Vaginal Issues

What are vaginal issues?

Several distinct conditions fall under the umbrella term "vaginitis," all of which have the potential to infect or inflame the vagina. The inflammation of both the vagina and the vulva, or the exterior part of the genitals, is referred to as vulvovaginitis, which is a phrase that encompasses both conditions.

These infections can occur at any time, but the most usual period for them to manifest is during a person's reproductive years, which typically range from their late teens to their early 40s.

It is possible to get vaginal issues without ever having any form of sexual contact at all, including penetrative intercourse. To put it another way, vaginitis isn't the same thing as an STI, although certain forms of sexual activity may occasionally play a role in the development of the condition.

The Common Symptoms of vaginal issues 

Infections in the vaginal cavity don't usually result in visible symptoms. If you do get symptoms, you will likely experience the following:

  • genital discomfort and irritation
  • genital inflammation and distress
  • inflammation, redness, or swelling of the vaginal and vulvar skin
  • a change in vaginal discharge volumeU7
  • a change in vaginal discharge colour
  • discomfort or burning during urinating
  • discomfort during penetrative vaginal intercourse
  • vaginal spotting or bleeding

You may experience only one or a couple of the aforementioned symptoms. If your symptoms persist for more than a few days, or if symptoms worsen, it is essential to consult a medical practitioner for a treatment plan.

What causes vaginal issues 

Vaginal infections occur when anything disrupts your vaginal bacteria and yeast balance. Common vaginal infection caused by type:

  • Bacteria.

Vaginal bacteria overgrowth can cause BV. Sexual contact—including oral, hand-to-genital, and penetrative vaginal sex—can cause BV and bacteria overgrowth.

  • Yeast.

Candida albicans causes yeast infections. Hormonal changes, antibiotics, a damaged immune system, & anxiety can diminish vaginal antifungal microorganisms, causing yeast overgrowth. This overgrowth may cause yeast infections.

  • Soap, body wash, perfume.

Soap, body wash, and perfume can also affect vaginal pH. Any chemical or smell other than simple water can destroy healthy vaginal flora and increase infection risk.

  • Synthetic or tight clothes.

By retaining moisture and blocking airflow, non-breathing underwear can cause vaginal discomfort and increase infection risk. Tight or moist bottoms can have the same impact.

When should I see a doctor?

Don't be ashamed to speak with your healthcare practitioner about symptoms that may be vaginitis. It is a common illness that is curable, once the underlying cause is identified. The earlier you and your medical provider identify the source of your difficulty, the quicker you can receive the necessary therapy to get relief.

Treatment of vaginal issues 

The treatment for vaginal issues is going to be different depending on what the infection was caused by.  A doctor may prescribe:

  • A bacterial infection can be treated with either metronidazole (in the form of tablets, cream, or gel) or clindamycin (in the form of cream or gel).
  • To cure a yeast infection, you can use antifungal creams or suppositories. There are also over-the-counter treatments available for yeast infections that do not require a doctor's prescription and can be purchased at your neighbourhood drugstore or pharmacy. However, if the infection doesn't clear up on its own or if it returns frequently, you should consult a doctor.
  • To alleviate the extreme vaginal irritation and dryness caused by atrophic vaginitis, a doctor may recommend oestrogen creams or pills.
  • Avoiding irritants, like harsh or scented soap, scented pads or tampons, and douches, is another piece of advice that medical practitioners would typically provide their patients.


Untreated vaginal issues can be uncomfortable but seldom dangerous. However, once diagnosed and treated, they usually recover fast.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Koramangala. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. How can I care for myself?

Follow both your healthcare provider's instructions and the directions that accompany any vaginitis medicine you take. Do not stop taking the medication once your symptoms have subsided. Discuss with your healthcare practitioner any concerns you have regarding your medication or follow-up.

2. What risk factors are associated with vaginal candida infections?

Several risk factors for vaginal candida infections are as follows:
1. Recent antibacterial therapy
2. Vaginal douching
3. Contraceptives high in oestrogen
4. Thyroid and endocrine conditions
5. Under-managed diabetes
6. Pregnancy
7. Corticosteroid treatment

3. How do physicians identify vaginitis?

Your healthcare professional will do a full medical history review, physical examination, and vaginal swab to acquire a fluid sample. To diagnose, your healthcare professional may evaluate the PH levels of the vaginal fluid.

4. Is vaginitis contagious?

Vaginitis is caused by sexually transmitted illnesses that are infectious. Trichomoniasis, chlamydia, herpes, and HPV are all transmitted through sexual contact. Bacterial vaginosis is not communicable, although having unprotected intercourse with several partners may increase your chance of developing the condition.

5. Is vaginitis an STD?

Vaginitis is not an STD, however, vaginitis can be caused by some STDs. Sexual intercourse facilitates the transmission of trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, herpes, and HPV. And each can cause vaginal inflammation and the accompanying discomfort of vaginitis. However, sexual activity is not the only cause of vaginitis. Bacterial vaginosis, non-infectious vaginitis, yeast infections, and atrophic vaginitis all are non-STI kinds of vaginitis.

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