Myomectomy is a surgical procedure to remove uterine fibroids. It usually involves laparoscopic or open surgery, depending on the size and number of fibroid tumours. During the operation, the fibroids are removed either by cutting them away from the uterine wall or by 'morcellation', whereby they are cut into pieces that can be removed through small incisions. After the procedure, any remaining fibroids should shrink in size. Following the procedure, a woman would typically experience slower recovery times than those associated with other fertility treatments. A myomectomy is often recommended to those who want to improve their chances of becoming pregnant naturally.

Types of Myomectomy

There are various types of myomectomy, the most common being abdominal, laparoscopic, and hysteroscopic. An abdominal myomectomy is a surgical procedure that requires an incision in the abdomen to access the uterus and remove fibroids. Laparoscopic myomectomy uses small incisions in the abdomen and specialised instruments to remove fibroids from the uterus. Hysteroscopic myomectomy involves inserting a slender telescope-like device into the vagina to see inside the uterus where fibroids can be removed. Other types of myomectomy include robotic-assisted procedures, uterine artery embolization, percutaneous myolysis, and endometrial ablation.

Who qualifies for the Myomectomy procedure?

Myomectomy is typically recommended for women who suffer from fibroids and want to become pregnant. The procedure may be suitable for those with symptomatic fibroids that cause pain or heavy bleeding, and those who are having difficulty getting pregnant due to the fibroids blocking the fallopian tubes or interfering with fertilisation. Myomectomy may also be an option for women who wish to retain their uterus but have large fibroids.

When would a doctor suggest undergoing a Myomectomy procedure?

Patients may be advised to consider myomectomy if they experience fibroid-related symptoms such as heavy or painful periods, abdominal pain, frequent urination, and constipation. It is also used to relieve fertility issues caused by the presence of fibroids in the uterus. Additionally, it is an option to check for other conditions such as cancer or investigate potential pelvic infections. For women who wish to become pregnant in the future, a myomectomy can increase their chances of success.

Risks or complications associated with Myomectomy procedure

Myomectomy carries several possible risks and complications, including infection, haemorrhage, and injury to adjacent organs. In rare cases, laparotomy myomectomy may result in the need for a blood transfusion. There is also a risk of infertility due to damage to the uterine lining and surrounding tissues. Other potential complications include damage to the bladder or bowel, the formation of scar tissue, and fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. Additionally, recurrence of fibroids may occur after surgery.

Post-surgical course and recovery period for Myomectomy procedures

After a Myomectomy, most patients can expect to be discharged from the hospital within 24 hours. The recovery period may last up to 6 weeks, and during this time, it is important to rest and avoid strenuous activities. Patients should not lift anything heavier than 5 pounds for the first four weeks after surgery, and they may need pain medication for up to two weeks. It is common to experience some cramping during recovery, which should decrease over time. Regular follow-up appointments with a doctor are essential to ensure proper healing.


Myomectomy is a safe and reliable procedure for the removal of uterine fibroids. It can be performed through an abdominal incision, laparoscopically, or hysteroscopically. Patients who undergo this procedure experience reduced pain, improved fertility, and restored quality of life. Myomectomy offers those struggling with the physical and emotional effects of uterine fibroids an effective, evidence-based solution to their condition. With careful planning, proper guidance, and diligent follow-up care, a myomectomy can provide patients with a safe and successful outcome.

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1. How is a myomectomy performed?

A myomectomy can be performed laparoscopically, vaginally, or abdominally, depending on the size, location, and number of fibroids present.

2. Is hormone therapy necessary after a myomectomy?

Hormone therapy is not necessarily required after a myomectomy but may be recommended based on individual circumstances. The purpose of hormone therapy would be to reduce the risk of the recurrence of fibroid tumours in the future.

3. How long does it take for fertility to return after a myomectomy?

Fertility often returns within two to three months after surgery in most cases; however, this can vary depending on factors such as age and whether hormone therapy was used post-surgery.

4. What are some alternatives to a myomectomy?

Alternatives to surgical removal include medications to reduce symptoms of fibroids or shrink them in size, uterine artery embolization (UAE), hysterectomy, endometrial ablation, or radiofrequency ablation (RFA).

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