Managing the pain by Anaesthesia


The pain that we feel due to any injury is through a neural signal. The stimulus received due to an injury sends the signal to the brain for a developing response in the form of pain. Anaesthesia manages the pain by blocking this signal. Anaesthesia does not let the pain signals to reach the brain and makes you sleep. Thus, a doctor is capable of performing the surgeries peacefully. Without this proper management, the patient will not be able to bear the pain of the surgery. A doctor who has a speciality in giving anaesthesia is an anesthesiologist. There are different types of anaesthesia used depending on the condition of the patient. We will discuss them below. 

Anaesthesia & Pain ManagementTypes of Anaesthesia

  1. Local Anaesthesia: When the doctors use anaesthesia to numb only a certain part of the body, then the anaesthesia is local. In such a procedure, you might stay conscious while the doctors will perform minor surgeries. For example, removal of teeth, skin biopsy, stitching of a cut, minor eye operations etc. Such anaesthesia plays an important role in the treatment of regions where the nerves are easily accessible. 
  2. Regional Anaesthesia: It is a form of anaesthesia which numbs the larger region of the body. For example, it might numb the hand, the leg or the entire body below the waist when injected in that region. This helps perform C-sections in women and other certain minor surgeries. The doctor might provide sedation with regional anaesthesia to the patient. 
  3. General anaesthesia: Now you might be wondering what anaesthesia will be given during major surgeries. Well, the answer is general anaesthesia. When an anaesthesiologist, gives you general anaesthesia, then you will be completely unconscious. You might not remember what happened to you after getting general anaesthesia. Such anaesthesia plays an important role in the pain management of major surgeries or operations of the lungs, heart, brain or arteries. 

The anesthesiologist might inject general anaesthesia into your vein or provide you with anaesthetic gases to inhale. When you will become completely unconscious, the doctors will perform the surgery with utmost care. 

Anaesthesia & Pain Management: Why the Anaesthesia is given

Before performing any major or minor surgery, the doctors know the amount of pain a patient can bear. Without the absence of proper pain management, the patient might become restless or even faint during the operation. Severe surgeries cannot be performed without giving general anaesthesia. Therefore, the anaesthesiologist needs to give proper anaesthesia to the patient before undergoing any surgery or operation. 

Anaesthesia & Pain Management: Risks or Complications of Anaesthesia

Some of the risks involved in giving anaesthesia to a patient are as follows:

  • Allergy towards an anaesthesia
  • Changes in normal heart rhythm
  • Breathing issues
  • Delirium (confusion after the general anaesthesia)

To avoid any risk or complications, consult the best doctors. 


Anaesthesia and pain Management is the part of medical science that deals with managing the pain experienced by patients during any major or minor surgery. The doctors specialised in giving or examining the working of anaesthesia are the anaesthesiologist. There are three basic types of anaesthesia. It might be helpful with or without sedation depending upon the condition of the patient. Anaesthesia blocks the signals of pain and numbs the areas. Thus, a doctor can easily and peacefully perform the surgery.

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1. What are the three major branches of pain management?

The three major branches that deal with managing pain are as follows:
1. Body Techniques (e.g. Acupuncture)
2. Physical Therapy (e.g. Massage)
3. Psychological Therapy (e.g. Meditation)

2. For how long does a nerve block help in managing the pain?

A nerve block helps in managing the pain for approximately 12 to 24 hours.

3. State the 4 A’s of the management of pain.

The 4 A’s of the management of pain are as follows:
1. Analgesia
2. Behavior of taking Aberrant drugs
3. Adverse circumstances
4. Daily Activities

4. Which type of anaesthesia is the safest?

Anaesthesia is mostly safe under proper medical guidance. However, local anaesthesia used to numb a certain body part is the safest. This anaesthesia is for performing minor surgeries only.

5. Name some of the drugs used in pain management.

Some of the drugs used in pain management are as follows:
1. Fentanyl
2. Codeine
3. Morphine
4. Tramadol

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