Pediatric Allergy

Pediatric allergy is a growing health concern for young children. As the body's reaction to an external factor, it is important to recognise and identify the signs of allergies in children. Depending on the severity of an allergy, treatments can include avoiding exposure to allergens or taking prescribed medication. An understanding of pediatric allergies is essential for parents and medical professionals to ensure that children remain healthy and happy.

What are the different types of pediatric allergies?

There are various types of pediatric allergies. These include food allergies such as those to peanuts, shellfish, dairy, or eggs; inhalant allergies such as pollen from trees or grass; insect stings; and skin allergies caused by contact with a particular substance.

Other types of allergies can arise from drug reactions or from chronic conditions such as asthma. Lastly, some children may suffer from anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction occurring in response to multiple allergens.

What causes pediatric allergy?

Pediatric allergy is caused by a hypersensitive reaction of the immune system to an allergen. Common allergens include pollen, dust mites, mould spores, pet dander, certain foods, and insect stings. When a child is exposed to an allergen, the body produces immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies, which bind to cells in the body and trigger a release of chemicals that cause allergy symptoms such as inflammation, sneezing, nasal congestion, and itchy eyes.

In some cases, asthma can also be triggered. Some children are born with allergies, while others develop them over time due to environmental triggers or lifestyle changes.

What are the symptoms of pediatric allergies?

Children suffering from allergies may experience a range of physical symptoms, including itchy eyes and skin, sneezing, runny nose, coughing, wheezing, tightness in the chest, and difficulty breathing.

Other common signs include swelling of the face, lips, or tongue; hives; pale skin; nausea; vomiting; and diarrhoea. A child may also suffer from eczema as a result of an allergic reaction. In some cases, anaphylaxis can occur, which is a severe allergic reaction that requires urgent medical attention.

What are the treatment options for pediatric allergies?

Treatment options for pediatric allergies depend on the specific allergy and its severity. In mild cases, avoidance of allergens is the preferred option. For more severe cases, a child's doctor may recommend antihistamines to reduce symptom severity. Decongestants and other medications may be used to control symptoms.

Immunotherapy, such as allergen-specific immunotherapy, can be used to desensitize a child to the allergen over time. In extreme cases, oral corticosteroids may be prescribed for short-term relief. Treatment plans must be tailored to each patient's needs and monitored carefully by their doctor.

How can one prevent pediatric allergies?

To prevent pediatric allergies, it is important to reduce exposure to allergens. This includes keeping the home clean and dust-free, using allergen-proof covers on mattresses and pillows, washing bedding in hot water at least once a week, and removing carpets. Parents should also avoid bringing pets with fur or feathers indoors, as well as smoking inside the home.

To reduce airborne allergens such as pollen or mould spores, keep windows closed, install air filters, vacuum regularly with a HEPA filter, and use an air conditioner during pollen season. Finally, when outside, cover the face with a mask in areas of high air pollution.

If you need more information on pediatric allergy, its prevention, and how to manage it, consult a physician. They will be able to offer specialized advice and provide appropriate tests and treatments tailored to the individual needs of each patient. With the right guidance, it’s possible to lead a healthy life despite allergies!


Pediatric allergy is a complex medical condition that requires specialized treatment. Allergic reactions can range from mild to life-threatening, and they can result in serious long-term health complications if left untreated. Early diagnosis and comprehensive management are essential for a successful outcome.

With the right care and treatment, children with allergies can live free of symptoms, allowing them to reach their full potential and lead healthy lives. A pediatric allergy specialist is an invaluable resource for patients and families on this journey.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Jayanagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. How long do pediatric allergies last?

Pediatric allergies can last anywhere from a few weeks to many years, depending on the type of allergy and the severity of symptoms. Allergy treatment is tailored to each patient’s needs, so working closely with your doctor for an effective long-term plan is important.

2. Are allergies more common in children?

Yes, allergies are more common among children than adults. Allergies can occur at any age, but the risk of developing them increases as you get older. Additionally, genetic factors and environmental exposure may play a role in determining whether or not someone develops an allergy.

3. Can pediatric allergies be prevented?

While allergies cannot be completely prevented, there are some steps you can take to minimize your child’s risk. These include avoiding exposure to allergens, keeping the home clean and dust-free, and having regular medical check-ups.

4. Can allergies be cured naturally?

Several natural remedies may help relieve allergy symptoms. However, because allergies occur as a result of your body’s immune response to a foreign substance, they cannot be cured completely.

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