PCOS: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

What is PCOS?

Women in their reproductive years are susceptible to polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), a hormonal condition. If you have PCOS, your periods may not be regular. Or perhaps you experience lengthy menstrual cycles. The hormone androgen may be present in excess in your body.

What are the first signs of PCOS and its symptoms?

Females of reproductive age frequently have polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), a hormonal disorder. PCOS symptoms might start soon after puberty, although they can also appear in late adolescence and the early years of adulthood. PCOS may go untreated for some time since symptoms might be misdiagnosed as coming from other conditions or could go overlooked. Typically, PCOS can be diagnosed if two of the following three symptoms are present:

  1. Irregular periods

Because women with PCOS don't ovulate, they frequently experience irregular or skipped periods. Period irregularities are a typical indication of PCOS. For instance, you could go more than 35 days between periods and have fewer than nine periods each year. Some women experience very strong menstrual bleeding.

  1. Gaining weight

About half of PCOS patients will struggle to control their weight gain and obesity.

  1. Fatigue

With PCOS, many patients experience increased tiredness and poor energy. The cause of the exhaustion may be related problems, like inadequate sleep.

  1. Unwanted hair growth

The face, arms, neck, chest, thumb, toes, and belly can all be impacted by excessive hair growth. Hormonal alterations in androgens are the cause of hirsutism linked to PCOS.

  1. Infertility

The main factor in female infertility is PCOS. However, not all PCOS sufferers are the same. While some people may require fertility treatments, others have been able to get pregnant on their own.

  1. Depression

Your emotions will be severely impacted by both hormonal changes and symptoms like uncontrollable hair growth. Many people who have PCOS end up depressed and anxious.

Causes of PCOS

Excessive amounts of male hormones: In most cases, women have very low quantities of male hormones (also known as androgens, such as testosterone) in their blood. However, PCOS-afflicted women's blood has an overabundance of androgens.

Disturbed Insulin: Activity is disturbed by insulin resistance, which can result in elevated blood sugar levels and ultimately diabetes mellitus.

Chronic inflammation: In PCOS, the blood levels of many inflammatory markers and chemicals linked to inflammation are elevated. There is a persistent low-grade chronic inflammatory condition that can cause various chronic illnesses, such as endometrial cancer, cardiovascular problems, and diabetes.

Hereditary: According to studies, genes may contribute to the development of PCOS. Women with moms or sisters suffering from PCOS or type II diabetes are more likely to get the disorder since it tends to run in families.

Unhealthy living: According to research, leading a sedentary life and adopting poor dietary habits might raise your risk of developing PCOS. According to research, living an unhealthy lifestyle and being overweight might raise the likelihood of developing PCOS, especially in people genetically susceptible to the condition.

How does PCOS affect your body?

Extra androgen production: excessive amounts of androgen hormones lead to excessive facial hair or unnatural body hair growth.

Menstrual cycles that are irregular or unbalanced: Ovulation does not follow regular cycles or patterns.

Polycystic ovaries: ovarian follicles or sacs that are enlarged and packed with fluid are called polycystic ovaries.

Tips to improve PCOS

  • Including a protein source with meals or snacks helps maintain stable blood sugar levels all day long.
  • Consume a range of hues throughout the day. There are several fruits and vegetables included in it. Each hue contains essential nutrients and antioxidants to support optimal bodily function.
  • Increase your consumption of whole grains that are high in fibre. Your blood sugar levels are better controlled thanks to fibre.
  • Omega-3s are a supernutrient with several health benefits for PCOS.
  • Berberine, metformin, myoinositol, fish oil, and other helpful vitamins and drugs include these. Consult with a dietary expert for guidance.

When should I consult a doctor for PCOS?

If you're worried about your periods, having difficulties becoming pregnant, or showing indications of excess androgen, consult your doctor. These might include male-pattern baldness, acne, and new hair growth around your face and body.


In summary, PCOS is a medical issue that many women in today's culture experience. Having an active and healthy lifestyle, however, may reduce the likelihood of having this illness.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, DELHI-NCR - Moti Nagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. How can people with PCOS effectively exercise?

PCOS patients must exercise in some form or another at least 4 to 5 days a week. This can be cardio, yoga, brisk walking, or sports.

2. Who may develop PCOS?

Women often experience PCOS once they begin to enter puberty. This can happen due to heredity, an unhealthy diet, smoking, or excessive amounts of male hormones.

3. Can PCOS influence your ability to conceive?

Yes, it can. It can prevent regular ovulation and lead to female infertility in addition to subfertility due to a hormonal imbalance.

4. Is PCOS treatable in any way?

There is no cure for PCOS. However, with the right guidance, lifestyle changes, and treatment, the symptoms and intensity of the symptoms can be managed well.

5. Why is PCOS so common nowadays?

Insulin resistance, which affects one in every four adults, is a significant contributor to the problem. Too much sugar (concentrated fructose) in our diet, as well as smoking, obesity, trans fat, stress, and environmental pollutants, all contribute to insulin resistance.

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