Women's pelvic floor disorders are a common and essential area of focus for urogynecologists. Women who experience problems with their bladder or bowel, pain during sex, urinary incontinence, or prolapsed organs may benefit from care provided by urogynecologists.

What is Urogynecology?

Urogynecology is the study of the female urinary tract and pelvic floor. Urogynecologists are doctors who specialise in urogynecology and treat conditions related to the urinary tract and pelvic floor.

The urinary system includes:

  • Your kidneys.
  • Ureters (the tubes carrying urine from your kidneys to your bladder)
  • Bladder and urethra (the tube that carries urine from your bladder out of your body).

What are the different types of urogynecology surgery?

The following are a few examples of the various urogynecology procedures:

Pelvic reconstructive surgery

Surgery of this kind seeks to put the pelvic organs back in their proper place. To support the pelvic organs, mesh or other materials are used.

Suture surgery

A net or sling is placed under the urethra or bladder during this treatment to stabilise them and stop urine leaks.


This procedure closes the vaginal opening in female patients with severe pelvic organ prolapse who are not engaged in sexual activity.

Fistula repair

A fistula, an improper connection between the bladder, vagina, or rectum that may result in faecal or urine incontinence, is repaired through surgery.


To support the uterus or other pelvic organs, a mesh is surgically attached to the sacrum and the top of the vagina.

Transvaginal mesh removal

Surgery may be required if a patient develops difficulties after receiving a previous mesh implant.

When would a doctor suggest undergoing urogynecological surgery?

People experiencing the following symptoms can contact a doctor to fix an appointment for urogynecological surgeries:

  • Pain, pressure, or discomfort during urination
  • Pain during sex
  • Urinary incontinence (inability to control urine)
  • Constipation (having a hard time going to the bathroom)
  • Diarrhoea (constantly going to the toilet)

When should you undergo urogynecological surgery?

  • Urogynecologists treat many conditions, including urinary incontinence and pelvic pain.
  • In the case of a pelvic floor disorder, your urogynecologist will perform the procedure in conjunction with other specialist surgeons with expertise in each area of your body affected by the problem.
  • Your urogynecologist can also help you choose physical therapy or other treatment options if surgery isn't right for you.
  • The urogynecologist will diagnose your condition and suggest treatment options to help you manage it.
  • In addition to treating urinary incontinence, a urogynecologist can also help with bladder control problems, constipation, or painful intercourse (dyspareunia).
  • If you think that you might need help from a urogynecologist in treating your pelvic floor disorder or any other health issue related to this area, such as stress urinary incontinence (SUI), overactive bladder syndrome (OAB), or post-menopausal symptoms including dryness and hot flashes, then contact a urogynecologist immediately.

What are the benefits of the urogynecology department in a hospital?

The following are some possible advantages of an urogynecology department in a hospital:

Enhanced standard of living

The quality of life of a woman can be greatly impacted by pelvic floor conditions such as urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Surgery in urogynecology can reduce symptoms and enhance the general quality of life.

Strengthened bladder control

Urinary incontinence can be decreased and bladder control can be improved using sling surgery and other operations that support the bladder.

Enhanced sexual performance

Sexual function may occasionally be impacted by pelvic organ prolapse and other pelvic floor problems. Surgery for urogynecology can help with these problems and enhance sexual performance.

Less time spent in the hospital and recovering

Shorter hospital stays and quicker recovery times are benefits of many urogynecology procedures that are minimally invasive and can be done as outpatient procedures.

Reduced chance of problems

Surgery for urogynecology is typically regarded as successful, safe, and low-risk in terms of complications.


Urogynecology is a speciality that helps women with pelvic floor disorders, which include urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). If you're experiencing any of these issues, you may want to consider seeing a urogynecologist. They can help identify the cause of your condition and suggest treatment options that can improve your quality of life.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, DELHI-NCR - Chirag Enclave. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What distinguishes a urologist from a urogynecologist?

UTIs, incontinence, cancer, and issues with male infertility are just a few of the ailments that urologists can treat. Urogynecologists treat female patients and concentrate on pelvic floor problems, prolapse, and urinary incontinence symptoms.

2. What should you expect from your initial urogynecologist visit?

Your urogynecologist will probably conduct a pelvic exam and/or a rectal exam after going over your medical history and present symptoms. Each exam lasts only a few minutes and gives your urogynecologist the crucial information they need to diagnose you or decide how to proceed with your treatment.

3. How does a urologist examine the bladder in a woman?

A cystoscopy is a procedure that uses a tiny camera called a cystoscope to view inside the bladder. A doctor or nurse will introduce a cystoscope into the urethra (the tube that removes urine from the body) for the procedure.

4. What should you expect from your first urologist visit?

You will be required to fill out a questionnaire about your medical issues, including medical history, medications, allergies, and social history, at your initial appointment visit. To allow for the analysis of a urine sample, you should arrive at the office with a full bladder.

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