Pediatric Psychology


Pediatric psychology can be reckoned as a multidisciplinary field of both scientific research and clinical practice. They attempt to address the psychological perspectives of illness and injury as well as the promotion of healthy behaviours in children, adolescents, and families in a Pediatric setting.

Pediatric psychology is also known as a sector of science and clinical practice that majorly addresses the range of physical and psychological developments, health, and illness issues that affect children, adolescents, and their respective families.

Scope of Pediatric Psychology

As per the research and development work conducted by a recent task force commissioned by the Society of Pediatric Psychology, Division 54 of the American Psychological Association, 12 field topics were adopted to be identified as the essential areas of expertise in Pediatric psychology.

Those were as follows:

  1. Lifespan development
  2. Lifestyle developmental psychopathology is reckoned as the consequences of one’s diseases and medical regimen upon emotional, social, and behavioural development. Additionally, normal developmental milestones can be utilised, such as preventive measures and efforts. Also, the child visits can include a psychological developmental perspective.
  3. Children, adolescents, and family assessment can be described as the experience of assessing health-related matters and issues such as health-oriented promotion, health risk, health outcome, as well as quality of life.
  4. Intervention strategies can be explained as a certain exposure along with an experience with empirically supported interventions that are specifically applicable in Pediatric psychology as well as delivered in the settings of health care.
  5. Research procedures and systematic evaluation are a certain exposure to research design issues that are particularly apt to Pediatric psychology, such as health services research and clinical trials.
  6. Professional, ethical, as well as legal issues referring to children, adolescents, and families can be explicated as the knowledge and experience with certain issues and matters, such as healthcare-oriented delivery, practise, and nourishment of psychology in medical settings, and authoritative rights to carers as well as children while making decisions associated with medical care.
  7. Issues of diversity are theoretically an experience with patients from diversified ethnic and cultural backgrounds and sexual and genetic orientations in different healthcare settings, as well as a detailed understanding of nonmainstream health, practises regulated and determined by a family’s cultural or religious beliefs.
  8. There is also this role for various disciplines in service delivery systems, which is an exclusive experience for multidisciplinary teams delivering health care services.
  9. Prevention, family support, as well as health promotion, is the understanding of the principles of behavioural alterations as they pertain to healthy development, health-oriented risk behaviour, as well as the prevention of disease in adulthood.
  10. The multiple social issues affecting children, adolescents, and families are a kind of exposure along with an experience with advocacy in Pediatric health care, inclusive of the social issues that affect health care delivery.

Benefits of becoming a child Psychologist

Obtaining professional prestige: Child or Pediatric psychologists obtain social prestige simply by their profession. As highly educated medical professionals, child psychologists are held in high esteem. It takes around 6–7 years to complete the training necessary to practise as a clinical psychologist. Within 10 years, you can even earn a doctorate.

Enjoying comfortable working situations: Therapy sessions mostly happen in office settings. That primarily means that child psychologists spend the majority of their working hours in comfortable, climate-controlled conditions. Child psychologists even have the opportunity to meet with various clients at schools, hospitals, law enforcement agencies, and courtroom environments. Child psychologists usually work regular business hours as well as being on call for emergencies.

Gaining strong job prospects: Child psychologists usually have strong job prospects. Clinical, counselling, and school psychologists are expected to grow and develop by 10 per cent within 2030.

Role of Pediatric Psychology and Pediatric psychologists

The sector of Pediatric psychology is developed to address the unmet necessities for psychological services in Pediatric settings, and the field is a combination of various distinct areas in psychology. Those areas are behavioural medicine, health psychology, and developmental psychology.

Pediatric psychology can be considered an integrated field of science as well as a practice where the principles of psychology are employed within the environment of Pediatric health.

The Society of Pediatric Psychology intends to promote the health and psychological well-being of children, adolescents, and their families using the promotion of evidence-oriented and driven science as well as practice, education, training, and advocacy.

There are certain procedures and varieties of settings in which Pediatric psychologists work. Pediatric psychology fulfils various roles. Those are as follows:

  1. The provision of psychological services for various issues related to Pediatric health conditions can be cured with this subject.
  2. Pediatric psychological services for mental health matters appearing in medical settings create involvement of mental issues relative to medical conditions as well as situations or the treatment of them, coping mechanisms relative to chronic and acute illnesses, quality of life, pain, misery, traumatic medical stress, as well as adjustments relative to issues on the psycho-social continuum, school reintegration, and behavioural issues.
  3. Pediatric psychological services for mental health issues accompanying health conditions.
  4. Programmes for the promotion of health prevention and early intervention.
  5. Provision of assistance for those with intellectual or developmental disabilities.


Therefore, it has been well examined and brought to a result-driven understanding that proper understanding and exploration of Pediatric psychology and appropriate practice can create positive, resilient factors with a great quality of life for minors and majors in both age groups. Careful consideration must follow.

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1. How is psychology utilized in pediatrics?

There is a wide range of procedures and skills to consider when working with children and adolescents. They are respectively assessing psychological, intellectual, cognitive, and behavioural issues with testing and evaluation. Ways of utilizing interventions like psychotherapy include talk therapy and behavioural management.

2. Why is psychology important for pediatrics?

A lot of factors inclusive of genetic, environmental, and cultural phenomena influence these developmental stages; therefore, child psychology is important because it can create well-being around individuals.

3. Who is the father of pediatric psychology?

With an origin dating back to the 1900s, Lightner Witmer is often reckoned as the father of clinical psychology, and he happens to have spent a lot of time ameliorating children’s behaviour.

4. Who is the father of pediatrics?

George Armstrong is reckoned to be the prominent father of modern pediatrics.

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