What is EndometriosisEndometriosis is a gynaecological condition. It occurs when the tissue lining that usually occurs inside a uterus, to prepare the lining of a womb for a foetus, starts growing elsewhere in the abdominal region. This lining is usually dissolved when a woman gets her monthly menstrual cycle. This endometrial tissue comprises glands, blood cells, and connective tissue. Over 150 million women worldwide experience this condition, which affects their personal life and their capacity to function normally
What Are the Symptoms of Endometriosis?
- Severe menstrual cramps
- Long-term lower-back and pelvic pain
- Periods lasting longer than 7 days
- Heavy menstrual bleeding, where the pad or tampon needs changing every 1 to 2 hours
- Bowel and urinary problems including pain, diarrhoea, constipation, and bloating
- Bloody stool or urine
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain during intercourse
- Spotting or bleeding between periods
Conservative surgery: If you have endometriosis and are trying to become pregnant, surgery to remove as much endometriosis as possible while preserving your uterus and ovaries may increase your chances of success. If you have severe pain from endometriosis, you may also benefit from surgery however, endometriosis and pain may return.
The procedure may be done laparoscopically or through open abdominal surgery in more extensive cases.
Assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization, to help you become pregnant are sometimes suggested if conservative surgery is ineffective.
Pain medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or naproxen may be prescribed to help ease painful menstrual cramps.
Getting regular exercise can help relieve symptoms.
Supplemental hormones are sometimes effective in reducing or eliminating the pain of endometriosis. It may recur after stopping the course of therapy.