Intracranial Haemorrhage

What is Intracranial Haemorrhage?

A medical disorder called intracranial haemorrhage includes bleeding inside the skull. It is a condition that could be fatal and strike abruptly and without warning. This type of bleeding can occur in various brain parts, including the subarachnoid space, the brain tissue, and the ventricles.

Primary non-traumatic intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) and subarachnoid haemorrhage are the two main kinds of intracranial haemorrhage (SAH). When bleeding enters the brain tissue directly, ICH happens. Numerous things, such as high blood pressure, aneurysms, blood vessel anomalies, and trauma, might contribute to this. The subarachnoid space is where SAH, or stroke-associated haemorrhage, happens when there is bleeding. Aneurysms or blood vessel ruptures are common causes of this type of bleeding.

Common Symptoms of Intracranial Haemorrhage

Intracranial haemorrhage may present immediately after a head injury or appear weeks later (lucid interval). Some of the symptoms include:

  • A headache that worsens
  • Vomiting
  • Slowness and slow onset of unconsciousness
  • Unsteadiness
  • Uncertainty
  • Different-sized pupils
  • Fluency issues
  • Due to head injuries, the injured side of the body experienced paralysis.
  • Other symptoms that may appear later include:
  • Lethargy
  • Seizures
  • Unconsciousness

What causes intracranial haemorrhage?

The most common cause of cerebral haemorrhage is head trauma, which can result from various events and wounds. Hematomas can develop from even minor head traumas in older adults, especially if they take blood-thinning or anti-platelet medications. Hematomas can form without an external injury, such as a bruise or open wound.

Subdural, epidural, and intracranial hematomas are the three types (intraparenchymal). Subdural hematomas can be classified as acute, subacute, or chronic. Blood vessels between the brain and the dura mater, the brain's outermost protective layer, burst, which causes the condition.

When a blood vessel bursts between the dura mater and the skull, trauma is the most common reason for an epidural hematoma. An intracerebral hematoma is a collection of blood in the brain tissue that can result from several conditions, such as trauma, aneurysms,

Remedies/Treatment for Intracranial Haemorrhage:

  • Imaging techniques such as a CT scan, an MRI, and an angiogram can diagnose intracranial hematoma.
  • Small hematomas without signs or symptoms do not require removal.
  • After an accident, signs and symptoms may develop or worsen days or weeks later.
  • Blood-thinning medication requires therapy to reverse its effects.
  • Hematoma treatment may involve surgery, such as surgical drainage or a craniotomy.
  • Recovery after an intracranial hematoma can take a long time, and complete recovery is not guaranteed.
  • Occupational and physical therapy may be necessary if neurological problems persist after treatment.

When should I visit a physician?

Immediate medical attention is crucial if you experience a blow to the head since an intracranial hematoma can be life-threatening. Even if the symptoms aren't immediately apparent after a head injury, it's crucial to be aware of mental, physical, and emotional changes. Someone who seems fine at first but later becomes unconscious should receive medical care. It's also essential to have someone monitor you since memory loss can cause you to forget the impact. Alerting someone to warning signs can ensure timely medical attention.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Hyderabad - Jubilee Hills. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. How is intracerebral hemorrhage identified?

The doctor will usually do a test to determine what is wrong.
If you have a condition that might need occupational and physical therapy, you may need occupational and physical therapy to help you get better. If you had a non-contrast computer tomography (CT) scan of your brain, you might need occupational and physical therapy to help you get better. The treatment will stop once the patient is stabilised.

2. Who is a candidate for non-surgical intracerebral haemorrhage treatment?

Non-surgical treatments are usually the best option for people with minimal symptoms, a low chance of a good outcome, and a bleed in a place where surgery is not better than medical care.

3. Who qualifies for surgical intervention to treat intracerebral haemorrhage?

If you're 50 or younger, have bleeding in an excellent place to remove it surgically, and don't have any other health problems that would make surgery risky, you may be a good candidate for surgery to remove your haemorrhage.

4. What is the ICH score?

The ICH score is a way to measure how severe an intracerebral haemorrhage is. This helps to standardise how doctors treat patients with intracerebral bleeding and helps to research new treatments for this condition.

5. After an intracerebral haemorrhage, what is the next step?

The ICH score is a clinical grading scale that monitors patients after intracerebral haemorrhage, providing standardised treatment protocols and research studies.

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