General Pediatrics

Paediatricians are specialised physicians who have undergone additional training in the medical care of children. They work closely with parents and carers to promote healthy growth and development and provide comprehensive medical care to children of all ages. The goal of general paediatrics is to optimise the physical, emotional, and social health of children and provide a foundation for a healthy adulthood.

What is General Paediatrics?

General paediatrics is a branch of medicine that focuses on the health and well-being of infants, children, and adolescents. It covers a broad range of medical conditions and issues, from routine check-ups and immunisations to the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses.

Growth and Development in Children

Normal Growth and Development Milestones

  • Average growth and development milestones in children refer to the expected physical, cognitive, social, and emotional changes that occur as children age.
  • Physical milestones include height, weight gain, and motor development, such as rolling over, crawling, walking, and running.
  • Cognitive milestones include language development, problem-solving abilities, and attention and memory skills.
  • Social milestones include developing social skills, making friends, and engaging in group play.
  • Emotional milestones include the development of emotional regulation, empathy, and self-awareness.

When to See a Doctor for Growth and Development Concerns

  • If a child is not meeting expected growth and developmental milestones, parents should seek medical advice.
  • A doctor should be consulted for concerns about a child's height, weight, or physical development.
  • Other reasons to see a doctor include delayed speech, poor coordination, or behavioural issues.
  • Early intervention is crucial in addressing growth and developmental concerns, so don't hesitate to seek medical attention if there are any concerns.

Immunisations for Children

Recommended Immunisations for Children

  • Immunisations protect children from severe and potentially deadly diseases.
  • The recommended immunisation schedule starts at birth and continues through adolescence.
  • Vaccines protect against measles, mumps, rubella, polio, and hepatitis B.
  • Children may need booster shots of certain vaccines to maintain immunity.
  • Immunisations are safe and effective, and following the recommended schedule is essential to protecting children.

Vaccine Schedule and Importance

  • The vaccine schedule outlines when children should receive specific vaccines to protect against diseases.
  • Following the recommended schedule is vital to providing the best protection for children.
  • Vaccines prevent serious illnesses and can also help prevent outbreaks of diseases in the community.
  • Delaying or skipping vaccines can put children and others at risk, so staying up-to-date on vaccinations is crucial.
  • Vaccines are among the safest and most effective ways to protect children's health and well-being.

Childhood nutrition and obesity

Healthy Eating Habits for Children

  • Healthy eating habits start with a balanced diet that includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and low-fat dairy.
  • Encouraging children to try new foods and eat a variety of colours can help promote healthy eating habits.
  • Limiting sugary and processed foods can help prevent obesity and other health problems.
  • Making mealtimes enjoyable and modelling healthy eating habits can help establish good habits for life.
  • Drinking water and being physically active are essential to a healthy lifestyle.

Common nutritional deficiencies in children

  • Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies in children and can lead to anaemia.
  • Vitamin D deficiency can cause rickets and impair bone growth and development.
  • Calcium deficiency can lead to weakened bones and teeth.
  • Zinc deficiency can cause growth retardation, impaired immune function, and delayed wound healing.
  • Ensuring a balanced diet that includes a variety of nutrient-rich foods can help prevent nutritional deficiencies in children.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Childhood Obesity

  • Childhood obesity is diagnosed by measuring a child's body mass index (BMI) and comparing it to age- and sex-specific growth charts.
  • The treatment of childhood obesity involves a multi-disciplinary approach, including dietary changes, increased physical activity, and behaviour modification.
  • Weight management programs involving the whole family can effectively promote healthy habits and reduce obesity.
  • In severe cases, medication or bariatric surgery may be considered, but only under the guidance of a healthcare professional.
  • Early intervention and ongoing support are crucial in addressing childhood obesity and preventing long-term health complications.


General paediatrics is a vital field of medicine that caters to the specific needs of children, ensuring their optimal health and development. Paediatricians are crucial in providing comprehensive care to infants, children, and adolescents. Establishing a relationship with a paediatrician early on is crucial, as is scheduling regular visits for routine check-ups, immunisations, and developmental screenings. If your child is sick, injured, or showing any concerning symptoms, don't hesitate to seek medical attention from a trusted paediatrician. With timely diagnosis and treatment, your child can grow up healthy and happy.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Hyderabad - Kondapur. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What is a paediatrician?

A medical doctor who specialises in children's health and well-being from infancy through adolescence.

2. What age range does a paediatrician care for?

Paediatricians typically care for children from birth to 18 years of age.

3. What conditions do paediatricians treat?

Paediatricians diagnose and treat various conditions, including infections, injuries, chronic diseases, and developmental disorders.

4. How often should a child see a paediatrician?

Infants and young children should regularly see a paediatrician for checkups and immunisations, while older children should have annual checkups.

5. What services do paediatricians offer?

Paediatricians offer various services, including physical exams, vaccinations, developmental screenings, and advice on nutrition and safety.

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