent development of cervical cancer. Vaccination stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies against HPV, providing long-term protection.

By reducing the prevalence of HPV infections in the population, the vaccine significantly lowers the risk of cervical cancer. It’s an essential tool in comprehensive cervical cancer prevention strategies, complementing other measures like regular screening with Pap smears or HPV testing. Overall, widespread HPV vaccination has the potential to greatly reduce the incidence of cervical cancer and related mortality.

The cervical cancer vaccine’s inclusion in the interim budget underscores its pivotal role in public health. By allocating resources, governments prioritize preventive measures, reducing the burden of cervical cancer, a leading cause of mortality among women worldwide. Investing in vaccination programs promotes early detection and eradication of human papillomavirus (HPV), the primary cause of cervical cancer, fostering long-term health benefits. Additionally, it reflects a commitment to gender equity and healthcare accessibility, ensuring women, especially in underserved communities, have access to life-saving interventions. Ultimately, integrating the vaccine into the budget demonstrates proactive measures to mitigate the socio-economic impact of cervical cancer.

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Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer

January 7, 2023

Cervical cancer is a significant health i...

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            [blog_title] => Diwali is Here! What a Mommy-to-be Should Know
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The festive season has begun in full swing, and it is an especially exciting time for families who are expecting a little one soon. After 2 years of restrictions, everyone is looking forward to meeting people, inviting guests and indulging in celebrations.

In the midst of this flurry of activities, pregnant women often neglect themselves while trying to do as much as they can. Here’s a gentle yet firm suggestion – Don’t!

This is a time when you are responsible for a little life within you, and this makes it imperative that you look after yourself first. 

Smoke, Pollution, Crackers – STAY AWAY:

Despite restrictions and constant reminders, people are burning crackers every day of this season, and continue even after that. The toxic fumes released by these, the pollution from vehicle smoke as well as the company of friends and family who smoke cigarettes, can cause damage to a pregnant woman and her fetus. While it is not always possible to get away from the city, one can always avoid stepping out during peak traffic hours, and refraining from gatherings where people are going to burst crackers and smoke cigarettes.  At home, shut the windows and doors in the evening itself.

Home decorations with caution:

It feels wonderful to give the home a makeover during Diwali. This time, just do this mindfully. That means, request others to help you clean, reach high places or bend.  Choose ornaments which are not sharp edged, and display it in a way that no one is likely to bump into them. Use organic colours for rangoli and opt for the minimalist, classy look. 

Allergies on the prowl:

This is a season when allergies flare up, either due to change in weather, rise in pollen or the increased pollution. At such times, any kind of wall painting or whitewashing is strictly advised against, as the number of chemical fumes released can trigger the allergy even more. If it is unavoidable, opt for wallpaper or else schedule it for a time, when you are staying out for a couple of days. 

Your baby prefers soft sounds:

A baby growing within your womb or even little children are not comfortable with loud sounds, sudden thumping music or eardrum shattering noises. It not only frightens them but can impact their hearing. 

If it is possible, politely request friends and neighbours to keep the volume moderate. Otherwise, shut the windows and curtains, to reduce the impact of noise and wear earplugs. Children can be made to wear earmuffs. 

Cotton clothing is safest:

Natural fabrics like cotton or khadi are not only breathable, but are more resistant to heat and fire, as compared to synthetics. 

Bring out your brightest ethnic cotton wear, and enjoy celebrations while keeping a safe distance from tealights, candles, deeyas, agarbattis and crackers. Ideally, choose loose clothing which is not too flowy or layered. 

Eat sensibly, and stay hydrated:

This is a time when a lot of mithaai, chocolates and savoury snacks are always within arm’s reach. While it is fun to indulge a little, too much can cause discomfort, bloating and indigestion. The smart way to enjoy these festive flavours is to eat small, healthy meals every two hours so that one does not feel too hungry and then go overboard. Also, it is essential to stay hydrated to avoid feeling uneasy or dizzy. 

Keep these handy:

  • Though all homes should have a first-aid kit handy, sometimes no one knows where to find it.  Keep yours in a place where everyone is aware. 
  • Make a list of numbers of doctors, chemists and family members, and stick it on the refrigerator or a prominent place, so that people can be called on urgent basis. 
  • Keep fruits and healthy snacks on hand, for the hunger pangs that set in. 
  • A change of clothes and comfortable footwear should be carried, if one is stepping out to meet family and friends, so that one is at ease at all times. 

Don’t fret over what you can’t pull off:

Though everyone wants their homes to sparkle and be spotlessly clean during Diwali, as a mommy-to-be you don’t have to insist on ‘perfect’. What is left undone is fine. If some drawers are disorganised, it’s okay. There are no medals for anyone, so don’t be hard on yourself or others if things are looking slightly messy.

The festival is about rejoicing at what we have and also what we are about to welcome into our lives. It is a time to bond with family, friends and cousins. Make this a season of memorable moments and not superficial appearances.  

Relax, sleep well and enjoy!

We wish you & your family a Happy & Safe Diwali….

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
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Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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The festive season has begun in full swing, and it is an especially exciting time for families who are expecting a little one soon. After 2 years of restrictions, everyone is looking forward to meeting people, inviting guests and indulging in celebrations.

In the midst of this flurry of activities, pregnant women often neglect themselves while trying to do as much as they can. Here’s a gentle yet firm suggestion – Don’t!

This is a time when you are responsible for a little life within you, and this makes it imperative that you look after yourself first. 

Smoke, Pollution, Crackers – STAY AWAY:

Despite restrictions and constant reminders, people are burning crackers every day of this season, and continue even after that. The toxic fumes released by these, the pollution from vehicle smoke as well as the company of friends and family who smoke cigarettes, can cause damage to a pregnant woman and her fetus. While it is not always possible to get away from the city, one can always avoid stepping out during peak traffic hours, and refraining from gatherings where people are going to burst crackers and smoke cigarettes.  At home, shut the windows and doors in the evening itself.

Home decorations with caution:

It feels wonderful to give the home a makeover during Diwali. This time, just do this mindfully. That means, request others to help you clean, reach high places or bend.  Choose ornaments which are not sharp edged, and display it in a way that no one is likely to bump into them. Use organic colours for rangoli and opt for the minimalist, classy look. 

Allergies on the prowl:

This is a season when allergies flare up, either due to change in weather, rise in pollen or the increased pollution. At such times, any kind of wall painting or whitewashing is strictly advised against, as the number of chemical fumes released can trigger the allergy even more. If it is unavoidable, opt for wallpaper or else schedule it for a time, when you are staying out for a couple of days. 

Your baby prefers soft sounds:

A baby growing within your womb or even little children are not comfortable with loud sounds, sudden thumping music or eardrum shattering noises. It not only frightens them but can impact their hearing. 

If it is possible, politely request friends and neighbours to keep the volume moderate. Otherwise, shut the windows and curtains, to reduce the impact of noise and wear earplugs. Children can be made to wear earmuffs. 

Cotton clothing is safest:

Natural fabrics like cotton or khadi are not only breathable, but are more resistant to heat and fire, as compared to synthetics. 

Bring out your brightest ethnic cotton wear, and enjoy celebrations while keeping a safe distance from tealights, candles, deeyas, agarbattis and crackers. Ideally, choose loose clothing which is not too flowy or layered. 

Eat sensibly, and stay hydrated:

This is a time when a lot of mithaai, chocolates and savoury snacks are always within arm’s reach. While it is fun to indulge a little, too much can cause discomfort, bloating and indigestion. The smart way to enjoy these festive flavours is to eat small, healthy meals every two hours so that one does not feel too hungry and then go overboard. Also, it is essential to stay hydrated to avoid feeling uneasy or dizzy. 

Keep these handy:

  • Though all homes should have a first-aid kit handy, sometimes no one knows where to find it.  Keep yours in a place where everyone is aware. 
  • Make a list of numbers of doctors, chemists and family members, and stick it on the refrigerator or a prominent place, so that people can be called on urgent basis. 
  • Keep fruits and healthy snacks on hand, for the hunger pangs that set in. 
  • A change of clothes and comfortable footwear should be carried, if one is stepping out to meet family and friends, so that one is at ease at all times. 

Don’t fret over what you can’t pull off:

Though everyone wants their homes to sparkle and be spotlessly clean during Diwali, as a mommy-to-be you don’t have to insist on ‘perfect’. What is left undone is fine. If some drawers are disorganised, it’s okay. There are no medals for anyone, so don’t be hard on yourself or others if things are looking slightly messy.

The festival is about rejoicing at what we have and also what we are about to welcome into our lives. It is a time to bond with family, friends and cousins. Make this a season of memorable moments and not superficial appearances.  

Relax, sleep well and enjoy!

We wish you & your family a Happy & Safe Diwali….

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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Diwali is Here! What a Mommy-to-be Should Know

Diwali is Here! What a Mommy-to-be Should Know

October 21, 2022

The festive season has begun in full swin...

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            [blog_title] => Early Warning Signs of Thyroid Women Often Miss
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Thyroid is a two-inch long butterfly-shaped endocrine gland located at the base of the neck. It regulates vital body functions such as essential role in numerous body functions such as breathing, heart rate, central and peripheral nervous systems, body weight, muscle strength, menstrual cycles, body temperature, cholesterol levels and much more. The thyroid gland can sometimes produce less than required hormones, a condition called hypothyroidism. Sometimes it produces more than required hormones, a condition called hyperthyroidism. 

Women are more vulnerable to thyroid disease than men, especially right after pregnancy and menopause. According to the stats – 1 out of 8 women suffers from thyroid disease worldwide yet 60% of women are clueless about its symptoms. It is usually so because the warning signs of thyroid can be confused with other health concerns.

Also, Read: 5 Most Common Gynaecological Problems

Some Warning Signs of Thyroid

Fatigue & Weakness

At a time when fatigue and lack of energy have become extremely common, it is easy to ignore them as an indication of something serious. Irregular fatigue and chronic exhaustion can be warning signs of a thyroid issue. Since the thyroid gland regulates metabolism, an overactive thyroid flares up the metabolism and causes energy loss and weakness. On the contrary, an underactive thyroid could decline metabolic function, causing you to feel lethargic and tired. Fatigue and weakness caused by the thyroid can also result in heart palpitations, muscle weakness and joint pains.

Unexplained Weight Gain or Loss

Since the thyroid gland plays a vital role in metabolism, any unexplained fluctuation in weight may indicate thyroid. Low levels of thyroid hormones in the body can cause weight gain, whereas a hyperactive thyroid could secrete excessive hormones causing abrupt weight loss. In the case of hypothyroidism, the body gains substantial weight and hyperthyroidism causes significant weight loss.

Sensitivity to Heat or Cold

Due to an overactive thyroid, the metabolism flares up and the body burns more calories than usual. Not only does this affect the weight but also causes heat sensitivity. Heat intolerance, abnormal sweating and even anxiety are tell-tale signs of hyperthyroidism. On the other hand, hypothyroidism causes the metabolism to slow down and impedes the body’s natural ability to create energy to keep it warm. As a result, people with hypothyroidism can become extremely sensitive to cold temperatures and often experience cold hands and feet.

Also, Read: Common Symptoms That Indicate Gynecological Disorders

Pigmentation Around the Neck

An extremely common early symptom of the thyroid is the darkening of skin folds around the neck. Often missed easily, this pigmentation is caused by hormonal flurry and is most common when the thyroid gland is malfunctioning. Since the thyroid is also responsible for maintaining skin and hair health, any disruption in the hormonal levels could also cause dry or oily skin, itchy scalp, thinning hair or brittle nails. If you notice one or more of these symptoms, it is advisable to get your thyroid levels checked. 

Sleeping Troubles

An underlying thyroid issue can cause people to find sleeping difficult or troublesome. If you have been tossing and turning in the bed, it could be an indication of thyroid dysfunction. An overactive thyroid can impact mood, nervous system and make you feel tired, thereby making it hard to sleep soundly. A few associated symptoms that may disrupt sleep could be night sweats and frequent urination. It has also been reported that an underactive thyroid could result in poor quality sleep, delayed or prolonged sleep onset and shorter sleep span.

Anxiety & Brain Fog

Ever since the pandemic, mental health issues such as anxiety, stress, burnout and brain fog have been brought to the fore. Such symptoms should not be ignored or taken lightly as they may indicate something serious. Women suffering from thyroid are more prone to experience anxiety, nervousness, tremors, mood swings as well as brain fog. Additionally, hypothyroidism can present symptoms such as memory loss, lack of concentration and loss of energy. If left ignored for a long time, these symptoms can turn into grave diseases.

Also, Read: 5 Common Gynecologic Problems and Treatments

Menstrual Irregularities

While menstrual irregularities are often treated as warning signs of PCOS or infertility, they may be an indication of thyroid too. Disruption in the thyroid levels can cause changes in the periodic cycle and impact the usual menstrual flow. Since, the thyroid gland is responsible for controlling the reproductive system, lower or higher thyroid hormones can make periods lighter, heavier or scantier. Women above the age of 35 may experience an absence of periods for long spells or early onset of menopause.

Wrapping Up

Thyroid disorder can impact the body in numerous ways and present a wide range of symptoms. These include changes in energy levels, weight, heart rate and sensitivity to cold or heat amongst others. While these symptoms are the most common early warning signs of thyroid but not an accurate diagnosis. It is advised that on noticing these symptoms you should visit a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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Thyroid is a two-inch long butterfly-shaped endocrine gland located at the base of the neck. It regulates vital body functions such as essential role in numerous body functions such as breathing, heart rate, central and peripheral nervous systems, body weight, muscle strength, menstrual cycles, body temperature, cholesterol levels and much more. The thyroid gland can sometimes produce less than required hormones, a condition called hypothyroidism. Sometimes it produces more than required hormones, a condition called hyperthyroidism. 

Women are more vulnerable to thyroid disease than men, especially right after pregnancy and menopause. According to the stats – 1 out of 8 women suffers from thyroid disease worldwide yet 60% of women are clueless about its symptoms. It is usually so because the warning signs of thyroid can be confused with other health concerns.

Also, Read: 5 Most Common Gynaecological Problems

Some Warning Signs of Thyroid

Fatigue & Weakness

At a time when fatigue and lack of energy have become extremely common, it is easy to ignore them as an indication of something serious. Irregular fatigue and chronic exhaustion can be warning signs of a thyroid issue. Since the thyroid gland regulates metabolism, an overactive thyroid flares up the metabolism and causes energy loss and weakness. On the contrary, an underactive thyroid could decline metabolic function, causing you to feel lethargic and tired. Fatigue and weakness caused by the thyroid can also result in heart palpitations, muscle weakness and joint pains.

Unexplained Weight Gain or Loss

Since the thyroid gland plays a vital role in metabolism, any unexplained fluctuation in weight may indicate thyroid. Low levels of thyroid hormones in the body can cause weight gain, whereas a hyperactive thyroid could secrete excessive hormones causing abrupt weight loss. In the case of hypothyroidism, the body gains substantial weight and hyperthyroidism causes significant weight loss.

Sensitivity to Heat or Cold

Due to an overactive thyroid, the metabolism flares up and the body burns more calories than usual. Not only does this affect the weight but also causes heat sensitivity. Heat intolerance, abnormal sweating and even anxiety are tell-tale signs of hyperthyroidism. On the other hand, hypothyroidism causes the metabolism to slow down and impedes the body’s natural ability to create energy to keep it warm. As a result, people with hypothyroidism can become extremely sensitive to cold temperatures and often experience cold hands and feet.

Also, Read: Common Symptoms That Indicate Gynecological Disorders

Pigmentation Around the Neck

An extremely common early symptom of the thyroid is the darkening of skin folds around the neck. Often missed easily, this pigmentation is caused by hormonal flurry and is most common when the thyroid gland is malfunctioning. Since the thyroid is also responsible for maintaining skin and hair health, any disruption in the hormonal levels could also cause dry or oily skin, itchy scalp, thinning hair or brittle nails. If you notice one or more of these symptoms, it is advisable to get your thyroid levels checked. 

Sleeping Troubles

An underlying thyroid issue can cause people to find sleeping difficult or troublesome. If you have been tossing and turning in the bed, it could be an indication of thyroid dysfunction. An overactive thyroid can impact mood, nervous system and make you feel tired, thereby making it hard to sleep soundly. A few associated symptoms that may disrupt sleep could be night sweats and frequent urination. It has also been reported that an underactive thyroid could result in poor quality sleep, delayed or prolonged sleep onset and shorter sleep span.

Anxiety & Brain Fog

Ever since the pandemic, mental health issues such as anxiety, stress, burnout and brain fog have been brought to the fore. Such symptoms should not be ignored or taken lightly as they may indicate something serious. Women suffering from thyroid are more prone to experience anxiety, nervousness, tremors, mood swings as well as brain fog. Additionally, hypothyroidism can present symptoms such as memory loss, lack of concentration and loss of energy. If left ignored for a long time, these symptoms can turn into grave diseases.

Also, Read: 5 Common Gynecologic Problems and Treatments

Menstrual Irregularities

While menstrual irregularities are often treated as warning signs of PCOS or infertility, they may be an indication of thyroid too. Disruption in the thyroid levels can cause changes in the periodic cycle and impact the usual menstrual flow. Since, the thyroid gland is responsible for controlling the reproductive system, lower or higher thyroid hormones can make periods lighter, heavier or scantier. Women above the age of 35 may experience an absence of periods for long spells or early onset of menopause.

Wrapping Up

Thyroid disorder can impact the body in numerous ways and present a wide range of symptoms. These include changes in energy levels, weight, heart rate and sensitivity to cold or heat amongst others. While these symptoms are the most common early warning signs of thyroid but not an accurate diagnosis. It is advised that on noticing these symptoms you should visit a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

Apollo Cradle Specialist

Best Gynaecologist in Hyderabad Best Pediatrician in Hyderabad
Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore Best Pediatrician in Bangalore
Best Gynaecologist in New Delhi Best Pediatrician in New Delhi
Best Gynaecologist in Amritsar Best Pediatrician in Amritsar
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Early Warning Signs of Thyroid Women Often Miss

Early Warning Signs of Thyroid Women Often Miss

October 10, 2022

Thyroid is a two-inch long butterfly-shaped endocrine gland located ...

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Menopause is the most natural phase of a woman’s lifecycle, however, it does bring about many hormonal changes which may lead to sudden weight gain. Menopause takes place when women stop ovulating and their menstrual cycles come to an end, usually during their 40s and 50s. Incidentally, many women start gaining weight around this transition period. Along with the hormonal changes that happen during menopause, other factors like aging, lifestyle, and genetics may also contribute to the fluctuations in body weight.

Everything About Menopause and Weight Gain

Excess menopause weight gain can have certain health implications including increase in the risk of breathing problems, Type 2 diabetes, and blood pressure.

Diabetes: It’s been discovered that postmenopausal women who are overweight or obese are four times more likely to develop diabetes than postmenopausal women who are healthy and at a normal weight.

Heart Disease: While menopause itself doesn’t cause cardiovascular diseases, there is an increase in risk factors post menopause and a high-fat diet, smoking or other unhealthy habits may further take a toll. Additionally, obesity could increase this risk even further.

High Blood Pressure: Estrogen deficiency that develops during menopause is a prime factor for development of hypertension in postmenopausal women. When estrogen levels go down during menopause, heart and blood vessels tend to become stiff and less elastic which may lead to rise in blood pressure leading to hypertension.

Also, Read: Healthy Weight Gain During Pregnancy

Changes in the Body Due to Menopause

With age, various changes begin to take place in a woman’s body. There is a notable decrease in muscle mass and metabolism gradually slows down. Such changes then lead to excessive weight gain during the time of menopause. However, certain other changes are associated with menopause as well. Symptoms such as dryness and thinness of skin, hair loss and hair thinning, hot flashes, etc. are other changes that begin to crop up due to menopause. Often these changes create a negative self-image in the eyes of menopausal women making way for anxiety and depression.

Prevention:

Although the chances of weight gain exist, a few lifestyle changes and dietary habits can avoid this, helping women gain better control of their life post-menopause.

Healthy Diet: To maintain a healthy weight ,It’s necessary to consume more nutritious food such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, etc., to keep a healthier overall diet. Stay away from processed food . Eat smaller amounts but more often .Aim to eat foods rich in calcium ,iron and fibre .Follow a diet low in saturated fat ;low in trans fat (partially hydrogenated fats ).

Exercise: Regular physical activity is essential for not only reducing menopausal weight gain but also for reducing the other ill effects of menopause such as hot flashes, mood swings, etc. It lowers the risk of osteoporosis ,improves insulin resistance ,and improves overall health .Cycling, swimming, walking for atleast 30 minutes a day can be useful ways to increase metabolism as well as feel fit physically and mentally. Strength training exercises like dumbbells ,exercise bands and yoga help to build muscle and bone  mass .Low impact aerobics are good for the heart and lungs .

Limit Alcohol Intake: As women age, they become more sensitive to the effects of alcohol. It causes an increase in calories and increases the likelihood of weight gain, thus, should be avoided.

Sleep Routine: Practicing good sleep hygiene is beneficial to keep one’s weight in check. Hence, to develop better sleeping habits, it’s best to avoid the usage of any electronic devices before going to bed, and routinely going to sleep at around the same time every night helps.

Conclusion:

Menopause can be a life-changing experience with noticeable changes in one’s physical and mental state of being. However, with healthy habits and small, meaningful steps every day, it’s possible to renew one’s life post-menopause and live life to the fullest.

Also, Read: What Is Low Birth Weight? Causes & Diagnosis Methods

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Menopause is the most natural phase of a woman’s lifecycle, however, it does bring about many hormonal changes which may lead to sudden weight gain. Menopause takes place when women stop ovulating and their menstrual cycles come to an end, usually during their 40s and 50s. Incidentally, many women start gaining weight around this transition period. Along with the hormonal changes that happen during menopause, other factors like aging, lifestyle, and genetics may also contribute to the fluctuations in body weight.

Everything About Menopause and Weight Gain

Excess menopause weight gain can have certain health implications including increase in the risk of breathing problems, Type 2 diabetes, and blood pressure.

Diabetes: It’s been discovered that postmenopausal women who are overweight or obese are four times more likely to develop diabetes than postmenopausal women who are healthy and at a normal weight.

Heart Disease: While menopause itself doesn’t cause cardiovascular diseases, there is an increase in risk factors post menopause and a high-fat diet, smoking or other unhealthy habits may further take a toll. Additionally, obesity could increase this risk even further.

High Blood Pressure: Estrogen deficiency that develops during menopause is a prime factor for development of hypertension in postmenopausal women. When estrogen levels go down during menopause, heart and blood vessels tend to become stiff and less elastic which may lead to rise in blood pressure leading to hypertension.

Also, Read: Healthy Weight Gain During Pregnancy

Changes in the Body Due to Menopause

With age, various changes begin to take place in a woman’s body. There is a notable decrease in muscle mass and metabolism gradually slows down. Such changes then lead to excessive weight gain during the time of menopause. However, certain other changes are associated with menopause as well. Symptoms such as dryness and thinness of skin, hair loss and hair thinning, hot flashes, etc. are other changes that begin to crop up due to menopause. Often these changes create a negative self-image in the eyes of menopausal women making way for anxiety and depression.

Prevention:

Although the chances of weight gain exist, a few lifestyle changes and dietary habits can avoid this, helping women gain better control of their life post-menopause.

Healthy Diet: To maintain a healthy weight ,It’s necessary to consume more nutritious food such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, etc., to keep a healthier overall diet. Stay away from processed food . Eat smaller amounts but more often .Aim to eat foods rich in calcium ,iron and fibre .Follow a diet low in saturated fat ;low in trans fat (partially hydrogenated fats ).

Exercise: Regular physical activity is essential for not only reducing menopausal weight gain but also for reducing the other ill effects of menopause such as hot flashes, mood swings, etc. It lowers the risk of osteoporosis ,improves insulin resistance ,and improves overall health .Cycling, swimming, walking for atleast 30 minutes a day can be useful ways to increase metabolism as well as feel fit physically and mentally. Strength training exercises like dumbbells ,exercise bands and yoga help to build muscle and bone  mass .Low impact aerobics are good for the heart and lungs .

Limit Alcohol Intake: As women age, they become more sensitive to the effects of alcohol. It causes an increase in calories and increases the likelihood of weight gain, thus, should be avoided.

Sleep Routine: Practicing good sleep hygiene is beneficial to keep one’s weight in check. Hence, to develop better sleeping habits, it’s best to avoid the usage of any electronic devices before going to bed, and routinely going to sleep at around the same time every night helps.

Conclusion:

Menopause can be a life-changing experience with noticeable changes in one’s physical and mental state of being. However, with healthy habits and small, meaningful steps every day, it’s possible to renew one’s life post-menopause and live life to the fullest.

Also, Read: What Is Low Birth Weight? Causes & Diagnosis Methods

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Menopause and Weight Gain: All You Need to Know

Menopause and Weight Gain: All You Need to Know

August 19, 2022

Menopause is the most natural phase of a woman’s lifecycle, ho...

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Laparoscopy is a type of diagnostic/surgical procedure that enables surgeons to take a closer look at the organs in the abdomen and reproductive organs. Laparoscopy gets its name from the laparoscope, a small tube that has a light source and a camera which reveals images of the internal organs on a television monitor. The procedure allows surgeons to diagnose medical conditions, conduct biopsies and even remove damaged or diseased organs without making large incisions in the skin.

In recent years, laparoscopic surgery has gained immense popularity over traditional open surgery due to a painless procedure, minimal bleeding, shorter hospital stay, faster recovery time and reduced scarring. It has become the most preferred means of treating ectopic pregnancy and removing fibroids and the uterus. However, the experience of laparoscopic surgery varies depending upon the extent and length of the surgery, patient’s expectations, pain tolerance and healing ability.

How Is Laparoscopy Carried Out?

Laparoscopy surgery is performed under general anaesthetic, which is why most patients feels satisfied and feel no pain. During the surgery, the doctor makes one or two small incisions, usually near the navel. A tube is then inserted through the incision to inflate the abdomen using carbon dioxide to give clarity and more space to the doctor. Then, the laparoscope is inserted through the tube to relay images on the television monitor as the doctor performs the surgery.

If the laparoscopy is meant for surgical treatment such as hysterectomy(removal of uterus) ,fibroid removal,ovarian cyst,ectopic pregnancy and infertility the surgeon will insert small surgical instruments through the other incision to carry out the treatment. After the procedure, the carbon dioxide is let out and the incisions are stitched up. The treatment takes somewhere between 1-3 hours, depending on the type of procedure and complications.

Also, Read: Benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery

Recovery After the Laparoscopic Surgery

After the laparoscopy, the patient is taken to a recovery room where they wait for the effects of the anaesthetic to dissipate. At first, the patient may feel confused, disoriented or nauseous but these side effects pass away quickly. Nurses usually monitor the patient for a few hours or days depending upon the extent of the procedure. After the patient can eat, drink and pass urine on their own, they are discharged from the hospital. At home, the patient may take 3-6 weeks to recover fully from the surgery or longer, depending on the type of treatment.

Pain Following the Laparoscopic Surgery

Due to the effects of the anaesthetic medicine, patients often feel minimal pain only. Once the effect of anaesthetic medicine begins to wear off, the healthcare provider gives the patient painkilling medications to ease the pain. In the meantime, the patient may experience some of the following pain or discomfort.

Shoulder Pain

During the surgery, carbon dioxide pumped inside the body to inflate the abdomen may get trapped against the diaphragm. Although most of the gas is let out, some of this gas can remain inside the body and irritate the diaphragm, which in turn can irritate the nerve endings in the shoulder, causing mild to moderate pain. 

Incisional Discomfort

Most patients tend to feel a tingling sensation around the incision cuts. This is because, during the incisions, some small nerves also get cut. Over time, the nerves heal and the sensation and discomfort also subside. In case, there is an appearance of some redness, swelling or knot around the incision site, patients should contact their doctor.

Nausea

Many women feel nauseous after laparoscopic surgery because of the anaesthesia given before the surgery. Natural remedies like ginger tea or medications provided by doctors can help alleviate the nausea. Some patients, find laying flat on their back to be a preventative as well.

Final Thoughts

The amount of pain and time of recovery after laparoscopy differs from individual to individual. Compared to traditional open surgery, laparoscopy is the least painful and complicated with quicker recovery.

Also, Read: Advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery

 
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Laparoscopy is a type of diagnostic/surgical procedure that enables surgeons to take a closer look at the organs in the abdomen and reproductive organs. Laparoscopy gets its name from the laparoscope, a small tube that has a light source and a camera which reveals images of the internal organs on a television monitor. The procedure allows surgeons to diagnose medical conditions, conduct biopsies and even remove damaged or diseased organs without making large incisions in the skin.

In recent years, laparoscopic surgery has gained immense popularity over traditional open surgery due to a painless procedure, minimal bleeding, shorter hospital stay, faster recovery time and reduced scarring. It has become the most preferred means of treating ectopic pregnancy and removing fibroids and the uterus. However, the experience of laparoscopic surgery varies depending upon the extent and length of the surgery, patient’s expectations, pain tolerance and healing ability.

How Is Laparoscopy Carried Out?

Laparoscopy surgery is performed under general anaesthetic, which is why most patients feels satisfied and feel no pain. During the surgery, the doctor makes one or two small incisions, usually near the navel. A tube is then inserted through the incision to inflate the abdomen using carbon dioxide to give clarity and more space to the doctor. Then, the laparoscope is inserted through the tube to relay images on the television monitor as the doctor performs the surgery.

If the laparoscopy is meant for surgical treatment such as hysterectomy(removal of uterus) ,fibroid removal,ovarian cyst,ectopic pregnancy and infertility the surgeon will insert small surgical instruments through the other incision to carry out the treatment. After the procedure, the carbon dioxide is let out and the incisions are stitched up. The treatment takes somewhere between 1-3 hours, depending on the type of procedure and complications.

Also, Read: Benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery

Recovery After the Laparoscopic Surgery

After the laparoscopy, the patient is taken to a recovery room where they wait for the effects of the anaesthetic to dissipate. At first, the patient may feel confused, disoriented or nauseous but these side effects pass away quickly. Nurses usually monitor the patient for a few hours or days depending upon the extent of the procedure. After the patient can eat, drink and pass urine on their own, they are discharged from the hospital. At home, the patient may take 3-6 weeks to recover fully from the surgery or longer, depending on the type of treatment.

Pain Following the Laparoscopic Surgery

Due to the effects of the anaesthetic medicine, patients often feel minimal pain only. Once the effect of anaesthetic medicine begins to wear off, the healthcare provider gives the patient painkilling medications to ease the pain. In the meantime, the patient may experience some of the following pain or discomfort.

Shoulder Pain

During the surgery, carbon dioxide pumped inside the body to inflate the abdomen may get trapped against the diaphragm. Although most of the gas is let out, some of this gas can remain inside the body and irritate the diaphragm, which in turn can irritate the nerve endings in the shoulder, causing mild to moderate pain. 

Incisional Discomfort

Most patients tend to feel a tingling sensation around the incision cuts. This is because, during the incisions, some small nerves also get cut. Over time, the nerves heal and the sensation and discomfort also subside. In case, there is an appearance of some redness, swelling or knot around the incision site, patients should contact their doctor.

Nausea

Many women feel nauseous after laparoscopic surgery because of the anaesthesia given before the surgery. Natural remedies like ginger tea or medications provided by doctors can help alleviate the nausea. Some patients, find laying flat on their back to be a preventative as well.

Final Thoughts

The amount of pain and time of recovery after laparoscopy differs from individual to individual. Compared to traditional open surgery, laparoscopy is the least painful and complicated with quicker recovery.

Also, Read: Advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery

 
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Everything You Need to Know About Laparoscopy

Everything You Need to Know About Laparoscopy

August 17, 2022

Laparoscopy is a type of diagnostic/surgical procedure that enables ...

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Working mothers often face several challenges when balancing their work with raising their children. These challenges can be grouped into three main areas: child care, family life, and career. From raising children and taking care of the family to carrying out professional duties and obligations, working moms juggle professional and domestic responsibilities while racing against time.

A rift between passion and obligation -Daring to dream and being ambitious are two aspects of human nature. But considering a working mother must also tend to the needs of her family, there is always an underlying conflict between what she wants and what she must do.

Constant stress, poor diet, long sitting hours and practically non-existent work-life balance are the primary causes of most of working moms’ health issues. On top of all that, the chronic neglect of self-care and health ends up worsening the matters for working mothers. Let us take a look at some of the most prevalent health conditions affecting working moms.

Stress & Anxiety

Most working mothers end up working round-the-clock and feeling extremely tedious and exhausting.Besides having to handle their professional work, they have to tend to their household chores and to look after kids.This drastically affects their work-life balance and takes a toll on their emotional as well as mental health.

Mental health

Working mothers feel the guilt of not devoting enough time to her children can also cause a working mother to feel depressed. Factors such as lack of sleep, nutrition and exercise can also cause depression among working mothers. No time for ‘Self’- A working women, while performing the role of the mother and a professional, forgets to invest any time on herself. There is no recreation period for them, even when they are on a work leave. It’s either this or that. There is just no time for oneself.

Vitamin & Nutritional Deficiencies

 While motherhood may be the most wonderful blessing known to womankind, but it is surely not the end of your individuality

A working mother’s diet often ends up bearing the brunt of her poor eating habits like erratic eating schedule, poor meal selection or skipping meals altogether. Since they often rush to their workplaces in the morning, they don’t find enough time to prepare wholesome meals. Similarly, fatigue and exhaustion prevent them from cooking or consuming a healthy meal once they reach home. The only options they are left with are quick meals, junk and unhealthy foods without any nutrients or vitamins. Consequently, most of the working mothers suffer from one or more nutritional or vitamin deficiencies. 

Thyroid problems

Twice as prevalent in women as in men, thyroid disease is a common health condition affecting working mothers. Due to hormonal changes in the body during and after pregnancy and menopause, many working moms end up falling victim to thyroid disease. Most women have hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone levels), wherein the metabolism slows down, and women tend to gain excessive weight. Most common symptoms include fatigue and weakness, anxiety, unexplained weight gain or loss, menstrual irregularities and pigmentation around the neck.

Weight gain 

Working mothers are unable to take time out for themselves and have poor dietary habits leading to weight gain. Lack of physical activity due to prolonged sitting can lead to deposition of fat leading to fatty liver, hypertension, etc.

Cardiovascular Diseases

Women struggling with constant stress and anxiety are also prone to cardiovascular diseases. Because of their sedentary lifestyle, working moms, even as young as 35 years, find themselves at the risk of suffering cardiovascular ailments. Poor eating habits, regularly skipping meals, leading a stressful life and lack of physical activities can lead to heart problems like high cholesterol and hypertension. Moreover, excessive workload and constant pressure from superiors and colleagues can cause stress, high blood pressure and other heart-related disorders.

Chronic Backache

There is no denying that working moms are breaking the glass ceiling at work, but in this process, they end up breaking their backs as well. Sitting glued to their chairs in front of a screen without breaks restricts body movement. When at home, working mothers end up looking after their children and family without taking any time to rest. As a result, many working moms complain of constant pain in their lower backs. It is mainly caused due to prolonged sitting hours, poor posture and excessive weight.

Ways to overcome such challenges

While it may seem extremely difficult to break away from the troubles of being a working mother as well as a full-time mother, there is always a solution to tackle these situations in life.

That being said, if you’re a working mom and are facing similar challenges, here are a few ways you can overcome them with just some extra effort. 

  • Organise and plan your work for the day beforehand so that you can manage your time efficiently. 
  • Make sure to develop a relationship, where your partner or your husband acknowledges his role as a parent too and puts in the same effort you do in taking care of the family.
  • Maintain cordial relationships with your relatives and siblings so that you can approach them easily in times of an emergency.
  • Try to have a balanced diet
  • Try to do some physical workout like 30 minutes of walking or jogging. This will make you feel energetic and helps improve blood circulation. Simple activities like climbing stairs instead of the elevator can also help. Practise yoga.
  • Most importantly, you must understand the value of your own dreams and ambitions.

Working moms should not hesitate to ask for help and involve their partners and families in sharing their workloads.

While motherhood may be the most wonderful blessing known to womankind, but it is surely not the end of your individuality

For more details:

Dr. Mythri Sharan

Dr. Mythri Sharan

MBBS, DGO, DNB

Obstetrics & Gynecology

Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital – Jubilee Hills – Hyderabad

For Appointment, Call (040)- 4424 4424

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Working mothers often face several challenges when balancing their work with raising their children. These challenges can be grouped into three main areas: child care, family life, and career. From raising children and taking care of the family to carrying out professional duties and obligations, working moms juggle professional and domestic responsibilities while racing against time.

A rift between passion and obligation -Daring to dream and being ambitious are two aspects of human nature. But considering a working mother must also tend to the needs of her family, there is always an underlying conflict between what she wants and what she must do.

Constant stress, poor diet, long sitting hours and practically non-existent work-life balance are the primary causes of most of working moms’ health issues. On top of all that, the chronic neglect of self-care and health ends up worsening the matters for working mothers. Let us take a look at some of the most prevalent health conditions affecting working moms.

Stress & Anxiety

Most working mothers end up working round-the-clock and feeling extremely tedious and exhausting.Besides having to handle their professional work, they have to tend to their household chores and to look after kids.This drastically affects their work-life balance and takes a toll on their emotional as well as mental health.

Mental health

Working mothers feel the guilt of not devoting enough time to her children can also cause a working mother to feel depressed. Factors such as lack of sleep, nutrition and exercise can also cause depression among working mothers. No time for ‘Self’- A working women, while performing the role of the mother and a professional, forgets to invest any time on herself. There is no recreation period for them, even when they are on a work leave. It’s either this or that. There is just no time for oneself.

Vitamin & Nutritional Deficiencies

 While motherhood may be the most wonderful blessing known to womankind, but it is surely not the end of your individuality

A working mother’s diet often ends up bearing the brunt of her poor eating habits like erratic eating schedule, poor meal selection or skipping meals altogether. Since they often rush to their workplaces in the morning, they don’t find enough time to prepare wholesome meals. Similarly, fatigue and exhaustion prevent them from cooking or consuming a healthy meal once they reach home. The only options they are left with are quick meals, junk and unhealthy foods without any nutrients or vitamins. Consequently, most of the working mothers suffer from one or more nutritional or vitamin deficiencies. 

Thyroid problems

Twice as prevalent in women as in men, thyroid disease is a common health condition affecting working mothers. Due to hormonal changes in the body during and after pregnancy and menopause, many working moms end up falling victim to thyroid disease. Most women have hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone levels), wherein the metabolism slows down, and women tend to gain excessive weight. Most common symptoms include fatigue and weakness, anxiety, unexplained weight gain or loss, menstrual irregularities and pigmentation around the neck.

Weight gain 

Working mothers are unable to take time out for themselves and have poor dietary habits leading to weight gain. Lack of physical activity due to prolonged sitting can lead to deposition of fat leading to fatty liver, hypertension, etc.

Cardiovascular Diseases

Women struggling with constant stress and anxiety are also prone to cardiovascular diseases. Because of their sedentary lifestyle, working moms, even as young as 35 years, find themselves at the risk of suffering cardiovascular ailments. Poor eating habits, regularly skipping meals, leading a stressful life and lack of physical activities can lead to heart problems like high cholesterol and hypertension. Moreover, excessive workload and constant pressure from superiors and colleagues can cause stress, high blood pressure and other heart-related disorders.

Chronic Backache

There is no denying that working moms are breaking the glass ceiling at work, but in this process, they end up breaking their backs as well. Sitting glued to their chairs in front of a screen without breaks restricts body movement. When at home, working mothers end up looking after their children and family without taking any time to rest. As a result, many working moms complain of constant pain in their lower backs. It is mainly caused due to prolonged sitting hours, poor posture and excessive weight.

Ways to overcome such challenges

While it may seem extremely difficult to break away from the troubles of being a working mother as well as a full-time mother, there is always a solution to tackle these situations in life.

That being said, if you’re a working mom and are facing similar challenges, here are a few ways you can overcome them with just some extra effort. 

  • Organise and plan your work for the day beforehand so that you can manage your time efficiently. 
  • Make sure to develop a relationship, where your partner or your husband acknowledges his role as a parent too and puts in the same effort you do in taking care of the family.
  • Maintain cordial relationships with your relatives and siblings so that you can approach them easily in times of an emergency.
  • Try to have a balanced diet
  • Try to do some physical workout like 30 minutes of walking or jogging. This will make you feel energetic and helps improve blood circulation. Simple activities like climbing stairs instead of the elevator can also help. Practise yoga.
  • Most importantly, you must understand the value of your own dreams and ambitions.

Working moms should not hesitate to ask for help and involve their partners and families in sharing their workloads.

While motherhood may be the most wonderful blessing known to womankind, but it is surely not the end of your individuality

For more details:

Dr. Mythri Sharan

Dr. Mythri Sharan

MBBS, DGO, DNB

Obstetrics & Gynecology

Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital – Jubilee Hills – Hyderabad

For Appointment, Call (040)- 4424 4424

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Health challenges faced among working Moms and the ways to overcome such challenges

Health challenges faced among working Moms and the ways to overcome such challenges

August 10, 2022

Working mothers often face several challe...

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            [blog_title] => Which Is the Best Maternity Hospital in Bangalore?
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When you decide to have a child, you may have a lot of questions. It is also a worrying time when it comes to selecting the best hospital for the best delivery without complications during childbirth. Of course, there are numerous factors to consider when deciding on the best maternity hospital in Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, or wherever you are staying. Here are some things to think about when choosing a hospital to ensure a safe and stress-free delivery.

Things To Consider While Choosing Best Maternity Hospital :-

·      Well-Qualified Team of Doctors

A significant reason when it comes to selecting a hospital in the presence of a well-qualified team of doctors who have extensive experience in this field and are completely dedicated to their work. They are highly qualified and skilled in dealing with any patient’s condition. They leave nothing to chance and report the lowest complication rate. In addition, doctors are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week to assist patients and ensure that every expectant mother receives a thorough pre-assessment and pre-delivery check.

Also, Learn More – Your 1st month Pregnancy Diet Chart

·      24-Hour Availability

The maternity hospital’s staff should be available 24 hours a day. This is due to the fact that during pregnancy one may necessitate an unexpected visit to the clinic. This can happen at any time of day or night. Recognize the amount of time before the doctor takes charge of the delivery and select a maternity hospital where the staff can be reached at any time.

Also, Read – Fruits to Avoid During Pregnancy Diet

·      Cleanliness

It is one of the most vital aspects of the maternity hospital. Cleanliness is critical in creating a positive and healthy environment. Several mental and physical issues confront women during pregnancy. In addition, a neat and clean environment in the hospital makes them happy and pleasant.

·      Transparency

Ensure that the doctor at the maternity hospital is truthful about any aspect of pregnancy. He or she should be able to walk the mother through all stages of her pregnancy and clear up any doubts she may have. Feedback from trusted sources can help determine whether the maternity hospital is adequate.

·      Follow International Protocols of Safety

The Apollo Cradle Hospital prioritises safety, which is what distinguishes it as a high-end maternity hospital in Bangalore and other cities. Its medical infrastructure and facilities adhere to international safety and efficiency protocols. This hospital has a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit for newborn who require extra attention. Apollo Cradle Hospital has a High Dependency Unit for patients who require close monitoring. If a mother requires temporary intensive care, she is stabilised in HDU so that doctors can closely monitor her and transfer her to Apollo hospital in the event of an emergency.

When looking for the best maternity centre, it is critical to consider several factors. Remember that the best hospital means the best gynaecologists. In addition, Bangalore has a number of maternity hospitals. They are all suitable and safe for pregnant women. People, however, have their own set of expectations and requirements. So, based on your requirements, select the best maternity hospital. You could also begin by looking for the best gynaecologist in India.

Also, Read – What is HSG Test or Hysterosalpingography?

 
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When you decide to have a child, you may have a lot of questions. It is also a worrying time when it comes to selecting the best hospital for the best delivery without complications during childbirth. Of course, there are numerous factors to consider when deciding on the best maternity hospital in Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, or wherever you are staying. Here are some things to think about when choosing a hospital to ensure a safe and stress-free delivery.

Things To Consider While Choosing Best Maternity Hospital :-

·      Well-Qualified Team of Doctors

A significant reason when it comes to selecting a hospital in the presence of a well-qualified team of doctors who have extensive experience in this field and are completely dedicated to their work. They are highly qualified and skilled in dealing with any patient’s condition. They leave nothing to chance and report the lowest complication rate. In addition, doctors are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week to assist patients and ensure that every expectant mother receives a thorough pre-assessment and pre-delivery check.

Also, Learn More – Your 1st month Pregnancy Diet Chart

·      24-Hour Availability

The maternity hospital’s staff should be available 24 hours a day. This is due to the fact that during pregnancy one may necessitate an unexpected visit to the clinic. This can happen at any time of day or night. Recognize the amount of time before the doctor takes charge of the delivery and select a maternity hospital where the staff can be reached at any time.

Also, Read – Fruits to Avoid During Pregnancy Diet

·      Cleanliness

It is one of the most vital aspects of the maternity hospital. Cleanliness is critical in creating a positive and healthy environment. Several mental and physical issues confront women during pregnancy. In addition, a neat and clean environment in the hospital makes them happy and pleasant.

·      Transparency

Ensure that the doctor at the maternity hospital is truthful about any aspect of pregnancy. He or she should be able to walk the mother through all stages of her pregnancy and clear up any doubts she may have. Feedback from trusted sources can help determine whether the maternity hospital is adequate.

·      Follow International Protocols of Safety

The Apollo Cradle Hospital prioritises safety, which is what distinguishes it as a high-end maternity hospital in Bangalore and other cities. Its medical infrastructure and facilities adhere to international safety and efficiency protocols. This hospital has a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit for newborn who require extra attention. Apollo Cradle Hospital has a High Dependency Unit for patients who require close monitoring. If a mother requires temporary intensive care, she is stabilised in HDU so that doctors can closely monitor her and transfer her to Apollo hospital in the event of an emergency.

When looking for the best maternity centre, it is critical to consider several factors. Remember that the best hospital means the best gynaecologists. In addition, Bangalore has a number of maternity hospitals. They are all suitable and safe for pregnant women. People, however, have their own set of expectations and requirements. So, based on your requirements, select the best maternity hospital. You could also begin by looking for the best gynaecologist in India.

Also, Read – What is HSG Test or Hysterosalpingography?

 
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Which Is the Best Maternity Hospital in Bangalore?

Which Is the Best Maternity Hospital in Bangalore?

January 13, 2022

When you decide to have a child, you may have a lot of questions. It...

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            [blog_title] => Omicron Virus Symptoms, Causes, Precautions & Treatments
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Omicron COVID Variant Virus

Omicron COVID Variant Symptoms: We have seen there another infection is on patterns in the world with their most awful spreading capacity the name is Omicron Virus. The doctor also told that there more difficult to find the symptoms of the Omicron Virus. The specialist additionally told that there harder to track down the side effects of the Omicron Virus. There could be many explanations behind the causes of Omicron.

Omicron Variant Symptoms and Cases

Symptoms of Omicron Virus

The most common symptoms of the new Omicron Virus are heavy fever, cough, tiredness, loss of taste or smell. these all symptoms are more likely to be Covid 19 Virus.

History & Causes of Omicron COVID Variants

We should discuss the historical backdrop of the Omicron Virus – 24 November 2021 another COVID Variant was distinguished by researchers in South Africa. The new COVID Variant is named Omicron Virus, WHO or World Health Organization has assigned the new COVID Variant as the Variant of concern. Subsequent to realizing that another variation of COVID 19 has been recognized, the entire world isn’t freezing about this. Through this article, you will get the point-by-point data about the Omicron COVID Variants.

Precautions for Omicron Virus –

  • Maintain a social and safe distance from others.
  • Always wear a mask, while you are in public, indoors, and outdoors places.
  • Open a window if indoors. stay in open, well-ventilated spaces over closed ones.
  • Regularly clean your hands often. Use soap and water alcohol-based.
  • Get fully vaccinated or boost your immunity. Follow local guidance about the omicron virus.
  • Don’t go outside when you feel unwell. If possible Stay home.

 

Also, Read more about –

BABY IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE / VACCINATION CHART

What is the Difference between PCOD vs PCOS?

Vaccination Schedule for Children

Fruits to Avoid During Pregnancy Diet

 

 
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Omicron COVID Variant Virus

Omicron COVID Variant Symptoms: We have seen there another infection is on patterns in the world with their most awful spreading capacity the name is Omicron Virus. The doctor also told that there more difficult to find the symptoms of the Omicron Virus. The specialist additionally told that there harder to track down the side effects of the Omicron Virus. There could be many explanations behind the causes of Omicron.

Omicron Variant Symptoms and Cases

Symptoms of Omicron Virus

The most common symptoms of the new Omicron Virus are heavy fever, cough, tiredness, loss of taste or smell. these all symptoms are more likely to be Covid 19 Virus.

History & Causes of Omicron COVID Variants

We should discuss the historical backdrop of the Omicron Virus – 24 November 2021 another COVID Variant was distinguished by researchers in South Africa. The new COVID Variant is named Omicron Virus, WHO or World Health Organization has assigned the new COVID Variant as the Variant of concern. Subsequent to realizing that another variation of COVID 19 has been recognized, the entire world isn’t freezing about this. Through this article, you will get the point-by-point data about the Omicron COVID Variants.

Precautions for Omicron Virus –

  • Maintain a social and safe distance from others.
  • Always wear a mask, while you are in public, indoors, and outdoors places.
  • Open a window if indoors. stay in open, well-ventilated spaces over closed ones.
  • Regularly clean your hands often. Use soap and water alcohol-based.
  • Get fully vaccinated or boost your immunity. Follow local guidance about the omicron virus.
  • Don’t go outside when you feel unwell. If possible Stay home.

 

Also, Read more about –

BABY IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE / VACCINATION CHART

What is the Difference between PCOD vs PCOS?

Vaccination Schedule for Children

Fruits to Avoid During Pregnancy Diet

 

 
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Omicron Virus Symptoms, Causes, Precautions & Treatments

Omicron Virus Symptoms, Causes, Precautions & Treatments

December 20, 2021

Omicron COVID Variant Virus Omicron COV...

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Black fungus usually occurs to COVID-19 patients either during the hospital stay or can even occur when they start their recovery journey. Mucormycosis, which is also known as Black fungus is a serious but rare medical condition where the disease manifests itself on the skin of the patient wherein it can affect the lungs and even the brain.

Today, while India is battling the pandemic, black fungus cases have been reported in Indian states, Maharashtra, Delhi, and Gujarat. As of now, more than 9000 fungal infection cases have been reported. The reason why it’s occurring in COVID-19 patients is that they have a weak immune system. This disease is generally contracted by patients who not only have a weak immune system but also suffer from underlying conditions, such as diabetes and usage of steroids.

What is Black Fungus?

Aforementioned, black fungus (Mucormycosis) is a rare condition, which surfaced only recently in large numbers as COVID-19 patients contracted the same. The disease is caused by a group of moulds known as mucormycetes that is present in our environment. Black fungus has a high mortality rate and must be taken seriously. This generally occurs in people who are suffering from health conditions and suffer from a weak immune system.

The black fungus can cause blindness, and permanent disfiguration and even death. Not many know a lot about black fungus as it is rare. Now, let’s take an example. Have you seen bread mould? It grows faster when it is moist. So, the black fungus also belongs to the same family and follows the same rule. For it to thrive, it needs moisture and circulation. That’s one of the reasons why most patients have seen the development of the disease occuring around lips and nose.

Sugar aids the growth of mould. So, patients suffering from diabetes and people who are excessively into steroids, and are suffering from COVID-19, are more at a risk. If you see the development of any type of fungus, it is important that you avoid touching it and talk to a doctor immediately as you will require antifungals immediately.

What are the Symptoms of Black Fungus?

Symptoms and Signs of black fungus you must look out for;

Rhinocerebral (sinus and brain) mucormycosis include:

  • One-sided facial swelling
  • Swelling of one side of the eye
  • Headache
  • Nasal or sinus congestion
  • Black lesions on nasal bridge or upper inside of mouth that quickly become more severe
  • Fever

Pulmonary (lung) mucormycosis include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath

Cutaneous (skin) mucormycosis can look like blisters or ulcers, and the infected area may turn black. Other symptoms include pain, warmth, excessive redness, or swelling around a wound.

Symptoms of gastrointestinal mucormycosis include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding

Black Fungus Precautions for Pregnant Women

As a pregnant woman, it is important that you take extremely good care of your health since we are living in a pandemic era. However, with new diseases emerging, it becomes crucial to take all the necessary precautions to avoid any complications.

  • Staying at home is extremely important. Don’t step out of the house unnecessarily because COVID is the culprit that leads to black fungus. Therefore, even if it gets boring, make sure you have fun right at home. Don’t invite people over and maintain social distancing with someone who visits.
  • Keep your sugar levels in control, which happens sometimes during pregnancy, it is important to keep them in check. Regularly check your blood sugar levels and monitor them.
  • Wearing masks is compulsory. Either wear a double mask, with a surgical mask inside and a cotton mask outside, or one N-95 mask when you step out.
  • Follow all the COVID-19 protocols like frequent washing of hands to ensure you are safe.
  • Have healthy hygiene practices.
  • Don’t wear unwashed masks.
  • Don’t stay in poorly ventilated rooms.
  • Use sterile normal saline in a humidifier bottle and make sure you change it regularly.
  • When you are washing the masks, make sure you disinfect them too.

Effects of Black Fungus on Fetus and Baby

Although the disease is not contagious, which means, it cannot be spread from one person to another, you need to seek immediate medical attention as it needs to be rectified without any delay. Babies can also contract the disease and is more seen in pre-teen children. Therefore, the solution here is to seek medical intervention to avoid any danger. However, make sure you follow the necessary precautions to avoid the condition.

Treatment Plan for Black Fungus

If you notice any signs of the infection, visit your doctor immediately. Your doctor will then conduct a physical examination and ask you questions to confirm the disease. If your doctor will notice any sign of lung or sinus infection, they may take a fluid sample, which will be sent to the lab for further diagnosis. Tissue biopsy, MRI, or CT scans may also be conducted if necessary. Once the condition is confirmed, your doctor may treat you with the following plans;

  • Anti-Fungal Medicines are prescribed to stop any fungal growth. These medicines help destroy the condition and bring the infection under control.
  • The doctor may also advise you to take the medicines through IV or even pills. However, if you experience any side effects, such as heartburn, stomach pain, or have trouble breathing, the treatment plan will be modified without any delay, so again, let your doctor know.
  • In patients, where the black fungus is serious, the doctor might recommend surgery to remove the infected tissue to ensure it doesn’t spread. This means a part of the nose or eyes (the infected area) is removed as it is essential to avoid any life-threatening complications.
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Black fungus usually occurs to COVID-19 patients either during the hospital stay or can even occur when they start their recovery journey. Mucormycosis, which is also known as Black fungus is a serious but rare medical condition where the disease manifests itself on the skin of the patient wherein it can affect the lungs and even the brain.

Today, while India is battling the pandemic, black fungus cases have been reported in Indian states, Maharashtra, Delhi, and Gujarat. As of now, more than 9000 fungal infection cases have been reported. The reason why it’s occurring in COVID-19 patients is that they have a weak immune system. This disease is generally contracted by patients who not only have a weak immune system but also suffer from underlying conditions, such as diabetes and usage of steroids.

What is Black Fungus?

Aforementioned, black fungus (Mucormycosis) is a rare condition, which surfaced only recently in large numbers as COVID-19 patients contracted the same. The disease is caused by a group of moulds known as mucormycetes that is present in our environment. Black fungus has a high mortality rate and must be taken seriously. This generally occurs in people who are suffering from health conditions and suffer from a weak immune system.

The black fungus can cause blindness, and permanent disfiguration and even death. Not many know a lot about black fungus as it is rare. Now, let’s take an example. Have you seen bread mould? It grows faster when it is moist. So, the black fungus also belongs to the same family and follows the same rule. For it to thrive, it needs moisture and circulation. That’s one of the reasons why most patients have seen the development of the disease occuring around lips and nose.

Sugar aids the growth of mould. So, patients suffering from diabetes and people who are excessively into steroids, and are suffering from COVID-19, are more at a risk. If you see the development of any type of fungus, it is important that you avoid touching it and talk to a doctor immediately as you will require antifungals immediately.

What are the Symptoms of Black Fungus?

Symptoms and Signs of black fungus you must look out for;

Rhinocerebral (sinus and brain) mucormycosis include:

  • One-sided facial swelling
  • Swelling of one side of the eye
  • Headache
  • Nasal or sinus congestion
  • Black lesions on nasal bridge or upper inside of mouth that quickly become more severe
  • Fever

Pulmonary (lung) mucormycosis include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath

Cutaneous (skin) mucormycosis can look like blisters or ulcers, and the infected area may turn black. Other symptoms include pain, warmth, excessive redness, or swelling around a wound.

Symptoms of gastrointestinal mucormycosis include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding

Black Fungus Precautions for Pregnant Women

As a pregnant woman, it is important that you take extremely good care of your health since we are living in a pandemic era. However, with new diseases emerging, it becomes crucial to take all the necessary precautions to avoid any complications.

  • Staying at home is extremely important. Don’t step out of the house unnecessarily because COVID is the culprit that leads to black fungus. Therefore, even if it gets boring, make sure you have fun right at home. Don’t invite people over and maintain social distancing with someone who visits.
  • Keep your sugar levels in control, which happens sometimes during pregnancy, it is important to keep them in check. Regularly check your blood sugar levels and monitor them.
  • Wearing masks is compulsory. Either wear a double mask, with a surgical mask inside and a cotton mask outside, or one N-95 mask when you step out.
  • Follow all the COVID-19 protocols like frequent washing of hands to ensure you are safe.
  • Have healthy hygiene practices.
  • Don’t wear unwashed masks.
  • Don’t stay in poorly ventilated rooms.
  • Use sterile normal saline in a humidifier bottle and make sure you change it regularly.
  • When you are washing the masks, make sure you disinfect them too.

Effects of Black Fungus on Fetus and Baby

Although the disease is not contagious, which means, it cannot be spread from one person to another, you need to seek immediate medical attention as it needs to be rectified without any delay. Babies can also contract the disease and is more seen in pre-teen children. Therefore, the solution here is to seek medical intervention to avoid any danger. However, make sure you follow the necessary precautions to avoid the condition.

Treatment Plan for Black Fungus

If you notice any signs of the infection, visit your doctor immediately. Your doctor will then conduct a physical examination and ask you questions to confirm the disease. If your doctor will notice any sign of lung or sinus infection, they may take a fluid sample, which will be sent to the lab for further diagnosis. Tissue biopsy, MRI, or CT scans may also be conducted if necessary. Once the condition is confirmed, your doctor may treat you with the following plans;

  • Anti-Fungal Medicines are prescribed to stop any fungal growth. These medicines help destroy the condition and bring the infection under control.
  • The doctor may also advise you to take the medicines through IV or even pills. However, if you experience any side effects, such as heartburn, stomach pain, or have trouble breathing, the treatment plan will be modified without any delay, so again, let your doctor know.
  • In patients, where the black fungus is serious, the doctor might recommend surgery to remove the infected tissue to ensure it doesn’t spread. This means a part of the nose or eyes (the infected area) is removed as it is essential to avoid any life-threatening complications.
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Black Fungus

Black Fungus

June 9, 2021

Black fungus usually occurs to COVID-19 p...

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Mindful Mommies-to-be!

We Indians love ‘Good News’ … and just the announcement of a baby’s arrival makes everyone delighted. But this is 2020, and we are still in a semi-lockdown.

This is a time when the precious ‘good news’ must be guarded and protected.

If you are expecting your baby or have recently had one, the team at Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospitals would like you to remember that your baby depends on you for protection.

It is your responsibility to take all the steps to stay safe, and keep your baby safe. Here are some Do’s and Don’ts for being a Mindful Mommy:

– Stay home, Stay safe. Even if you feel tempted to just go out for an hour for some festive shopping, don’t. Choose to do it online instead. Optionally, delegate your To-Do list to someone who is stepping out anyway.

– If going out is imperative, wear a mask and keep strict social distancing. When you return, change to a fresh set of clothes and shower.

– Sanitise your hands as often as necessary, and encourage your family to do the same. Request someone to do the same for surfaces around the house.

 – Eat a wholesome diet full of fruits, vegetables, pulses and nuts, as advised by your nutritionist. Build your immunity by taking the recommended supplements.

– Be watchful about what you’re watching – whether it’s the news, a film or a show. Choose content that makes you happy and enthusiastic. Avoid violent or distressing content, as anxiety triggered by such content can compromise your immune system.

– To ensure the wellbeing of both, mother and child, we as family and friends must also follow these precautions and safe practices. If we truly care, we too need to be mindful of those around us, especially the vulnerable.

 

 

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Mindful Mommies-to-be!

We Indians love ‘Good News’ … and just the announcement of a baby’s arrival makes everyone delighted. But this is 2020, and we are still in a semi-lockdown.

This is a time when the precious ‘good news’ must be guarded and protected.

If you are expecting your baby or have recently had one, the team at Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospitals would like you to remember that your baby depends on you for protection.

It is your responsibility to take all the steps to stay safe, and keep your baby safe. Here are some Do’s and Don’ts for being a Mindful Mommy:

– Stay home, Stay safe. Even if you feel tempted to just go out for an hour for some festive shopping, don’t. Choose to do it online instead. Optionally, delegate your To-Do list to someone who is stepping out anyway.

– If going out is imperative, wear a mask and keep strict social distancing. When you return, change to a fresh set of clothes and shower.

– Sanitise your hands as often as necessary, and encourage your family to do the same. Request someone to do the same for surfaces around the house.

 – Eat a wholesome diet full of fruits, vegetables, pulses and nuts, as advised by your nutritionist. Build your immunity by taking the recommended supplements.

– Be watchful about what you’re watching – whether it’s the news, a film or a show. Choose content that makes you happy and enthusiastic. Avoid violent or distressing content, as anxiety triggered by such content can compromise your immune system.

– To ensure the wellbeing of both, mother and child, we as family and friends must also follow these precautions and safe practices. If we truly care, we too need to be mindful of those around us, especially the vulnerable.

 

 

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Don’t Lower The Guard, Stay Safe!

Don’t Lower The Guard, Stay Safe!

October 17, 2020

Mindful Mommies-to-be! ...

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Circumcision is one of the oldest and most common surgical procedures. It is widely practiced in a lot of countries. It is surgical removal of the skin covering the tip of the penis. Now, a few of you might wonder, why does such a procedure exist and how does it help? Well, the procedure doesn’t really have much of a medical significance but is often performed as a religious ritual in a lot of religions like Islam, Jewish, etc.

It is believed that it helps in maintaining proper and better pubic area hygiene. Since there will be no foreskin, an individual will automatically have full access to the tip and will be able to clean it in a more effective manner. Thus, circumcision promotes better hygiene.

Before Circumcision

The tip/head of the penis before circumcision is covered with the foreskin.

After Circumcision

The tip/head of the penis after circumcision is exposed or not covered anymore.

Some of the other benefits are:

Circumcision might have various health benefits. Men with a circumcised penis have:

  • Better hygiene
  • Fewer chances of catching infections
  • Fewer chances of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs like HIV)
  • The risk of developing penile cancer is found to less in a circumcised penis.

There are definitely some perks of having a circumcised penis but the risks involved with it are way too high that there are benefits. If you choose to go ahead with the procedure you must be aware of certain risks that tag along with it. The risks can be any of the following:

  • Side effects to anesthesia
  • Cutting off the foreskin, too long or short

Often, the procedure is confused with the surgeries to enhance the penis for pleasure purposes. But, the two procedures are completely different. In circumcision, just the head of the penis is altered while in the penis enhancement surgeries, the entire penis is altered.

If you are confused about the options, you can consult Apollo Cradle to understand the procedure in detail. The hospital has world-class team technicians and doctors. The facilities it offers, include:

  • No Price difference between Normal Delivery & C-Section (Maternity Surgery)
  • Specialized Labour and Delivery rooms
  • State-of-the-Art Ultrasound Imaging
  • Level III NICU
  • Ventilator Equipped Ambulances
  • Highly Trained Gynecologists and Nurses
  • 24X7 Pharmacy
  • Range of Maternity Packages
  • Surgical ICU

Types

The most common techniques are

  1. The Gomco Clamp

This procedure involves detaching the foreskin from the penis head and this is done with the use of a special type of instrument referred to as a probe. After this, a bell-shaped device is fixed beneath the foreskin and over the head of the penis. This is often carried out by making an incision in the foreskin. And to reduce the blood flow to the area, the foreskin is then pulled up and over the bell and a clamp is tightened around it. In the end, the removal of the foreskin is carried out with the help of a scalpel.

  1. The Mogen Clamp

The initial step of both the Mogen clamp and the Gomco Clamp remain the same. After that, the foreskin is placed with the help of a metal clamp with a slot in it after the foreskin is pulled out in front o the head. To make sure that the bleeding is under control, the foreskin is cut with a scalpel and remains for a few minutes.

  1. The Plastibell Technique

This method is alike the Gomco clamp technique. The plastic bell is inserted under the foreskin and over the head of the penis after the separation with a probe. To stop the blood supply to the foreskin, a piece of suture is tied directly around the foreskin. A scalpel is then used to cut off the extra foreskin, but the plastic ring is left on. It wears off on its own after a week or 10 days.

How is it done?

The surgery is divided into three stages, the pre-surgical stage, the stage of the surgery and the post-surgical stage. If you have made up your mind that you or your child has to get the surgery done, you must be aware of all the particulars of the surgery. Along with that, you should take all the pre and post-surgical precautions. For a newborn, the measures are taken by the hospital, but if you are an adult, you should take suggestions from different doctors and then make the choice.

Before the surgery, you will have to go through a physical examination and the doctor will ask you all sorts of question about your health and medical conditions if you have any.

Let’s walk you through the entire procedure of circumcision using different techniques.

Pre-surgical stage

While being examined, make sure to tell each and every detail about your health and medical history. In the case of a newborn, tests are enough to know all the details.

Ask your doctor about all the precautionary measures you need to take before and after the procedure. All the preparations are made for the procedure. It typically takes 10 minutes for the surgery to get over. The patient is allowed to lay against the back and the procedure is performed.

Stages during the surgery

Let me introduce you to the step by step procedure.

For a newborn

Step 1:  The baby will lie on his back with his arms and legs restrained.

Step 2: The hands and the legs are tied or restrained in order to avoid any kind of movement that might complicate the surgery.

Step 3: Now the cleaning begins, the penis and the area around it are cleaned properly. There shouldn’t be even single contamination. The surgical area is supposed to be squeaky clean. As the patient’s body is cut open and is vulnerable to catching germs and infections. Thus the area must be cleaned properly.

Step 4: A local anesthesia is injected at the base of the penis or applied to the penis as a cream.

Step 5: The step is the separation of the foreskin from the head. This can be done with the help of a clamp (to hold the penis intact) and plastic bell (in case of plastic bell technique).

Step 6: As soon as the separation is done, the foreskin is cut out and the procedure is done.

The cut shouldn’t be too short or too long else there might be the need for another surgery.

In males also, the procedure is done in a similar way. However, the choice of anesthesia may differ.

Post-surgical stage

After the surgery, the wound stays for a while, as an adult, it is easy to take care of yourself but a newborn can’t do it by himself. A newborn requires an extra amount of care and precaution after the surgery. In the initial days of post-surgery, the penis might appear a little swollen and bruised which is quite normal. You can ask the doctor to suggest some pain medications to resolve the pain and swelling as well, however, it will be fine in a few days. These precautions are:

  • Replacement of diaper at regular intervals
  • Replace the bandage at regular intervals
  • There might be a possibility that if the diaper is too tight, the baby will experience uneasiness and pain. Make sure to tie the diaper loosely.
  • Apply something greasy like oil or petroleum jelly to the tip of the penis which will not only fasten the healing process but will also prevent it from sticking to the diaper.

Generally, it takes around 10 days for healing. After the surgery, the baby is drowsy and vulnerable, you must hold him with utmost care. You might have a few questions regarding the cleanliness of your penis. It is alright to wash the penis regularly with regular water even while it is healing, but be gentle and as soon as it has completely healed, you can wash it with mild soap and some water. Though there is hardly any problem observed after the procedure, if you experience any of the following symptoms, you must immediately contact your doctor.

  • If you find difficulty in urinating, even after twelve days of the circumcision
  • The bleeding continues
  • If you are experiencing a bad-smelling discharge from the penis
  • The plastic ring didn’t fall off even after 2 weeks of the surgery.

Apollo Cradle Jubilee Hills hospital specializes in treating women and children. The hospital has expert Gynaecologists and pediatric surgeons that hardly leave any room for mistakes. Not only that, the doctors and technicians are backed with some skilled range of technologically advanced equipment to perform the simplest as well as the most complicated procedures.

Apollo Cradle Jubilee Hills hospital is unlike other hospitals and encourages normal delivery of your baby. Till date, it has succeeded in delivering 15000 babies safely. They ensure the best quality service and promote normal delivery even in the most complicated cases.

They specialize in the following areas:

  • Maternity
  • Gynecology
  • Neonatology
  • Pediatrics
  • Fetal medicine
  • Fertility
  • High risk of pregnancy
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Circumcision is one of the oldest and most common surgical procedures. It is widely practiced in a lot of countries. It is surgical removal of the skin covering the tip of the penis. Now, a few of you might wonder, why does such a procedure exist and how does it help? Well, the procedure doesn’t really have much of a medical significance but is often performed as a religious ritual in a lot of religions like Islam, Jewish, etc.

It is believed that it helps in maintaining proper and better pubic area hygiene. Since there will be no foreskin, an individual will automatically have full access to the tip and will be able to clean it in a more effective manner. Thus, circumcision promotes better hygiene.

Before Circumcision

The tip/head of the penis before circumcision is covered with the foreskin.

After Circumcision

The tip/head of the penis after circumcision is exposed or not covered anymore.

Some of the other benefits are:

Circumcision might have various health benefits. Men with a circumcised penis have:

  • Better hygiene
  • Fewer chances of catching infections
  • Fewer chances of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs like HIV)
  • The risk of developing penile cancer is found to less in a circumcised penis.

There are definitely some perks of having a circumcised penis but the risks involved with it are way too high that there are benefits. If you choose to go ahead with the procedure you must be aware of certain risks that tag along with it. The risks can be any of the following:

  • Side effects to anesthesia
  • Cutting off the foreskin, too long or short

Often, the procedure is confused with the surgeries to enhance the penis for pleasure purposes. But, the two procedures are completely different. In circumcision, just the head of the penis is altered while in the penis enhancement surgeries, the entire penis is altered.

If you are confused about the options, you can consult Apollo Cradle to understand the procedure in detail. The hospital has world-class team technicians and doctors. The facilities it offers, include:

  • No Price difference between Normal Delivery & C-Section (Maternity Surgery)
  • Specialized Labour and Delivery rooms
  • State-of-the-Art Ultrasound Imaging
  • Level III NICU
  • Ventilator Equipped Ambulances
  • Highly Trained Gynecologists and Nurses
  • 24X7 Pharmacy
  • Range of Maternity Packages
  • Surgical ICU

Types

The most common techniques are

  1. The Gomco Clamp

This procedure involves detaching the foreskin from the penis head and this is done with the use of a special type of instrument referred to as a probe. After this, a bell-shaped device is fixed beneath the foreskin and over the head of the penis. This is often carried out by making an incision in the foreskin. And to reduce the blood flow to the area, the foreskin is then pulled up and over the bell and a clamp is tightened around it. In the end, the removal of the foreskin is carried out with the help of a scalpel.

  1. The Mogen Clamp

The initial step of both the Mogen clamp and the Gomco Clamp remain the same. After that, the foreskin is placed with the help of a metal clamp with a slot in it after the foreskin is pulled out in front o the head. To make sure that the bleeding is under control, the foreskin is cut with a scalpel and remains for a few minutes.

  1. The Plastibell Technique

This method is alike the Gomco clamp technique. The plastic bell is inserted under the foreskin and over the head of the penis after the separation with a probe. To stop the blood supply to the foreskin, a piece of suture is tied directly around the foreskin. A scalpel is then used to cut off the extra foreskin, but the plastic ring is left on. It wears off on its own after a week or 10 days.

How is it done?

The surgery is divided into three stages, the pre-surgical stage, the stage of the surgery and the post-surgical stage. If you have made up your mind that you or your child has to get the surgery done, you must be aware of all the particulars of the surgery. Along with that, you should take all the pre and post-surgical precautions. For a newborn, the measures are taken by the hospital, but if you are an adult, you should take suggestions from different doctors and then make the choice.

Before the surgery, you will have to go through a physical examination and the doctor will ask you all sorts of question about your health and medical conditions if you have any.

Let’s walk you through the entire procedure of circumcision using different techniques.

Pre-surgical stage

While being examined, make sure to tell each and every detail about your health and medical history. In the case of a newborn, tests are enough to know all the details.

Ask your doctor about all the precautionary measures you need to take before and after the procedure. All the preparations are made for the procedure. It typically takes 10 minutes for the surgery to get over. The patient is allowed to lay against the back and the procedure is performed.

Stages during the surgery

Let me introduce you to the step by step procedure.

For a newborn

Step 1:  The baby will lie on his back with his arms and legs restrained.

Step 2: The hands and the legs are tied or restrained in order to avoid any kind of movement that might complicate the surgery.

Step 3: Now the cleaning begins, the penis and the area around it are cleaned properly. There shouldn’t be even single contamination. The surgical area is supposed to be squeaky clean. As the patient’s body is cut open and is vulnerable to catching germs and infections. Thus the area must be cleaned properly.

Step 4: A local anesthesia is injected at the base of the penis or applied to the penis as a cream.

Step 5: The step is the separation of the foreskin from the head. This can be done with the help of a clamp (to hold the penis intact) and plastic bell (in case of plastic bell technique).

Step 6: As soon as the separation is done, the foreskin is cut out and the procedure is done.

The cut shouldn’t be too short or too long else there might be the need for another surgery.

In males also, the procedure is done in a similar way. However, the choice of anesthesia may differ.

Post-surgical stage

After the surgery, the wound stays for a while, as an adult, it is easy to take care of yourself but a newborn can’t do it by himself. A newborn requires an extra amount of care and precaution after the surgery. In the initial days of post-surgery, the penis might appear a little swollen and bruised which is quite normal. You can ask the doctor to suggest some pain medications to resolve the pain and swelling as well, however, it will be fine in a few days. These precautions are:

  • Replacement of diaper at regular intervals
  • Replace the bandage at regular intervals
  • There might be a possibility that if the diaper is too tight, the baby will experience uneasiness and pain. Make sure to tie the diaper loosely.
  • Apply something greasy like oil or petroleum jelly to the tip of the penis which will not only fasten the healing process but will also prevent it from sticking to the diaper.

Generally, it takes around 10 days for healing. After the surgery, the baby is drowsy and vulnerable, you must hold him with utmost care. You might have a few questions regarding the cleanliness of your penis. It is alright to wash the penis regularly with regular water even while it is healing, but be gentle and as soon as it has completely healed, you can wash it with mild soap and some water. Though there is hardly any problem observed after the procedure, if you experience any of the following symptoms, you must immediately contact your doctor.

  • If you find difficulty in urinating, even after twelve days of the circumcision
  • The bleeding continues
  • If you are experiencing a bad-smelling discharge from the penis
  • The plastic ring didn’t fall off even after 2 weeks of the surgery.

Apollo Cradle Jubilee Hills hospital specializes in treating women and children. The hospital has expert Gynaecologists and pediatric surgeons that hardly leave any room for mistakes. Not only that, the doctors and technicians are backed with some skilled range of technologically advanced equipment to perform the simplest as well as the most complicated procedures.

Apollo Cradle Jubilee Hills hospital is unlike other hospitals and encourages normal delivery of your baby. Till date, it has succeeded in delivering 15000 babies safely. They ensure the best quality service and promote normal delivery even in the most complicated cases.

They specialize in the following areas:

  • Maternity
  • Gynecology
  • Neonatology
  • Pediatrics
  • Fetal medicine
  • Fertility
  • High risk of pregnancy
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Circumcision

Circumcision

July 20, 2019

Circumcision is one of the oldest and mos...

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Appendicitis is a condition that affects the appendix, a small tube sized organ attached to the lower side of the large intestine. A person is said to have appendicitis when their appendix is inflamed. The inflammation of the appendix is believed to be caused by the appendix getting blocked. Although the exact reason for the blockage is not known, it is speculated that it is caused often by stool, a foreign body, or cancer. Traumatic injury is also known to be a cause of Appendicitis. There are numerous studies to determine the exact function of the appendix, some suggest it plays a role in immunity of the gut, but this is not certain. More importantly, the appendix can be removed and a person can function normally, with no noticeable difference. Appendicitis can be recognised by a considerable pain in the lower part of the abdomen along with nausea and vomiting.  Appendicitis requires immediate care; other symptoms of Appendicitis include:

  1. Mild cramping in the abdomen that progresses into more severe abdominal pain.
  2. Fever
  3. Loss of appetite
  4. Nausea
  5. Diarrhoea or Constipation
  6. Inability to pass gas

If the Appendix is left untreated, it can develop into a life-threatening situation. The first thing that might occur when left untreated, is the bursting or perforation of the Appendix. In the case where the appendix bursts, infectious bacteria spills on the inside of the abdomen. This can cause a condition known as peritonitis. Peritonitis is an inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity, known as the peritoneum. This bacterial infection, if left untreated, can spread throughout the body, which may cause long term damage or even be fatal.

An alternate possibility if the appendix is ruptured, is the formation of an abscess. This is a pus filled infectious sac that is walled off from the body. The explosion of this abscess would also lead to peritonitis. Due to these reasons, once Appendicitis is diagnosed, it is considered a medical emergency. At Apollo Cradle Jubilee Hills, medical professionals are available round the clock for emergencies like appendicitis, and state of the art equipment ensures the best recovery.

Doctors may conduct a variety of tests to confirm whether Appendicitis is the source of the pain. Often, patients will only display a few of the symptoms and doctors may conduct have to conduct multiple tests in order to confirm the source of the pain. These include:

  1. Medical History: The medical professional may inquire about your past medical conditions, any previous illnesses or surgeries. They may also require details about medicines, alcohol or drugs consumed.
  2. Physical exam: The medical professional may require specific details about the location of the pain and when the pain began. A physical exam involves applying pressure or touching specific areas of the abdomen in order to inhibit certain responses.
  3. Blood tests: If blood test result show high white blood cell count, this often indicates an infection. Dehydration may also appear on a blood test.
  4. Urine test: This can help rule out the possibility of other conditions, such as urinary tract infection or a kidney stone (another common cause of abdominal pain).
  5. Imaging tests: Doctors may conduct an ultrasound, MRI or CT scan depending on the requirements. This gives them a clear image of the Appendix and the physician to properly diagnose the patient.
  6. Pregnancy test: In the case of women, health care professionals may require a blood or urine sample to check if the woman is pregnant.

Once properly diagnosed, the only way to treat Appendicitis is through the surgical removal of the Appendix from the body known as an Appendectomy. The patient may have to restrain from eating or drinking for certain duration specified by the doctor, prior to the surgery. The patient may have more requirements, depending on their medical history, which can be judged by the doctor at the time. There are two types of appendectomy which are detailed below:

  1. Open Appendectomy: Like all open surgeries, open appendectomy involves making a single large incision in the abdomen. Instruments are then used to hold this open and operate on the appendix. The appendix is extracted from the body. In the cases where the appendix has burst, open appendectomy is used in preference to Laparoscopic appendectomy as the infection has to be cleared entirely from the abdomen.
  2. Laparoscopic Appendectomy: The difference between Laparoscopic and Open appendectomy is that laparoscopic provides a less invasive and faster recovery method of surgical procedure. In cases where the appendix has not burst, Laparoscopic appendectomy allows patients to spend less time in the hospital for recovery. Surgically, the difference being that laparoscopic appendectomy involves making several smaller incisions into the abdomen first. Then a laparoscope, a fibre optic cable with a small camera attached to the end, is inserted into one of the incisions. Surgical instruments are inserted in the other incisions. The surgeon uses the video feed to manipulate the surgical instruments and remove the appendix from the body.

Unlike most other surgical operations in terms of providing an upper hand, Laparoscopic only gives the patient a faster recovery time and a less invasive procedure. In terms of the success of the procedure, both open and laparoscopic surgeries are equally successful. In fact, open appendectomy is preferred in cases where the appendix has ruptured, the larger incision gives the surgeon more room to operate and analyse the inside of the abdomen.

Like any surgery, there are certain complications that could occur during the process of Appendectomy.

  1. Bleeding (haemorrhage)
  2. Infection through wound
  3. Bursting of the appendix during surgery
  4. Injury to internal organs

Before the surgery, a patient may have to fast for up to 8 hours before the surgery, if it is not severe.

  1. The patient is asked to remove their clothing and accessories and change into a hospital gown.
  2. An IV will be inserted in your arm.
  3. Once the patient is resting on the operating table, local or general anaesthetic is given to sedate the patient or numb the area.
  4. The area where the incision has to be made may have to be shaved or trimmed.

Once the surgical procedure is complete, the appendix is sent for lab testing. The patient may have to remain in the hospital or recovery room for a certain period of time, this depends on the type of surgery. As a general or local Anaesthetic, will have been given to the patient, the patient may require somebody to drive or accompany them home.

Once properly diagnosed the only way to treat Appendicitis is through the surgical removal of the Appendix from the body- known as an Appendectomy. The patient may have to restrain from eating or drinking for certain duration specified by the doctor prior to the surgery. The patient may have more requirements depending on their medical history, which can be judged at the doctor at the time. The doctor might use Open appendectomy, which involves a large cut across the abdomen in order to extract the appendix. Or laparoscopic, in which several smaller cuts are made and a camera is inserted inside. The Appendix is then surgically removed.  Laparoscopic appendectomy patients can usually leave the hospital the next morning, Open appendectomy patients may take more time to fully recover due to the size of the incision.

There is no way to prevent appendicitis, but a diet higher in fruits and vegetables lowers the chances of Appendicitis. Post the surgery it is advisable, especially for patients who have undergone open appendectomy to ensure they get proper rest. The patient may experience constipation, bruising, and pain. The patient may need a recovery time of 2 weeks to come back to the normal activities. In case of any sign of infection post-surgery, patients must contact the doctor. Patient can experience below signs post-surgery –

  • Swelling and worsened pain
  • Vomiting repeatedly
  • High temperature
  • Pus or other discharge at the site of the operation

It is advised to have high-fiber diet that reduces the chances of developing appendicitis as the softer stools are less likely to get trapped in the appendix. There are home remedies that could help to heal the body after the surgery. This includes:

  • Take proper rest as it helps the body to heal.
  • When you cough, support your abdomen with a pillow as coughing can apply pressure. Placing a pillow over abdomen can help to reduce pain while coughing, laughing or moving.
  • If the medicines are not working in reducing the pain, consult the doctor. Pain and stress on the body can slow down the process of healing, hence it is important to intake proper medicines.
  • Avoid stressful activity for around 3 to 5 days after the surgery.

Appendicitis is rare to occur for infants and usually affects kids and teens who are between 5 to 20 years of age. Prior to the surgery antibiotics are recommended by the doctors. For patients suffering from mild degree of inflammation and less complication, antibiotics alone are sufficient. Confined appendicitis is referred when the patient’s body is able to contain the inflammation and infection as well as resolve it. The inflammation and infection are mild and is localized within a small area of the body which is usually improved within few days of observation. The appendix is removed later on if any complication occurs.

There are various other conditions that might mimic appendicitis that may include:

  • Meckel’s diverticulitis that can be located in the right lower abdomen near the appendix. If it is perforated or inflamed, it can be removed surgically
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) that is located near the fallopian tube and ovary. Surgery is not needed to remove if antibiotic therapy works on it.
  • Kidney diseases can mimic appendicitis and cause inflammatory problems near the appendix.
  • Ectopic pregnancy can mimic appendicitis and can occur if the fetus is implanted in the fallopian tube or somewhere else instead of uterus.

The patient can consult the family doctor or general practitioner if they suffer from any abdominal pain. The patient will be hospitalized if the appendix is detected and surgery can be performed to remove it. Before the surgery, the doctors will recommend antibiotics and alternative treatments that can be used as medications and to avoid and control pain. The patient can ask the doctors for safe options such as distracting activities to take the pain off the mind. It is recommended to ask questions to the doctors to clear the doubt about the appendicitis surgery. The patient should seek medical attention on time to avoid further complications as timely diagnosis is very important.

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Appendicitis is a condition that affects the appendix, a small tube sized organ attached to the lower side of the large intestine. A person is said to have appendicitis when their appendix is inflamed. The inflammation of the appendix is believed to be caused by the appendix getting blocked. Although the exact reason for the blockage is not known, it is speculated that it is caused often by stool, a foreign body, or cancer. Traumatic injury is also known to be a cause of Appendicitis. There are numerous studies to determine the exact function of the appendix, some suggest it plays a role in immunity of the gut, but this is not certain. More importantly, the appendix can be removed and a person can function normally, with no noticeable difference. Appendicitis can be recognised by a considerable pain in the lower part of the abdomen along with nausea and vomiting.  Appendicitis requires immediate care; other symptoms of Appendicitis include:

  1. Mild cramping in the abdomen that progresses into more severe abdominal pain.
  2. Fever
  3. Loss of appetite
  4. Nausea
  5. Diarrhoea or Constipation
  6. Inability to pass gas

If the Appendix is left untreated, it can develop into a life-threatening situation. The first thing that might occur when left untreated, is the bursting or perforation of the Appendix. In the case where the appendix bursts, infectious bacteria spills on the inside of the abdomen. This can cause a condition known as peritonitis. Peritonitis is an inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity, known as the peritoneum. This bacterial infection, if left untreated, can spread throughout the body, which may cause long term damage or even be fatal.

An alternate possibility if the appendix is ruptured, is the formation of an abscess. This is a pus filled infectious sac that is walled off from the body. The explosion of this abscess would also lead to peritonitis. Due to these reasons, once Appendicitis is diagnosed, it is considered a medical emergency. At Apollo Cradle Jubilee Hills, medical professionals are available round the clock for emergencies like appendicitis, and state of the art equipment ensures the best recovery.

Doctors may conduct a variety of tests to confirm whether Appendicitis is the source of the pain. Often, patients will only display a few of the symptoms and doctors may conduct have to conduct multiple tests in order to confirm the source of the pain. These include:

  1. Medical History: The medical professional may inquire about your past medical conditions, any previous illnesses or surgeries. They may also require details about medicines, alcohol or drugs consumed.
  2. Physical exam: The medical professional may require specific details about the location of the pain and when the pain began. A physical exam involves applying pressure or touching specific areas of the abdomen in order to inhibit certain responses.
  3. Blood tests: If blood test result show high white blood cell count, this often indicates an infection. Dehydration may also appear on a blood test.
  4. Urine test: This can help rule out the possibility of other conditions, such as urinary tract infection or a kidney stone (another common cause of abdominal pain).
  5. Imaging tests: Doctors may conduct an ultrasound, MRI or CT scan depending on the requirements. This gives them a clear image of the Appendix and the physician to properly diagnose the patient.
  6. Pregnancy test: In the case of women, health care professionals may require a blood or urine sample to check if the woman is pregnant.

Once properly diagnosed, the only way to treat Appendicitis is through the surgical removal of the Appendix from the body known as an Appendectomy. The patient may have to restrain from eating or drinking for certain duration specified by the doctor, prior to the surgery. The patient may have more requirements, depending on their medical history, which can be judged by the doctor at the time. There are two types of appendectomy which are detailed below:

  1. Open Appendectomy: Like all open surgeries, open appendectomy involves making a single large incision in the abdomen. Instruments are then used to hold this open and operate on the appendix. The appendix is extracted from the body. In the cases where the appendix has burst, open appendectomy is used in preference to Laparoscopic appendectomy as the infection has to be cleared entirely from the abdomen.
  2. Laparoscopic Appendectomy: The difference between Laparoscopic and Open appendectomy is that laparoscopic provides a less invasive and faster recovery method of surgical procedure. In cases where the appendix has not burst, Laparoscopic appendectomy allows patients to spend less time in the hospital for recovery. Surgically, the difference being that laparoscopic appendectomy involves making several smaller incisions into the abdomen first. Then a laparoscope, a fibre optic cable with a small camera attached to the end, is inserted into one of the incisions. Surgical instruments are inserted in the other incisions. The surgeon uses the video feed to manipulate the surgical instruments and remove the appendix from the body.

Unlike most other surgical operations in terms of providing an upper hand, Laparoscopic only gives the patient a faster recovery time and a less invasive procedure. In terms of the success of the procedure, both open and laparoscopic surgeries are equally successful. In fact, open appendectomy is preferred in cases where the appendix has ruptured, the larger incision gives the surgeon more room to operate and analyse the inside of the abdomen.

Like any surgery, there are certain complications that could occur during the process of Appendectomy.

  1. Bleeding (haemorrhage)
  2. Infection through wound
  3. Bursting of the appendix during surgery
  4. Injury to internal organs

Before the surgery, a patient may have to fast for up to 8 hours before the surgery, if it is not severe.

  1. The patient is asked to remove their clothing and accessories and change into a hospital gown.
  2. An IV will be inserted in your arm.
  3. Once the patient is resting on the operating table, local or general anaesthetic is given to sedate the patient or numb the area.
  4. The area where the incision has to be made may have to be shaved or trimmed.

Once the surgical procedure is complete, the appendix is sent for lab testing. The patient may have to remain in the hospital or recovery room for a certain period of time, this depends on the type of surgery. As a general or local Anaesthetic, will have been given to the patient, the patient may require somebody to drive or accompany them home.

Once properly diagnosed the only way to treat Appendicitis is through the surgical removal of the Appendix from the body- known as an Appendectomy. The patient may have to restrain from eating or drinking for certain duration specified by the doctor prior to the surgery. The patient may have more requirements depending on their medical history, which can be judged at the doctor at the time. The doctor might use Open appendectomy, which involves a large cut across the abdomen in order to extract the appendix. Or laparoscopic, in which several smaller cuts are made and a camera is inserted inside. The Appendix is then surgically removed.  Laparoscopic appendectomy patients can usually leave the hospital the next morning, Open appendectomy patients may take more time to fully recover due to the size of the incision.

There is no way to prevent appendicitis, but a diet higher in fruits and vegetables lowers the chances of Appendicitis. Post the surgery it is advisable, especially for patients who have undergone open appendectomy to ensure they get proper rest. The patient may experience constipation, bruising, and pain. The patient may need a recovery time of 2 weeks to come back to the normal activities. In case of any sign of infection post-surgery, patients must contact the doctor. Patient can experience below signs post-surgery –

  • Swelling and worsened pain
  • Vomiting repeatedly
  • High temperature
  • Pus or other discharge at the site of the operation

It is advised to have high-fiber diet that reduces the chances of developing appendicitis as the softer stools are less likely to get trapped in the appendix. There are home remedies that could help to heal the body after the surgery. This includes:

  • Take proper rest as it helps the body to heal.
  • When you cough, support your abdomen with a pillow as coughing can apply pressure. Placing a pillow over abdomen can help to reduce pain while coughing, laughing or moving.
  • If the medicines are not working in reducing the pain, consult the doctor. Pain and stress on the body can slow down the process of healing, hence it is important to intake proper medicines.
  • Avoid stressful activity for around 3 to 5 days after the surgery.

Appendicitis is rare to occur for infants and usually affects kids and teens who are between 5 to 20 years of age. Prior to the surgery antibiotics are recommended by the doctors. For patients suffering from mild degree of inflammation and less complication, antibiotics alone are sufficient. Confined appendicitis is referred when the patient’s body is able to contain the inflammation and infection as well as resolve it. The inflammation and infection are mild and is localized within a small area of the body which is usually improved within few days of observation. The appendix is removed later on if any complication occurs.

There are various other conditions that might mimic appendicitis that may include:

  • Meckel’s diverticulitis that can be located in the right lower abdomen near the appendix. If it is perforated or inflamed, it can be removed surgically
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) that is located near the fallopian tube and ovary. Surgery is not needed to remove if antibiotic therapy works on it.
  • Kidney diseases can mimic appendicitis and cause inflammatory problems near the appendix.
  • Ectopic pregnancy can mimic appendicitis and can occur if the fetus is implanted in the fallopian tube or somewhere else instead of uterus.

The patient can consult the family doctor or general practitioner if they suffer from any abdominal pain. The patient will be hospitalized if the appendix is detected and surgery can be performed to remove it. Before the surgery, the doctors will recommend antibiotics and alternative treatments that can be used as medications and to avoid and control pain. The patient can ask the doctors for safe options such as distracting activities to take the pain off the mind. It is recommended to ask questions to the doctors to clear the doubt about the appendicitis surgery. The patient should seek medical attention on time to avoid further complications as timely diagnosis is very important.

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Appendicitis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Appendicitis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

July 20, 2019

Appendicitis is a condition that affects ...

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A hernia is a condition in which an internal tissue or an organ breaks through a hole in the muscles. This is treated by a procedure in which the displayed tissues are positioned named as Hernia repair surgery or Herniorrhaphy. It is one of the most common surgeries to be performed.

Types of hernia

The most common types of hernia include:

  1.    Reducible hernia

This type of hernia can be pushed right back into the opening it came through.

  1.    Irreducible or incarcerated hernia

This type of hernia cannot be pushed back through the opening it came through because the hernia sac has been filled with the organ or abdominal tissue.

  1.    Strangulated hernia

This is the worst type of hernia where the blood supply is cut off as the part of the tissue or an organ gets stuck inside the hernia.

Do I Need Hernia Surgery?

If any of the following things happen, you might need a hernia surgery:

  1.   Incarceration – In this, the tissue gets trapped in the abdominal wall. If this is left untreated, it leads to strangulation where the blood supply to the tissue is cut off.
  2.    Strangulated tissue – This is a surgical emergency otherwise it can result in permanent damage. If you get nausea, fever, sudden pain, or hernia that is red, purple, or dark, consult your doctor immediately.

Types of repair

In some cases, a hernia can be temporarily controlled by applying external compression using a belt-like device known was truss. This pushes the tissues back into the abdomen. It should be used only after a careful evaluation by the doctor.

The hernia needs to be repaired immediately; otherwise, there is a risk of an emergency surgical procedure.

The different types of hernia surgery include:

  1.    Herniorrhaphy (tissue repair)

This is the oldest type of hernia surgery. In this, a long incision is made directly over the hernia. Next, the incision is cut long enough using surgical tools to open it and access it. After that, the hernia sac is removed and displaced organs and tissues are returned to their original locations.

In the end, the sides of the hole or the muscle opening through which the hernia protruded are stitched by the surgeon.

  1.    Hernioplasty (mesh repair)

Also known as tension-free hernia repair, in this surgical procedure, instead of stitching the opening shut, it is covered by a flat, sterile mesh that is made of flexible plastics like animal tissue or polypropylene. First, small cuts are made around the hole in the shape of the mesh. Next, the mesh is stitched into the healthy surrounding tissues.

The mesh will be used as a strengthening and supporting scaffold to the weak and damaged tissues surrounding the hernia.

What does hernia surgery involve?

This is the most common type of surgery. It is used to relieve pain, strengthen the weak muscle area and re-position the hernia abdominal organs. The whole procedure takes an hour and can be performed in two ways. Your doctor will recommend the best one depending on the location and severity of your hernia:

  1. Open surgery – Performed under local or general anesthesia, a small incision, about 2.5 to 3 inches is made near the in hernia into the skin. The surgeon will push back the hernia into the abdomen. Then, the incision is stitched closed or mesh is placed over the hole. Lastly, the opening is closed using fine stitches. The mesh is like a scaffold which reinforces the weakened area as your tissue will grow through the mesh.
  2.  Laparoscopic surgery – This procedure is performed under general anesthesia where instead of one big incision, several smaller incisions are made. It is a less invasive technique where a tiny telescopic camera to repair your hernia.

Recovery

Once your surgery is over, you can start getting back to your normal life.

As you get up, you will find yourself hooked to an IV in your arm to give you pain medication and fluids. Your incision will be covered with bandages. You should eat something light to help you get up. Start to walk around a little.

Make sure that you get proper discharge instructions from the doctor. This will include how to take care of your incision, what to expect over the first few days, symptoms or warning signs, etc.

If your doctor has prescribed you pain medications, keep them with you. You might need them after the surgery. Also, make sure you ask your doctor which medications are okay to use. Over-the-counter medications increase your chances of bleeding.

Before you go home, you will be able to drink, eat, stand steady on your feet, and urinate properly. Make sure that you get someone to drive you home and stay with you for the first night. You might need some help. If possible, get someone to look after you for a few days so that you can ease back into day-to-day activities.

For the first few days after the surgery, just rest. As a side effect of anesthesia, you might sneeze, cough, or vomit. So, keep a pillow handy to put over your abdomen for support. In some cases, incision remains sore for 2-3 days. Also, it might become swollen, tender, numb or bruised. Don’t worry about it as it is completely normal and will go away within a few weeks. However, if you have any concern, call the hospital.

For the first week or two, you will get tired easily. But eventually, you will improve. Ease yourself back into your normal routine. Take a few days off work. Full recovery might take 1 to 6 weeks.

To ease up the recovery process, enhance healing, prevent infection, and avoid weight gain and brisk coughing, it is important that you know and understand the do’s and don’ts for the first week:

  1.    Ask your doctor for how long you need to keep your incision dry. It is usually about 1-2 days. It depends on the type of repair you just had.
  2.    Walk. Make sure you don’t strain your abdomen. It will speed up your healing by increasing blood circulation in the body.
  3.    Include fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet. Drink a lot of fluids to avoid constipation. If you need it, your doctor can prescribe you some laxative or stool softener.
  4.    Your ability to drive safely will be impaired for about a week due to anesthesia. Ask your doctor when it will be safe for you to start driving.
  5.    Avoid lifting for at least a few days. Use your knees and back to lift things. Make sure you don’t use your abdominal muscles.
  6.    Depending on the type of surgery you had and your occupation, you might return to work within a week. At first, you will get tired easily. If your work involves a lot of strenuous, physical activities, you should stay at home for a few more weeks.
  7.    Don’t play any sport or participate in any strenuous exercises. For how long you don’t have to, depends on the type of surgery you had and the type of activity.
  8.    Ask your doctor when you can resume sexual activity.

If you notice any of the following symptoms during your recovery period, call your doctor immediately:

  1.    Fever
  2.    Redness
  3.    Bleeding
  4.    Excessive sweating
  5.    Worsening pain
  6.    Difficulty in urinating

The Apollo Cradle Motinagar is well capable to handle these complications and provide proper care to you. Our doctors and staff have successfully repaired a lot of hernia cases. We have state-of-the-art facilities and experienced medical staff that is equipped to deal with your condition.

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A hernia is a condition in which an internal tissue or an organ breaks through a hole in the muscles. This is treated by a procedure in which the displayed tissues are positioned named as Hernia repair surgery or Herniorrhaphy. It is one of the most common surgeries to be performed.

Types of hernia

The most common types of hernia include:

  1.    Reducible hernia

This type of hernia can be pushed right back into the opening it came through.

  1.    Irreducible or incarcerated hernia

This type of hernia cannot be pushed back through the opening it came through because the hernia sac has been filled with the organ or abdominal tissue.

  1.    Strangulated hernia

This is the worst type of hernia where the blood supply is cut off as the part of the tissue or an organ gets stuck inside the hernia.

Do I Need Hernia Surgery?

If any of the following things happen, you might need a hernia surgery:

  1.   Incarceration – In this, the tissue gets trapped in the abdominal wall. If this is left untreated, it leads to strangulation where the blood supply to the tissue is cut off.
  2.    Strangulated tissue – This is a surgical emergency otherwise it can result in permanent damage. If you get nausea, fever, sudden pain, or hernia that is red, purple, or dark, consult your doctor immediately.

Types of repair

In some cases, a hernia can be temporarily controlled by applying external compression using a belt-like device known was truss. This pushes the tissues back into the abdomen. It should be used only after a careful evaluation by the doctor.

The hernia needs to be repaired immediately; otherwise, there is a risk of an emergency surgical procedure.

The different types of hernia surgery include:

  1.    Herniorrhaphy (tissue repair)

This is the oldest type of hernia surgery. In this, a long incision is made directly over the hernia. Next, the incision is cut long enough using surgical tools to open it and access it. After that, the hernia sac is removed and displaced organs and tissues are returned to their original locations.

In the end, the sides of the hole or the muscle opening through which the hernia protruded are stitched by the surgeon.

  1.    Hernioplasty (mesh repair)

Also known as tension-free hernia repair, in this surgical procedure, instead of stitching the opening shut, it is covered by a flat, sterile mesh that is made of flexible plastics like animal tissue or polypropylene. First, small cuts are made around the hole in the shape of the mesh. Next, the mesh is stitched into the healthy surrounding tissues.

The mesh will be used as a strengthening and supporting scaffold to the weak and damaged tissues surrounding the hernia.

What does hernia surgery involve?

This is the most common type of surgery. It is used to relieve pain, strengthen the weak muscle area and re-position the hernia abdominal organs. The whole procedure takes an hour and can be performed in two ways. Your doctor will recommend the best one depending on the location and severity of your hernia:

  1. Open surgery – Performed under local or general anesthesia, a small incision, about 2.5 to 3 inches is made near the in hernia into the skin. The surgeon will push back the hernia into the abdomen. Then, the incision is stitched closed or mesh is placed over the hole. Lastly, the opening is closed using fine stitches. The mesh is like a scaffold which reinforces the weakened area as your tissue will grow through the mesh.
  2.  Laparoscopic surgery – This procedure is performed under general anesthesia where instead of one big incision, several smaller incisions are made. It is a less invasive technique where a tiny telescopic camera to repair your hernia.

Recovery

Once your surgery is over, you can start getting back to your normal life.

As you get up, you will find yourself hooked to an IV in your arm to give you pain medication and fluids. Your incision will be covered with bandages. You should eat something light to help you get up. Start to walk around a little.

Make sure that you get proper discharge instructions from the doctor. This will include how to take care of your incision, what to expect over the first few days, symptoms or warning signs, etc.

If your doctor has prescribed you pain medications, keep them with you. You might need them after the surgery. Also, make sure you ask your doctor which medications are okay to use. Over-the-counter medications increase your chances of bleeding.

Before you go home, you will be able to drink, eat, stand steady on your feet, and urinate properly. Make sure that you get someone to drive you home and stay with you for the first night. You might need some help. If possible, get someone to look after you for a few days so that you can ease back into day-to-day activities.

For the first few days after the surgery, just rest. As a side effect of anesthesia, you might sneeze, cough, or vomit. So, keep a pillow handy to put over your abdomen for support. In some cases, incision remains sore for 2-3 days. Also, it might become swollen, tender, numb or bruised. Don’t worry about it as it is completely normal and will go away within a few weeks. However, if you have any concern, call the hospital.

For the first week or two, you will get tired easily. But eventually, you will improve. Ease yourself back into your normal routine. Take a few days off work. Full recovery might take 1 to 6 weeks.

To ease up the recovery process, enhance healing, prevent infection, and avoid weight gain and brisk coughing, it is important that you know and understand the do’s and don’ts for the first week:

  1.    Ask your doctor for how long you need to keep your incision dry. It is usually about 1-2 days. It depends on the type of repair you just had.
  2.    Walk. Make sure you don’t strain your abdomen. It will speed up your healing by increasing blood circulation in the body.
  3.    Include fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet. Drink a lot of fluids to avoid constipation. If you need it, your doctor can prescribe you some laxative or stool softener.
  4.    Your ability to drive safely will be impaired for about a week due to anesthesia. Ask your doctor when it will be safe for you to start driving.
  5.    Avoid lifting for at least a few days. Use your knees and back to lift things. Make sure you don’t use your abdominal muscles.
  6.    Depending on the type of surgery you had and your occupation, you might return to work within a week. At first, you will get tired easily. If your work involves a lot of strenuous, physical activities, you should stay at home for a few more weeks.
  7.    Don’t play any sport or participate in any strenuous exercises. For how long you don’t have to, depends on the type of surgery you had and the type of activity.
  8.    Ask your doctor when you can resume sexual activity.

If you notice any of the following symptoms during your recovery period, call your doctor immediately:

  1.    Fever
  2.    Redness
  3.    Bleeding
  4.    Excessive sweating
  5.    Worsening pain
  6.    Difficulty in urinating

The Apollo Cradle Motinagar is well capable to handle these complications and provide proper care to you. Our doctors and staff have successfully repaired a lot of hernia cases. We have state-of-the-art facilities and experienced medical staff that is equipped to deal with your condition.

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Hernia Repair: Types, Surgery and Recovery

Hernia Repair: Types, Surgery and Recovery

July 3, 2019

A hernia is a condition in which an inter...

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            [blog_title] => What is Breast Cancer, Symptoms, Types, Stages and Treatment
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What is breast cancer?

Breast cancer starts when cells in the breast begin to grow out of control, forming a tumour. The tumour is malignant if the cells start invading surrounding tissues or spread to other areas of the body.

Types of breast cancer

There are several types of cancer, some more common than others. Common types include:

  • Ductal carcinoma in situ: A non-invasive, early-stage cancer that hasn’t spread, it has a high cure rate.
  • Invasive ductal carcinoma: The most common type, this cancer originates in the milk ducts before spreading to surrounding tissue.
  • Invasive lobular carcinoma: Less common, this breast cancer starts in the mammary glands.

Less common breast cancers:

  • Mucinous carcinoma: Formed from mucus-producing cancer cells.
  • Inflammatory breast cancer: Makes the breast appear infected by turning it red and warm. This happens as a result of the blockage of lymph vessels by cancer cells.
  • Paget’s disease: Beginning in the breast duct, this cancer spreads to the nipple and its surrounding areas, resulting in crusting and redness around the nipple.
  • Lobular carcinoma in situ: It is a pre-cancer characterized by an area of abnormal cell growth. It increases the risk of invasive breast cancer later in life.

Other uncommon types of breast cancer:

  • Angiosarcoma
  • Papillary carcinoma
  • Phyllodes tumor
  • Tubular carcinoma

Stages of breast cancer

Doctors commonly use the TNM system to determine the stage of cancer. The system is as follows:

  • Tumor (T):Size and location
  • Node (N):Number of lymph-nodes affected
  • Metastasis (M):Extent of the spread of cancer

The following are the 5 stages of breast cancer-

Stage 0 & 1

Earliest stages of cancer development where cancer cells are confined to a very limited area.

Stage 2 and 2A

While it’s an early stage, there’s evidence of cancer beginning to spread.  It is still confined to the breast area and can be treated effectively.

Stage 3 (A, B, C)

An advanced stage where cancer has begun invading surrounding tissues near the breast.

Stage 4

Cancer has spread to other areas of the body.

Treatment

Treatment depends on:

  • type of breast cancer
  • stage of the cancer
  • hormonal sensitivity
  • the patient’s age, overall health, and individual preferences

The main treatment options are:

  • Radiation therapy- Controlled doses of radiation target the tumour to destroy cancerous cells.
  • Surgery- Operations used to treat breast cancer include-
  • Lumpectomy- Removing breast cancer. Recommended for smaller tumours.
  • Mastectomy- Removing the entire breast including the lobules, ducts, fatty tissue and some skin, including the nipple and areola.
  • Sentinel node biopsy- Removing a limited number of lymph nodes
  • Axillary lymph node dissection- Removing several lymph nodes.

If sentinel lymph nodes are cancerous, additional lymph nodes in the armpit are removed through this procedure.

  • Biological therapy- Targeted drugs work to attack specific breast cancer types. Some such drugs are trastuzumab (Herceptin), lapatinib (Tykerb), and bevacizumab (Avastin).
  • Hormone-blocking therapy- This is used to prevent recurrence of hormone-sensitive breast cancers.
  • Chemotherapy- Cytotoxic drugs are administered to kill cancerous cells, shrink the tumour, regulate harmful hormones, and control symptoms.
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What is breast cancer?

Breast cancer starts when cells in the breast begin to grow out of control, forming a tumour. The tumour is malignant if the cells start invading surrounding tissues or spread to other areas of the body.

Types of breast cancer

There are several types of cancer, some more common than others. Common types include:

  • Ductal carcinoma in situ: A non-invasive, early-stage cancer that hasn’t spread, it has a high cure rate.
  • Invasive ductal carcinoma: The most common type, this cancer originates in the milk ducts before spreading to surrounding tissue.
  • Invasive lobular carcinoma: Less common, this breast cancer starts in the mammary glands.

Less common breast cancers:

  • Mucinous carcinoma: Formed from mucus-producing cancer cells.
  • Inflammatory breast cancer: Makes the breast appear infected by turning it red and warm. This happens as a result of the blockage of lymph vessels by cancer cells.
  • Paget’s disease: Beginning in the breast duct, this cancer spreads to the nipple and its surrounding areas, resulting in crusting and redness around the nipple.
  • Lobular carcinoma in situ: It is a pre-cancer characterized by an area of abnormal cell growth. It increases the risk of invasive breast cancer later in life.

Other uncommon types of breast cancer:

  • Angiosarcoma
  • Papillary carcinoma
  • Phyllodes tumor
  • Tubular carcinoma

Stages of breast cancer

Doctors commonly use the TNM system to determine the stage of cancer. The system is as follows:

  • Tumor (T):Size and location
  • Node (N):Number of lymph-nodes affected
  • Metastasis (M):Extent of the spread of cancer

The following are the 5 stages of breast cancer-

Stage 0 & 1

Earliest stages of cancer development where cancer cells are confined to a very limited area.

Stage 2 and 2A

While it’s an early stage, there’s evidence of cancer beginning to spread.  It is still confined to the breast area and can be treated effectively.

Stage 3 (A, B, C)

An advanced stage where cancer has begun invading surrounding tissues near the breast.

Stage 4

Cancer has spread to other areas of the body.

Treatment

Treatment depends on:

  • type of breast cancer
  • stage of the cancer
  • hormonal sensitivity
  • the patient’s age, overall health, and individual preferences

The main treatment options are:

  • Radiation therapy- Controlled doses of radiation target the tumour to destroy cancerous cells.
  • Surgery- Operations used to treat breast cancer include-
  • Lumpectomy- Removing breast cancer. Recommended for smaller tumours.
  • Mastectomy- Removing the entire breast including the lobules, ducts, fatty tissue and some skin, including the nipple and areola.
  • Sentinel node biopsy- Removing a limited number of lymph nodes
  • Axillary lymph node dissection- Removing several lymph nodes.

If sentinel lymph nodes are cancerous, additional lymph nodes in the armpit are removed through this procedure.

  • Biological therapy- Targeted drugs work to attack specific breast cancer types. Some such drugs are trastuzumab (Herceptin), lapatinib (Tykerb), and bevacizumab (Avastin).
  • Hormone-blocking therapy- This is used to prevent recurrence of hormone-sensitive breast cancers.
  • Chemotherapy- Cytotoxic drugs are administered to kill cancerous cells, shrink the tumour, regulate harmful hormones, and control symptoms.
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What is Breast Cancer, Symptoms, Types, Stages and Treatment

What is Breast Cancer, Symptoms, Types, Stages and Treatment

May 22, 2019

What is breast cancer? Breast cancer st...

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            [blog_title] => Gestational Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
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What is Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that occurs in pregnant women, usually during their second trimester. It is caused by an increase in blood sugar levels during pregnancy that return to normal levels soon after giving birth. It is caused when the body is unable to develop enough insulin, a hormone required by the body to control and regulate blood sugar levels. This causes your blood sugar levels to increase drastically when you eat. This condition is called hyperglycaemia. 5 to 10% women run the risk of continuing to suffer from type 2 diabetes even after child birth and up to 50% run the risk of getting type 2 diabetes within 10 years of their pregnancy. The reason why gestational diabetes is such a major concern is because it increases the chances of having complications during the pregnancy.

Symptoms

The symptoms of gestational diabetes are pretty subtle and can easily be misunderstood as the normal side effects of pregnancy. For example, the need to pee frequently or frequent tiredness are experienced by most pregnant women, but are also signs of gestational diabetes.  Some of the other clear indications include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Numbness and/or tingling felt in the hands and feet
  • Feeling excessively thirsty
  • Bruises or wounds healing at a very slow rate

These symptoms are very similar to those experienced in a normal case of diabetes.

Causes

Gestational diabetes is a concern amongst new mothers as it can result in complication for both the baby and the mother. Some of the main causes of this condition are:

  1. Being Overweight or Obese – If you are overweight before the pregnancy, chances of you getting gestational diabetes are much higher. Also if you put on weight during pregnancy at a faster rate than normal, the risk of acquiring diabetes is high. Gaining weight during pregnancy is common, but the way you put it on and in which manner has its consequences.
  2. Hereditary – If you have an immediate family member that has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, your chances of suffering from diabetes increases. This includes a sibling, father, mother and grandparents.
  3. Age – Age plays a very big factor in a healthy pregnancy. Your twenties is the prime time to get pregnant and avoid any form of complications. However, you can also have a healthy pregnancy in your 30s and 40s if you take the necessary precautions. Any time after 25 years of age, you can be a target to getting gestational diabetes. You can also get this type of diabetes if you suffered from it in your previous pregnancy or gave birth to a still born earlier.
  4. PCOS – This stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, a condition where you develop cysts on your ovaries that affect your menstruation cycle making it unpredictable. PCOS impacts your body in many ways, right from increased body and facial hair to increased chances of infertility. If you have a history of PCOS, you’re very likely to develop gestational diabetes while pregnant.

Treatment

Treatment of gestational diabetes is solely in the hands of the mother. During pregnancy, a woman is in a very fragile state. The number one method of treatment recommended is ‘better lifestyle’. Once diagnosed, the first thing that you must do is visit a nutritionist who can recommend you a diet that is high in nutrients, protein, calcium and vitamins. The erratic level of sugar in the blood can be controlled through healthy eating habits. If there is no change in the sugar levels of the mother, she can be recommended clyburide tablets or insulin. It is necessary that you take medical advice and supervision from a professional before using any form of medication, as when pregnant, your body is going through a number of changes and what may be okay to use before you were pregnant may not be suitable for you during pregnancy.

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What is Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that occurs in pregnant women, usually during their second trimester. It is caused by an increase in blood sugar levels during pregnancy that return to normal levels soon after giving birth. It is caused when the body is unable to develop enough insulin, a hormone required by the body to control and regulate blood sugar levels. This causes your blood sugar levels to increase drastically when you eat. This condition is called hyperglycaemia. 5 to 10% women run the risk of continuing to suffer from type 2 diabetes even after child birth and up to 50% run the risk of getting type 2 diabetes within 10 years of their pregnancy. The reason why gestational diabetes is such a major concern is because it increases the chances of having complications during the pregnancy.

Symptoms

The symptoms of gestational diabetes are pretty subtle and can easily be misunderstood as the normal side effects of pregnancy. For example, the need to pee frequently or frequent tiredness are experienced by most pregnant women, but are also signs of gestational diabetes.  Some of the other clear indications include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Numbness and/or tingling felt in the hands and feet
  • Feeling excessively thirsty
  • Bruises or wounds healing at a very slow rate

These symptoms are very similar to those experienced in a normal case of diabetes.

Causes

Gestational diabetes is a concern amongst new mothers as it can result in complication for both the baby and the mother. Some of the main causes of this condition are:

  1. Being Overweight or Obese – If you are overweight before the pregnancy, chances of you getting gestational diabetes are much higher. Also if you put on weight during pregnancy at a faster rate than normal, the risk of acquiring diabetes is high. Gaining weight during pregnancy is common, but the way you put it on and in which manner has its consequences.
  2. Hereditary – If you have an immediate family member that has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, your chances of suffering from diabetes increases. This includes a sibling, father, mother and grandparents.
  3. Age – Age plays a very big factor in a healthy pregnancy. Your twenties is the prime time to get pregnant and avoid any form of complications. However, you can also have a healthy pregnancy in your 30s and 40s if you take the necessary precautions. Any time after 25 years of age, you can be a target to getting gestational diabetes. You can also get this type of diabetes if you suffered from it in your previous pregnancy or gave birth to a still born earlier.
  4. PCOS – This stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, a condition where you develop cysts on your ovaries that affect your menstruation cycle making it unpredictable. PCOS impacts your body in many ways, right from increased body and facial hair to increased chances of infertility. If you have a history of PCOS, you’re very likely to develop gestational diabetes while pregnant.

Treatment

Treatment of gestational diabetes is solely in the hands of the mother. During pregnancy, a woman is in a very fragile state. The number one method of treatment recommended is ‘better lifestyle’. Once diagnosed, the first thing that you must do is visit a nutritionist who can recommend you a diet that is high in nutrients, protein, calcium and vitamins. The erratic level of sugar in the blood can be controlled through healthy eating habits. If there is no change in the sugar levels of the mother, she can be recommended clyburide tablets or insulin. It is necessary that you take medical advice and supervision from a professional before using any form of medication, as when pregnant, your body is going through a number of changes and what may be okay to use before you were pregnant may not be suitable for you during pregnancy.

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Gestational Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Gestational Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

February 18, 2019

What is Gestational Diabetes? Gestational...

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            [blog_title] => Tips for Dealing with Morning Sickness
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It feels even worse than ‘that time of the month’. Morning sickness is a sense of nausea or irritation faced by women who are pregnant, typically but not limited to the first few months. It can be called a misnomer because it affects a woman during any time of the day. Formally called nausea gravidarum, statistics has it that at least 80% of pregnant women have dealt with it some point of the gestation period or the other.

A person with morning sickness might feel tired with an extreme urge to vomit. Nausea lasts for varying periods and although extremely unpleasant, it’s not frequently serious. In fact, it has no impact on the health of the fetus and is often a regular indication of a healthy pregnancy. Research has it that ‘morning sickness’ often reduces risks of stillbirths or miscarriages.
The exact cause of morning sickness is yet not known with accuracy. However, there are some tips and easy remedies to help you deal with it better and reduce nausea.

Chew away on the ginger as long as you like. Research says that ginger juice can often ease nausea and thereby, reduce signs of morning sickness. You can also go for ginger lozenges and candies too. Avoid empty stomachs at all cost. Empty stomachs are known to give you nausea.
Keep your body hydrated and fluid satiated all the time. Rather than drinking more fluids after long breaks, try drinking small quantities more frequently. You can also suck ice cubes made of water or flavoured iced lollipops.

Have a good eating time-table that you follow strictly. Rather than having large meals three times a day, go for smaller ones several times. Your diet should constitute rich carbohydrate supplements so that your energy is intact and proteins to reform damaged cells. If you’re having snack cravings, go for crackers and sour food rather than syrupy or sweet. Also, avoid very hot and spicy food. Sniff something fresh and fine. It might be anything from lemon or tangerines to rosemary. This saves the turning in your stomach. If there’re other smells that you adore, try them out. Something like sandalwood or lavender can do the trick.

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It feels even worse than ‘that time of the month’. Morning sickness is a sense of nausea or irritation faced by women who are pregnant, typically but not limited to the first few months. It can be called a misnomer because it affects a woman during any time of the day. Formally called nausea gravidarum, statistics has it that at least 80% of pregnant women have dealt with it some point of the gestation period or the other.

A person with morning sickness might feel tired with an extreme urge to vomit. Nausea lasts for varying periods and although extremely unpleasant, it’s not frequently serious. In fact, it has no impact on the health of the fetus and is often a regular indication of a healthy pregnancy. Research has it that ‘morning sickness’ often reduces risks of stillbirths or miscarriages.
The exact cause of morning sickness is yet not known with accuracy. However, there are some tips and easy remedies to help you deal with it better and reduce nausea.

Chew away on the ginger as long as you like. Research says that ginger juice can often ease nausea and thereby, reduce signs of morning sickness. You can also go for ginger lozenges and candies too. Avoid empty stomachs at all cost. Empty stomachs are known to give you nausea.
Keep your body hydrated and fluid satiated all the time. Rather than drinking more fluids after long breaks, try drinking small quantities more frequently. You can also suck ice cubes made of water or flavoured iced lollipops.

Have a good eating time-table that you follow strictly. Rather than having large meals three times a day, go for smaller ones several times. Your diet should constitute rich carbohydrate supplements so that your energy is intact and proteins to reform damaged cells. If you’re having snack cravings, go for crackers and sour food rather than syrupy or sweet. Also, avoid very hot and spicy food. Sniff something fresh and fine. It might be anything from lemon or tangerines to rosemary. This saves the turning in your stomach. If there’re other smells that you adore, try them out. Something like sandalwood or lavender can do the trick.

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Tips for Dealing with Morning Sickness

Tips for Dealing with Morning Sickness

September 30, 2018

It feels even worse than ‘that time...

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            [blog_title] => Signs of Labour
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It is interesting to learn that you can determine if you will be going into labour soon enough when you look out for some signs. The whole journey of pregnancy takes its own time and a few changes here and there, go inside your body. Same stands true for going into labour, it is a gradual process. Here are a few signs that you should look for if your expected date is approaching and you want to be prepared for it.
  1. It may sound a little weird but you will finally be able to breathe. This is also known as lightening or dropping. The baby would shift a little lower into your pelvis and this will decrease the pressure on the diaphragm. You will be able to breathe more easily and will be relieved.
  2. Since the beginning, you are told to look at what is going down there and that will help you this time as well. A thick mucus plug is present to protect the growing baby from any bacterial infection and if you see a thick discharge stuck to your panties with a little or no blood, chances are that baby is ready for the world.
  3. An amniotic fluid is present to protect and nourish the growing fetus and the fluid breaks when it is time for delivery. It is called breaking of water and when that happens, immediately rush to hospital because you will be going into labour for sure.
  4. Contractions may occur throughout your pregnancy and you might have felt them come and go. However, if you are approaching your delivery date and observe stronger and powerful contractions, you might be going into labour. It can also be a false alarm so if you think that it can be a genuine sign, don’t forget to time the contractions before heading to the hospital.
  5. You will observe changes in your cervix as it starts preparing itself for delivery. It dilates, opens up with each trimester. You can ask your doctor regarding the increasing size. If the changes in the cervix is accompanied by contractions or nesting, prepare for the labour.
These are a few signs which can mean you are approaching the time of delivery. Make sure you stay well rested and have someone around you all the time so that they can help out if you happen to go into labour.
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It is interesting to learn that you can determine if you will be going into labour soon enough when you look out for some signs. The whole journey of pregnancy takes its own time and a few changes here and there, go inside your body. Same stands true for going into labour, it is a gradual process. Here are a few signs that you should look for if your expected date is approaching and you want to be prepared for it.
  1. It may sound a little weird but you will finally be able to breathe. This is also known as lightening or dropping. The baby would shift a little lower into your pelvis and this will decrease the pressure on the diaphragm. You will be able to breathe more easily and will be relieved.
  2. Since the beginning, you are told to look at what is going down there and that will help you this time as well. A thick mucus plug is present to protect the growing baby from any bacterial infection and if you see a thick discharge stuck to your panties with a little or no blood, chances are that baby is ready for the world.
  3. An amniotic fluid is present to protect and nourish the growing fetus and the fluid breaks when it is time for delivery. It is called breaking of water and when that happens, immediately rush to hospital because you will be going into labour for sure.
  4. Contractions may occur throughout your pregnancy and you might have felt them come and go. However, if you are approaching your delivery date and observe stronger and powerful contractions, you might be going into labour. It can also be a false alarm so if you think that it can be a genuine sign, don’t forget to time the contractions before heading to the hospital.
  5. You will observe changes in your cervix as it starts preparing itself for delivery. It dilates, opens up with each trimester. You can ask your doctor regarding the increasing size. If the changes in the cervix is accompanied by contractions or nesting, prepare for the labour.
These are a few signs which can mean you are approaching the time of delivery. Make sure you stay well rested and have someone around you all the time so that they can help out if you happen to go into labour.
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Signs of Labour

Signs of Labour

September 30, 2018

It is interesting to learn that you can...

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