Menopause Issues

Menopause is a natural phase of life that all women experience as they age. It marks the end of a woman's reproductive years and is characterised by the cessation of menstrual periods.

While menopause can bring about significant physical and emotional changes, it is a normal and natural part of ageing. Here is an overview of common menopause symptoms and treatment options.

What is menopause?

Menopause is defined as the end of menstrual periods, typically between the ages of 45 and 55. The average age of menopause in India is 47 years old.

Menopause is a natural part of the ageing process and marks the end of a woman's reproductive years.


The most common symptoms of menopause include the following:

  • Hot flashes: Hot flashes are sudden feelings of warmth that spread over the body and are often accompanied by sweating and a rapid heartbeat. Hot flashes can be severe enough to interfere with sleep and daily activities.
  • Vaginal dryness: Menopause can cause a decrease in oestrogen levels, which can lead to vaginal dryness. In addition to making the vagina more vulnerable to infections, this may make sexual contact uncomfortable.
  • Mood swings: Menopause can bring about emotional changes such as mood swings, irritability, and depression.
  • Sleep disturbances: Hot flashes and other menopause symptoms can disrupt sleep, leading to fatigue and sleep disturbances.
  • Weight gain: Menopause can cause changes in metabolism and body composition, leading to weight gain, especially around the abdomen.
  • Perimenopause: Perimenopause is the transition period leading up to menopause. It usually begins in a woman's 40s and lasts several years. During perimenopause, a woman's menstrual cycle becomes irregular, and she may experience menopause symptoms.
  • Bone health: Menopause is associated with decreased estrogen levels, which can lead to a loss of bone density and an increased risk of osteoporosis. It's important for women going through menopause to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including getting enough calcium and vitamin D to help maintain bone health.
  • Sexual health: Menopause can affect a woman's sexual health in several ways, including vaginal dryness, decreased libido, and difficulty with arousal. Talk to a healthcare provider or a sexual health specialist if you are experiencing sexual health issues related to menopause.
  • Mental health: Menopause can bring about emotional changes such as mood swings, irritability, and depression. It's important to talk to a healthcare provider or a mental health professional if you are experiencing mental health issues related to menopause.

Treatment options

There are several treatment options available for managing menopause symptoms. These include the following:

  • Hormone therapy: Hormone therapy involves taking estrogen or a combination of estrogen and progestin to help alleviate menopause symptoms. Hormone therapy can be taken as a pill, patch, cream, or vaginal ring.
  • Non-hormonal therapies: Non-hormonal therapies include over-the-counter medications, such as ibuprofen and aspirin, to help manage hot flashes and other menopause symptoms.
  • Alternative treatments: Some women may turn to alternative treatments, such as herbal remedies or acupuncture, to help manage menopause symptoms. It's important to talk to a healthcare provider before starting any alternative treatment to ensure it is safe and appropriate.

Menopause symptoms can be difficult to manage, but there are effective treatment options available. The best course of action for treating menopause symptoms should be determined after discussing treatment options with a healthcare professional. Do not be reluctant to seek advice and support from a healthcare professional if you are displaying symptoms of menopause.

Ways to Manage Menopause

There are several things that women can do to prepare for menopause:

  • Educate yourself: It can be helpful to learn about the symptoms, treatment options, and potential risks of menopause to better understand what to expect. Reading books, articles, and blogs, as well as talking to a healthcare provider or a menopause specialist, can provide valuable information and resources.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle: Leading a healthy lifestyle can help manage menopause symptoms and reduce the risk of complications. This includes eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, and managing stress.
  • Talk to a healthcare provider: It's important to discuss your menopause concerns and treatment options with a healthcare provider. Your healthcare provider can guide how to manage menopause symptoms and address any underlying health issues.
  • Plan: If you are experiencing menopause symptoms that are disrupting your daily life, it may be helpful to plan and make changes to your daily routine to accommodate your needs. This could include adjusting your sleep schedule to avoid hot flashes, using lubricants to alleviate vaginal dryness, or seeking support from friends or family. 
  • Find support: Menopause can be a challenging time, and it can be helpful to seek support from friends, family, or a support group. Sharing your experiences and concerns with others who are going through similar challenges can foster a sense of camaraderie and understanding.

Menopause is a natural part of the ageing process that all women experience. Remember, you are not alone—there are resources and support available to help you through this important phase of life.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Koramangala. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. Can menopause cause weight gain?

Yes, menopause can cause weight gain due to hormonal changes and decreased metabolism. However, lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise also play a role.

2. Can menopause cause mood changes?

Yes, menopause can cause mood changes such as irritability, anxiety, and depression. Hormonal changes, sleep disturbances, and other factors can contribute to these symptoms.

3. What are some natural remedies for menopause symptoms?

Some natural remedies for menopause symptoms include eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, practising stress-reduction techniques, and taking certain supplements such as black cohosh and soy isoflavones. However, do not take any of these supplements without consulting a doctor first.

4. Is hormone replacement therapy (HRT) safe for menopause symptoms?

HRT can be safe and effective for managing menopause symptoms, but it should only be prescribed by a healthcare provider after a thorough evaluation of a woman's health history and risks.

5. How long do menopause symptoms typically last?

Menopause symptoms can last for several years, with the average duration being around 4-5 years. However, some women may experience symptoms for a shorter or longer period of time.

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