Pediatric Psychology

Paediatric psychology promotes child mental wellness. It includes anxiety, depression, behavioural challenges, ADHD, developmental disorders, and trauma in children. Paediatric psychologists collaborate with children, families, and other healthcare practitioners to offer holistic treatment. They examine and apply cognitive-behavioural therapy, play therapy, and medication management to meet each child's requirements. Paediatric psychology aims to help children grow and realise their potential.

Importance of Paediatric Psychology

  • The psychological and emotional well-being of children and adolescents is essential.
  • Paediatric psychology helps to identify and treat mental health issues in children.
  • It helps children cope with chronic and acute illnesses and medical procedures.
  • It provides support to families who have children with medical and developmental problems.
  • Paediatric psychology plays a vital role in the development of children and adolescents.
  • It helps children achieve their full potential by addressing mental and emotional barriers.
  • It provides a holistic approach to healthcare by considering both physical and psychological health.
  • Paediatric psychology is critical in promoting healthy lifestyles and behaviours in children.
  • It helps children develop healthy coping skills and resilience to overcome challenges in life.
  • Overall, pediatric psychology is essential in improving the quality of life of children and adolescents.

Developmental Stages of Childhood


Newborns respond automatically to environmental stimuli in their first month. Hence, when you scratch her face or give her your finger, a baby will move her head towards you.


First-year babies learn rapidly. A three- to six-month-old can move his head and join his hands. A six- to nine-month-old can sit unsupported, chatter, and respond to his name.


Toddlers learn to walk alone, climb stairs, and leap at one and three years old. They can handle crayons, draw a circle, stack blocks, use basic phrases, and follow directions.


Three- to five-year-olds develop motor skills. They can toss a ball overhand, skip and jump, stand on one foot for ten seconds, clothe themselves, and sketch a figure with features.


School-aged kids are 6–12. Capable, confident, autonomous, and responsible. Schoolchildren value peer interactions, especially with same-gender peers.

Common Paediatric Mental Health Issues

Anxiety disorders:

Separation, generalised, social, and phobias. Excessive worry, restlessness, insomnia, and stomachaches or headaches may be symptoms.


Kids may feel gloomy and lose interest in their hobbies. Changes in sleep, hunger, and irritability are some signs.


Children with ADHD may have problems focusing, managing their impulses, and sitting still. They may struggle with organisation and time management.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD):

ASD affects communication, social interaction, and behaviour. Social difficulties, delayed speech and language development, and repetitive habits might be minor to severe symptoms.

Trauma and stress-related disorders:

Abuse, neglect, natural catastrophes, and the death of a loved one may traumatise children. Nightmares, flashbacks, avoidance, and emotional dysregulation might result.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD):

Anxiety with unwanted thoughts and repeated activities. Children with OCD may wash, count, or check excessively.


An automobile accident, physical attack, or witnessing violence may cause PTSD. Flashbacks, nightmares, avoidance, and hypervigilance are symptoms.

Evidence-Based Treatments for Paediatric Mental Health

Paediatric psychologists treat mental health disorders in children using evidence-based methods, including:


CBT helps youngsters change negative behaviours. It helps anxious, depressed, and PTSD kids.


PCIT enhances parent-child communication and behaviour. It addresses behavioural and oppositional defiant disorders in children.


Helps traumatised kids. It teaches youngsters trauma-processing skills. TF-CBT improves PTSD and traumatised kids.


Youth anxiety and sadness are reduced by mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive therapy. These techniques help youngsters manage stress and emotions via meditation and breathing.


Paediatric psychology focuses on children's and teenagers' mental health. It assesses and treats youth mental health concerns, including anxiety, depression, behavioural disorders, and developmental impairments. Research, training, and access to care must be prioritised to provide young people with the finest mental health treatment as the profession evolves.

Request an appointment at Apollo Cradle, Bengaluru - Brookefield. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What is paediatric psychology?

It's a field of psychology that focuses on promoting children's mental health and well-being.

2. How do mental health issues play a role in paediatric psychology?

Pediatric psychology addresses common mental health issues in children, such as anxiety, depression, ADHD, developmental disorders, and trauma.

3. What are some evidence-based treatments used in paediatric psychology?

Cognitive-behavioural therapy, play therapy, parent-child interaction therapy, medication, and family therapy are commonly used in paediatric psychology to address mental health issues in children. The treatment plan is customised to meet the unique needs of each child.

4. What kind of issues do paediatric psychologists address?

Pediatric psychologists address various issues affecting children's mental health, including developmental disorders, behavioural problems, emotional difficulties, and chronic illnesses.

5. What are some common treatment approaches used by paediatric psychologists?

Paediatric psychologists may use a variety of treatment approaches, such as play therapy, cognitive-behavioural therapy, family therapy, and medication management, depending on the specific needs of the child and their family.

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