Pulmonary Haemorrhage and Its Effects on Your Child's Body


Pulmonary haemorrhage, also known as massive hemoptysis, is a potentially fatal illness. It is characterised by bleeding from the pulmonary or bronchial vasculature, which is generally caused by increased bronchial pressure.

As a result, it is vital to offer your child prompt examination, stabilisation, and decisive treatment. This is the situation in which you should seek medical attention for your kid as soon as possible.

Signs and Symptoms of a Pulmonary Haemorrhage

If you notice blood on the face and nose or see your child struggling to breathe, he/she could be suffering from pulmonary haemorrhage. Yet, since many children do not cough up blood, bleeding within the lungs may go undetected. This is why it is very important to pay attention to all the signs that suggest that your child may be suffering from pulmonary haemorrhage. The symptoms include: 

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Weight loss
  • When your child does any exercise, he/she becomes especially out of breath
  • Feels quickly exhausted

Causes of Pulmonary Haemorrhage

Pulmonary haemorrhage is a rare illness that may occur as an independent finding or as part of a multi-systemic disease. The causes of pulmonary haemorrhage include the following:

  • Immune dysfunctions
  • Bacterial, viral, or fungal infection
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Vascular deterioration
  • Primary bronchial cancer or metastatic illness
  • Latrogenic local trauma
  • Post bronchoscopic operations
  • Penetrating chest traumas

When Should You Visit a Doctor?

Coughing up blood may indicate a significant medical problem. If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, contact your doctor:

  • Blood in mucus that persists for more than a week is serious. It appears and disappears over time.
  • Chest ache
  • Weight reduction
  • Sweating throughout the night
  • A fever of more than 101 degrees F
  • Breathing difficulty with a normal level of exertion

Complications In Pulmonary Haemorrhage

Pulmonary haemorrhage is an uncommon illness that affects individuals of all ages. The condition's immediate complication is hypoxia-induced respiratory failure, which may result in mortality, particularly in young people.

Anaemia, pulmonary fibrosis, and other limiting pulmonary lung disorders are long-term complications. Additional issues are conceivable due to the negative complications of long-term corticosteroid treatment. Severe pulmonary haemorrhage may destroy the whole lung and restrict the airway in minutes, resulting in massive bleeding and death. If you face any of the complications discussed, immediately consult your doctor.


It is critical to get medical help immediately if you or someone you know suffers from pulmonary bleeding. Pulmonary haemorrhage is a critical illness that has to be identified and treated right away to avoid developing additional complications. Since pulmonary bleeding symptoms might vary, it's critical to understand the dangers and underlying reasons. Treatment options include medication, supportive care, or surgery, depending on the condition's severity and underlying cause.

Prompt intervention may enhance results and lower the chance of long-term issues. Working closely with your doctor will help you manage your condition and track your progress. Even though a pulmonary haemorrhage may be a terrifying and overwhelming experience, you can take steps towards a full recovery with the proper care and treatment.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Jayanagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. Can pulmonary hemorrhage prove to be fatal?

Yes, pulmonary hemorrhage can prove fatal, which is why it is very important to notice the symptoms and consult a doctor right away. With proper medical care at the right time, it can be cured.

2. When is pulmonary hemorrhage considered an emergency?

The coughing up of blood from the lower respiratory tract is known as hemoptysis. Significant hemoptysis, defined as a bleeding rate of more than 600 mL per 24 hours, is an emergency that requires immediate attention to avoid any sort of emergency.

3. What is the most common complication of pulmonary hemorrhage?

Dehydration is the most common complication of pulmonary hemorrhage.

4. Can pulmonary hemorrhage heal on its own?

The healing of pulmonary hemorrhage depends on the severity and type of the bleeding. If there is small bleeding and symptoms, it can heal independently. But if the bleeding is more severe, you must immediately consult your doctor for proper medical care.

5. How does your doctor confirm that you have a pulmonary hemorrhage?

Various imaging procedures may be used to identify pulmonary hemorrhage, including chest X-rays, blood tests, CT scans, and physical examinations.

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