Minimal Invasive Surgery/Laparoscopic Surgery

What is minimally invasive surgery?

Minimally invasive surgery is performed with a few sutures and minor incisions. One or more minor body incisions may be created during minimally invasive surgery. Other incisions are used to insert tiny surgical instruments and perform the procedure. The recovery time following minimally invasive surgery may be shorter than that following traditional surgery since there may be less pain, scarring, and damage to good tissue.

What is laparoscopic surgery?

Unlike open surgery, minimally invasive surgery uses more than one method to operate on a patient. Minimally invasive surgery usually causes less pain, less time in the hospital, and fewer problems.

Laparoscopy was one of the first forms of minimally invasive surgery. It involves doing surgery through one or more small incisions while using tiny cameras, tubes, and surgical tools. Robotic surgery is another kind of minimally invasive procedure. It gives the physician an enlarged, three-dimensional image of the surgical site and supports precise, adaptable, and controlled surgical procedures.

Who qualifies for laparoscopic minimally invasive surgery?

A laparoscopy is often done when the results of a physical exam, X-ray, or CT scan are not clear.

A laparoscopy can be performed to assess the cancerous condition of an abdominal organ. Moreover, it can be performed to examine an abdominal injury. It can determine the location and depth of the damage. Your level of internal bleeding can also be seen.

Why is laparoscopic, minimally invasive surgery conducted?

An abdominal laparoscopy can be done to check the abdomen and its organs for:

  • Tumours and other growths
  • Injuries
  • bleeding inside the belly
  • Infections
  • Belly pain that can’t be explained
  • Blockages

For women, a gynecologic laparoscopy may be used to check:

  • Pelvic pain and problems
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Fibroids
  • The fallopian tubes

Laparoscopy can also be used to treat endometriosis. This is when tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside it. Laparoscopy may be done to treat an ectopic pregnancy or to do a tubal ligation (tie the fallopian tubes) to permanently prevent pregnancy.

What are the benefits of laparoscopic, minimally invasive surgery?

Comparing this method of operation to standard surgery has several benefits. Since there is less cutting:

  • Your scars are smaller.
  • You leave the hospital sooner.
  • The scars will heal more quickly and with less pain for you.
  • You return sooner to your regular activities.
  • You might not have as many inside scars.

What are the risk factors and complications of laparoscopic minimally invasive surgery?

  • Trocar wounds

There is some risk of damage from the initial trocar insertion because it may be done blindly before the laparoscope is installed. The complications are serious yet infrequent. They consist of:

  • bleeding vessel damage.
  • Bowel harm.
  • nerve damage.
  • hernia at the port.
  • problems with insufflation

The carbon dioxide gas that is used to inflate the abdominal cavity during the procedure may cause an unpleasant reaction in some people. Before the surgery, you will be examined for any cardiopulmonary disorders that could increase your risk of developing these side effects.

Complications include:

  • Hypercapnia
  • Pneumothorax
  • Emphysema of the subcutaneous or mediastinum
  • Hypothermia

Conclusion

Smaller incisions than you might anticipate are used during laparoscopy surgery. The term "laparotomy" refers to a thin instrument with a tiny camera and light on the end that is used in the procedure. A surgeon can watch what's happening inside you on a video monitor by inserting it through a tiny cut and into your body.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Hyderabad - Jubilee Hills. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. Is laparoscopic surgery a major procedure?

Although patients often see laparoscopic surgery as simple, it is a major surgery with the possibility of serious side effects such as visceral injury and haemorrhage, bowel injury, or bladder injury.

2. What kinds of procedures are considered minimally invasive?

Hysteroscopic surgery
Advanced laparoscopic surgery
Robotic surgery
Video-Assisted Surgery Using Thoracoscopes (VATS)
Vaginal Surgery

3. How difficult is the laparoscopy recovery process?

After the treatment, you might feel sore or stiff where the incisions were made for a few days, especially if you needed a breathing tube.

4. Is bed rest necessary following laparoscopy?

Even though you don't have to stay in bed, it's advisable to take the rest of the day easy and rest.

5. Will I be able to walk immediately following laparoscopic surgery?

You should begin walking the day you get home from the hospital if you haven't already.

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