Urogynecology is an obstetrics and gynaecology speciality that focuses on pelvic floor problems and pelvic reconstructive operations. The pelvic floor is a network of muscles and connective tissue that supports the pelvic organs, which include the uterus, bladder, small intestine, vagina, and rectum.

Whenever that support system is compromised, these organs are unable to function normally, resulting in disorders such as prolapse and incontinence.

Who Qualifies for Urogynecology?

Many factors impact who is a suitable fit for urogynecology surgery. For example, therapies for some presenting problems and later diagnoses may include drugs that rapidly and easily correct the issue. However, some problems may not need surgery to resolve.

If both you and your doctor think that surgery is the best choice, patients must meet several standards before surgery may take place. Above all, you must be in generally excellent health. Finally, you must be free of any major underlying health issues that might interfere with the anaesthetic or result in substantial blood loss.

Treatment of Urogynecology 

An urogynecologist will consult with you about developing a specific treatment plan based on your signs and status. This may encompass both non-surgical and surgical therapies.

Non-Surgical Therapy

  • Kegel exercises, commonly known as pelvic floor muscle strengthening exercises,
  • It is suggested that you see a pelvic floor muscle physical specialist.
  • Injections used to cure bladder control issues
  • Medication

Surgical Treatment

  • Increasing pelvic floor endorse
  • Resolving any prolapses
  • It is possible that the uterus will be removed (hysterectomy)

A mix of therapies for your condition may be recommended by your physician.

Benefits of Urogynecology

Some of the advantages of urogynecology are as follows:

  • Improved Living Quality

Women suffering from pelvic floor diseases, such as urinary incontinence, may have a considerable decline in the quality of their lives. Non-surgical and surgical urogynecology therapies may reduce symptoms and enhance the quality of your life.

  • Non-surgical Procedures

Surgery is not required for all urogynecology therapies. Physical treatment for the pelvic floor, for example, may assist in strengthening pelvic floor muscles and alleviate symptoms of urinary incontinence. Similarly, drugs and lifestyle adjustments may help manage certain pelvic floor problems.

  • Options for Minimally Invasive Surgery

Many urogynecology treatments, such as laparoscopy or robotic surgery, may be done using minimally invasive methods. In comparison to conventional open surgery, these methods often include smaller incisions, lesser blood loss, and a quicker recovery period.

Risks of Urogynecology

While urogynecology may provide helpful therapies for a variety of problems, it is not without danger.

  • Infection

One danger of urogynecology operations is the growth of infection. Following treatments such as urine catheterization, pelvic exams, and operations, infections in the uterus, bladder, or other parts of the pelvic region may arise. Infection symptoms include fever, shivers, discomfort, and oedema.

  • Bleeding

Another possible danger of urogynecology treatments is bleeding. It may happen after surgery, as a result of a biopsy, or as the result of other diagnostic inquests. Excessive bleeding might cause anaemia and need extra medical attention.

  • Pain

Many urogynecology treatments, especially operations, cause pain as a side effect. Discomfort medications may control pain, but complete recovery may take some time.

Your doctor can explain the unique hazards associated with your disease and advise you on the best course of therapy for you.


Urogynecology is a medical speciality that treats women who have pelvic floor issues. These problems may have a major impact on a woman's life, but urogynecology offers a variety of treatment choices to help control symptoms and enhance overall well-being.

Overall, urogynecology is a vital speciality in women's healthcare since it offers complete therapy for women with pelvic floor diseases.

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1. What does a urogynecologist treat?

Some of the common problems treated by a urogynecologist include urinary incontinence or leakage and an overactive bladder.

2. What's the difference between a urologist and a urogynecologist?

Urologists may treat UTIs, cancer, incontinence, and male infertility problems, among other conditions. Urogynecologists see women and focus on symptoms related to urinary incontinence, prolapse, and pelvic floor disorders.

3. What tests does a urogynecologist do?

Urodynamics is a painless bladder testing procedure used to analyse the function and reasons for urine issues such as incontinence, discomfort, and trouble emptying.

4. What are urogynecological conditions?

Pelvic organ prolapse, bladder difficulties, urine leakage, and recurrent urinary tract infections are instances of urogynaecological disorders (UTIs).

5. Why would you visit a urogynecologist?

You should be evaluated or referred to a urogynecologist when you have problems with urinary incontinence, are unresponsive to medications, have problems emptying the bladder or rectum, or need special expertise in vaginal surgery.

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