C-section, or Caesarean section, is a major surgical procedure for delivering babies. It may be necessary in cases where vaginal birth is not possible or recommended. During the operation, an incision is made through the mother’s abdomen and uterus to deliver the baby. C-sections can be carried out in emergencies if there are complications during labour or if they are planned for medical reasons. They also allow prospective parents to plan for the date of delivery. A C-section can be a safe and successful way of delivering a baby when childbirth cannot take place naturally.

Types of C-Section

There are three main types of C-sections. The first is an emergency or ‘crash’ C-section, where there is a medical emergency during labour and the decision to perform an emergency section is taken to protect the mother's or baby's health. The second type is called a 'planned' C-section, which may be recommended if a vaginal birth carries any risk to either the mother or the baby. Finally, a 'repeat' C-section refers to a planned operation for women who have previously had at least one C-section.

Causes of C-Section

A C-section, also known as a Caesarean section, is an operation to deliver a baby through a cut made in the mother's tummy and womb. This is usually done when it is not safe for the baby to be born naturally. Common causes of a C-section include if the baby is in an awkward position if labour isn't progressing, or if there are medical health risks associated with natural birth. This could include problems with the placenta, pre-eclampsia, or abnormal heart rate readings for the baby during labour. Other causes may include a large baby, twins or triplets, or if the mother has had surgery on her womb before.

When should one see a doctor for a C-section?

Patients should see a doctor as soon as possible if they are considering, or have been advised to undergo a C-section. The doctor will be able to discuss the risks and benefits associated with the procedure and advise on whether it is the best option for the patient. Patients must bring their medical history to the appointment so their doctor can make an informed decision about their care. Patients may also need additional tests or scans before undergoing a C-section, which will be arranged by their doctor.

Risk factors for C-Section

A C-section carries several risks, such as increased chances of infection, haemorrhage, multiple pregnancies, or stillbirths. A longer period of hospitalisation is also associated with a C-section. There is also an increased risk of placenta praevia and placental abruption in subsequent pregnancies. The mother may also develop deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism due to the surgery. In some cases, general anaesthesia can cause nausea and vomiting, leading to dehydration. Furthermore, a C-section may lead to chronic pain in the abdomen for months after delivery.

How can one prevent a C-section?

The best way to prevent a C-section is for the mother-to-be to take great care of her health during her pregnancy. This includes attending antenatal appointments, eating a balanced diet with all recommended vitamins and minerals, exercising regularly, avoiding smoking and drinking alcohol, and resting when necessary. It is also important to be aware of any medical conditions that may increase the risk of complications during childbirth, such as gestational diabetes or high blood pressure. If any issues arise, it is essential to seek medical advice immediately.


A caesarean section is a major surgical procedure that is performed to deliver a baby when a vaginal delivery is not possible or safe. It carries with it risks of infection and other complications, but it can be the best way to ensure both mother and baby are healthy. With proper preparation, C-sections can provide mothers with peace of mind and ultimately lead to the successful delivery of a healthy infant. As such, prospective mothers need to understand the potential benefits and risks associated with a C-section so they can make an informed decision about their birthing experience.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Jayanagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What are the potential long-term complications associated with a C-section?

C-sections can result in infections, a higher risk of injury to surrounding organs and tissues, an increased risk of hysterectomy during future deliveries, and a higher risk of transfusion.

2. How does a C-section increase the chances of infertility?

Having a C-section increases the risk of tubal occlusion, uterine adhesions, and damage to the pelvic organs, which can lead to infertility.

3. Are there any other special considerations for women who will be having a C-section?

Women should receive informed consent before having a C-section, and they should discuss any health conditions they have that may affect the procedure, such as obesity or diabetes.

4. How does a C-section affect future pregnancies?

Women who have had a C-section may be at higher risk for placenta previa, placenta accreta, and uterine rupture during subsequent pregnancies.

Book an Appointment




Pregnancy Calculator