A Complete Guide on Chronic Lung Disease


You often think of lung cancer whenever you think of chronic lung disease, but it is a complex condition that can take on many different forms, and lung cancer is just one of them. This disease can affect the lung tissues, airways, or blood circulation in and out of the lungs. These diseases are among the most common medical problems in the world. Causes of chronic lung disease can include smoking, infections, and genetic factors.

Your lungs are essential for absorbing oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide; they rely on a complicated system. Damage to any part of this system can lead to chronic lung diseases.

Types of Chronic Lung Disease

The following are the most frequent types of chronic lung disease:

  • Asthma

One of the most frequent kinds of chronic lung illness is asthma. When this happens, your lungs swell and narrow, resulting in breathing difficulties. Asthma generally begins in childhood, although it may develop at any age. It can't be cured. However, medications may aid in symptom management.

  • Pulmonary hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension is essentially a rise in blood pressure in the lungs. Unlike high blood pressure, which affects all your blood vessels, pulmonary hypertension exclusively affects the blood vessels between your lungs and heart. Heart disease is the most prevalent cause of pulmonary hypertension.

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung illness that causes your lungs to become inflamed, making breathing difficult.

The inflammation causes an increase in mucus production and the thickness of the lining of the lungs. The alveoli, or air sacs, become less efficient at allowing oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide.

Symptoms of Chronic Lung Disease

The following are some of the severe symptoms of chronic lung disease:

  • Breathing difficulty after little or no activity
  • A cough that lasts for more than a month
  • Sputum or mucus production lasts for a month or longer
  • Wheezing or loud breathing is caused by an obstruction of the lungs' airways
  • Coughing blood
  • Swelling of the feet, ankles or legs

Preventive Measures for Chronic Lung Disease

These are the preventive measures you can take to protect yourself from chronic lung disease.  

  • Stop smoking
  • Avoid secondhand smoke
  • Reduce your exposure to outside pollutants
  • Decrease the number of pollutants in your home
  • Use safety equipment, such as a mask
  • Work out regularly and lose extra weight
  • Yoga and breathing exercises
  • Avoid junk food and start practising healthy eating habits.

Note that you should take preventive measures before the disease affects you.

When To Visit a Doctor?

The indications and symptoms listed below should cause you to contact a lung specialist as soon as possible. 

  • You have a bad cough that is not improving
  • Moderate physical activity causes you to lose your breath quickly
  • You've been smoking for a long time
  • You're quickly losing weight 
  • You have breathing difficulties accompanied by swelling in your feet or legs.

If you have any of the above symptoms, you should immediately book an appointment with your doctor.


Chronic lung diseases are a group of disorders that include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, pulmonary hypertension, and many more. These diseases are a primary cause of death worldwide.

Chronic lung disease can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, or smoking status. If you're struggling to breathe or suffering from chronic lung disease, reach out to your doctor to start taking steps towards a healthier life.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Jayanagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. Which chronic lung condition is most prevalent?

Asthma, occupational lung illnesses, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and pulmonary hypertension are among the most frequent chronic lung diseases.

2. Can chronic lung disease cause death?

Chronic lung disease may sometimes result in severe long-term impairment and premature death. Taking precautions before contracting the disease and seeking timely medical advice can prevent its onset and reduce its impact.

3. Can you have an ordinary life despite suffering from lung disease?

Yes, your lung disease may be effectively controlled with therapy and early identification, allowing you to live a happy and healthy life.

4. How is chronic lung disease diagnosed?

Chronic lung disease is often diagnosed based on medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic procedures. Some procedures are CT scans, chest X-rays, pulmonary function testing, and blood tests.

5. Is it possible for your chronic lung disease to worsen over time?

The symptoms of chronic lung disease normally worsen with time and make everyday tasks more difficult. However, medication may help reduce the expansion.

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