What is Urogynecology?

Urogynecology is a specialized field that deals with reconstructive surgeries and female pelvic medicines. Doctors who identify and treat such conditions are known as urogynecologists.

Some prominent pelvic floor conditions include pelvic organ prolapse or weak bladder. The pelvic floor is an integral body part that consists of organs like the reproductive system, bladder, and rectum. 

What does a Urogynecologist do? 

A urogynecologist is responsible for handling health conditions related to the bladder and pelvic floor. This includes overactive bladders, weak pelvic muscles, reproductive issues, and bladder or rectal incontinence.

When you visit a urogynecologist, they conduct different tests to evaluate the complete health conditions. Based on the test results, the patient is further treated. The treatment plan will be designed to treat health problems and their major causes. Common treatments include - 

  • Medicines - Certain incontinence issues, such as pelvic floor conditions, ask for medications. 
  • Injections - For bladder control conditions, a Urogynecologist considers using injections with outpatient, local anaesthesia, and in the office. 
  • Vaginal pessary - pessary is a medical device considered inside the female reproductive system or vagina. This provides adequate support to all your organs. 
  • Surgery - Depending on your health condition, your health expert may suggest different surgeries. These include vaginal wall repair, Bladder installations, uterus removal, and bladder control surgery. 

What conditions does a Urogynecologist treat?

Urogynecologists mainly treat a plethora of pelvic disorders and other critical conditions. Mainly, these problems occur because of the trauma of childbirth and strenuous activities like heavy weight lifting and so on.

Here is the list of conditions and urogynecologist treatments - 

  • Incontinence of the rectum and bladder.
  • Overactive bladder
  • Urge incontinence
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Frequent urinary tract infections or UTIs
  • Prolapse of the bladder, uterus, or cervix
  • Fistulas 

Reasons to see a Urogynecologist. 

The pelvic floor is a commonly found health condition that can lead to extreme pain, poop leakage, and an urge for frequent urination. Although these issues might be embarrassing to talk about, they are health problems that can turn serious if left untreated.

In case you’re experiencing the following symptoms, it's time to see a urogynecologist. Here they are - 

  • Vaginal bulging or when something comes out of your vagina 
  • Pee or poop-leaking issues 
  • Trouble in emptying the bladder or peeing. 
  • Aching in the vagina, especially during bowel movements or at night. 
  • Unusual pain during sexual intercourse 
  • Pelvic pain 

If you’re experiencing any such symptoms, it is recommended to meet your health expert immediately. 

What to expect from a Urogynecologist? 

Once you have visited a urogynecologist, firstly, he/she will go through your entire medical history. Additionally, if you’re going through any prominent signs or symptoms, do let them know about the same. They would want to see the impact of these symptoms on your everyday life.

Post that, a thorough physical examination will be conducted to examine the cause behind the discomfort. Once the diagnosis is made, a customized treatment plan will be suggested for rapid recovery.  


Urogynecology is a specialized field of urology and gynaecology that treats all medical conditions related to the female reproductive and urinary tract. These conditions can be treated through medications, injections, or even surgery, depending on the level of complexity.

Doctors who treat such conditions are known as urogynecologists, a subset of gynaecologists or urologists who keep the female reproductive system healthy. 

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, DELHI-NCR - Moti Nagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What is the difference between a urogynecologist and a urologist?

Urologist major treats cancer, male infertility problems, UTIs, and incontinence, among other conditions. On the other hand, a urogynecologist focuses on signs and symptoms related to urinary prolapse, incontinence, and pelvic floor disorders.

2. List the significant symptoms of an unhealthy reproductive system.

Some prominent symptoms of an unhealthy reproductive system are -
1. Pelvic or abdominal discomfort.
2. Frequent urination.
3. Feeling of pelvic and abdominal pressure.
4. Intense pain in the pelvic region or the bladder
5. Tenderness.

3. Can a urogynecologist perform surgery?

Yes, a urogynecologist is capable of performing pelvic floor reconstructive surgery. These include robotic, vaginal, and laparoscopic approaches.

4. List some major pelvic disorders.

Some prominent pelvic disorders are -
1. Pelvic inflammatory disease
2. Pelvic floor dysfunction
3. Pelvic organ prolapse

5. Can I have sexual intercourse while suffering from pelvic disorders?

Although having intercourse while suffering from pelvic disorders is completely safe; however, you might experience severe pain and discomfort during the process.

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