Painless Delivery/Epidural Analgesia

Painless Delivery/Epidural Analgesia is a type of regional anaesthesia that reduces or eliminates pain in the lower body during childbirth. It involves injecting medication into the epidural space of the spine to block pain signals from reaching the brain. The effect is localised and allows women to remain conscious and alert throughout labour while still experiencing relief from pain. The duration of the analgesia varies depending on the drug used, but these effects can be maintained with additional doses if necessary. Painless Delivery/Epidural Analgesia can also reduce discomfort during other medical procedures, such as caesarean sections.

Types of Painless Delivery/Epidural Analgesia

There are various types of Painless Delivery/Epidural Analgesia. These include local anaesthetic, epidural anaesthetic, combined spinal-epidural anaesthetic, caudal anaesthetic, and intrathecal analgesia. Local anaesthetics are injected directly into the area that needs to be numbed. Epidural anaesthetics provide a continuous, regional nerve block. Combined spinal-epidural anaesthesia provides an immediate regional nerve block with a low dose of local anaesthetic. Caudal anaesthetics are injected into the sacral canal at the base of the spine. Intrathecal analgesia involves the injection of medication directly into the cerebrospinal fluid surrounding the spinal cord.

Causes of Painless Delivery/Epidural Analgesia

Painless Delivery/Epidural Analgesia is a type of pain relief during childbirth provided by administering anaesthetic drugs via an injection into the epidural space of the spine. This process numbs the lower body, providing pain relief while still allowing the patient to remain awake and alert. The drug is injected into the epidural space through a catheter that remains in place for the duration of labour, allowing further doses to be administered if necessary. It is widely considered one of the most effective forms of pain management available for childbirth.

When should one see a doctor for Painless Delivery/Epidural Analgesia?

It is recommended that any woman planning to have a baby should discuss Painless Delivery/Epidural Analgesia with her doctor during her antenatal appointments. This should include an explanation of the procedure, information about the risks and benefits involved, and a discussion of any questions or concerns. A woman may be referred to an anesthesiologist for further advice if required. The patient needs to make an informed decision about whether this form of analgesia is suitable for them in advance of labour. The appropriate time to contact a doctor for Painless Delivery/Epidural Analgesia is during pregnancy, before the onset of labour pains.

Risk factors for Painless Delivery/Epidural Analgesia

Painless Delivery/Epidural Analgesia is a safe procedure, but there are certain risk factors to be aware of. A risk of infection and nerve damage can occur if bacteria get into the epidural space or if the needle pierces the dura during insertion. Excessive bleeding or a localised allergic reaction to anaesthetic drugs are additional risks. The use of opioids may slow the baby's breathing rate, while the use of spinal anaesthesia can decrease blood pressure in both mother and baby. Finally, a headache can sometimes result from leakage of cerebrospinal fluid due to a puncture of the dura.


Epidural analgesia is a safe and effective method of managing labour pain without the need for general anaesthesia. It is an effective way to reduce labour pain, allowing mothers to remain alert and focused during delivery. Not only does epidural analgesia provide effective pain relief, but it has also been shown to reduce the risk of trauma or injury to both mother and baby during childbirth. With its proven effectiveness and minimal risks, epidural analgesia is an ideal option for women seeking pain relief during labour.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Jayanagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What medications are used in epidural analgesia?

Epidural analgesia typically involves the administration of local anaesthetics, narcotics, and other medications to reduce pain during labor and delivery

2. What is the typical duration of epidural analgesia?

Epidural analgesia typically lasts for 2–4 hours, depending on the type of medication used and the patient's individual needs.

3. How soon after receiving an epidural can a patient experience relief from pain?

Relief from pain can be experienced within 10–15 minutes after administering an epidural, as long as the medication has been properly administered.

4. Is it possible to adjust the dose of an epidural during labor?

Yes, it is possible to adjust the dose by increasing or decreasing the amount of medication given depending on the severity of pain being experienced by the patient at any given moment during the labor and delivery process.

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