Anaesthesia & Pain Management

Anaesthesia is a treatment that doctors use to help reduce pain for patients. Pain can be a common problem for people who are injured or have inflammation. Managing pain is important during any kind of medical treatment. Anaesthesia is often used during surgeries to help patients feel more comfortable. Yet it can also be used for chronic pain conditions that result from ongoing health problems. Conditions like chronic pain syndrome and abdominal or back pain need anaesthesia and pain management.

What are the types of anaesthesia?

Anaesthesia helps patients manage pain during medical procedures and surgeries. These drugs are used during surgeries, diagnostic procedures, and biopsies. Anaesthesia and pain management are important because they help doctors perform operations effectively.

There are two main types of anaesthetics: general anaesthesia and local anaesthesia.

  • General anaesthesia affects the entire body and puts the patient into a deep sleep. Making them unable to move during the procedure. It is used for major surgeries or when the procedure will take a long time. General anaesthetics can be given through the bloodstream or inhaled as a gas.
  • On the other hand, local anaesthetics block pain in a specific area of the body. The patient remains conscious and does not feel pain in that particular area. These are used for minor surgeries, dental procedures, eye procedures, and skin surgeries. Regional anaesthetics, which are like the local ones, are used for larger areas of the body like the arms or legs.

What causes pain in people?

Pain is something that can happen when your body is hurt or sick. There are many different types of pain, and what causes them depends on the situation. Chronic pain is a type of pain that lasts for more than three months. This kind of pain is often caused by things like arthritis or lower back pain. It can be very uncomfortable for people who have it. Thus, anaesthesia and pain management are important.

Sometimes people have pain after they've had surgery or been in an accident. This is called post-operative pain, and it's a common kind of pain that doctors know how to treat. Other times, people might have pain that comes from fibromyalgia or myofascial syndrome. These are both very complex conditions that can cause the body to hurt in many different places.

When the body feels pain, it's because nociceptors are sending a message to the brain. The brain then tells the body to feel pain, which can cause muscles to tighten up and feel uncomfortable. It's important to take care of our bodies and seek help from doctors if we're experiencing pain that won't go away.

How does anaesthesia work?

Anaesthesia is a special medicine that helps your body not feel pain. It works by changing the way some tiny parts of your body, called molecules and nerves, work. It stops pain by blocking something called pain receptors. Anaesthesia can be given in two ways. One way is by breathing it in, and the other way is through a small needle in your vein.

What are the risks associated with anaesthesia and pain management?

Usually, these treatments do not cause any long-term side effects. Yet, there are some risks associated with anaesthesia that can occur if the wrong dosage or type is used. For example, the patient may feel nauseous, excessively sleepy, or have a dry mouth. They may also experience a sore throat, muscle aches, and shivering under the impact. If these symptoms persist or worsen, it is important to seek medical attention.


To cut the risks, it is important to choose a doctor who can perform the procedure safely. If you need a surgical or diagnostic procedure, be sure to go to a well-reputed medical centre with experienced doctors who can take good care of you.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Hyderabad - Kondapur. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What are the different types of pain?

There are two main types of pain: acute pain and chronic pain. Acute pain is short-term pain that goes away after a few days or weeks. Chronic pain is long-term pain that lasts for months or even years.

2. What is patient-controlled analgesia?

It is a method of management where the patient controls the amount of medication by pressing a button on a pump.

3. What is an epidural?

An epidural is a type of regional anaesthesia that numbs a large part of your body, typically the lower half. It is commonly used during childbirth.

4. What is a nerve block?

A nerve block is a type of regional anaesthesia that numbs a specific nerve or group of nerves. It is commonly used for pain management after surgery.

5. What is conscious sedation?

It is a type of sedation that allows the patient to remain awake but relaxed during a medical procedure. It is used during dental procedures.

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