What is a hysterectomy?

Hysterectomy refers to a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the uterus. Hysterectomy also involves the removal of tissues and organs surrounding the uterus, such as the fallopian tubes, cervix, and ovaries, depending on the reason for the surgery. One of the dominant reasons for opting for a hysterectomy is to avoid pregnancy. It is the second-most common surgery performed among women.

Why is a hysterectomy performed?

A hysterectomy is performed for a variety of reasons. It is often used to treat abnormal vaginal bleeding. Along with treating extreme pelvic pain, a hysterectomy is also used during periods of excess pain leading. Along with treating extreme pelvic pain, a hysterectomy is also used during periods of excess pain. It is often performed by doctors due to cancer in the uterus, ovaries, or cervix. It is also preferred during delivery complications or for infection. Finally, transgender people may choose a hysterectomy for gender confirmation.

Types of hysterectomy

  • A total hysterectomy involves the removal of the cervix and the uterus.
  • A total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy refers to the removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, and ovaries.
  • Supracervical hysterectomy involves the removal of the upper part of the uterus, leaving the cervix.
  • Radical hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy refers to the removal of the uterus and cervix along with the fallopian tubes and ovaries, as well as the upper portion of the vagina and some surrounding tissues. This type of hysterectomy is performed dominantly in cases of cancer.

When should I see a doctor?

If you have any of the following symptoms, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.

  • difficulty while urinating, such as a burning feeling or frequent urination.
  • increasing redness, swelling, or drainage in the area of the incision.
  • bright red vaginal bleeding
  • extreme pain during periods or otherwise too

Side effects of hysterectomy

Hysterectomy has a range of side effects, which have been listed below.

  • pain, swelling, burning, itching, or numbness at the sight of the incision.
  • vaginal dryness
  • difficulty with sleep
  • decreased sexual drive
  • blood clotting
  • bladder or bowel difficulties
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • early menopause in the case of removal of the ovaries

Advantages of hysterectomy

For someone who experiences extreme pelvic pain and suffers from excess bleeding, a hysterectomy can be very helpful. It can reduce stress and make life a little easier. For someone with a vulnerability to uterine cancer, a hysterectomy can reduce the risk and ultimately prove to be lifesaving.

Disadvantages of hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure, and hence it comes with all the major risks that are involved in any type of surgery. Apart from this, it results in premature menopause, which has side effects. removing the ovaries, which is part of a hysterectomy, can increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases, bone weakening, and arthritis.

Alternatives to hysterectomy

People are interested in alternatives to hysterectomy because it has a lot of downsides and risks. Some of the alternatives are listed below.

  • taking medications such as birth control pills to control excess bleeding or period pain.
  • opting for procedures that can lead to the shrinking or removal of uterine fibroids.
  • undergoing surgery that does not involve the removal of the complete uterus.
  • performing exercises for uterine prolapse that help improve the muscles in the uterus.
  • burning the lining of the uterus in case of heavy bleeding.


Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of either all or some of the following organs: the uterus, cervix, fallopian tube, and ovaries. Most of the time, this procedure is done to stop too much bleeding, fix problems with pregnancy, or ease pain during menstruation. Hysterectomy, along with the risks that come with every surgical procedure, also involves additional side effects. Hence, it is best to consult a specialist before opting for it. You can avail of the Apollo facility in Koramangala and make the best decision for yourself and your loved ones.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Hyderabad - Jubilee Hills. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. How can one prepare for the process of a hysterectomy?

The preparations on the client's part may vary depending on the type of hysterectomy. The doctor explains the procedure in detail, including possible complications and side effects. One may consult them about any possible concerns that they might have. As a prerequisite, the patient may have to provide samples of blood and urine.

2. How long does a hysterectomy procedure last?

The surgery usually lasts for about one to three hours. However, the time may vary depending on the size of the uterus, medical history, such as any sort of scarring from previous surgeries, etc. The tie duration may also vary based on the type of hysterectomy.

3. How long does it take to recover from a hysterectomy?

For most people, it takes about four to six weeks to recover from a hysterectomy. However, the recovery also depends on the type of hysterectomy that one has undergone and how the surgery was performed. For a healthy recovery, people should slowly increase their physical activity and pay attention to how they feel. However, it's best to pause physical activities if they cause pain. In such cases, the patient must consult with the healthcare provider for specific recovery instructions, including which medications to take.

4. Does hysterectomy affect sexual life in any way?

Sexual functioning does not usually get affected by hysterectomy. However, if the ovaries were removed along with the uterus as a part of the surgery, then that could lead to menopause. Menopause leads to such symptoms as vaginal dryness or a decrease in the sex drive.

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