Gynecology deals with the woman's reproductive system. Gynecology and obstetrics are two interrelated fields. Gynecologists will treat you when you are not pregnant, but obstetricians will treat you when you are pregnant or suffering from pregnancy-related issues. Gynecology involves treating the female reproductive system through medicines and surgical procedures such as hysterectomy, laparoscopy, ovary removal, and removal of fibroids from the uterus.

About Gynecology

The field of gynecology deals with issues like obstetrics, menstruation, fertility, pregnancy, childbirth, sexually transmitted infections, hormonal disorders, etc. You should visit a gynecologist whenever you experience any symptoms related to reproductive organs. You can discuss problems related to painful periods, vaginal odour, sexual discomfort, urinary leakage, and low libido with your gynecologist.   

Who Qualifies for Gynecology?

If you are facing any of these problems regarding your gynecological health, you should visit a gynecologist:

  • Menstrual problems: Your menstrual health affects your overall health and well-being. You should visit a gynecologist if your menstrual cycle does not follow a regular monthly pattern. The common symptoms of menstrual irregularities are periods that last for more than seven days, delay in monthly periods, excessively heavy or light menstrual bleeding, excessive pain during periods, missing periods, and related issues.
  • Breast problems: You should visit the gynecology department if you experience changes in your breasts. Breast problems are also linked to menstrual problems, including breast discomfort or pain during periods, breast discharges, sudden breast changes, and the formation of breast lumps.
  • Pre-pregnancy problems: You are qualified to visit a gynecologist if you face any problems in becoming pregnant or during pregnancy. Your gynecologist will conduct all the tests and advise the line of treatment accordingly. Your gynecologist will ensure you have a smooth pregnancy and face no complications.
  • Lower abdominal pain: You should visit a gynecologist if you experience any pain, irritation, or discomfort in the lower abdominal region. Lower abdominal pain might be caused by menstrual cramps, sexual intercourse, or lumps in your abdomen.

Why are Gynecological Procedures Conducted?

Gynecological procedures are conducted to correct conditions like cancer, infertility, benign tumours, incontinence, and many other problems related to the female reproductive system. Sometimes, gynecological procedures are conducted for cosmetic purposes.

Different Types of Gynecological Procedures

The different types of gynecological procedures are the following:

  • Hysterectomy: Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove your uterus. Removal of the uterus means that you cannot become pregnant anymore. Different types of hysterectomy include Laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH), total laparoscopic hysterectomy, and laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH).
  • Fibroid removal: Fibroids are benign or non-cancerous tumours forming in your uterus muscles. The different types of procedures for fibroid removal are laparoscopic myomectomy for fibroids and hysteroscopic myomectomy,
  • Ovarian cyst removal: An ovarian cyst is the formation of fluid-filled sacs in your ovary. Your gynecologist may remove an ovarian cyst through laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy, where small incisions are made to remove the cysts with specialized tools.
  • Removal of uterine polyps: Uterine polyps are benign cells that might grow on the uterus wall and uterine cavity. Gynecological procedures to remove uterine polyps are hysteroscopic polypectomies.
  • Robotic-assisted surgery: Robotic-assisted surgery treats fibroids, pelvic organ prolapse, and gynecological cancers.

Benefits of Gynecological Procedures

The Department of gynecology offers minimally invasive surgical procedures for most gynecological problems. The benefits of a minimally invasive gynecological procedure include:

  • Less scarring
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Reduced risk of infection
  • Greater surgical perfection
  • Reduced risk of complications

Complications of Gynecological Procedures

The complications of gynecological procedures include bladder damage, bowel damage, damage to blood vessels, urinary retention, bowel obstruction, or urinary tract infection, their extent and severity depending on the type of gynecological procedure. 


You must maintain the health of your reproductive organs, which play a vital role in your overall health and well-being. Therefore, you must visit a gynecological department if you experience any problem related to your reproductive system.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Amritsar - Abadi Court Road. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What is the importance of gynecology?

Gynecologists are specialists who deal with women's health care and well-being. They are trained to diagnose and treat different problems in the female reproductive system, including menstrual disorders, pregnancy, menopause, fertility issues, pelvic disorders, and sexual dysfunction

2. What gynecological problems require surgery?

Removal of ovarian cysts, removal of fibroids in the uterus, removal of unusual growths from the cervix, removal of the uterus, and treatment of gynecological cancers require surgery.

3. What are gynecological symptoms?

Gynecological symptoms that require diagnosis and treatment are vaginal discharge with unpleasant odor or color, lumps or sores in the genital regions, swelling, redness or burning in the vaginal area, abnormal menstrual bleeding, bleeding between periods, and burning sensation while urinating.

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