Intracranial Haemorrhage: A Complete Guide


Intracranial haemorrhage is a type of brain injury caused by trauma to the head or a condition such as high blood pressure or an aneurysm. It can have serious and potentially fatal consequences, including coma and death. Symptoms of intracranial haemorrhage include severe headache, confusion, seizures, paralysis, and speech difficulty. Prompt medical attention is essential for proper diagnosis and treatment, which may include surgery or medications. The long-term outlook depends on the extent of the injury and other factors. Knowing the signs and symptoms of intracranial haemorrhage is essential for timely diagnosis and treatment.

What is intracranial haemorrhage?

Intracranial haemorrhage is a type of bleeding that occurs inside the skull. It can be caused by a traumatic injury, stroke, or medical condition such as high blood pressure or an aneurysm. Symptoms of intracranial haemorrhage include severe headache, nausea and vomiting, drowsiness, confusion, and loss of consciousness. If left untreated, it can lead to a coma and even death. Treatment for intracranial haemorrhage includes medications to reduce swelling in the brain and surgery to drain excess fluid from the skull. Depending on the severity of the bleeding, other treatments may also be necessary.

What are the causes behind intracranial haemorrhage?

Intracranial bleeding can be caused by a blow to the head, a broken artery or vein in the brain, or a burst aneurysm.

A fall, vehicle accident, gunshot wound, or other force can result in trauma. High blood pressure weakens the walls of the arteries in the brain, which can lead to bleeding inside the brain.

Subarachnoid haemorrhages are caused when a weakened artery bursts and bleeds into the space around the brain. Intraventricular haemorrhages occur when there is bleeding into the ventricles of the brain.

What are the symptoms of intracranial haemorrhage?

Intracranial haemorrhage symptoms include:

  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Neck pain
  • Confusion
  • Drowsiness
  • Blurred vision
  • Seizures or convulsions
  • Difficulty speaking or understanding language
  • inability to move parts of the body
  • Loss of balance and coordination
  • weakness on one side of the body
  • altered level of consciousness
  • Stroke-like symptoms (in some cases)
  • Coma or death (in severe cases)

When should one see a doctor for intracranial haemorrhage?

If someone experiences a sudden, severe headache that is accompanied by any of the following symptoms: nausea or vomiting, confusion, seizures, stiff neck, loss of balance or coordination, and/or vision changes, they should seek medical attention immediately. A doctor should be consulted if there is any difficulty speaking or understanding others, numbness in the face or extremities, double vision, drooping eyelids, and/or excessive sleepiness. If these symptoms persist or worsen over time, it is especially important to see a doctor.

What are the risk factors for intracranial haemorrhage?

  • High blood pressure is the most common risk factor for intracranial haemorrhage.

Other risk factors include:

  • Head trauma
  • Medical conditions such as aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, and blood clotting disorders
  • Use of anticoagulants
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Alcohol or drug abuse
  • In some cases, the cause of a haemorrhage remains unknown.
  • Pregnant women or those who have just given birth are at an increased risk of developing a haemorrhage due to high levels of hormones.
  • Individuals with weakened immune systems may also be at greater risk of developing a haemorrhage.


Intracranial haemorrhage is a serious medical condition that requires prompt attention and treatment. The procedure for diagnosing and treating intracranial haemorrhage involves the use of imaging technologies, such as CT scans and MRIs, to assess the severity of the condition. Treatment options may include surgery, medications, or other interventions, depending on the individual case. With appropriate management and care, patients can make a full recovery from this serious medical emergency. Patients need to seek medical attention at the earliest signs of intracranial haemorrhage to receive prompt treatment and obtain the best possible outcome.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, DELHI-NCR - Chirag Enclave. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. How is intracranial hemorrhage treated?

Treatment for an intracranial hemorrhage typically involves medication to reduce swelling in the brain and surgery to repair any damaged blood vessels or remove any clots that have formed.

2. What are the possible complications of an intracranial hemorrhage?

Complications from an intracranial hemorrhage can include stroke-like symptoms, paralysis or cognitive impairment due to damage to the brain tissue, hydrocephalus (fluid buildup in the brain), seizures, and even death if not treated quickly enough.

3. How is intracranial hemorrhage diagnosed?

Intracranial hemorrhage is diagnosed through imaging tests such as a CT scan or MRI.

4. Can intracranial hemorrhage be prevented?

Intracranial hemorrhage can sometimes be avoided by controlling high blood pressure, avoiding head injuries, and taking care of underlying health problems like aneurysms or problems with blood clotting.

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