Preterm Labor

What Exactly Is Premature Labour?

When contractions start well before the 37th week of pregnancy, this is considered preterm labour. Along with cramps, alterations in the cervical occur, indicating that labour has begun. The cervix continues to thin, a process known as effacement and dilates to allow the baby to access the birth tube. Because normal pregnancies last about 40 weeks, any labour that begins before is referred to as early or premature labour.

Symptoms Of the Preterm Labour

Preterm labour signs and symptoms include:

  • Abdominal tightness that occurs on a frequent or regular basis (contractions)
  • Low, moderate backache that persists
  • Feelings of lower or pelvic abdominal pressure
  • Mild stomach cramps
  • Spotting or mild bleeding in the cervix
  • Preterm barrier burst – a burst or constant trickling of fluid when the skin around the infant breaks or splits.
  • A shift in uterine flow type — fluid, spore, or bloody

Risk Elements for the Preterm Or Premature Labour

Preterm labour can occur throughout any pregnancy. However, several variables have been linked to an increased risk of premature labour, including:

  • Previous preterm labour or early birth, especially for the most recent pregnancy or several previous pregnancies
  • Twins, triplets, or other multiples pregnancy
  • Cervical shortening
  • Obstacles to the placenta or uterus
  • Using smoke or illegal drugs
  • Certain infections, including amniotic fluid and inferior vaginitis, infectious diseases
  • Some chronic diseases, such as hypertension, autoimmune illness, Diabetes, and depression
  • Life experiences that cause stress, like the loss of a beloved one
  • Amniotic fluid in excess (polyhydramnios)
  • During pregnancy, there is vaginal bleeding.
  • A foetal congenital disability is present.
  • A pregnancy gap of less than one year or greater than 59 months
  • Mum's age, both young and elderly
  • Tribe and ethnic origin: black, non-Hispanic

Prevention To Avoid Preterm Labour

You may not be capable of avoiding preterm labour, but there are many things you can do to ensure a safe and full-term pregnancy. As an example:

Seek Routine Prenatal Care

Prenatal checkups can assist your doctor in monitoring your and the baby's health. Describe any indications or symptoms that cause you to worry. If you have a record of preterm labour or develop preterm labour symptoms or signs, you may need to visit your doctor more frequently during your delivery.

Maintain A Nutritious Diet

A good diet is often related to healthy pregnancy results. Furthermore, some evidence indicates that a diet rich in PUFAs (polyunsaturated fatty acids) is linked to a decreased risk of preterm delivery. Nuts, fish, seeds, and seed oils all contain PUFAs.

Avoid Dangerous Chemicals

Quit smoking if you smoke. Inquire with your doctor about a smoking reduction program. Illicit substances are also prohibited.

Perceive Spacing Your Pregnancies

Some evidence reveals a relationship between preterm delivery and pregnancies spaced under 6 months or over 59 months apart. Probably talk with your doctor about pregnancy spacing.

Control Chronic Conditions

High blood pressure, Diabetes, and obesity increase the likelihood of premature delivery. Work with your doctor to keep any chronic problems under control.


Premature newborns can have complex medical issues, particularly those born extremely early. Prematurity problems typically vary. However, the earlier the baby is born, the greater the chance of difficulties. Babies that stay in the belly longer have a greater chance of arriving healthy. Premature newborns are more likely to have respiratory issues, neurological abnormalities, and digestive disorders. The sooner a kid is born, the more probable difficulties will arise, and more problems will arise. However, with breakthroughs in science, medicine, and technology, more preterm newborns survive and escape various long-term difficulties than ever.

If you face any difficulty during pregnancy and consider the symptoms of preterm labour, then Apollo Hospital provides different services in and around labor, including the best doctors.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Koramangala. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What causes premature labour?

Obstacles to the placenta or uterus. Using smoke or illegal narcotics. Infections affecting the amniotic liquid and lower genital area, in particular.

2. What types of stress result in premature labour?

Chronic stress alters the vascular system, hormone production, and the body's capacity to fight illness over time. All of these changes can cause labour to begin before the baby is fully developed.

3. How may preterm labour be avoided?

According to a new study, vaginal progesterone is just as efficient as vaginal cerclage in avoiding delivery in certain women. The drug offers the advantage of eliminating the need for surgery or anaesthesia. As a substitute for cervical cerclage, your doctor may recommend medication.

4. Is it possible to go into premature labour for no apparent reason?

There are various causes of preterm birth. Sometimes a lady goes into labour prematurely for no apparent cause. In other instances, early labour and delivery may be medically necessary.

5. Is bed rest beneficial for premature labour?

There isn't any indication that bed rest during pregnancy, whether at residence or in the hospital, is useful in treating or avoiding preterm labour.

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