Pregnancy is a condition that arises from the sperm fertilising the egg. The egg is released at ovulation. The egg on fertilization moves towards the uterus from the fallopian tube for implantation. On successful transplantation, pregnancy occurs.

What are the common symptoms of pregnancy?

Pregnancy has some signs and symptoms that are visible in the early months. Some of these symptoms may become more prominent and visible after a few months. The pregnancy symptoms are listed below:

Absence of menstrual period

It might be the first symptom that appears in the pregnancy. The absence of a menstrual period may be the reason for some other medical and health issues, like poor nutrition and stress. The absence of a period does not necessarily mean the presence of pregnancy. Further tests are required to confirm the pregnancy.

Experiencing Headache

Pregnancy causes changes in hormone levels. The blood volume is also increased during pregnancy. All these physiological changes can cause headaches during pregnancy.

Presence of Spotting

Spotting can be common in the early pregnancy months. It is marked by light bleeding. It is caused by implantation or some slight infection or irritation in the early pregnancy period. If you have spots, you should visit a doctor and have them checked.

Weight gain

The weight gain continues to increase during pregnancy. It is very visible during the start of the second trimester of pregnancy.

Heartburn and constipation

Changes in hormones cause a slowing of the digestive system. It can cause relaxation of the stomach and esophageal valves and sometimes stomach acid leaks. All this can cause heartburn and constipation.

Cramps and back pain

The uterus muscles stretch and expand during pregnancy, causing cramps. The muscles of the back are also stressed out, causing back pain. The change in hormones can also cause back pain.


Anaemia is another common symptom during pregnancy. It causes dizziness, weakness, and lightheadedness. It can also lead to premature birth and low baby weight on delivery.

Depression and insomia

Changes in hormones cause biological and emotional changes. It can also be related to stress and physical discomfort. Insomnia can become another symptom in the pregnant woman.

Diarrhoea and vomiting

Slow digestion and difficulty digesting food can cause diarrhoea. It can be due to many reasons, like stress, hormonal imbalance, a change in diet regime, etc. Hydrating the body in such cases is very important. Vomiting is another very common symptom in pregnancy.

Changes in Breasts

Breasts become tender, swollen, and heavy. Nipples get larger and more sensitive. The areola may also darken.

Hip pain

Hip pain increases as the pregnancy progresses. It becomes more severe in the later months of pregnancy. It may be caused by a heavier uterus, a change in body posture, strained ligaments, sciatica, etc.

How is Pregnancy progressed in nine months?

Pregnancy is grouped into three trimesters.

First Trimester:

This period comprises 1 to 12 weeks. The foetus develops the brain, spinal cord, and some organs like the heart. The baby's heart begins to beat.

Second Trimester:

It lasts from 13 weeks to 27 weeks. Any genetic or developmental abnormality can be tested and checked during this period. The baby will move, kick, and punch inside the uterus during this period. The baby in utero is considered 'viable' after 23 months.

Third Trimester:

This trimester lasts from 28 weeks to 40 weeks. The bones are completely formed, and weight gain in pregnant women increases dramatically. Pelvic discomfort and foot swelling are very common. The women may experience false alarms of labour.


Pregnancy occurs when the egg is fertilised by sperm through the process of fertilisation. The fertilised egg is implanted in the uterus and grows to develop into a baby. Pregnancy lasts for about 9 months or 40 weeks. This time is divided into three trimesters. This is a period where a woman undergoes a huge amount of change, both physically and emotionally. Besides medical attention, an expecting mother also needs a loving and caring environment to grow along with the baby she's carrying.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, DELHI-NCR - Chirag Enclave. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. Why do women have acne and pimple problems during pregnancy?

The androgen hormone level is increased. It makes the skin more oily. It leads to the clogging of pores, and acne is the result. Pregnancy acne is temporary. They go away after childbirth.

2. What is "morning sickness" in pregnancy?

Vomiting or feeling nauseous is commonly referred to as 'morning sickness' in pregnant women. It appears within the first four months and is generally caused by an increase in the level of hormones in the woman's body.

3. How can insomnia be treated at home?

Insomnia can be treated and taken care of by eating healthy and balanced food. Also, maintain a good sleep routine. Some exercises and physical stretching through yoga can be very helpful.

4. Can spotting and bleeding during pregnancy cause problems?

Spotting and bleeding can potentially cause problems in pregnancy. It can lead to miscarriage, placenta previa, or ectopic pregnancy.

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