Preconception Counseling

Preconception counselling is an essential aspect of reproductive health that is often overlooked. It refers to the process of discussing a couple's plans for conception with a healthcare provider before attempting to conceive. The objective of this counselling is to identify potential risks and take preventive measures to promote a healthy pregnancy and baby. This article will provide an overview of preconception counselling, its benefits, and how to prepare for it.

What is Preconception Counselling?

Preconception counselling is a type of healthcare service that is designed to help couples prepare for pregnancy. During this process, a healthcare provider will provide information and guidance about various aspects of pregnancy, including family planning, lifestyle modifications, medical conditions, and genetic testing. The goal of preconception counselling is to optimise pregnancy outcomes by identifying and addressing any potential risk factors before pregnancy.

Who Qualifies for Preconception Counselling?

Preconception counselling is recommended for any individual or couple planning to conceive. It is especially important for those with pre-existing medical conditions, such as diabetes, hypertension, or epilepsy. Women who have had a previous pregnancy with complications, such as preterm birth or gestational diabetes, should also consider preconception counselling. Additionally, couples who have a family history of genetic disorders or have concerns about fertility should also seek counselling.

When Should You Undergo Preconception Counselling?

Preconception counselling should ideally be done at least three months before trying to conceive. This allows couples to make any necessary lifestyle changes—such as quitting smoking, losing weight, or managing chronic conditions—before getting pregnant. However, even if you have already started trying to conceive, it is not too late to seek preconception counselling.

What Are the Benefits of Preconception Counselling?

Preconception counselling provides several benefits, including:

  • Identifying and addressing potential health risks before pregnancy.
  • Optimising health and nutrition before pregnancy.
  • Improving the chances of a successful pregnancy and healthy baby.
  • Reducing the risk of complications during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Providing education and resources for a healthy pregnancy and postpartum period.
  • Reducing anxiety and stress associated with pregnancy.

What Should I Expect During Preconception Counselling?

During preconception counselling, couples will meet with a healthcare provider, typically an OB-GYN or a reproductive endocrinologist. The healthcare provider will review the couple's medical history, discuss any medical conditions or genetic risks, and offer guidance on healthy lifestyle habits. The healthcare provider may also recommend additional testing, such as genetic testing or infectious disease screening.

Couples should be prepared to discuss their current health status, any medications they are taking, and any plans for family planning. It is also a good idea to bring a list of questions to the appointment to ensure that all concerns are addressed.

How Should You Prepare for Preconception Counselling?

Before your preconception counselling appointment, make a list of any questions or concerns you may have. It is also helpful to gather information about your family's medical history and any medications you are currently taking. This will help your healthcare provider assess any potential risks and develop a personalised plan for a healthy pregnancy.


Preconception counselling is an essential step for couples planning to conceive. By identifying potential risk factors and addressing any underlying health conditions, preconception counselling can improve the chances of a successful pregnancy and delivery while reducing the risk of complications. It can also provide important guidance on healthy lifestyle habits and prenatal care.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, DELHI-NCR - Moti Nagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. Is preconception counselling only for women?

Preconception counselling is for both men and women, as both partners contribute to the baby's health. Men's health, such as sperm quality, can also affect the baby's health.

2. Does preconception counselling guarantee a healthy pregnancy?

Preconception counselling cannot guarantee a healthy pregnancy, but it can help reduce the risk of pregnancy complications and improve the chances of a healthy pregnancy and baby.

3. How far in advance should I schedule a preconception counselling appointment?

It is recommended to schedule a preconception counselling appointment at least three to six months before you plan to conceive to allow time to address any underlying health issues or risk factors.

4. What kinds of tests are usually performed during preconception counselling?

The tests performed during preconception counselling may vary depending on individual circumstances but may include blood tests, genetic testing, and imaging studies, such as ultrasounds or X-rays.

5. Can preconception counselling help with family planning and birth control options?

Yes, preconception counselling can also guide family planning and birth control options to help couples make informed decisions about their reproductive health.

Our Doctors

Book an Appointment




Pregnancy Calculator