Anaesthesia & Pain Management

What is Anaesthesia and Pain Management?

Anaesthesia is the medical specialty concerned with relieving pain and the total care of the surgical patient before, during, and after surgery. Pain management is a branch of anaesthesia that specialises in relieving pain. It is a relatively new specialty developed over the last years due to advances in pain relief medication and techniques. Anaesthesia aims to produce a state of controlled unconsciousness or sleep so that surgery can be carried out without the patient feeling any pain. On the other hand, pain management is concerned with relieving pain after surgery or an injury. It can also help manage chronic pain conditions such as migraines, arthritis, and cancer.


Anaesthesia and pain management is a specialised area of medicine that controls pain during and after surgery. It is important to control pain during surgery, so the patient does not experience discomfort. After surgery, it is essential to control pain so the patient can recover quickly and without complications. The common symptoms of anaesthesia and pain management include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Itching
  • Pain at the injection site
  • Muscle aches
  • Headache
  • Fatigue

Causes of chronic pain

Some causes of chronic pain include:

  1. Arthritis: Arthritis is a condition that causes inflammation and pain in the joints. There are numerous types of arthritis, each of which can cause different symptoms.
  2. Back pain: Back pain is one of the most common. Various things, including muscle strain, herniated discs, and degenerative disc disease, can cause it.
  3. Cancer pain: Cancer pain can be caused by cancer itself, by the treatment of cancer, or by the side effects of the treatment.
  4. Headaches: Headaches can be caused by some different things, including tension, migraines, and cluster headaches.
  5. Neuropathic pain: Neuropathic pain is caused by damage to the nervous system. Diabetes, nerve injuries and certain medications can cause it.

When should I see a doctor?

If you are experiencing any pain, whether it is acute or chronic, it is always best to consult with a physician to rule out any potential underlying causes. It is especially true if other symptoms, such as swelling, redness, or fever, accompany the pain. If you have been hurt, seeking medical attention is essential, even if the injury does not seem severe. This is because some injuries, such as concussions, can have serious long-term effects if they are not adequately treated.

In general, if you are experiencing any symptoms that concern you or interfere with your daily life, it is always best to consult a doctor. It is the best way to ensure you receive the proper diagnosis and treatment.

Remedies and treatment 

Pain management is a special branch of medicine that deals with diagnosing and treating pain. It is a relatively new field that has only gained momentum in recent years. There are many different types of pain, and each type requires a different approach to treatment. The pain can be acute or chronic, and various conditions can cause it.

  • Acute pain is usually short-lived and is often the result of an injury or illness. It can be treated with over-the-counter medication, and it will resolve independently in most cases.
  • Chronic pain is persistent and can last for months or even years. It is often due to a chronic condition, such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, or migraines. Chronic pain can be challenging to treat, and many people require a combination of medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes to find relief.
  • The best type of pain medication will depend on the severity of your pain and your medical history. Over-the-counter medication is often sufficient for treating acute pain, but chronic pain may require prescription medication.


Whether it is the pain due to muscle inflammation or any injury to the bones, it is intolerable and can render a person immobile. That’s why seeing the right doctor at the right time is imperative. The professional will administer proper medicines and can suggest different treatment processes. 

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Hyderabad - Jubilee Hills. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What is anesthesia?

Anaesthesia is a state of controlled, temporary unconsciousness. It is induced by administering anaesthetic drugs. During anaesthesia, patients cannot feel pain and are unaware of their surroundings.

2. What are the different types of anesthesia?

There are four main types of anaesthesia: general anaesthesia, regional anaesthesia, local anaesthesia, and sedation.

3. How is anaesthesia administered?

Anaesthesia can be administered intravenously (through the veins), inhaled, or topically (applied to the skin).

4. What are the risks of anaesthesia?

As with any medical process, there are risks associated with anaesthesia. The most common complications are nausea and vomiting, but more severe complications, such as nerve damage and respiratory problems, can occur.

5. What is pain management?

Pain management is a specific branch of medicine that focuses on relieving and preventing pain. Various pain management techniques include medication, physical therapy, and acupuncture.

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