A cesarean section, also known as C-section, is a medical operation to deliver a baby when a vaginal birth is unsafe. A C-section may be scheduled in advance or performed in an emergency. It is riskier than a vaginal birth and requires a longer recovery time.

About C-Section

If you are scheduled for a C-section, the following steps will be taken:

  • You will be asked to sign permission paperwork for the operation.
  • The anesthesiologist will go through anaesthetic alternatives with you. An epidural or spinal block will be administered during the surgery to desensitize you from your chest to your legs.
  • Hair will be trimmed or shaved in the region surrounding the incision.
  • A catheter will be inserted into your bladder to ensure that your bladder is empty.
  • You will be connected to heart rate and blood pressure gauges.
  • You will be given medication and fluids through an IV in your arm or hand.

If you haven't already, you should discuss the surgery and what to plan with your obstetrician.

Who Qualifies for a C-Section?

A C-section may be recommended by your doctor if:

  • Your labor is not progressing as expected: Among the most prevalent causes of a C-section is stalled labor.
  • The infant is in distress: Concerns about a baby's heartbeat or position may make a C-section the best option.
  • You are carrying multiple babies: Women expecting twins, triplets, or more may require a C-section. This is especially the case if labor begins prematurely or the babies are not in a head-down position.
  • Placental issues: A C-section is recommended if the placenta blocks the entrance of the cervix (placenta previa).
  • Umbilical cord rupture: If an umbilical cord loop slides out through the cervix in the direction of the infant, a C-section may be advised.
  • History of a C-section or another uterine surgery: Although vaginal delivery is typically feasible following a C-section, your doctor may advise a repeat C-section.

Why is a C-Section Conducted?

If you experience complications during labor, your doctor may recommend a C-section. Healthy women may seek a C-section to be able to choose their delivery date or avoid vaginal birth.

These are not medical grounds, and their physicians could disagree with their decision. Each C-section is more challenging than the previous one. If you wish to have more children in the future, consult your doctor about how the operation could affect your plans.

Benefits of C-Section

  • Most C-sections are performed around the 39th week of pregnancy so that physicians can immediately plan for any surgical interventions required for the infant.
  • According to Dr. Neil S. Seligman, an OB-GYN at the University of Rochester Medical Center in New York, a scheduled C-section reduces the chance of delivery complications such as hypoxia (oxygen deprivation), shoulder dystocia, and fractures in infants.

Risks or Complications of C-Section

C-Sections pose dangers similar to other major surgeries.

Dangers to the Baby

  • Breathing difficulties: Babies delivered through planned C-sections are far more likely to have respiratory issues that cause them to breathe too quickly in the days after delivery (transient tachypnea).
  • Surgical accidents: Inadvertent scratches to the baby's skin might occur during surgery, although they are uncommon.

Dangers to the Mother

  • Infection: Following a C-section, there is a risk of contracting infections of the uterine lining (endometritis), the urinary system, or the incision site.
  • Blood loss: Heavy bleeding can occur during and after a C-section.
  • Adverse reaction to anaesthesia: Any kind of anaesthesia may cause adverse reactions.
  • Formation of blood clots: A C-section may raise the chances of developing blood clots inside a deep vein, particularly in the legs or pelvic region. The consequences can be fatal if a blood clot reaches the lungs and stops blood circulation.
  • Surgical wound: The possibility of surgical injuries to the bladder or colon, although uncommon.
  • Increased risks during subsequent pregnancies: A C-section increases the chances of complications in subsequent pregnancies and other procedures.


A C-section is a standard surgical procedure to deliver babies in case of complications. This has complications like any other surgery. However, dangers to the mother and baby from C-section are minimal due to developments in medicine.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Amritsar - Abadi Court Road. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. Can I breastfeed after a C-section?

Yes, however, you may need extra support. If you are in pain, consult your doctor. Your lactation consultant can help you get started with breastfeeding.

2. How long will it take me to recover from a C-section?

It will take about six weeks for you to heal completely. During this time, you can expect minor aches and discomfort. Get plenty of rest, stay hydrated, and avoid intercourse. Contact your doctor if you have excessive pain or any signs of infection.

3. Will I have back pain after a C-section?

You may experience some back pain from the epidural or spinal block, but this will subside in a few days. Any chronic back pain may be from the changes the body underwent to accommodate the growing baby. This may take about 12 weeks to improve. Consult your doctor if your pain is acute or cannot be managed.

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