Understanding Menopause Issues

Menopause is the transition period when a woman’s ovaries stop producing hormones, and she stops having her period. During this time, a woman may have various symptoms called "menopause issues" as a group.

Common Symptoms of Menopause Issues

Understanding the common symptoms of menopause can help women recognise and manage them better.

  • Hot Flashes: Hot flashes are sudden, intense sensations of heat throughout the body, lasting from a few seconds to a few minutes. They are common during menopause and can occur at any time of day or night.
  • Sleep Problems: Many women during menopause have difficulty falling or staying asleep. This can lead to feelings of fatigue and irritability.
  • Mood Swings: Many women experience drastic mood changes during menopause, going from feeling calm one minute to overwhelmed the next.
  • Memory Problems: Memory problems can be a symptom of menopause, as they are linked to changing levels of hormones.
  • Weight Gain: Weight gain is a common symptom of menopause, as hormone changes cause the body to store fat and make it harder to lose weight.
  • Low Libido: Changes in hormones and other physical and emotional effects of menopause can cause a decrease in libido.

Causes of Menopause Issues

Various factors, including physical and hormonal changes, can cause menopause issues. Here are a few common causes:

  • Hormonal Changes: The most significant cause of menopause is the decline of the sex hormones, primarily estrogen and progesterone, which occur as the body ages. Estrogen and progesterone directly affect the menstrual cycle and other reproductive functions. As these hormones decline, menopause symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, and mood changes can occur.
  • Stress: Stress can be a significant factor in menopausal symptoms. It can cause physical changes, such as elevated cortisol levels and other hormones, which worsen symptoms. Stress can also lead to psychological changes that make it harder to cope with menopausal symptoms.
  • Diet and Exercise: Diet and exercise can affect menopausal symptoms. A balanced diet and regular exercise can help regulate hormones and reduce symptoms.
  • Genetics: Genetics can also play a role in the early onset of menopause symptoms. Genetic factors, such as a family history of menopause, can increase one's risk of menopausal symptoms.
  • Medications: Certain medications, such as antidepressants and blood pressure medications, can affect menopausal symptoms.

When should I see a doctor?

If your symptoms disrupt your everyday life, it is important to speak to your doctor. Symptoms like hot flashes and night sweats can interfere with sleep and cause feelings of fatigue, irritability, and depression. It is also important to have a check-up to ensure that any changes in your body are not due to an underlying condition.


Several treatments and remedies are available to help manage the changes that come with menopause. Here are some of the significant remedies and treatments to consider:

  • Nutrition: Eating a healthy, balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains is essential for overall health and wellness. A nutritious diet helps to maintain bone health, reduce the risk of heart disease, and support hormone levels.
  • Exercise: Regular physical activity has several key benefits during menopause, including reducing stress, improving sleep, and increasing energy levels. Aim to get at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise three to five times a week.
  • Hormone Therapy: Many women find relief from menopause symptoms with hormone therapy. It may involve taking estrogen, progesterone, or both hormones to replace those the body is no longer producing.
  • Herbal Supplements: Herbal supplements such as black cohosh and evening primrose oil are popular for treating menopausal symptoms.
  • Stress Management: Stress can worsen menopause symptoms, so finding ways to manage your stress levels is important. Exercise, yoga, and mindfulness activities can help reduce stress and promote relaxation.

The transition to menopause can be a complex and confusing time. As a woman, it is important to understand what is happening during this period so that you can make informed decisions about your health. If you are struggling, seeking help from a healthcare professional is important. Remember, you are not alone, and help and support are available.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Jayanagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What is the difference between menopause and perimenopause?

Menopause and perimenopause are two different stages of life. Menopause is the period in a woman's life when her menstrual cycle stops completely, while perimenopause is the period leading up to menopause.

2. Are there any home remedies for menopause?

Some home remedies, like calming teas, oil massages, yoga, meditation, etc., can help manage menopause issues, such as reducing stress and avoiding triggers. Eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and managing stress can help too. However, it is advisable to speak to a doctor before attempting any home remedies.

3. What are the long-term risks associated with menopause?

Long-term risks associated with menopause include an increased risk of heart disease, osteoporosis, and certain types of cancer.

4. At what age does menopause occur?

Menopause typically occurs around 45–55 but can occur at any age. It is important to talk to a healthcare professional to ensure you understand the signs and symptoms of menopause.

Our Doctors

Book an Appointment




Pregnancy Calculator