Miscarriage/Recurrent Miscarriage

Miscarriage/Recurrent miscarriage happens in almost 15 to 20% of pregnancies during the first trimester. There are specific reasons why these occur, but there's no scientific proof that a woman cannot become pregnant again after a miscarriage. Women have given birth to healthy children even after one or two miscarriages. With the help of proper tests, precautions, and medical assistance, a woman can have children despite past failures.

Types of Miscarriage/Recurrent Miscarriage

Miscarriage/Recurrent miscarriage is of two types:

  1. Recurrent early miscarriages - These miscarriages happen in the first trimester because of a genetic or chromosomal problem of the embryo. There are times when issues with the uterus can also lead to early miscarriages.
  2. Recurrent late miscarriages - These miscarriages happen because of autoimmune issues, uterine abnormalities, early labour, or an incompetent cervix.

Causes of Miscarriage/Recurrent Miscarriage

Finding a cause of miscarriage/recurrent miscarriage can help you prepare for your future pregnancies in a much better way. It will prepare you for the dos and don'ts to remember during your next pregnancy. Below are some of the reasons why one could suffer a miscarriage:

  1. Genetic

Embryo abnormalities are the most common, resulting in almost 50 per cent to 80 per cent of all miscarriages in the first trimester. If the abnormalities are commonly transferrable, there will be chances of repeated miscarriages. In such cases, you and your partner should get yourself tested.

  1. Uterine Anomalies

Uterine structural issues can cause around 15% of total miscarriages. Some of you may be born with a double uterus, a uterus divided by walls, or some other uterus problem. Such problems also lead to repeated miscarriages.

  1. Endocrine Issues

Your doctor will tell you to take some tests to look for problems such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, diabetes, and issues with the pituitary and thyroid glands.

  1. Autoimmune Disease

In this situation, the mother produces antibodies that indirectly cause clotting in blood vessels and affect the developing baby in the body. It does not provide the baby with the required nutrients, leading to a miscarriage.

  1. Environmental Factors

Specific chemicals, drugs, and exposure to X-rays can also result in miscarriages. Also, people who drink a lot of alcohol, smoke, or are overweight can have miscarriage issues.

Types of tests

If you have had previous miscarriages, your doctor can give you some tests to find out the reason behind them. Your doctor will do some tests before and some after the miscarriage to ensure a safe pregnancy the next time. These tests include:

  • Sonography
  • Testing for auto-immune disorders
  • Insulin, diabetes, and thyroid
  • Blood clotting
  • Parent’s chromosome testing

Preventions to take

Most times, handling a miscarriage can be impossible. However, with the help of a few preventive measures, a woman can try to ensure the next pregnancy is trouble-free. Some of these measures include:

  1. Making healthy lifestyle choices - eating well, exercising regularly, keeping track of health issues, etc.
  2. You should take daily prenatal Vitamins or Folic acid medicine when pregnant.
  3. You should also reduce your caffeine intake and avoid alcohol during pregnancy.
  4. It would help if you did not smoke or take other drugs, especially while pregnant. 

Being in constant touch with a certified medical practitioner is of the utmost importance for women who have been through miscarriages/recurrent miscarriages. 

Miscarriage/Recurrent miscarriage can be very stressful if the reasons for them are unknown. It is, however, important to remember that there have been several successful pregnancies in women after undergoing miscarriages. Seek support from family, friends, or even support groups to find closure. Consult your doctor every step of the way and keep your mind and body healthy to prepare for the next baby.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Hyderabad - Jubilee Hills. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. How many miscarriages make up for a recurrent miscarriage?

When you have two or more successive miscarriages, it will be called a recurrent miscarriage.

2. How can you prevent Miscarriage/Recurrent miscarriage?

You can reduce the chances of miscarriage by following a healthy lifestyle, drinking less alcohol and caffeine, and not smoking.

3. What should you do after two miscarriages in a row?

After two miscarriages, your doctor will tell you to take some tests to figure out the cause of miscarriages. Those tests can help you better plan your next pregnancy.

4. Is recurrent miscarriage considered a fertility issue?

No, recurrent miscarriages are not a fertility issue; you can become pregnant even after two or more miscarriages.

5. Is folic acid medicine good after a miscarriage?

Folic acid is always prescribed to women who want to start a family and even to expecting mothers. However, it would be best to follow the treatment your doctor suggests after a miscarriage.

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