Pediatric Endocrinology: medical subspecialty


Our body releases hormones that dictate or assist the other parts of the body that how to function. They are like chemicals and certain hormones determine the growth of a child or puberty and the function of their metabolism them. The gland that releases hormones in your body is the endocrine gland. Therefore, if the endocrine glands do not work properly or any imbalance is there, severe problems might occur. Thus, endocrinology is the science or study of these hormones and glands. Pediatric endocrinologist deals with pediatric endocrinology, associated with these children from childhood to their teen years. 

Disorders in Pediatric Endocrinology

Some of the disorders that are common in the endocrinology of children (pediatric) are:

  • Problems in the growth of a child such as short stature may occur. Height depends upon genetic factors but the endocrinal disorder might adversely affect their weight, height and puberty growth.
  • Another common disorder is of abnormal level of thyroid hormone in a child. Hyperthyroidism and the other one is hypothyroidism are the two types of thyroid disorders
  • The level of calcium is very important for the growth of the teeth and bones of a child. In case of a higher calcium level than normal, condition hypercalcemia may be caused whereas, in case of a lower calcium level than normal, hypocalcemia might be caused.
  • Hormone levels direct puberty in boys and girls and may cause pubertal disorder means that puberty may begin too early or too late.
  • Dysfunction in the ovaries and the testicles
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity or the condition of overweight
  • Pituitary disorders

Symptoms of an endocrine disorder

The symptoms are quite different in each person as it depends upon the gland which is specifically involved. Symptoms might take months or even years to appear however in most the symptoms that appear in children with an endocrine disorder include weakness, headache, fatigue, irritability, either loss or gain in weight, unsuccessful to meet normal growth standards, etc. Genetics and obesity increase the chances of developing an endocrine disorder.

When to see a doctor for Pediatric Endocrinology

Most commonly during the normal check-up for the child’s wellness, doctors may detect some of the endocrine problems such as if the child faces failure in the growth standard. This shows that your child might be facing problems in the hormonal system. If he has any of the symptoms mentioned above, then you must contact a specialist or a pediatric endocrinologist. A pediatric endocrinologist will examine the child and treat problems related to endocrine glands. 

What Treatment do pediatric endocrinologists provide?

A pediatric endocrinologist looks after the specific endocrine gland that causes the problem and accordingly provides the most appropriate treatment for children and teens. He has expertise in his field and is thereby trained to deal with children to treat their hormonal imbalances. Some of the common tests that he/she may order are a blood test, bone age assessment, nutritional assessment and stimulation and suppression tests. Some other treatments include medications, counselling sessions, exercises such as cardiovascular or weight-bearing, a proper diet, etc.


Endocrinology is commonly associated with hormones that play a vital role in the growth and development of a child. Thus, the study of hormonal imbalances in the endocrine glands or organs that are related to children or teens is referred to as Pediatric Endocrinology. The problems caused can be treated however through a specialist called a pediatric endocrinologist.

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1. Name common problems in the endocrine system of children.

Common problems in the endocrine system are:
1. Either too early or too late onset of puberty
2. Diabetes
3. The problem with the growth (Growth hormone deficiency)
4. Turner syndrome
5. Condition of hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism
6. Tumors

2. What do you mean by a pediatric endocrinologist?

A doctor that has specialization in diagnosing and treating children or teens, who have diseases of the endocrine system like diabetes and problems in growth is known as a pediatric endocrinologist. Hormones, produced by the endocrine glands are kind of chemicals that play a vital role in directing many functions of the body.

3. Name some disorders that can be treated by an endocrinologist.

Some of the disorders treatable are:
1. Metabolic and Thyroid conditions
2. Calcium and bone conditions
3. Diabetes
4. Sexual development, reproduction and function conditions

4. State the most common disorder of the endocrine gland in children or teens.

The most common one is Thyroid disorder in which abnormal levels of thyroid hormone develop in children or teens.

5. Name some tests that a pediatric endocrinologist will conduct.

In cases of pediatric endocrinology, tests or diagnoses conducted are stimulation tests, ultrasounds, blood tests, CT scans, MRIs, etc.

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