Miscarriage or spontaneous abortion: A Complete Guide

A miscarriage is an incident that causes the death of a foetus before 20 weeks of pregnancy. It usually occurs during the first trimester or the initial three months of pregnancy. The other term used for miscarriage is spontaneous abortion.

There are many medical causes for miscarriages, many of which are beyond a person's control. You could deal with miscarriage better if you knew the symptoms. You can seek any necessary treatment or support from your doctor.

Types of miscarriage

While talking about miscarriage, doctors will use a variety of terms, including:

  1. Threatened miscarriage

You will face lower back aches from early pregnancy bleeding. The cervix remains closed. In this situation, the pregnancy is still ongoing.

  1. Incomplete or unavoidable miscarriage

Doctors consider miscarriage unavoidable when the cervix is open. A few symptoms include an open cervix, back or abdominal pain, and bleeding.

  1. Complete miscarriage

It occurs when the embryo comes out of the uterus. During this miscarriage, the pain and bleeding go away quickly.

  1. Missed miscarriage

It happens when the embryo is dead but you observe no other symptoms, like pain or bleeding.

  1. Recurrent miscarriage

When three or more miscarriages happen during the first trimester, it is known as a recurrent miscarriage.

Symptoms of miscarriage

The most prevalent symptom of a miscarriage is vaginal bleeding. It might come and go over many days.

However, light bleeding in the uterus is common in the first three months of pregnancy and does not always mean that the pregnancy is going to end.

Miscarriage symptoms may also include:

  • Cramps and pain in your lower abdomen
  • A discharge of vaginal fluid
  • A vaginal tissue discharge (which could look like clots)
  • No longer have pregnancy symptoms like vomiting and breast tenderness

Visit your doctor if you are facing any of these symptoms while pregnant.

When should I see a doctor?

Visit your doctor or maternity unit when:

  1. You have vaginal bleeding

Remember that light bleeding from the womb is common in the first three months of pregnancy and doesn't always mean that the pregnancy is going to end.

  1. The pregnancy grows outside the womb

It is potentially dangerous because there is a danger of internal bleeding. Its symptoms may include:

  • Consistent and severe stomach pain, generally on one side
  • Spotting or vaginal bleeding, usually after the pain has begun
  • Shoulder pain
  • Vomiting and diarrhoea
  • feeling unwell and sleepy, and possibly passing out.

These symptoms generally occur between weeks 5 and 14 of pregnancy.

Treatment for miscarriage

The treatment of a miscarriage could vary depending on the type of miscarriage. There is no need for treatment if no pregnancy tissue remains in your body.

If you still have some pregnancy tissue left in your body, you have a few treatment options:

  1. Expectant management

In this treatment process, you wait for the remaining tissue to move out of your body naturally.

  1. Medical management

In this treatment process, doctors prescribe some medicine. These medicines will help them move out of the remaining tissue.

  1. Surgical management

In this treatment process, the doctors use surgical methods to remove any remaining tissue.


A miscarriage could be difficult physically and emotionally. You might feel angry and guilty or be in shock. A miscarriage does not imply that you will have another if you become pregnant again. Many women can have a normal pregnancy after a miscarriage, even if they have recurrent miscarriages.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Jayanagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. Is miscarriage painful?

Although not all miscarriages are physically painful, you may feel cramps. Some people suffer severe cramps, while others feel only minor discomfort (like a period or less). It's also common to witness vaginal discharge and blood clots.

2. Can a miscarriage be stopped?

You can lower the risk of miscarriage but not stop it. It generally implies that the pregnancy is not progressing normally. Follow-up care is an essential component of your safety and treatment.

3. Do you require a scan following a miscarriage?

You might need to undergo a blood test. It could take several weeks to determine if a miscarriage has taken place. You may require more than one ultrasound scan and additional blood tests.

4. How long should you wait to try to conceive again after a miscarriage?

It's best to wait until you are emotionally and physically ready to try to get pregnant again. Visit your doctor for advice or help in creating a conception plan before trying to get pregnant again.

5. Who is at a higher risk of miscarriage?

The threat of miscarriage is higher:
1. The danger rises after the age of 30, even more between the ages of 35 and 40, and is at its maximum after 40 years.
2. In women who have previously miscarried.

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