Ovarian Health Solutions: A Comprehensive Guide

What are Ovarian Issues?

Ovarian issues can affect women of all ages, ranging from cysts to cancer. The most common symptoms include pelvic pain, abdominal bloating, and irregular periods. The four most common ovarian issues are:

  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder characterised by an imbalance of hormones. Symptoms of PCOS can include irregular periods, excessive facial hair, and difficulties getting pregnant.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is an infection of the reproductive organs that can cause pain and fever. Bacteria, such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea, can cause PID.
  • Endometriosis occurs when the tissue that usually lines the uterus grows outside the uterus. Endometriosis can cause severe pain, irregular periods, and difficulty getting pregnant.
  • Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can form in the ovaries. Most ovarian cysts are harmless, but in some cases, they can cause pain and swelling.

Other common issues can include trouble getting pregnant, ovarian torsion, and endometriosis.

Common Symptoms of Ovarian Issues

  • Abnormal periods: These may include changes in the timing, length, or heaviness of your menstrual cycles. Abnormal bleeding, such as bleeding between periods, is also a sign of an ovarian issue.
  • Infertility: If you have been trying to conceive but have not been successful, it could be a sign that you have an ovarian issue.
  • Low libido: A decrease in desire and interest in sexual activities is a common symptom of ovarian issues.
  • Weight gain: Rapid or unexplained weight gain is another sign of an ovarian issue.
  • Excessive facial and body hair: This is often a sign of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Unwanted hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, or back can be a warning sign that you may have an ovarian issue.

What causes Ovarian Issues?

  • Hormonal Imbalances: Imbalances in estrogen and progesterone hormones can result in ovulation issues and other symptoms of ovarian issues. These imbalances usually occur due to menopause, PCOS, and other medical conditions.
  • Ageing: As a woman ages, her body’s production of hormones decreases, and her ovaries become less able to release eggs. This can lead to a decrease in fertility and irregular or absent periods.
  • Genetics: Certain genetic mutations can result in ovarian issues. For example, some women are born with defects in their ovaries that prevent them from producing and releasing eggs.
  • Lifestyle factors: Certain factors can also contribute to ovarian issues. These include smoking, alcohol consumption, poor diet, a lack of physical activity, and stress.

When should I see a doctor?

If you are experiencing any issues related to ovarian health, it is important to seek medical advice.


Ovarian issues can be a difficult subject to talk about. However, understanding the available remedies and treatments can help you feel more in control and find the best option.

  • Diagnosis: A doctor can diagnose ovarian issues by conducting a physical exam, asking about your symptoms, and ordering tests such as imaging tests, blood tests, and ultrasounds. If a diagnosis is inconclusive, a laparoscopy may be conducted.
  • Imaging tests: Imaging tests such as CT scans and MRIs can help diagnose ovarian issues.
  • Blood tests: Blood tests can help detect the presence of ovarian cysts and examine hormone levels and markers associated with ovarian cancer.
  • Ultrasound: An ultrasound uses sound waves to create an image of the ovaries and uterus. This helps identify any abnormalities or tumours.
  • Laparoscopy: A laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure to confirm a diagnosis or take a sample for further testing.
  • Medications: These are often prescribed to treat ovarian cysts, fertility issues, and hormone imbalances.
  • Surgery: Surgery may be necessary to remove a cyst, correct a fertility issue, or treat cancerous tumours.
  • Lifestyle changes: Making lifestyle changes can also help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and managing stress are important.

Ovarian issues can be daunting, but they don't have to be. If you think you may be experiencing symptoms, seeking help from a healthcare professional is important. They can provide the correct diagnosis and treatment to ensure you can live your best life.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Jayanagar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What are the common signs and symptoms of ovarian issues?

Common signs and symptoms of ovarian issues include pelvic pain, bloating, feeling full quickly after eating, pain during sexual intercourse, abnormal vaginal bleeding, and urinary frequency.

2. What are the risk factors for developing ovarian issues?

Risk factors for developing ovarian issues include age, family history, obesity, hormonal imbalance, and the use of certain medications.

3. What does an ovarian issue diagnosis involve?

Diagnosing ovarian issues usually involves a physical exam, a pelvic ultrasound, or blood tests to determine hormone levels.

4. Does lifestyle always cause ovarian issues?

Lifestyle factors do play a role in developing ovarian issues, but other factors like genetics, hormones, and medications can also play an important role.

5. Can ovarian issues cause infertility?

Yes, ovarian issues can cause infertility if left untreated. Treatment can improve the chances of conceiving. At the same time, it is important to know that not all infertility cases are due to ovarian issues.

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