Anaesthesia & Pain Management

Surgeons routinely use anaesthesia to numb the person before surgery to block the pain. Physicians also use anaesthesia as a treatment for managing acute or chronic pain that is affecting the baby's sleep and other activities. Pain medicine is the branch of anesthesiology that focuses on pain management in critically ill individuals. Using anaesthetics to treat pain requires expert knowledge and experience. 

What is an anaesthesia and pain management procedure?

Anaesthesia achieves temporary blockage of pain signals originating from the nerves. Blockage of nerve signals prevents the sensation of pain in the brain. Using anaesthesia in pain management aims to make the pain bearable by raising the pain threshold. The physician assesses the pain and chooses a local or systemic anaesthetic.

Anaesthetists may use different administering techniques, such as inhalation, injections, or topical, according to the type of anaesthesia.

Usually, a team of doctors, comprising anaesthetists, paediatricians, and surgeons, manages the pain during or after pediatric surgery. The anaesthetist may prefer using regional anaesthesia during childbirth to make the labour pain more bearable for the mother. The nerve block technique is helpful for pain management in children after surgery   

Who qualifies for anaesthesia for pain management?

Babies may require anaesthesia to reduce the pain if they suffer from acute or chronic pain. Acute pain may be because of an injury or during and after surgery. Chronic illnesses require a different approach to pain management with the help of anaesthetic medicine.

Chronic pain in babies may be mild or severe. It may last up to a few months. Neuropathic pain interferes with routine activities and may become persistent because of injury or swelling of the nerves.

Visit any reputed pain medicine hospital if the baby has severe acute or chronic pain.

Why is anaesthesia suitable for pain management? 

Anaesthesia for pain management in children has several benefits. By selecting the correct type of anaesthesia, a physician achieves better pain control with fewer side effects and complications. In addition, using regional anaesthesia minimises the requirement for narcotic medicines for postoperative pain management.

Standard pain-relieving medication may not help ease the pain and discomfort if the pain is severe. However, different anaesthesia approaches, like a nerve-block technique, are suitable for managing severe pain. Pediatric surgeons use anaesthesia routinely while performing major or minor surgical procedures. Consult an expert surgeon to explore the options.

Are there different anaesthesia treatments?

There are various types of anaesthesia treatments for pain management in children. A physician may choose a specific anaesthesia treatment by assessing the level of pain and discomfort.

  • Local- The treatment of local anaesthesia involves numbing a small portion of the child's body.  
  • Regional- Physicians consider regional anaesthesia for blocking pain signals from nerves of a large portion, such as the entire lower part of the body or a limb. The epidural anaesthesia during birth by cesarean section is an example of regional anaesthesia. 
  • General- Major surgical procedures involving the abdomen, head, or chest require a patient to remain unconscious. General anaesthesia is a suitable treatment for making the patient unconscious for a particular period. It requires continuous monitoring by an experienced anaesthetist. 

What are the benefits of anaesthesia in pain management?

Anaesthesia is a standard treatment for pain management because of its high efficacy. It allows a physician to choose from a broad spectrum of techniques and anaesthetic agents to suit a patient's condition. Pain management with anaesthesia is beneficial in the following conditions:

  • Pain interferes with sleep patterns 
  • Pain is causing disturbance in routine activities
  • Need to perform surgeries or other procedures by managing pain
  • Standard medication is not effective in pain management

What are the complications of anaesthesia in pain management?

  • State of awareness- General anaesthesia has a rare complication that makes the individual aware of happenings during the surgical procedure. However, they cannot communicate despite their state of anaesthetic awareness.
  • Lung collapse- Lung collapse can be a rare complication during general anaesthesia.
  • Nerve injuries- anaesthesia may cause damage to nerves resulting in weakness, numbing, and nerve pain. 

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Amritsar - Abadi Court Road. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. How does the pain management approach in children differ from adults?

Assessment of the source and severity of pain is more challenging in babies than in adults. Babies cannot communicate verbally to pinpoint the location of the pain. They can also not describe the level of pain. A mother's touch may also act as an effective pain reliever besides medication in children.

2. What medication is suitable as a pain reliever besides anaesthesia?

Paediatricians may suggest using acetaminophen to treat pain in children. There are various pediatric dosage forms, like syrup, dispersible and chewable tablets.

3. What are the common side effects of anaesthesia?

Tooth damage, sore throat, nausea, and vomiting are a few side effects of anaesthetics. However, most side effects are reversible and cause no long-term complications.

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