Common Infections

Infections are a major health concern that can pose a risk to people of all ages. They can be contracted through contact with a contaminated surface or person, or even through the air.

Infections can range from minor illnesses such as colds and flu to more serious infections such as pneumonia, meningitis, and sepsis. Some infections have the potential to be fatal if not treated swiftly and properly.

Awareness of infection prevention and treatment is vital to reducing the risks associated with these potentially life-threatening conditions.

What causes infections?

Infections are caused by microscopic organisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Bacteria can enter the body through cuts and scrapes or contact with contaminated food and water.

Viruses can be spread through contact with an infected person's respiratory secretions, such as saliva or mucus.

Fungi can be inhaled into the lungs via spores in the air, and some parasites are contracted from contact with animal or insect hosts. Poor hygiene practices can also lead to infections.

What are the symptoms of infections?

Infections can cause a wide range of symptoms, including fever, chills, sweats, general malaise, muscle aches and pains, headache, sore throat, mouth ulcers, coughing, and breathing difficulties.

Some infections may also cause an increase in heart rate and changes in blood pressure. Other symptoms include skin rashes or lesions, eye redness, or discharge from the eyes.

Nausea and vomiting can occur in more serious cases. In some cases of infection, patients may experience confusion or memory problems.

What are the treatment options for infections?

Treatment for infections varies depending on the type of infection. For bacterial infections, antibiotics are typically prescribed to help fight the infection.

Viral infections often require rest, fluids, and over-the-counter medications that can help with symptoms such as fever and pain.

Fungal infections may require antifungal medications in the form of creams, tablets, or injections.

Parasitic infections may be treated with antiparasitic drugs such as albendazole, mebendazole, or ivermectin. In some cases, surgery may be needed to remove affected tissues or organs.

When should one see a doctor for infections?

If someone experiences symptoms of an infection, such as a fever, swelling, and pain, they should see a doctor. Symptoms of an infection can also include fatigue, chills, and a general feeling of being unwell.

A doctor should be consulted if any of these symptoms persist for more than two days or if they worsen over time. It is important to seek medical advice immediately if the person has difficulty breathing or swallowing chest pain or pressure, or severe abdominal pain.

Other signs that require immediate medical attention include confusion, rash, or skin discolouration.


Infections can be a major factor in fertility issues, and it's important to be aware of the signs and symptoms. Testing is often necessary to accurately diagnose any underlying issues, which may require treatment to improve fertility.

With appropriate diagnosis and treatment, there is hope for couples to build their families, despite any infections that may have been present.

With a little dedication and help from an experienced specialist, couples can look forward to a successful pregnancy journey.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Hyderabad - Kondapur. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What infections can cause fertility problems in women?

Fertility issues in women can be caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as gonorrhoea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, and genital herpes.

2. How does bacterial vaginosis affect fertility?

Bacterial vaginosis is an imbalance of the vaginal bacteria, which can cause inflammation and lead to infertility by causing difficulty getting pregnant or recurrent miscarriages.

3. Can endometritis reduce a woman's chance of conceiving?

Yes, endometritis—an infection of the uterus lining—can decrease a woman's chance of conceiving due to its ability to interfere with the transport of embryos and implantation.

4. Are there any other infections that could prevent successful IVF treatment?

In addition to STIs and endometritis, other infections such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and urinary tract infections (UTIs) may hinder successful IVF treatment by impairing egg quality or reducing implantation rates.

5. How are reproductive tract infections treated?

Treatment for reproductive tract infections typically includes antibiotics to eliminate the infection as well as lifestyle changes such as abstaining from sex until the infection has cleared up. In some cases, surgery may also be necessary for a full recovery.

6. Are there any tests to detect infections that may affect fertility?

Yes, blood tests, urine tests, and swabs are all used to diagnose various infections that may impact fertility.

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