Cervical Issues

Cervical issues can have a significant impact on fertility. The cervix acts as a gatekeeper for the uterus, and any abnormality in it can cause problems with conception. Cervical scarring and inflammation can impair sperm movement, and the production of mucus that is necessary for successful fertilisation may be affected. In some cases, cervical incompetence may lead to miscarriage or preterm birth. Understanding the causes, diagnosis, and treatment options available for cervical issues is essential for achieving a successful pregnancy.

What are cervical issues?

Cervical issues are abnormalities in the structure or function of the cervix, the lowermost part of the uterus. These can range from minor, asymptomatic changes to severe cases that require invasive treatments. Common issues include cervical dysplasia (abnormal cell growth), uterine prolapse (the descent of the uterus into the vaginal canal), and cervical cancer. Cervical issues can be caused by a variety of factors, such as infection, inflammation, trauma, hormonal imbalances, and even genetics. Treatment typically depends on the severity and type of issue but may involve medication, surgery, or radiation therapy.

What are the causes behind cervical issues?

  • Many things can cause cervical problems, such as an infection, abnormal tissue growth, an injury, or just getting older.
  • Infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses (such as HPV), fungi, and parasites.
  • If there are too many cells in the lining of the cervix or there is too much connective tissue, abnormal tissue growth can happen.
  • During childbirth or with medical tools like forceps, the cervix can be hurt.
  • Age can cause changes in the cervix that make it more susceptible to problems.

What are the symptoms of cervical issues?

The symptoms of cervical issues include:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Lower back pain
  • Light spotting between periods
  • Heavy bleeding during periods
  • Abdominal pain
  • Leg pain

When should one see a doctor for cervical issues?

It is important to visit a doctor if any symptoms of cervical issues are present. These include pain in the pelvic area, lower back, or abdomen; abnormal bleeding; increased urinary frequency; and a burning sensation during urination. Other signs may involve changes in vaginal discharge, such as an increase in volume or the presence of an unusual odour. If any of these symptoms occur, it is best to seek medical advice from a healthcare professional as soon as possible.

What are the risk factors for cervical issues?

The risk factors for cervical issues include:

  • HPV infection
  • Smoking
  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Chlamydia infections
  • weakened immune system
  • A diet low in vitamins and minerals
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Being over the age of 30
  • having a family history of cervical cancer.


Cervical issues can be managed through lifestyle changes, medications, or other treatments such as cryotherapy or a cone biopsy. Cryotherapy is a safe and effective procedure that destroys abnormal cells by freezing them. A cone biopsy is a more invasive procedure that removes abnormal tissue from the cervix. Both procedures are typically performed with minimal pain and a short recovery time. With the right care and treatment, fertility experts can help patients manage their cervical issues. With the right approach to care, it is possible to maintain healthy cervical tissue and achieve successful pregnancy outcomes.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, DELHI-NCR - Chirag Enclave. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What is cervical health?

Cervical health is the state of the cervix, which is the bottom part of the uterus.

2. How can cervical health be maintained?

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and avoiding certain risks, such as smoking and unprotected sexual activity, can help maintain cervical health. Regular screenings with Pap tests are also important for the early detection of any changes or concerns.

3. What is a Pap test?

A Pap test is a screening procedure used to detect changes in the cells of the cervix that may indicate precancerous or cancerous conditions. It involves collecting a sample of cells from around the cervix and sending them to a laboratory for analysis.

4. When should women begin having Pap tests?

Generally, women aged 21–65 should have regular Pap tests every 3 years. Women over 65 who have had at least three consecutive normal Pap tests should consult their doctor about whether they need to continue screening.

5. Can cervical issues affect fertility?

Yes, certain types of abnormalities in the cervix can affect fertility. These include cervical stenosis, polyps, and scarring.

6. How can I tell if my cervical issues are causing fertility problems?

If you have been trying to conceive for an extended period without success, then it may be time to speak to a fertility specialist about your concerns.

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