High-Risk Newborns


High-risk newborns are babies born with medical conditions that require specialized care. This can include premature birth, low birth weight, genetic and chromosomal disorders, or a combination of these. A high-risk infant will need more frequent check-ups and monitoring from birth to ensure their well-being. Specialized treatments may also be required throughout the baby's life. With appropriate care and understanding, many high-risk newborns can go on to lead healthy and happy lives.

What is a high-risk newborn?

A high-risk newborn is born with greater health risks than those typically associated with childbirth. These may include premature birth, low birth weight, or serious medical issues such as cardiac or respiratory problems. Additionally, some babies are born with genetic or chromosomal abnormalities that can create long-term health complications and require specialized care. High-risk newborns may also have difficulties feeding or digesting and require additional support in the first few weeks of life.

What are the Different Types of High-Risk Newborns?

There are several types of high-risk newborns. These include preterm babies, those born with congenital disabilities or anomalies, and those born to mothers with certain medical conditions or health risks. Preterm babies are those born before 37 weeks of gestation and may require specialized care for up to a year after birth. Congenital disabilities or anomalies can be anything from heart defects to low Apgar scores at birth. Finally, newborns can be considered high risk if the mother has a chronic health condition such as diabetes, hypertension, or HIV.

What are the symptoms of high-risk newborns?

High-risk newborns may display various symptoms, including breathing difficulties, low blood sugar and oxygen levels, poor temperature regulation, difficulty feeding, jaundice, and an abnormal heart rate or movements. Some babies may also have congenital infections or heart defects requiring medical treatment. Other signs of high-risk newborns include seizures, brain haemorrhages and poor reflexes. In addition, a baby born prematurely may have underdeveloped organs and respiratory problems due to immature lungs.

When Should You See a Doctor for High-Risk Newborns?

If a newborn is identified as high-risk, seeking medical advice as soon as possible is important. A doctor should be consulted immediately if the newborn has any visible signs of abnormality or illness. Parents should also look for signs such as excessive crying, difficulty breathing, irregular sleep, and a lack of appetite. If the baby's skin appears yellowish or if they have a fever, this could indicate an underlying health issue that requires medical attention. Furthermore, if the newborn is not gaining weight, appears sluggish, or does not respond to stimulation, these could indicate serious health problems. It is always wise to seek medical advice to ensure your child's well-being.


High-risk newborns are more likely to require special care and attention. With proper diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up care from experienced medical professionals, the outlook for these infants can be positive. Despite the challenges of a high-risk newborn, parents can rest assured knowing that modern medical advances have made it possible to provide the necessary support and help them achieve the best possible outcome. With careful planning and specialized expertise, high-risk newborns can enjoy full lives with complete health and development.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Koramangala. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What causes high-risk newborns?

Various factors, including maternal age, preterm labor, preeclampsia, smoking during pregnancy, and multiple births, cause high-risk newborns.

2. How can I reduce the risk of my newborn being high-risk?

To reduce the risk of having a high-risk newborn, mothers should seek regular prenatal care and follow the advice of their healthcare provider regarding lifestyle changes such as not smoking or drinking alcohol during pregnancy and eating a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables.

3. What medical treatments are available for high-risk newborns?

Treatment for high-risk newborns will vary depending on the individual situation; however, common treatments include oxygen therapy and medications to manage complications such as respiratory distress syndrome or hypoglycemia.

4. Are there any long-term effects that result from a high-risk birth?

Yes, long-term effects vary depending on the severity of the condition. Still, they can include chronic illnesses such as asthma or learning disabilities due to prematurity or low birth weight associated with high-risk pregnancies.

5. How do healthcare providers determine if a baby is at an increased risk for health issues?

Healthcare providers may use physical assessment tools such as Apgar scoring and medical tests such as blood tests to determine if a baby is at an increased risk for health issues after birth.

Book an Appointment




Pregnancy Calculator