Urogynecology is a specialised field of medicine that focuses on diagnosing and treating pelvic floor disorders in women. Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) affect millions of women worldwide, and they can cause a variety of uncomfortable symptoms. The pelvic floor is a network of muscles, ligaments, and tissues that support the pelvic organs, including the bladder, uterus, and rectum. When the pelvic floor becomes weakened or damaged, women may experience incontinence, pelvic pain, or discomfort during sex. In this article, let's discuss everything about PFDs.

What are pelvic floor disorders?

Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) refer to a group of conditions that affect the muscles, ligaments, and tissues that support the pelvic organs. The pelvic floor is a complex network of muscles and connective tissues that stretch from the pubic bone to the tailbone. When these muscles become weakened or damaged, they can no longer support the pelvic organs properly, resulting in various symptoms such as urinary incontinence, pelvic pain, constipation, and discomfort during sex.

What Are the Different Types of Pelvic Floor Disorders?

There are several types of PFDs, including:

  • Urinary incontinence: the involuntary leakage of urine from the bladder
  • Pelvic organ prolapse: the dropping of the pelvic organs into the vagina due to weakened or stretched pelvic floor muscles
  • Faecal incontinence: the involuntary leakage of stool or gas from the rectum
  • Pelvic pain: discomfort or pain in the pelvic area that can be caused by various conditions, including endometriosis, vulvodynia, and pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Interstitial cystitis: a chronic condition that causes bladder pain and pressure

What are the causes of pelvic floor disorders?

The causes of PFDs can vary depending on the type of disorder. In general, PFDs can be caused by any condition or event that puts pressure on or damages the pelvic floor muscles, such as:

  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Obesity
  • Ageing
  • Chronic constipation or straining during bowel movements
  • Chronic coughing or sneezing
  • Heavy lifting or strenuous exercise

What are the symptoms of pelvic floor disorders?

The symptoms of PFDs can vary depending on the type of disorder. Some common symptoms include:

  • Urinary or faecal incontinence
  • Pelvic pain or discomfort
  • Constipation or difficulty passing stool
  • Painful urination or bowel movements
  • A bulge or protrusion in the vagina
  • Pain during sex

When Should You See a Doctor for Pelvic Floor Disorders?

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, you must consult a doctor. PFDs can be embarrassing to discuss, but they are treatable. Your doctor can perform a physical examination and recommend appropriate tests to diagnose the condition.

What are the Different Treatment Options for Pelvic Floor Disorders?

The treatment for PFDs can vary depending on the type of disorder and its severity. Some common treatment options include:

  • Pelvic floor exercises: also known as Kegels, these exercises help strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.
  • Biofeedback therapy: a technique that uses sensors to help patients learn how to control their pelvic floor muscles.
  • Medications: your doctor may prescribe medications to help manage symptoms such as incontinence or pelvic pain.
  • Surgery: in severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or reinforce the pelvic floor muscles.


The pelvic floor muscles are essential for bladder, bowel, and sexual function. When these muscles weaken, it can lead to various conditions that can have a significant impact on a woman's quality of life. Urogynecology offers several treatment options to help women manage these conditions and improve their quality of life. If you are experiencing any symptoms related to pelvic floor disorders, it is essential to consult with a urogynecologist who can diagnose and provide an appropriate treatment plan.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Hyderabad - Kondapur. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. Are there any risks associated with urogynecology procedures?

Like any medical procedure, there may be some risks associated with urogynecology procedures. However, these risks are generally low, and the benefits of the procedure often outweigh the risks. It is important to discuss any potential risks with your healthcare provider before undergoing any procedure.

2. Can pelvic floor disorders be prevented?

There are some steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing pelvic floor disorders, such as maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding smoking, and practising good pelvic floor muscle hygiene. However, some pelvic floor disorders may not be preventable.

3. How long does it take to recover from urogynecology surgery?

Recovery time can vary depending on the type of urogynecology surgery and the individual's overall health. In general, most people can resume normal activities within a few weeks after surgery, but it may take several months to fully recover.

4. Will I need to undergo surgery for a pelvic floor disorder?

Not all pelvic floor disorders require surgery. Your healthcare provider may recommend non-surgical treatment options, such as pelvic floor exercises or medication, before considering surgery. However, some cases may require surgery to manage symptoms effectively.

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