Cervical Issues

Cervical issues are a common medical concern for many women, but knowledge about the condition is often limited. Cervical health affects fertility, so it's important to understand the importance of looking after the cervix. It can be difficult to detect cervical problems without regular screening, and the symptoms may not be obvious. Awareness of cervical issues is key to good reproductive health.

What are cervical issues?

Cervical issues refer to any abnormal changes or conditions in the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. These issues may range from mild inflammation or infection to more severe problems such as cervical dysplasia or cancer. Symptoms may include persistent vaginal discharge, unusual bleeding or pain during sexual intercourse, and pelvic discomfort. The diagnosis may involve a physical examination, Pap smears, and/or biopsies. Treatment depends on the type and severity of the condition and can range from antibiotics to surgery.

What causes cervical issues?

Cervical issues can be caused by several factors, including infection, inflammation, and genetic defects. Infections like Chlamydia or HPV can cause inflammation in the cervix or damage to its cells, leading to pain and other symptoms. Inflammation due to an autoimmune disorder can also affect the cervix.

Genetic defects such as Turner syndrome may lead to abnormal development of the cervix, which can result in difficulty conceiving. Poor nutrition, smoking, and excessive alcohol intake have also been linked to cervical issues.

When should one see a doctor for cervical issues?

It is important to seek medical advice if any symptoms of cervical issues, such as abnormal bleeding, pelvic pain, or unusual discharge, are experienced. Additionally, it is recommended that those aged 25–49 attend regular cervical screening appointments with their doctor to check the health of their cervix.

Women over the age of 50 should also attend cervical screenings if they have not previously had the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine or have not been screened for more than 10 years. Early diagnosis and treatment for cervical issues can help prevent further complications and should be taken seriously.

What are the treatment options for cervical issues?

The treatment of cervical issues depends on the underlying cause. If caused by infection, antibiotics or antifungal medications may be prescribed. Surgery may be required in cases of structural damage or to remove abnormal tissue growths.

Hormone therapy may be recommended to reduce inflammation and discomfort caused by hormonal imbalance. Other treatments include lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications and physical therapy.

Additionally, alternative treatments such as herbal medicines and acupuncture are sometimes used in conjunction with conventional therapies for cervical issues.

How can one prevent cervical issues?

Cervical issues can be prevented by taking a few simple steps. Women should attend regular cervical screening (smear tests) when invited to do so. Using a condom during sexual activity can help protect against sexually transmitted infections, which, if left untreated, can lead to cervical cancer.

It is also important to avoid smoking and drinking alcohol excessively, as both may increase your risk of developing cervical cancer.

Finally, maintaining a healthy weight and eating a balanced diet with plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables may reduce your risk of developing cervical issues.

It is recommended that you consult with a physician if you think you are experiencing any symptoms related to cervical issues, as early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent more serious complications. 


Cervical issues can cause fertility problems, but they can be treated in several ways. Surgical treatments, such as cryosurgery and laser therapy, can be used to remove abnormal cells from the cervix while preserving its strength and integrity. Cervical cerclage is a procedure that tightens or reinforces the cervical opening, reducing the risk of premature birth or miscarriage.

With the right treatment plan, cervical issues can be managed to help improve fertility outcomes for those looking to conceive. The most important step is consulting with your doctor to find out what treatment options are best for you.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, DELHI-NCR - Moti Nagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What factors can increase the risk of cervical issues?

Risk factors for cervical issues include smoking, a weakened immune system, multiple sexual partners, and an HPV infection.

2. Are cervical problems serious?

Cervical issues can range from mild to severe. If left untreated, they can lead to fertility problems or even cervical cancer. It is important to talk with your doctor and get regular screenings to rule out any serious complications.

3. What are the abnormalities of the cervix?

Abnormalities of the cervix can include changes in the size, shape, or position of the cervix, abnormal growths, and precancerous cells.

4. What is cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix. Symptoms may include abnormal bleeding or discharge, pelvic pain, and/or pain during sex. It is important to talk with your doctor about your symptoms and any risk factors you have for cervical cancer.

Our Doctors

Book an Appointment




Pregnancy Calculator