Ovarian Issues

Ovarian health is a complex and important issue for many women. The ovaries produce the hormones responsible for fertility as well as sex characteristics, making it essential to maintain their function throughout life.

Ovarian issues can range from cysts to cancer and may be preventable or treatable depending on the individual circumstances. Early detection is key to successful management and outcomes, so understanding the signs and symptoms of ovarian issues is essential.

What are ovarian issues?

Ovarian issues are a range of medical conditions affecting the ovaries, which are two small organs located on either side of the uterus in the female reproductive system. They produce the hormones oestrogen and progesterone and release eggs during ovulation.

Common Ovarian Issues include ovarian cysts, endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and ovarian cancer. Symptoms vary depending on the condition but can include pelvic pain, irregular menstrual cycles, infertility, bloating or swelling in the abdomen, pressure/pain in the lower back or thighs, and changes in appetite or weight.

A diagnosis is usually made through a physical examination, an ultrasound scan, or blood tests. Treatment options may range from lifestyle changes to hormone therapy to surgery.

What causes ovarian issues?

Ovarian issues may be caused by several different factors, including genetics, age, endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Genetic conditions such as Turner Syndrome can cause ovarian cysts.

Age is another major factor; pregnancy rates tend to decline in women over the age of 35. Endometriosis is a condition where cells from the lining of the uterus travel to other parts of the body, including the ovaries.

PCOS is an imbalance of female hormones that can lead to irregular periods and infertility. PID is an infection in the reproductive organs that can lead to scarring and damage to the ovaries.

When should one see a doctor for ovarian issues?

One should see a doctor immediately if they experience any of the following symptoms: abdominal pain, pelvic pain, excessive fatigue, irregular periods, changes in the regularity of urinating, sudden weight loss or gain, bloating, and unusual uterine bleeding. A doctor can perform tests to determine whether there is an underlying ovarian issue and then outline a course of action.

What are the treatment options for ovarian issues?

Treatment options for ovarian issues vary depending on the cause and severity. In some cases, hormone replacement therapy or other medications may be prescribed to restore hormonal balance. Surgery such as an oophorectomy (removal of the ovaries) or salpingectomy (removal of the fallopian tubes) may sometimes be necessary.

Other options include intrauterine insemination, In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF), or donor eggs and sperm to assist with conception in more serious cases. As well as these medical treatments, lifestyle modifications such as eating healthily, exercising regularly, reducing stress levels, and avoiding alcohol consumption can also be beneficial.

What are the risk factors for ovarian issues?

Age is a major risk factor for ovarian issues. After the age of 35, women are more likely to experience diminished ovarian reserve or decreased egg quality. Obesity has also been linked to infertility and other ovarian issues, as well as smoking and alcohol consumption.

Other medical conditions such as endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and thyroid disorders can also increase the risk of ovarian issues. Environmental toxins, including certain pesticides and industrial chemicals, have been linked to an increased risk of reproductive problems in women.


Ovarian issues can be complex and difficult to diagnose. However, with the proper screening, tests, and treatments, patients can receive the best care and support available for their conditions. By understanding the symptoms of ovarian issues and working with a healthcare provider, individuals can identify any underlying issues that may need to be addressed. With comprehensive treatment plans and patient education, ovarian issues can be managed so that individuals can live their lives with confidence and peace of mind.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, DELHI-NCR - Moti Nagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What is the relationship between ovarian issues and fertility?

Ovarian issues can cause a disruption of normal ovulation, which can lead to infertility.

2. What are some of the most common symptoms associated with ovarian issues?

Symptoms of ovarian issues may include pelvic pain, bloating, abnormal menstruation, pressure on the bladder or rectum, and difficulty conceiving.

3. What are the first signs of ovarian cancer?

Early signs of ovarian cancer may include persistent pelvic or abdominal pain, feelings of fullness in the abdomen, frequent urination, and changes in bowel habits. Additionally, it is important to be aware of any family history that could put you at risk of developing ovarian cancer.

4. How can you improve your ovary health?

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is key to improving ovary health. This can include eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and reducing stress levels. Additionally, it is important to get routine pelvic exams to monitor any changes that could be a sign of an underlying condition or disease.

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