A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure in which the uterus is removed. Hysterectomies can be performed through an abdominal incision, a vaginal incision, or laparoscopically, which involves small incisions in the abdomen and the use of a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a thin, flexible tube with a light and camera on the end.

Types of Hysterectomies

There are several different types of hysterectomy, including:

  • Total hysterectomy: This involves the removal of the uterus and cervix. It is the most common type of hysterectomy.
  • Subtotal or partial hysterectomy: This involves the removal of the uterus but not the cervix.
  • Radical hysterectomy: This involves the removal of the uterus, cervix, and surrounding tissues, such as the lymph nodes and part of the vagina. It is typically done to treat cancer of the uterus or cervix.
  • Supracervical or subtotal hysterectomy: This involves the removal of the upper part of the uterus but not the cervix.
  • Laparoscopic hysterectomy: This involves the use of a laparoscope to remove the uterus through small incisions in the abdomen.

The type of hysterectomy that is best for a particular patient will depend on the specific condition being treated, the patient's overall health, and the preference of the patient and the surgeon.

Conditions Requiring A Hysterectomy

A hysterectomy may be recommended to treat several different conditions that affect the uterus, including:

  • Uterine fibroids: These are benign (noncancerous) tumours that grow in the uterus. They can cause heavy or irregular periods, abdominal pain and pressure, and difficulty getting pregnant.
  • Endometriosis: This is a condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus (endometrium) grows outside of the uterus, often on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or other organs in the pelvis. It can cause pain, heavy periods, and fertility problems.
  • Uterine prolapse: This occurs when the uterus descends into the vagina or protrudes out of the vaginal opening. It can be caused by childbirth, obesity, chronic coughing, or other factors. It can cause discomfort, difficulty urinating or having bowel movements, and sexual dysfunction.
  • Cancer: A hysterectomy may be necessary to treat cancer of the uterus, cervix, or ovaries.

It is important to note that a hysterectomy is usually only recommended when other treatment options have been tried and have not been effective, or when the condition is severe or life-threatening.


After a hysterectomy, it is important to follow the doctor's instructions for post-surgery care. This may include:

  • Resting: It is important to rest and take it easy for the first few days after the surgery to allow the body time to heal.
  • Pain management: The doctor will prescribe pain medication to manage any pain or discomfort after the surgery. It is important to take the medication as directed.
  • Incision care: The doctor will provide instructions for caring for the incision site. This may include keeping the area clean and dry, changing the dressing as needed, and taking any prescribed antibiotics to prevent infection.
  • Strenuous activity: It is important to avoid lifting heavy objects or engaging in strenuous activity for several weeks after the surgery to allow the body time to heal.
  • Follow-up appointments: The doctor will schedule follow-up appointments to check on the patient's recovery and address any concerns or questions.


A hysterectomy is a serious procedure and is prescribed as a last resort. The surgery lasts about three hours. However, it is important to follow the doctor's instructions during recovery to prevent complications and further need for surgical intervention. Adequate care and rest will ensure an easy recovery.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, DELHI-NCR - Moti Nagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What are some of the side effects of a hysterectomy?

A hysterectomy involves major surgery and carries risks, as with any surgery. Some potential side effects of a hysterectomy include:
1. Pain
2. Bleeding
3. Damage to surrounding organs
4. Blood clots
5. Scarring
6. Menopause

2. Can you get pregnant after a hysterectomy?

It is not possible for a woman to get pregnant after a hysterectomy, as the uterus is removed during the procedure. However, if the ovaries are not removed during the hysterectomy, a woman may still experience menstrual cycles and hormonal changes, including menopause. If the ovaries are removed, the woman will immediately enter menopause

3. Who performs a hysterectomy?

It is typically performed by a gynaecologist, a doctor who specializes in the care and treatment of the female reproductive system. Other specialists who may perform a hysterectomy include obstetricians, who are doctors who specialize in pregnancy and childbirth, and general surgeons. The type of doctor who performs a hysterectomy will depend on the specific circumstances of the procedure and the training and expertise of the surgeon.

4. What factors dictate the time of recovery after surgery?

The recovery process after surgery can depend on several factors including the patient's overall health and age, the patient's ability to follow post-surgical instructions, and the patient's support system at home.

Our Doctors

Book an Appointment




Pregnancy Calculator