A C-section is a major abdominal surgery in which an incision is made through the abdomen and uterus to deliver a baby. Despite the risks associated with this procedure, it has become increasingly common in recent years. A C-section can be planned or emergent and can also be used to address complications during labour. Expectant mothers need to understand C-section procedures and potential benefits before making any decisions. This website offers comprehensive information on the various aspects of C-sections to equip patients with the necessary knowledge.

What is a C-section?

C-section (also spelt cesarean section or caesarean) is a surgical procedure in which one or more incisions are made through a mother's abdomen and uterus to deliver her baby. The incision can be made either horizontally across the lower abdomen (classical incision) or vertically on the upper abdomen (low transverse incision). It is usually performed when a vaginal delivery puts the baby or mother at risk, such as if the baby is in a breech position or if the mother has an infection. A C-section can also be performed for non-medical reasons.

When Would a Doctor Suggest Undergoing a C-Section?

Patients may be advised to have a C-section if the mother or baby is distressed during labour or if there are other medical reasons such as placenta praevia (when the placenta is lying low in the uterus), pre-eclampsia (high blood pressure), or diabetes. C-sections are usually recommended if the baby is in an abnormal position, like a breech presentation. It can also be used if the mother has had previous C-sections and does not want to attempt a vaginal birth. Doctors may recommend a C-section if labour is slow to start or progressing too slowly.

How Should You Prepare for the C-Section?

Before a C-section, attending all medical appointments and discussing the procedure with your doctor is important. Patients should also keep up-to-date with their antenatal care, such as blood tests, scans, and check-ups. On the day of the surgery, patients should not eat or drink anything after midnight; wear loose-fitting clothing; remove any jewellery and piercings; and arrange for someone to drive them home afterwards. An overnight stay in the hospital is usually necessary following a C-section.

What is the post-surgical course and recovery period for a C-section?

After a C-section, the patient will usually be encouraged to stay in the hospital for up to three days. The surgical incision must be kept clean and dry and monitored for signs of infection. Pain relief medication, including paracetamol or ibuprofen, is typically prescribed for the following 6–8 weeks. Typically, full recovery will take around 6–8 weeks. However, this may vary depending on the individual's health. Exercise should not resume until after the 6–8 weeks, and women should seek medical advice before returning to any physical activity.


A cesarean section (C-section) is a major surgical procedure in which a baby is delivered through an incision in the mother's abdomen. C-sections are generally safe, although there are some risks associated with the surgery. After the birth of their baby, mothers should be aware that recovery from a C-section may take longer than from a vaginal delivery due to the surgery involved. Overall, however, C-sections can be an effective and safe way to deliver a baby when necessary. With proper preparation and medical care, expectant mothers can feel confident that they will safely and successfully deliver their babies via C-section.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Koramangala. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. Are there any long-term risks associated with a c-section?

Although rare, possible long-term risks associated with a c-section include infection, increased risk of hysterectomy, adhesions, and surgical injury to the bladder or bowel.

2. What type of anaesthesia is used during a c-section?

During a c-section procedure, epidural or spinal anaesthesia is typically administered to relieve pain during surgery.

3. How can having a c-section affect my ability to have more children in the future?

It is generally believed that having a C-section does not significantly impact fertility for most women. However, it may be more difficult for some women who have had multiple C-sections to deliver vaginally in the future due to scarring of the uterus.

4. How soon after delivery can I resume exercise following a c-section?

Generally speaking, it is recommended that you wait four weeks before resuming any form of exercise postpartum. To ensure proper healing of your incision site and reduce the risk of complications, getting clearance from your doctor before beginning any exercise regimen following your C-section is important.

5. How does a cesarean section affect future pregnancies?

Women with one or more prior cesareans may be at increased risk for uterine rupture during future pregnancies or deliveries. Additionally, women undergoing multiple C-section surgeries may need extra monitoring during future pregnancies due to potential scar tissue forming on the uterus.

Book an Appointment




Pregnancy Calculator