Pediatric Orthopedics

What is pediatric orthopedics? 

Pediatric orthopaedics is a popular medical branch that treats children's muscles, joints, and bones. A Pediatric orthopaedic or orthopaedic surgeon is a health expert who diagnoses and manages this medical branch. These are medical experts who treat children aged from 0 to 15 years.

Children's bodies keep on changing throughout childhood. Any mistake while growing up might result in abnormalities or pain. Pediatric orthopaedics is a field of medicine that offers invasive and non-invasive therapies to kids of all ages. 

Symptoms of Pediatric orthopaedics

Common symptoms of Pediatric orthopaedics are - 

  • Numbness.
  • Joint pain.
  • Muscle pain.
  • Weakness.
  • Warmth.
  • Stiffness.
  • Restricted range of motion.
  • Swelling.

Causes of Pediatric orthopaedics

Some significant causes of Pediatric orthopaedics include continuous wear and tear of muscles, especially problems related to joints and the spine. Other common causes of Pediatric orthopaedics disorders include repetitive motions, trauma, and overuse. 

When to see a doctor? 

Orthopaedic disorders are commonly found in kids. If your child is continuously complaining about weakness, joint pain, or muscle pain, it is recommended to see a doctor. If you spot swelling or numbness, consult a doctor immediately. 

Risk factors of Pediatric orthopaedics

Risk factors of Pediatric orthopaedics include ageing, obesity or being overweight, suffering from chronic diseases like diabetes, playing sports regularly, smoking, and practising improper lifting techniques. 

Possible complications of Pediatric orthopaedics

Some major complications a person might go through after an orthopaedic surgery include - 

  • Superficial wound infection
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Deep wound infection
  • Vomiting/diarrhoea
  • Deep venous thrombosis
  • Acute urinary retention
  • Wound dehiscence
  • Wound hematoma

Prevention of Pediatric orthopaedics

Here's how you can prevent orthopaedics issues - 

  • Maintaining a healthy weight - One primary reason for orthopaedic conditions is increased weight. Every time you gain a kilo, the chances of developing osteoarthritis increase. Obesity puts unnecessary pressure on the joints and muscles, weakening your muscles and resulting in injuries. 
  • Practising exercise every day - Exercises like walking, running, swimming, stretching or biking are the best ways to keep your body moving. These keep you fit and avoid too much stress on your muscles or joints. 
  • Build a strong core - Building a strong core is one of the best preventive measures for Orthopaedics disorders. Pilates and yoga are the two best types of exercises to build a strong core. 
  • Warm up before exercise - One of the best ways to keep yourself fit is to perform stretching before any exercise. Indulging in stretching activities like dancing and aerobics prevents muscle pain. 
  • Wear comfortable shoes - Carrying comfortable and supportive shoes ensures proper alignment. High heels increase the chances of knee and back pain. 

Treatment of Pediatric orthopaedics

Pediatric orthopaedics is a healthcare condition that experts use to treat various orthopaedic conditions. These conditions include fractures, scoliosis, kyphosis, tumours, congenital disorders, and bone deformities.

There are several non-invasive Pediatricorthopaedic procedures, such as splinting, casting, orthotics and bracing. Surgeries are also performed, which are generally invasive.  

Only your medical professional can help you determine your possible treatment plan according to the spread of your cancer. 


Pediatric orthopaedics is a common medical condition treated by Pediatric orthopedists or surgeons. These procedures are generally used to treat infants, children, and adolescents who suffer from tumours, fractures, bone deformities, and other injuries.

The procedures range from invasive to non-invasive depending on the severity of the health condition. 

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Koramangala. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. How to maintain orthopaedic health?

Some major tips for maintaining orthopedic health includes -
1. Maintaining a healthy weight
2. Practicing exercise every day
3. Build a strong core
4. Warm up before exercise
5. Wear comfortable shoes

2. How to treat orthopaedic problems?

Rest, ice, compression, elevation, joint injections, and physical therapy are the most popular ways to treat orthopaedic problems.

3. What are the most common orthopaedic surgeries?

The most common orthopaedic surgeries include -
1. Shoulder Replacement Surgery
2. Knee Replacement Surgery
3. Hip Replacement Surgery
4. Shoulder Arthroscopy
5. Knee Arthroscopy
6. Ankle Repair
7. Spinal Surgeries

4. What are the common causes of orthopaedic disorders?

The most common causes of orthopaedic disorders are repetitive motions, overuse, trauma, and problems involving muscles and joints.

5. What is the most common musculoskeletal birth defect?

Clubfoot is regarded as the most common musculoskeletal birth defect.

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