Medical Termination of Pregnancy: Types and Who Can Opt For It

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MTP, which stands for Medical Termination of Pregnancy, is a method of terminating a pregnancy through the use of medications. Having a medical termination is a significant decision with psychological and emotional consequences. If you are considering this procedure, make sure you thoroughly understand all of the details.

Who Should Choose the Medical Termination of Pregnancy?

Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) can be chosen by women who have conceived accidentally or to complete an early miscarriage, or if their medical condition is such that continuing a pregnancy is life-threatening. Women who are in the early stages of their pregnancy and do not want to undergo surgery or anesthesia can also choose MTP if they are not experiencing any complications and their gynecologist has cleared them to proceed. Pregnancy termination is a highly personal decision, but the Indian government has enacted legislation to regulate abortion. This act is known as the ‘Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971,’ and it should be considered on occasion.

What Are the Different Types of Medical Termination of Pregnancy?

  1. The Oral Method

If your pregnancy is less than six weeks, you can have an abortion using certain pills. The medication should only be taken under the supervision of a doctor. In a few hours, you will begin to bleed, and an abortion will occur. It can cause severe cramping and bleeding that can last for several days. As a result, it is recommended that you take some time off from work to manage the bleeding and recover. If you experience symptoms such as heavy bleeding, dizziness, sweating, or unbearable discomfort, go to the nearest doctor or hospital.

  1. The Suction Method

This is used until you reach the end of the first trimester, which lasts 12 weeks, or the beginning of the second trimester, which lasts 16 weeks. Gentle suction is used to extract the foetus from your uterus. The procedure itself does not take long, but you may need to stay at the hospital or clinic to ensure that the abortion is complete and that you are safe.

  1. Dilation and Evacuation (D&E) Method

Once you’ve reached your second trimester, you’ll use this method. Your cervix must be dilated in order for the abortion to be performed. Once dilated, the doctor will use forceps to remove the foetus from your body, bringing the pregnancy to an end. This procedure may result in pain and discomfort. As a result, make sure you get enough rest afterward to recover.

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Who Should Not Choose the MTP?

  • If the pregnancy lasts longer than 9 weeks, it is best to avoid having a medical abortion
  • If a woman is using an intrauterine device (IUD) and has an ectopic pregnancy
  • They have certain medical conditions that prevent them from obtaining an abortion through medicine
  • If they suffer from bleeding disorders
  • Complications of the heart or blood vessels
  • A seizure disorder that is uncontrollable
  • Have an ovarian mass or anaemia
  • Allergy to the medications


Professional guidance is required to achieve the desired results. At Apollo Cradle, visit some of the best pediatric hospitals in Bangalore, Mumbai, Pune, or wherever you are located to get some professional guidance. We have the best team of specialist doctors and counsellors who have years of experience dealing with these cases. Our team is capable of directing you in the right direction with the most appropriate treatment for you.