VBAC (Vaginal Birth After Cesarean)

VBAC (Vaginal Birth After Cesarean) is a safe and viable option for many women who have had a previous cesarean delivery. With the right preparation and support, a successful VBAC can result in an empowering experience for the mother. Women should be informed of all their options before birth and encouraged to make decisions based on their circumstances. It is also important to understand any associated risks with a VBAC compared to an elective repeat caesarean delivery. An expert fertility specialist can guide patients through this process.

What are the different types of VBAC?

There are various types of VBAC. These can be split into three categories: planned, unplanned, and repeat Caesarean. A planned VBAC involves a woman and her doctor discussing the risks versus benefits of attempting a vaginal birth after a previous Caesarean. An unplanned VBAC occurs when labour begins before a pre-arranged Caesarean section date but the mother wishes to attempt a vaginal birth. Finally, a repeat Caesarean is performed if an attempted VBAC fails or if there are other medical reasons why vaginal delivery is not possible.

Who qualifies for VBAC?

VBAC is generally recommended for women who have had one previous caesarean section and who meet certain criteria. These include having a single, low-transverse uterine scar, good physical health, and an uncomplicated pregnancy. Women whose babies are in the normal birthing position (head down) are also more likely to be eligible for VBAC. Women should also have access to qualified medical support throughout labour and delivery in case complications arise or a second caesarean section is needed.

When would a doctor suggest undergoing a VBAC?

Doctors often advise VBAC when a woman has had one or more prior cesarean deliveries but is now considered to have a low-risk pregnancy. In such cases, the mother may be encouraged to attempt vaginal delivery as long as it is safe for herself and her baby.

If the uterus has healed well since the prior caesarean and the current pregnancy seems to be progressing normally, then VBAC could be recommended. It may also be recommended if any previous caesareans were done for non-recurring reasons, such as breech presentation or malposition of the baby.

How should a patient prepare for VBAC?

Preparing for a VBAC includes finding a care provider who is experienced in and supportive of VBACs, taking childbirth classes, engaging in regular physical exercise, eating healthily, avoiding drugs and alcohol during pregnancy, attending all prenatal appointments, and staying informed about the risks and benefits associated with VBAC. Seek advice from your healthcare team on any additional preparation for your situation.

What are the risks or complications associated with VBAC?

VBAC carries a risk of uterine rupture, infection, heavy bleeding, and the possible need for future C-sections. The risk of uterine rupture is higher in women with multiple previous C-sections. There is also an increased risk of hysterectomy, bladder or bowel injury, blood transfusion, or an emergency hysterectomy due to uncontrolled bleeding.

Additionally, the baby may be born with low Apgar scores or with neurological damage caused by a lack of oxygen during delivery. Other risks include scar dehiscence (separation), preterm labour, and foetal distress.

If you are pregnant and seeking more information about VBAC, you should discuss all the risks and benefits with a physician. They can help you decide whether or not a VBAC is right for you.


VBAC is a safe and effective alternative for women who want to experience a vaginal birth after a previous cesarean delivery. It is important for expecting mothers to discuss their options with their healthcare provider and determine if VBAC is the right choice. With proper preparation and precautions, VBAC can be an empowering and successful experience. Ultimately, VBAC offers mothers the opportunity to have the birth they desire while ensuring the safety of both mother and baby.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, DELHI-NCR - Moti Nagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What factors should a patient consider when deciding whether to pursue VBAC?

Patients considering VBAC should take into account their previous delivery history, any health conditions they may have, and the risks associated with repeat cesarean sections.

2. What are the potential benefits of attempting a VBAC?

The potential benefits of attempting a VBAC include avoiding major abdominal surgery, reducing recovery time compared to a C-section, and potentially reducing the risk of certain complications in future pregnancies.

3. Are there any situations in which attempting a VBAC would be contraindicated?

Attempting a VBAC is generally contraindicated if the patient has had two or more prior cesarean sections, has had uterine surgery such as fibroid removal or tubal ligation, or if labour fails to progress normally during labour and delivery.

4. How likely is it that a patient will successfully achieve a vaginal birth after a caesarean?

The likelihood of successful vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) varies by individual; however, studies have found that up to 80% of women with one prior cesarean section were able to deliver vaginally in subsequent pregnancies without complication.

5. Are there any particular methods that can increase the chance of successfully achieving vaginal birth after a caesarean?

Yes, several methods can increase the chance of a successful VBAC. These include choosing a provider and setting up with a facility that is supportive of VBACs, getting regular prenatal care, engaging in physical activity to maintain good health and muscle tone during pregnancy, avoiding induction of labour, and seeking out childbirth education classes to learn more about VBACs.

Book an Appointment




Pregnancy Calculator